Ruppert Vimal

Ruppert Vimal
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · Institut écologie et environnement (INEE)

PhD

About

31
Publications
11,412
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
377
Citations
Citations since 2016
17 Research Items
292 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220204060
20162017201820192020202120220204060
20162017201820192020202120220204060
20162017201820192020202120220204060
Introduction
My research is at the interface between Ecology, Geography and Science and Technology Studies. It aims at producing applied knowledge in relation with the interaction between Human and Nature. Focusing on both local and continental scales, I develop and observe spatial methods to assess and plan environmental policies and associated social drivers shaping such expertise. Scientific knowledge does not only reflect the environment but as well contribute to shape it. My main interest therefore relies on the interaction between scientific rationality and socio-political dynamics at the science/policy interfaces. I'm particularly interested in the combination between participatory sciences, interdisciplinarity, new technologies and maps.

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Full-text available
The ecological crisis we are facing calls for a renewal of the way we do science. In the light of sustainable development, the challenge is to produce science that is democratic and capable of responding to contemporary issues. This context challenges the role of school in its logic of construction and transmission of scientific knowledge. The emer...
Article
The Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in extensive lockdowns implemented all around the world and billion of people have been asked to stay at home for several weeks. Although this global confinement has had potentially huge unintended consequences on the environment and on its associated wildlife, this study shows that it has also impacted the human...
Article
Full-text available
Africa is forecasted to experience large and rapid climate change1 and population growth2 during the twenty-first century, which threatens the world’s second largest rainforest. Protecting and sustainably managing these African forests requires an increased understanding of their compositional heterogeneity, the environmental drivers of forest comp...
Article
Over the last decades, massive efforts have been made to both assess and increase the amount of land dedicated to biodiversity conservation. Less is known, however, about the diversity of management strategies implemented across the network of protected areas. In this study, we used a large database of more than 175,000 global terrestrial protected...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars have long stressed the need to bridge the gap between science and action and seek the most efficient use of knowledge for decision-making. Many contributors have attempted to consider and understand the sociopolitical forces involved in knowledge generation and exchange. We argue, however, that a model is still needed to adequately concept...
Technical Report
Full-text available
While nature and culture can no longer be thought independently, the return of large carnivores in Europe, particularly in France, challenge our ability to coexist with other living beings. From this perspective, understanding how human and non-human interact in a given space according to a specific relationship is a major challenge. The present ex...
Article
Full-text available
In spite of significant investment, community-based conservation often suffers from a lack of appropriate design. In this study, drawing on 86 interviews around six national parks in tropical Africa, we analyse the perceptions of different stakeholders (e.g. governmental officials, non-governmental organization staff and researchers) regarding comm...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring is increasingly recognised as a key instrument for effective nature conservation. It attempts to provide quantitative knowledge to implement conservation actions upon scientific evidence. However, science studies have shown that monitoring is not only a simple technical choice but also carries a cognitive representation of the world and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Cette étude a pour but d’initier une démarche de recherche/action dans la vallée du Biros en mêlant enquête ethnographique et cycle d’animations d’éducation populaire autour du paysage. C’est à la fois auprès des élèves de l’école de Sentein, des anciens de la maison de retraite et de Biroussans de tout âge, arrivés de longue date ou non, que les p...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity conservation requires strategies that encompass a variety of land uses and habitat diversity. In this study, we used sites of high ecological interest identified on the basis of the distribution of priority plant and vertebrate species to assess the implications of habitat diversity for conservation management in the Mediterranean mosa...
Article
Full-text available
Payment for ecosystem services has become one of the most important conservation policy options worldwide. In developing countries, however, payments are often targeted toward communities instead of individuals. Nonetheless, there is little evidence for the effectiveness of different payment schemes in promoting proconservation behavior. We compare...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En liens étroits avec le dispositif d'Île en Transition, nous souhaitons proposer aux jeunes un espace d'expérimentation concret de leur imaginaire concernant l'île d'Yeu. À partir d'un projet pédagogique innovant – mêlant les principes et les outils de l'éducation populaire, des sciences humaines et sociales, des sciences environnementales – nous...
Article
Key message Forest disturbance affects the within-population distribution of genetic diversity, but not its overall levels, in a tropical pioneer tree species. In particular, clumps of related saplings with impoverished diversity are found in canopy gaps but not under forest cover. Context Forest disturbances can have long-term consequences on the...
Article
Full-text available
Species and community specialization have become popular indicators to track the spatial and temporal changes of species and community dynamics during current global changes. However, measuring specialization requires detailed and quantitative descriptions of habitat requirements or resource use, which are difficult to obtain for many species. Here...
Article
Full-text available
Dans cet article, nous analysons le processus délibératif chargé de définir une politique publique de trame verte et bleue (TVB) en tant que stratégie de conservation intégrée, dans le cadre du Grenelle de l’environnement. Nous montrons que l’expertise scientifique est un enjeu central dans le processus social aboutissant à une représentation de la...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanization is a major threat on biodiversity due to the direct destruction of natural and semi-natural habitats and to the indirect impacts caused by urban areas beyond their limits. In this study, we proposed a methodological framework to assess the potential impacts of current and future urbanization on high diversity sites and their associated...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we developed a multi-criteria assessment of spatial variability of the vulnerability of three different biodiversity descriptors: sites of high conservation interest by virtue of the presence of rare or remarkable species, extensive areas of high ecological integrity, and landscape diversity in grid cells across an entire region. We...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological networks provide an operational methodology for the implementation of regional conservation strategy and planning that goes beyond protected area designation to integrate the spatial scale of ecological processes and social issues. However, the pertinence of ecological networks as a conservation strategy has recently provoked debate. In...
Article
Full-text available
Between scientific expertise and power games: the Green and Blue Infrastructure of the Grenelle Environment Forum. In this paper we investigate the deliberative process charged with defining an integrated conservation policy within the framework of the French Grenelle Environment Forum, namely the Green and Blue Infrastructure (“trame verte et bleu...
Article
Full-text available
The approach of green infrastructure (Trame Verte et Bleue) acknowledges the ecological solidarity and distant interrelationships between species or ecosystems and as such contributes to a processual and pragmatic definition of the public. Based on two case studies of implementation of the ecological network promoted by the environmental roundtable...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological network concept is a growing core element of conservation strategies. Based on the need to integrate ecological processes which underlie spatial dynamics of biodiversity at a landscape scale, network planning is largely based on a single model that allows the identification of natural core areas and linkage corridors. In this context a s...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Nous proposons ici une méthode d’analyse spatiale pour accompagner la démarche trame verte et bleue (TVB) et la mise en place du Schéma Régional de Cohérence Ecologique (SRCE). Deux constats majeurs ont fondé les bases de notre proposition. D’une part, la complexité intrinsèque des dynamiques et des interdépendances écologiques ainsi incertitude in...
Article
Full-text available
A crucial stage in systematic conservation planning is the definition of explicit conservation targets to be achieved by a network of protected areas. A wide variety of targets have been employed, including overall percentage area, uniform representation of biodiversity features, and variable targets according to conservation interest. Despite the...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological network concept is a growing core element of conservation strategies. Based on the need to integrate ecological processes which underlie spatial dynamics of biodiversity at a landscape scale, network planning is largely based on a single model that allows the identification of natural core areas and linkage corridors. In this context a s...
Thesis
Full-text available
Les stratégies de conservation de la nature évoluent, de la protection stricte d’espaces isolés et dépourvus d’activités humaines à l’intégration des enjeux de biodiversité dans le développement territorial. Ce changement de perspective, des aires protégées à la territorialisation de l’environnement, suppose de gérer la complexité et d’appréhender...
Thesis
Diffusion du document : INRA Antilles-Guyane, UMR ECOFOG, 97387 Kourou, Guyane (France)Diplôme : Master Recherche

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
ANR JC JC – BENDYS (ANR-19-CE03-0010) Scientific evaluation committee CES 03 Human-Environment interactions BENDYS is an interdisciplinary project focusing on the last European Old-Growth Forests (OGFs) that brings together, for the first time, researchers in Humanities and Social Sciences (sociology, anthropology, archaeology, history, geography) and in Environment and Life Science (ecology, biogeochemistry, geology, biology). The project is focusing on the last European old-growth fir-beech forests that are today threatened by global warming, unsustainable uses and a lack of global conservation plans. The major issue for their better understanding and conservation is to accurately define their reference state. To tackle this issue, we must study long-term legacies and ongoing impacts of anthropogenic and natural drivers on the structure, functioning and biodiversity of current forest ecosystems. We propose to perform a comparative study on the Eastern Romanian Carpathians, where there are secular forests just classified by UNESCO, and the Northern central Pyrenees, which present the highest density of old-growth forests in Western Europe. To reconstruct their long-term trajectories and characterise the tolerable ones for biodiversity, we propose to combine palaeoecological, ecological, historical and sociological approaches into a multiscalar and systemic research in a retrospective and prospective perspective.