Ruth Garside

Ruth Garside
University of Exeter | UoE · Medical School

PhD

About

225
Publications
109,709
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16,090
Citations
Introduction
@Ruth_Garside Systematic reviews and evidence synthesis; Qualitative evidence synthesis; Interconnections between the Environment and Health
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - present
University of Exeter
Position
  • Senior Lecturer in Evidence Synthesis
January 2000 - December 2008
University of Exeter

Publications

Publications (225)
Article
Background Many conservation management interventions have been set up to bring win–win outcomes for both biodiversity conservation and the well-being of the local communities. Nevertheless, the implementation process of marine protected areas (MPAs) can generate unexpected outcomes and fail to reach its objectives in addressing communities’ challe...
Article
Full-text available
Background Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is predicted to become the leading cause of death by 2050 with antibiotic resistance being an important component. Anthropogenic pollution introduces antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) to the natural environment. Currently, there is limited empirical evidence demonstr...
Article
Our previous work identified that nine leading guidance documents for seven different types of systematic review advocated the same process of literature searching. We defined and illustrated this process and we named it ‘the Conventional Approach’. The Conventional Approach appears to meet the needs of researchers undertaking literature searches f...
Article
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Background Increasing pressure to publicise research findings and generate impact, alongside an expectation from funding bodies to go beyond publication within academic journals, has generated interest in alternative methods of science communication. Our aim is to describe our experience of using a variety of creative communication tools, reflect o...
Article
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Aim This systematic review identifies, appraises and synthesizes the evidence on the provision of fundamental nursing care to hospitalized patients with a highly infectious virus and the effectiveness of adaptations to overcome barriers to care. Design Systematic review. Data Sources In July 2020, we searched Medline, PsycINFO (OvidSP), CINAHL (E...
Article
In this review of reviews, we overview the current global body of available evidence from structured reviews of epidemiological studies that explore human health outcomes associated with exposure to phthalates (chemical plasticisers commonly found in plastics). We found robust evidence for an association with lower semen quality, neurodevelopment a...
Article
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Over the last decade, there has been a proliferation of published meta-ethnographies. Yet, strategies and techniques for updating have not received the same attention, rendering answers to important methodological questions still elusive. One such question has to do with who can perform an update. Although it is not uncommon for quantitative system...
Article
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Background Conservation activities and natural resource management interventions have often aimed to tackle the dual challenge of improving nature conservation and human well-being. However, there is concern over the extent to which this dual goal has been achieved, and an increasing recognition of trade-offs and synergies within and between aspect...
Article
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Background Guidance on provision of care for people with dementia states that occupation people find meaningful is essential for well-being; however, definitions of ‘meaningful occupation’ are often broad, with intrinsic meaning coming from within the person rather than the activity, leading to an inconsistent understanding of its purpose. Objecti...
Article
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1. To be effective, the next generation of conservation practitioners and managers need to be critical thinkers with a deep understanding of how to make evidence-based decisions and of the value of evidence synthesis. 2. If, as educators, we do not make these priorities a core part of what we teach, we are failing to prepare our students to make an...
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Aim: To report on the acceptability of virtual reality (VR) nature environments for people with memory loss at memory cafes, and explore the experiences and perceptions of carers and staff. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted between January and March 2019. Ten adults with memory loss, eight carers and six volunteer staff were recruited fro...
Article
Full-text available
1. To be effective, the next generation of conservation practitioners and managers need to be critical thinkers with a deep understanding of how to make evidence‐based decisions and of the value of evidence synthesis. 2. If, as educators, we do not make these priorities a core part of what we teach, we are failing to prepare our students to make an...
Article
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Background Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a public health crisis that is predicted to cause 10 million deaths per year by 2050. The environment has been implicated as a reservoir of AMR and is suggested to play a role in the dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Currently, most research has focused on measuring concentrations of a...
Article
Guidance for the provision of care for people with dementia asserts that occupation people find meaningful is essential for wellbeing, however definitions of meaningful occupation are often broad with the intrinsic meaning coming from within the person rather than the activity. As such the purpose of meaningful occupation, and how to gauge its effe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Globally, there is increasing scientific evidence of critical links between the oceans and human health, with research into issues such as pollution, harmful algal blooms and nutritional contributions. However, Oceans and Human Health (OHH) remains an emerging discipline. As such these links are poorly recognized in policy efforts such...
Article
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Exposure to ‘real’ nature can increase positive affect and decrease negative affect, but direct access is not always possible, e.g. for people in health/care settings who often experience chronic boredom. In these settings ‘virtual’ forms of nature may also have mood-related benefits (e.g. reducing boredom) but it has been difficult to separate eff...
Conference Paper
Background Encouraging incidental physical activity is an important strategy to improve population health. Recent research has drawn on social practice theory to describe the recursive and relational character of active living, which could help to understand conditions for change. A growing evidence base suggests that gender should be considered am...
Preprint
Studies of potential relevance to the objectives of a systematic reviews, as found by the search strategy, should be screened in duplicate for their eligibility. This screening process should be piloted. This protocol provides a step-by-step formula for piloting the screening process of a systematic review. The formula is also applicable to the con...
Article
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This study aimed to address the question: what does “effectiveness” mean to researchers in the context of literature searching for systematic reviews? We conducted a thematic analysis of responses to an e‐mail survey. Eighty‐nine study authors, whose studies met inclusion in a recent review (2018), were contacted via e‐mail and asked three question...
Article
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Background and objectives: Having contact with nature can be beneficial for health and wellbeing, but many older adults face barriers with getting outdoors. We conducted a systematic review of quantitative studies on health and wellbeing impacts of indoor forms of nature (both real and simulated/artificial), for older adults in residential setting...
Article
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Background Understanding how the conservation of nature can lead to improvement in human conditions is a research area with significant growth and attention. Progress towards effective conservation requires understanding mechanisms for achieving impact within complex social-ecological systems. Causal models are useful tools for defining plausible p...
Article
The risks of illness associated with bathing in UK coastal waters have not been quantified since the early 1990s. Efforts have been made since then to improve the quality of bathing waters. The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence of symptoms of illness associated with sea bathing in bathers in England and Wales. A cross-sectional study...
Article
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Background: Innovative approaches are required to move beyond individual approaches to behaviour change and develop more appropriate insights for the complex challenge of increasing population levels of activity. Recent research has drawn on social practice theory to describe the recursive and relational character of active living but to date most...
Article
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The incorporation of evidence derived from multiple research designs into one single synthesis can enhance the utility of systematic reviews making them more worthwhile, useful, and insightful. Methodological guidance for mixed‐methods synthesis continues to emerge and evolve but broadly involves a sequential, parallel, or convergent approach accor...
Book
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The revised edition of the Handbook offers the only guide on how to conduct, report and maintain a Cochrane Review. The second edition of The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions contains essential guidance for preparing and maintaining Cochrane Reviews of the effects of health interventions. Designed to be an accessible resou...
Article
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The use of non‐medical referral, community referral or social prescribing interventions has been proposed as a cost‐effective alternative to help those with long‐term conditions manage their illness and improve health and well‐being. However, the evidence base for social prescribing currently lags considerably behind practice. In this paper, we exp...
Article
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Background: Children and young people with long term physical health conditions are at increased risk of experiencing mental health and wellbeing difficulties. However, there is a lack of research that explores the experiences of, and attitudes towards interventions aiming to improve their mental health and wellbeing. This systematic review seeks...
Chapter
This chapter provides authors (who already have experience of undertaking qualitative research and qualitative evidence synthesis) with additional guidance on undertaking a qualitative evidence synthesis that is subsequently integrated with an intervention review. There are two main designs for synthesizing qualitative evidence with evidence of the...
Article
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Qualitative research related to the human dimensions of conservation and environment is growing in quantity. Rigorous syntheses of such studies can help develop understanding and inform decision-making. They can combine findings from studies in varied or similar contexts to address questions relating to, for example, the lived experience of those a...
Article
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Background Robopets are small animal‐like robots which have the appearance and behavioural characteristics of pets. Objective To bring together the evidence of the experiences of staff, residents and family members of interacting with robopets and the effects of robopets on the health and well‐being of older people living in care homes. Design Sy...
Article
Full-text available
Aims The aim of this study was to provide guidance to improve the completeness and clarity of meta‐ethnography reporting. Background Evidence‐based policy and practice require robust evidence syntheses which can further understanding of people's experiences and associated social processes. Meta‐ethnography is a rigorous seven‐phase qualitative evi...
Article
Background Although mental health difficulties can severely complicate the lives of children and young people (CYP) with long-term physical conditions (LTCs), there is a lack of evidence about the effectiveness of interventions to treat them. Objectives To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions aiming to improv...
Article
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Approaches to synthesising qualitative data have, to date, largely focused on integrating the findings from published reports. However, developments in text mining software offer the potential for efficient analysis of large pooled primary qualitative datasets. This case study aimed to: a) provide a step‐by‐step guide to using one software applicat...
Article
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Involving and engaging the public are crucial for effective prioritisation, dissemination and implementation of research about the complex interactions between environments and health. Involvement is also important to funders and policy makers who often see it as vital for building trust and justifying the investment of public money. In public heal...
Article
Full-text available
Aims The aim of this study was to provide guidance to improve the completeness and clarity of meta-ethnography reporting. Background Evidence-based policy and practice require robust evidence syntheses which can further understanding of people’s experiences and associated social processes. Meta-ethnography is a rigorous seven-phase qualitative evi...
Article
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Systematic review teams and guideline development groups face considerable challenges when considering context within the evidence production process. Many complex interventions are context-dependent and are frequently evaluated within considerable contextual variation and change. This paper considers the extent to which current tools used within s...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to provide guidance to improve the completeness and clarity of meta‐ethnography reporting. Evidence‐based policy and practice require robust evidence syntheses which can further understanding of people's experiences and associated social processes. Meta‐ethnography is a rigorous seven‐phase qualitative evidence synthesis m...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Forests provide an essential resource to the livelihoods of an estimated 20% of the global population. The contribution of forest ecosystems and forest-based resources to poverty reduction is increasingly emphasized in international policy discourse and conservation and development investments. However, evidence measuring the effect of...
Poster
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Researchers, patients, carers and members of the public involved in research all arrive with different hopes and intentions. This mixture of aims and motives has sometimes led to uncertainty about who to involve and how to involve them. A question which is often asked is: how are the people involved in research representative of other patients, car...
Conference Paper
Background Innovative approaches are required to better address physical inactivity. To move beyond individual approaches to behaviour change and develop more appropriate insights for the complex challenge of increasing population levels of activity, recent research has drawn on social practice theory. This theoretical approach describes the relati...
Article
Venturing into the great outdoors is good for health and well-being, but access to green spaces can be difficult for older people with dementia in care homes. Wendy Brewin, Noreen Orr and Ruth Garside describe the “My Nature” activities toolkit designed to solve the problem.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Systematic literature searching is recognised as a critical component of the systematic review process. It involves a systematic search for studies and aims for a transparent report of study identification, leaving readers clear about what was done to identify studies, and how the findings of the review are situated in the relevant evi...
Article
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This paper is one of a series exploring the implications of complexity for systematic reviews and guideline development, commissioned by the WHO. The paper specifically explores the role of qualitative evidence synthesis. Qualitative evidence synthesis is the broad term for the group of methods used to undertake systematic reviews of qualitative re...
Article
Full-text available
i>Aims To provide guidance to improve the completeness and clarity of meta-ethnography reporting. Background Evidence-based policy and practice require robust evidence syntheses which can further understanding of people’s experiences and associated social processes. Meta-ethnography is a rigorous seven-phase qualitative evidence synthesis method...
Article
Background: Reducing unnecessary prescribing remains a key priority for tackling the global rise of antibiotic-resistant infections. Aim: The authors sought to update a 2011 qualitative synthesis of GPs’ experiences of antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), including their views of interventions aimed at more pruden...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Millions of people rely on marine and coastal ecosystems for food, employment and their general well-being. In recent years, the marine environment has suffered under pressure from the multiple, and often conflicting, needs of the people that use it. In SE Asia, marine activities are important contributors towards household incomes and community li...
Article
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Background: Every year, more than 800,000 people worldwide die by suicide. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of brief psychological interventions in addressing suicidal thoughts and behaviour in healthcare settings. Methods: Following PRISMA guidelines, systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, CI...
Article
This paper updates previous Cochrane guidance on question formulation, searching, and protocol development, reflecting recent developments in methods for conducting qualitative evidence syntheses to inform Cochrane intervention reviews. Examples are used to illustrate how decisions about boundaries for a review are formed via an iterative process o...
Article
The term ‘transition’ is used to refer to the process of moving from child to adult services. Among child and adolescent mental health services attenders, young people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are less likely to transition successfully, but there is a gap in understanding their views and why they might disengage from ser...
Article
Objective: To identify the metrics or methods used by researchers to determine the effectiveness of literature searching where supplementary search methods are compared to bibliographic database searching. We also aimed to determine which metrics or methods are summative or formative and how researchers defined effectiveness in their studies. Stu...
Conference Paper
Purpose The subcutaneous implantable cardiac defibrillator ICD (S-ICD) has been developed to reduce the risk of lead complications in patients requiring prophylactic ICDs. It has also been recommended for patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) who are at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and often have complex cardiac anatomy, prevent...
Article
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The GRADE-CERQual (‘Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative research’) approach provides guidance for assessing how much confidence to place in findings from systematic reviews of qualitative research (or qualitative evidence syntheses). The approach has been developed to support the use of findings from qualitative evidence synthese...