Ruth Mccaffrey

Ruth Mccaffrey
Florida Atlantic University | FAU · Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing

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63
Publications
24,219
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2,022
Citations

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Chair yoga is relatively gentle and easy-to-learn form of yoga and is well suited to older adults with oasteoarthritis (OA) who cannot participate in standing exercises. The purpose of this study was to determine whether chair yoga practice could be sustained during and three months after an 8-week chair yoga intervention for older adults with lowe...
Article
Objectives: To determine effects of Sit 'N' Fit Chair Yoga, compared to a Health Education program (HEP), on pain and physical function in older adults with lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) who could not participate in standing exercise. Design: Two-arm randomized controlled trial. Setting: One HUD senior housing facility and one day senior...
Article
This study measured the feasibility of completing a randomized control trial on an 8-week seated yoga program for older adults with osteoarthritis. Part of the feasibility of this program was to determine whether participants would continue the yoga practice at home using a guide book after the 8-week program. Findings demonstrated that once partic...
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Full-text available
Chair yoga (CY), a mind-body therapy, is a safe nonpharmacological approach for managing osteoarthritis (OA) in older adults who cannot participate in standing exercise. However, there is no linguistically tailored CY program for those with limited English proficiency (LEP). This 2-arm randomized controlled trial compared the effects of a linguisti...
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Aim: This article describes the benefits of integrating students into a National Institutes of Health-funded research project. Background: Research is important in all academic disciplines for increasing knowledge and determining the effectiveness of currently used interventions. Educating nursing students to read, evaluate, and use research in...
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The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the benefits of a reflective garden walking program on adults with increased levels of psychological stress. Outcomes measured included levels of hopefulness, personal growth, and quality of life. The evaluation used a one-group, pretest-posttest to determine the success of the Stroll for Well-Being t...
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The study measured effects of Sit 'N' Fit Chair Yoga on pain and physical and psychological functioning. A quasi-experimental research design included a yoga intervention group and an attention control group. There was greater improvement in depression and life satisfaction in the yoga group than in the control group.
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Using a quasi-experimental single-group design, this study examined the feasibility of older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD)-type dementia to complete the Sit 'N' Fit Chair Yoga Program. Physical function of participants who completed the program was measured. The nine older adults with AD (mean age = 83) participated in the 8-week Sit 'N' Fit...
Article
Abstract As the population ages and understanding of Alzheimer's disease (AD) improves, the number of older adults diagnosed and treated for AD and related dementias is projected to increase. Dementia diagnosis, treatment and patient and family education are complex processes best done through collaboration among healthcare professions. The educati...
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Full-text available
This study determined the effect of a computer-based educational program in preparing nurses to complete an assessment for veno-thrombotic risk on all patients admitted to a community hospital. The educational program included information on appropriate prophylaxis for patients at risk for veno-thrombolytic events (VTEs). Nurses were encouraged to...
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The aim of this pilot study was to examine whether chair yoga was effective in reducing pain level and improving physical function and emotional well-being in a sample of community-dwelling older adults with osteoarthritis. One-way repeated measures analysis of variance was performed to examine the effectiveness of chair yoga at baseline, midpoint...
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Full-text available
The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether chair yoga and Reiki affect pain, depressive mood, and physical function compared with an educational program for older adults with osteoarthritis. Findings showed significant relationships only between physical function and chair yoga. In focus group interviews, participants expressed feelings o...
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Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to create and test a prevention model for diabetes mellitus in a primary care unit in Thailand. This study used a three-stage approach: a situational analysis was conducted by a focus group discussion, a model was developed in a brainstorming session with stakeholders, and the model was tested by community participatio...
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This article is a report of a study to determine the effect of an educational programme and to follow up weekly meetings on nurses and medical resident's attitudes towards positive communication and collaboration. Clear and appropriate communication and interdisciplinary collaboration is critical to the delivery of quality care. Collaborative pract...
Article
An educational program was implemented for nurses and medical residents to improve communication and collaboration. It has been noted that communication and collaboration between members of the healthcare team improve patient outcomes and job satisfaction among nurses. In this article, the program is outlined and outcomes are presented.
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Full-text available
Commentry on: LeeYYChanMFMokE. Effectiveness of music intervention on the quality of life of older people. J Adv Nurs2010;66:2677–87.
Article
The purpose of this pilot study was to compare garden walking (either alone or guided) with art therapy in older adults with depression. Depression was measured using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and stories of sadness/joy. Prior to the intervention, 47% of participants had depression scores in the severe range and 53% in the mild range. At...
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music listening in older adults following hip or knee surgery. Acute confusion and pain after surgery can increase length of stay and reduce function. Study results demonstrate a reduction in acute confusion and pain and improved ambulation and higher satisfaction scores in older adults who li...
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This study was designed to determine the effect of garden walking and reflective journaling on adults who are 65 years old and older with depression. The Geriatric Depression Scale measured depression. Four themes emerged from the interview data collected from each participant.
Article
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing is a $3 billion-per-year business. There are many concerns about the accuracy of information given to patients who go online to obtain genetic testing, especially because these tests can be performed and results sent to patients without the assistance of a health care provider. Nurse practitioners (NPs) shou...
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A program was implemented for nurses and medical residents to improve communication and collaboration. It has been noted that communication and collaboration between members of the health care team improve patient outcomes and job satisfaction among nurses. Nurses on the unit where medical residents trained attended a 2-hour educational program tha...
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The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music listening on the acute confusion that is common in older adults after hip or knee surgery. Music listening is an activity that does not require active physical participation from the patient but provides an environment for healing. This study used a random control experimental design w...
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Full-text available
To identify spiritual well-being and spiritual practices in women with gynecologic cancer. Descriptive, cross-sectional. Urban and rural communities in southeast Florida. Convenience sample of 85 women (X age = 65.72 years) with some form of gynecologic cancer. Participants completed questionnaires to assess spiritual well-being and spiritual pract...
Article
The purpose of this randomized controlled study was to determine the effects of music listening on acute confusion that is common in older adults after hip or knee surgery. A control group demonstrated greater decreases in cognition on the first postoperative day compared to a music-listening group (F = 8.448, p = .009). In the 3-day postoperative...
Article
Venothrombotic events (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary emboli, are a common cause of death among community-dwelling, hospitalized, and recently hospitalized outpatients. Nurse practitioners are well positioned to complete a risk assessment, initiate prophylaxis for those at risk to prevent VTE, and provide early diagnosis and tre...
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Test taking in nursing school can produce stress that affects the ability of students to realize their goals of graduation. In this study, the use of lavender and rosemary essential oil sachets reduced test-taking stress in graduate nursing students as evidenced by lower scores on test anxiety measure, personal statements, and pulse rates.
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Full-text available
Older adults face challenges in function, cognition, and isolation as they age. Nurses are responsible for providing a healing environment to promote health and well-being. Music listening is an intervention that could be used to facilitate a healing environment. This article provides examples of evidence that music can improve the healing environm...
Article
A phenomenological design using interviews of 16 Haitian older adults was undertaken to better understand the lived experience of older Haitians as they integrated into an established senior center. Responses to the questions were recorded and transcribed. Two themes emerged: (a) a feeling of being accepted into a new community and (b) hope for a g...
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The purpose of this article is to describe a project integrating Haitian older adults into a county senior center in Florida. This experience depicts the challenges faced by recently immigrated older adults in attempting to become part of a new community in a foreign country. Cultural issues, language barriers, transportation difficulties, and ster...
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The purpose of this literature review was to determine the effect of healthcare work environments on nurse retention. The studies comprising this review describe factors that contribute to unhealthy work environments and implicate them as significant factors influencing nurse retention. The themes identified by nurses for purposes of retention incl...
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Horizontal violence among nurses. To see if horizontal violence in the workplace exists in nursing. If it does, what is its relationship to patient care? This literature review was conducted using research articles published in 2003 and 2004. The articles were searched for in the electronic database, CINAHL. Both Ovid and EBSCO vendors were used. I...
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An abstract is unavailable. This article is available as HTML full text and PDF.
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Exploring the expressive arts within nursing education promotes understanding of what it means to be human and allows students to communicate with patients in unique and meaningful ways. "Arts in Healing," a three-credit elective course designed to provide experiences in creating and appreciating different art forms and to illuminate the healing el...
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This study evaluated the effect of garden walks alone, garden walks with guided imagery, and art therapy on mild to moderate depression in older adults. Focus group interviews at the end of the 6-week intervention suggest that all 3 interventions were helpful to participants with mild to moderate depression.
Article
Hospital-acquired deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolisms (PE) are preventable problems that can increase mortality. Early assessment and recognition of risk as well as initiating appropriate prevention measures can prevent DVT or PE. The purpose of this research project was to develop a DVT risk assessment tool and test the tool for val...
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The purpose of this article is to evaluate research regarding beneficial approaches to smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy. Research about nicotine replacement, nurse-managed counseling sessions, hypnosis, and behavioral modifications are presented. One of the most useful types of program for smoking cessation in pregnancy (as measured...
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Full-text available
To explore the sexuality and intimacy experiences facing women with breast cancer. Published articles; OVID, PsycINFO, and Florida Atlantic University databases; Web sites; and books. Patient perceptions and knowledge of mastectomy and chemotherapy-induced menopause in regard to lifelong sexual experiences are lacking. Healthcare providers must ins...
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The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of music listening on postoperative anxiety and intubation time in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. Coronary artery disease and valvular heart disease affect approximately 15 million Americans and 5 million persons in the U.K. annually, with the majority of these patients being older...
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Purpose: The primary purpose of this literature review is to examine advanced practice nurse (APN)–directed versus registered nurse (RN)–directed telemanagement programs for heart failure patients. Data sources: Research articles identified through CINAHL and OVID databases. Conclusions: Implementing a telemanagement program directed by an APN afte...
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Full-text available
A search of the literature from 1993-2005 revealed four articles on quality-of-life issues for patients with head and neck cancer who develop mucositis. This article reviews four views on quality-of-life issues for patients who receive cancer treatments and develop mucositis. Small samples were utilized in each of the reviewed articles; however, be...
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The literature review presented here explores the feelings of patients and health care providers regarding the disclosure of medical errors. Findings from these studies illuminate patients' desires for information about medical errors and what they are likely to do with the information once they are informed.
Article
PROBLEM. Hospitals are facing nurse retention challenges in the new millennium. Nurses are abandoning the bedside because of job dissatisfaction. Mentorship programs should be developed to enhance nursing satisfaction and thus improve retention and ultimately patient outcomes. FINDINGS. Mentorship training in hospitals and the support of formal men...
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Nursing students often have fear and anxiety about managing pain. The most common misconceptions include fear that patients in acute pain are easily addicted to pain medication, persons who are alert experience side effects from medication such as respiratory depression, and pain is inevitable and cannot completely be relieved. Cognitive restructur...
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The potential for postoperative nausea and vomiting is present in any patient who undergoes surgery and both are unpleasant and potentially dangerous consequences of surgery. Three types of complementary and alternative therapies that may help patients with postoperative nausea and vomiting include acupressure, acupuncture, and aromatherapy.
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To determine the effectiveness of a yoga program on blood pressure and stress, a group of hypertensive patients in Thailand were studied, with the experimental group showing significantly decreased mean stress scores and blood pressure, heart rate, and body mass index levels compared with the control group. Further studies are suggested to determin...
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Music therapy, massage, guided imagery, therapeutic touch, and stress management instruction have been used successfully to decrease patient anxiety prior to diagnostic cardiac catheterization, providing better patient outcomes. The anxiety experienced among patients may have various causes, including not feeling cared about as an individual, too m...
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This study was undertaken to determine the effect of music on elders undergoing elective hip and knee surgery who experience acute confusion and delirium postoperatively. Postoperative confusion and delirium in elders often cause complications that negatively effect recovery. Music listening was introduced as an intervention to an experimental grou...
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Vibroacoustic therapy is a new sound technology that uses audible sound vibrations to reduce symptoms, invoke relaxation, and alleviate stress. This technology is developed based on the recognition that external vibration can influence body function. Research demonstrates the effectiveness of vibroacoustic therapy. Implications for nurses include i...
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Osteoarthritis is the most common degenerative disease in humans. It usually begins in middle age and is progressive. Chronic pain in older people presents a significant obstacle in maintaining function and independence. Previous studies have shown that music can improve motivation, elevate mood, and increase feelings of control in older people. Th...
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This article investigates the mind-body connection in chronic pain. A discussion of pain physiology is designed to identify the role of the neurological system in chronic pain perception. The gate control theory and the neurotransmitter theory of pain are explored. A description of mind-body and pain management methods, and an illustrative case stu...
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Qigong is a therapeutic Chinese practice that has been used for thousands of years to optimize and restore energy (Qi) to the body, mind, and spirit. Elements of Taoist and Buddhist philosophies form the foundation of Qigong, which promotes health and vitality through gentle exercises for the breath, body, mind, and the voice. One component of Qigo...
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This article presents the use of music listening as an effective, noninvasive intervention designed to assist nurses in creating a healing environment to promote health and well-being. Music has demonstrated effectiveness in reducing pain, decreasing anxiety, and increasing relaxation. In addition, music has been used as a process to distract perso...
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Music has been shown to have positive physiological and psychological effects on patients in previous studies. In this study, the authors looked at the lived experience of listening to music and evaluated findings from a phenomenological perspective. Specifically, the authors described the following three themes that emerged from interview data wit...

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