Ruxandra Folostina

Ruxandra Folostina
University of Bucharest | Unibuc · Department of Special Education

PhD

About

39
Publications
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Introduction
Ruxandra Folostina currently works at the Department of Special Education, University of Bucharest. Ruxandra does research in Didactics, Educational Assessment and Comparative Education. Her current project is 'Networked Labs for Training in Sciences and Technologies for Information and Communication NEWTON - Horizon 2020'.

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Background: Long-term care of a relative with a disability is associated with negative consequences on the caregiver’s mental health. Therefore, investigating how some personality traits, such as resilience, protect caregivers with dysfunctional personality traits from caregiving stress is necessary. This study examines the moderating role of resil...
Article
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Countries seek to implement sustainable policies for supporting professionals working with students with an autism spectrum disorder. These policies can advance more slowly in developing states like Romania and Greece. As such, this study aimed to investigate the reported knowledge and training needs of professionals working with ASD students to in...
Book
Full-text available
The aim of the project is the creation of a European -level strategic partnership and know-how exchange network for vocational training of professionals. In addition, aim of the project is the preparation, development and implementation of a large-scale training program on the use of alternative systems of communication for individuals with Autism...
Chapter
Full-text available
The new approaches for disability are characterized through respect towards the beneficiary. In practice, this means empowering the person with a disability or an association that fights for the rights to make choices about their personal life. Empowering a person with disabilities, trusting their potential, and encouraging them to look with optimi...
Chapter
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Difficulties in learning mathematics are the most “resistant” within the intervention programs for children with autism. However, mathematics cannot be excluded from the curriculum because it forms abilities which would ensure better social adaptation for the child. It is not about academic level of mathematics in this chapter, but a professional a...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter represents a literature review of inclusion policies and practices for children with special needs into the mainstream education system of Romania. The authors provide a structured analysis of the main inclusion practices, with an emphasis on the criticism of the current practice. The main criticisms come from teachers, informal caregi...
Chapter
Digital communication is being extensively used, and during COVID-19 pandemic, it has transformed the way teaching is delivered and how learning happens which became even more problematic for children with learning difficulties. The digitalization of education during the lockdown period has forced teachers, children, and parents to develop and enha...
Book
Full-text available
Introduction According to DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by reduced social interaction and communication, and by restricted, repetitive and stereotyped behaviour (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Autism is a developmental disorder and signs start before the age of three in a child. In cases of people with High Functi...
Article
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Purpose of the article: This study explores the impact of the lockdown imposed during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic on the lives of children with developmental disabilities (DD) and the emotional experiences of their parents. Methods: A total of 81 Romanian parents (90% mothers, Mage = 39.3, SDage = 8.50) of children with DD participated in...
Preprint
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Legislation and good practices regarding learning difficulties are different from one country to another, and the differences are noticeable starting with the way they are defined. From an educational perspective, learning difficulties are a disability. Instead, in the clinical approach, learning difficulties are considered a disorder (learning dis...
Chapter
Incluziunea și abordarea umanistă cu care vine educația incluzivă privește diversitatea umană ca o oportunitate de învățare și nu ca o barieră în învățare. Filosofia incluzivă pune accent pe valoarea fiecărui membru al comunității, indiferent de etnie, sex, dezavantaje economice sau dizabilitate. Fiecare dintre noi putem avea impact în viața celor...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Romanian quality legislation is based on ISO 9001 family definition and considers the quality of education as mixed characteristics of a study programme and its supplier through which the expectations of the beneficiaries are met, as well as the quality standards. In 2006, the Education Quality Assurance Law was adopted (L87/2006). The law defi...
Chapter
The Romanian quality legislation is based on ISO definition and considers the quality of education as mixed characteristics of a study programme and its supplier through which the expectations of the beneficiaries are met, as well as the quality standards. In 2006, the Education Quality Assurance Law was adopted (L87/2006). The law defined the main...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study approaches the situation of the Roma children from an educational perspective, both at a formal and non-formal level. Roma minority is recognized nationally and internationally as a subcultural group with many ethical problems, therefore our attention is focused on the relationship between the traditional cultural lifestyle of Roma peopl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Problem Statement: The article aims to broach an issue less studied in Romania, namely the effects of information and communication technology (ICT) in improving the learning process and in stimulating the cognitive development of the children with mild intellectual disability. Purpose of Study: The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter represents a literature review of inclusion policies and practices for children with special needs into the mainstream education system of Romania. The authors provide a structured analysis of the main inclusion practices, with an emphasis on the criticism of the current practice. The main criticisms come from teachers, informal caregi...
Book
Full-text available
La nivel international, multe tari declara in prezent ca digitalizarea sistemului educational reprezinta un obiectiv principal. Un impact major al acestei decizii se poate constata la nivelul procesului de proiectare si elaborare curriculara. Cartea isi propune sa raspunda necesitatilor actuale generate de implementarea unui curriculum bazat pe teh...
Article
Full-text available
The accelerated reform process has influenced all the spheres of the life and the special education system is no exception. The evolutionary process has resulted in numerous changes, including attitudinal and conceptual ones, such as: the critical of the medical model and the propose of a new model, based on competence, in studying, describing and...
Article
Full-text available
This particular research aims to develop micro-operations of thinking, called logical operators to students with intellectual disabilities through a program specifically designed to drive them in special education. Training program consisted of logical operators in learning activities at the acting, iconic and verbal level, based on formative side...
Article
Full-text available
The paper approaches the problematic of the adults with severe intellectual disability who are institutionalized for a long time in residential centres. The subjects included in our study are aged between 20 and 42 years old and have been institutionalized from early ages. The long-term institutionalization effects are reflected in language develop...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper addresses the issue of resilience in children at risk considering that children may be more terrified when they are witness to high arousal, panic and adult shock response to traumatic events (especially when it is about significant people in their life) than when are themselves threatened. The purpose of the research is to see how play a...
Article
Full-text available
The study investigates the structural differences, under quantitative and qualitative aspect, between the attitudes toward children with intellectual disability and the teachers in the normal school and special school. The method used is the Attitude Inventory towards the intellectual disability (Mental Retardation Attitude Inventory - MRAI-R, revi...
Article
Full-text available
We have proposed to present a practical approach on the psycho-pedagogical training needs of university teaching, starting from analyzing the training needs of the academic staff who works now in a globalized and competitive world. The results of the study were obtained by applying a written questionnaire to subjects who work in different universit...
Article
Full-text available
Education is seen as an ongoing process that begins at an early age and that man exercises over life when it does become almost a habit for him. The aim of this study is to show the importance of continuous training university teaching staff as perceived by them, concerning the field of teaching skills. The study analyzes the perception regarding t...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we have aimed to create some profiles that define the emotional characteristics of Rroma teenagers compared to non-ethnic teenagers based on a comparative analysis of their emotional features. Starting from these profiles we have proposed to reveal the influence that the affiliation to a minority or a majority ethnic group has upon t...
Article
Full-text available
The study is focused on studying the issue of people with disabilities and their access on the labor market. The research attempts to highlight the experiences of people with disabilities regarding employment, coping with discrimination and how Romanian labor market is ready to receive these people. For conducting the research we used questionnaire...
Article
Full-text available
This study approaches the situation of the Roma children from an educational perspective, both at a formal and non-formal level. Roma minority is recognized nationally and internationally as a subcultural group with many ethical problems, therefore our attention is focused on the relationship between the traditional cultural life-style of Roma peop...
Article
Full-text available
This research is a comparative study between Romania and Spain in terms of social economy as a factor on the labor market inclusion of Roma people. At European level, the social economy is the third employment sector, ranging from private to public sector and comprising 10% of all European businesses, approximately 2 million businesses. In several...
Article
Full-text available
Foster homes or foster care centres provide different conditions for the evolution of institutionalised subjects, which emphasize a behavioural and personality type somewhat different in comparison to regular life style situations. As such, affectivity and communication are the most sensitive elements to the life environment that does not always ha...
Article
Full-text available
The article purports to approach a less studied theme in Romania, which is the quality of the institutionalised mentally retarded adults' life in large residential centres. Quality of Life Questionnaire was used to determine life satisfaction, competence, independence and community integration of participants. Aberrant Behaviour (irritability, leth...
Article
Full-text available
Literature has often discussed the relationship between teaching as profession and a high level of stress. Personal work style, maintaining discipline in the classroom, the need to adapt to changes in educational system, inadequate working conditions are only few determinants identified. Our study aims are to specify the relationship between defens...
Article
Full-text available
Managementul proiectelor sociale este o disciplină tânără nu numai prin raportarea la ştiinţele naturii, ci chiar comparativ cu ştiinţele sociale. Ea a apărut la începutul anilor `60 în America de Nord şi s-a dezvoltat rapid mai ales în Statele Unite, în legătură cu marile programe sociale iniţiate de preşedinţii Kennedy şi Johnson. În Europa, etap...

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Projects

Projects (14)
Project
As of 2019, Covid -19 epidemic, spreading all over the world, affected every sector, especially education. In general, special education students were seriously harmed as education moved towards digital field. However, in this process, the issue of education for the special education students , who are disadvantageous in using these communication tools, has not been on the agenda. Distance education contents were made available to students in need of special education by countries and they were requested to be used. Special education differs from general education in terms of content. Today, there are 5-10% students with learning disabilities in the world. (Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia etc.) Serious improvements have been achieved by promoting inclusive education. Due to the importance of inclusive education, not all academic education provided in general education is within the scope of special education. The developmental and spontaneous characteristics of an individual not having any disabilities can be gained through a structured and systematic education process. Content of the special education program is determined according to the needs of the individual. In this framework, it is aimed to improve daily life routines of individual with appropriate training program. In short, these individuals are tried to be prepared for life according to their interests and abilities by using special methods and tools. However, in this sense, existing materials are expected to be digital. The project is an innovative work that focuses on the inclusion of social, daily care-self-care skills of students with special needs in the digital age. It aims to adapt special education academics and families to innovative practices, improving the potential of teaching profession.
Project
Digital transformation has spread to all areas of life and had a positive and significant impact on education. With recent Covid-19 outbreak, online distance education (ODE) has been urgently started at all education levels. In this context, ODE has become a necessity, not an option. Distance education can be defined as a teaching method in which teachers and students are physically distant from each other and benefit from ICT in the process. It isn’t just the presentation of education with technological tools, it is a multidimensional discipline that includes planning, design, production, presentation, testing and evaluation stages of the education process and its contents as in face-to-face learning. In this context, it is essential to employ methods and techniques specific to the nature of distance education to create meaningful learning in distance education. Developments in educational technologies have learners to interact and collaborate with teachers, students and content online easily. The features of online learning are prevalence, accessibility, flexible learning opportunities and interaction. When these are provided, it can be said that ODE may be more advantageous than traditional education. At this point, the most important factor is effective management of ODE process. However, during the pandemic process, administrators, teachers and students urgently switched to distance education and it was observed that they couldn’t get the desired efficiency from distance education. It can be said that the reason for this is that the stakeholders of education and especially our teachers aren't sufficiently aware of effective methods and techniques that can be used in ODE and they don’t have sufficient readiness for it. The ODE shouldn’t be perceived as just the teachers passing their knowledge to students watching. In this case, the educational process will be far from interaction and won’t provide an effective learning. The starting point of usis to prioritize the use of effective methods based on interaction and collaboration, enable learning by doing and experiencing and are supported by technology besides diversifying them according to the content. Thanks to these methods and practices, it is planned to enable students to actively participate in education processes. The first target group of our project is teachers whose role in distance education is not only to be an information provider, but also to be a resource provider, learning manager, instructional designer, testing and evaluation specialist, communication specialist, technologist, consultant and guide. In this context, the most important role in realizing an effective distance education process falls to them. The priority of "Strengthening the profiles of the teaching professions" will thus be served. Another target group is students that are the most important stakeholders of education process. For an effective ODE, students should have knowledge and skills about distance education processes. Our project aims to make students competent in ODE. All partners are educational institutions. ODE is a tool that can be used in the activities of all partners and will enable students to receive better education. So our target group is not only the institutions involved in the project activities, but also the stakeholders with whom the partners are affiliated and cooperated in local-national terms with dissemination activities. Reaching these will create the expected impact.