Rupert Lanzenberger

Rupert Lanzenberger
Medical University of Vienna | MedUni Vienna · Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

About

554
Publications
69,931
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
10,525
Citations

Publications

Publications (554)
Article
Full-text available
Molecular neuroimaging studies provide mounting evidence that neuroinflammation plays a contributory role in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD). This has been the focus of a number of positron emission tomography (PET) studies of the 17-kDa translocator protein (TSPO), which is expressed by microglia and serves as a marker of neuro...
Article
Full-text available
Strategies to personalize psychopharmacological treatment promise to improve efficacy and tolerability. We measured serotonin transporter occupancy immediately after infusion of the widely prescribed P-glycoprotein substrate citalopram and assessed to what extent variants of the ABCB1 gene affect drug target engagement in the brain in vivo. A total...
Article
Full-text available
Background The NMDA receptor (NMDAR) plays a key role in the central nervous system, e.g., for synaptic transmission. While synaptic NMDARs are thought to have protective characteristics, activation of extrasynaptic NMDARs might trigger excitotoxic processes linked to neuropsychiatric disorders. Since extrasynaptic NMDARs are typically GluN2B-enric...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although BOLD signal decreases in the default mode network (DMN) are commonly observed during attention-demanding tasks, their neurobiological underpinnings are not fully understood. Previous work has shown decreases but also increases in glucose metabolism that match with or dissociate from these BOLD signal decreases, respectively. To resolve thi...
Article
The monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) is integral to monoamine metabolism and is thus relevant to the pathophysiology of various neuropsychiatric disorders; however, associated gene-enzyme relations are not well understood. This study aimed to unveil genes coexpressed with MAO-A. Therefore, 18 179 mRNA expression maps (based on the Allen Human Brain Atla...
Article
The exploration of the spatial relationship between gene expression profiles and task‐evoked response patterns known to be altered in neuropsychiatric disorders, for example depression, can guide the development of more targeted therapies. Here, we estimated the correlation between human transcriptome data and two different brain activation maps me...
Article
Full-text available
Background : Theta burst stimulation (TBS) belongs to one of the biological antidepressant treatment options. When applied bilaterally, excitatory intermittent TBS (iTBS) is commonly targeted to the left and inhibitory continuous TBS (cTBS) to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. TBS was shown to influence neurotransmitter systems, while iTBS...
Article
Full-text available
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a female-specific condition classified in the Diagnostic and Statical Manual—5th edition under depressive disorders. Alterations in grey matter volume, cortical thickness and folding metrics have been associated with a number of mood disorders, though little is known regarding brain morphological alteration...
Article
BACKGROUND: Childhood cerebellar pilocytic astrocytomas harbour excellent overall survival rates after surgical resection, but the patients may exhibit specific cognitive and behavioural problems emphasising our current understanding of the cerebellar role in cognition. Functional MRI has catalysed the mechanistic insights into brain functional sys...
Preprint
Intro Even though emotions often play a role in neurofeedback (NF) regulation strategies, investigations of the relationship between the induced neuronal changes and improvements in affective domains are scare in electroencephalography-based studies. We thus extend the findings of the first study on slow cortical potential (SCP) NF in autism spectr...
Article
Full-text available
The neurobiological basis of learning is reflected in adaptations of brain structure, network organization and energy metabolism. However, it is still unknown how different neuroplastic mechanisms act together and if cognitive advancements relate to general or task-specific changes. Therefore, we tested how hierarchical network interactions contrib...
Preprint
Alterations in gray matter (GM) and monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) distribution across the brain have been found in various neuropsychiatric conditions. MAO-A catalyzes the oxidative degradation of various monoamines and is thus implicated in neuroplastic processes that influence GM density (GMD) and microstructure (GMM) of the brain. Sex-specific dif...
Article
Full-text available
Background Anxiety, conduct and depressive disorders represent three highly prevalent psychiatric conditions in adolescents. A shared underpinning of these disorders is a shortcoming in emotion regulation, connected to the functioning of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Thus, an intervention able to target the suggested neural correlate seems to...
Article
Full-text available
Background Childhood cerebellar pilocytic astrocytomas harbor excellent overall survival rates after surgical resection, but the patients may exhibit specific cognitive and behavioral problems. Functional MRI has catalyzed insights into brain functional systems and has already been linked with the neuropsychological performance. We aimed to exploit...
Article
Full-text available
Ovarian hormones fluctuations across the menstrual cycle are experienced by about 58% of women in their fertile age. Maladaptive brain sensitivity to these changes likely leads to the severe psychological, cognitive, and physical symptoms repeatedly experienced by women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) during the late luteal phase of the...
Preprint
Epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, are understood as an intermediary between environmental factors affecting disease risk and pathophysiologic changes to brain structure and function. Cerebral monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) levels are altered in depression, as are DNA methylation levels within the MAOA gene, particularly in the promote...
Article
Changes in distribution of associated molecular targets have been reported across several neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the high-resolution topology of most proteins is unknown and simultaneous in vivo measurement in multi-receptor systems is complicated. To account for the missing proteomic information, messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) tra...
Article
Full-text available
Simultaneous characterization of pathologies by multi-tracer positron emission tomography (PET) is among the most promising applications in nuclear medicine. Aim of this work was the simultaneous production of two PET-tracers in one module and test the relevance for human application. [11C]harmine and [11C]DASB were concurrently synthesized in a ‘t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a mood disorder characterized by psychological and physical symptoms. Differences in white matter have been associated with affective and anxiety disorders, which share some symptoms with PMDD. However, whether white matter structure differs between the brains of individuals with PMDD and health...
Preprint
Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) represents a brain stimulation technique effective for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) as underlined by meta-analyses. While the methodology undergoes constant refinement, bilateral stimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) appears promising to restore left DLPFC hypoactivity and right hyperactivit...
Preprint
Background Theta burst stimulation (TBS) belongs to one of the biological antidepressant treatment options. When applied bilaterally, excitatory intermittent TBS (iTBS) is commonly targeted to the left and inhibitory continuous TBS (cTBS) to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. TBS was shown to influence neurotransmitter systems, while iTBS is...
Preprint
Background: Previous studies suggest that transcranial magnetic stimulation exerts antidepressant effects by altering functional connectivity (FC). However, knowledge about this mechanism is still limited. Here, we aimed to investigate the effect of bilateral sequential theta-burst stimulation (TBS) on FC in treatment-resistant depression (TRD) in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sex steroid hormones influence hypothalamic micro- and macrostructure in humans and animal models. Neuroimaging studies have suggested that estrogen and anti-androgen treatment decreases volumes of multiple cortical and subcortical brain areas in transgender individuals, including total hypothalamus volume. Here, we aim to further explore potential...
Article
Sex hormones affect the GABAergic and glutamatergic neurotransmitter system as demonstrated in animal studies. However, human research has mostly been correlational in nature. Here, we aimed at substantiating causal interpretations of the interaction between sex hormones and neurotransmitter function by using magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging...
Preprint
The influence of sex hormones on brain function has been investigated in multiple neuroimaging studies. Sexually dimorphic characteristics were found for the insular cortex, though little is known about hormonal effects on sex-specific functional connectivity patterns and insular functions ranging from emotion regulation to interoception and higher...
Article
Objectives: As clinical studies demonstrated that ketamine possesses rapid-acting antidepressant and antisuicidal effects, it is increasingly used in affective disorders. The neuroplastic properties of ketamine are well described in preclinical and imaging studies, and are highly related to its antidepressive mechanism of action.Methods: Here, we r...
Article
Background : Neuroplastic processes are influenced by serotonergic agents, which reportedly alter white matter microstructure in humans in conjunction with learning. The goal of this double-blind placebo-controlled imaging study was to investigate the neuroplastic properties of escitalopram and of cognitive training on white matter plasticity durin...
Article
An essential core function of one's cognitive flexibility is the use of acquired knowledge and skills to adapt to ongoing environmental changes. Animal models have highlighted the influence serotonin has on neuroplasticity. These effects have been predominantly demonstrated during emotional relearning which is theorized as a possible model for depr...
Preprint
Changes in distribution of associated molecular targets have been reported across several neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the high-resolution topology of most proteins is unknown and simultaneous in vivo measurement in multi-receptor systems is complicated. To account for the missing proteomic information, mRNA transcripts are typically used a...
Article
Learning-induced neuroplastic changes, further modulated by content and setting, are mirrored in brain functional connectivity (FC). In animal models, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been shown to facilitate neuroplasticity. This is especially prominent during emotional relearning, such as fear extinction, which may translate t...
Article
Full-text available
Pain habituation is associated with a decrease of activation in brain areas related to pain perception. However, little is known about the specificity of these decreases to pain, as habituation has also been described for other responses like spinal reflexes and other sensory responses. Thus, it might be hypothesized that previously reported reduct...
Preprint
Full-text available
While the concept of sexual orientation is more clearly defined in cisgender, this is less so in transgender individuals. Both experienced gender and sex hormones have a relation to sexual preferences, arousal in response to erotic stimuli, and thus sexual orientation. In transgender individuals sexual orientation occasionally changes before or dur...
Preprint
The neurobiological basis of learning is reflected in adaptations of brain structure, network organization and energy metabolism. However, it is still unknown how different neuroplastic mechanisms act together and if cognitive advancements relate to general or task-specific changes. To address these questions, we tested how hierarchical network int...
Preprint
Full-text available
Impaired brain glucose metabolism characterizes most severe brain diseases. Recent studies have proposed deuterium (2H)-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging (MRSI) as a reliable, non-invasive, and safe method to quantify the human metabolism of 2H-labeled substrates such as glucose and their downstream metabolism (e.g., aerobic/anaerobic glucos...
Preprint
Sex hormones affect the GABAergic and glutamatergic neurotransmitter system as demonstrated in animal studies. However, human research has mostly been correlational in nature. Here, we aimed at substantiating causal interpretations of the interaction between sex hormones and neurotransmitter function by using magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging...
Article
Full-text available
The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) plays a crucial role in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and in the treatment of major depression by new fast-acting antidepressants such as ketamine. Given their broad implications, GluN2B-containing NMDARs have been of large interest as diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Recently, (...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The importance of the amygdala - medial orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) network during processing of emotional stimuli, emotional faces in particular, is well established. This premise is supported by converging evidence from animal models, human neuroanatomical results, and neuroimaging studies. However, there is missing evidence from hu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Social–emotional difficulties are a core symptom of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Accordingly, individuals with ASD have problems with social cognition such as recognizing emotions from other peoples' faces. Various results from functional magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography studies as well as eye-tracking data revea...
Article
Full-text available
The accurate segmentation of in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data is a crucial prerequisite for the reliable assessment of disease progression, patient stratification or the establishment of putative imaging biomarkers. This is especially important for the hippocampal formation, a brain area involved in memory formation and often affected...
Article
Full-text available
An elemental function of brain dopamine is to coordinate cognitive and motor resources for successful exploitation of environmental energy sources. Dopamine transmission, goal-directed behavior, and glucose homeostasis are altered in schizophrenia patients prior to and after initiation of pharmacological treatment. Thus, we investigated the relatio...
Article
The sex hormones testosterone and estradiol influence brain structure and function and are implicated in the pathogenesis, prevalence and disease course of major depression. Recent research employing gender-affirming hormone treatment (GHT) of gender dysphoric individuals and utilizing positron emission tomography (PET) indicates increased serotoni...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Recently, a 3D-concentric ring trajectory (CRT)-based free induction decay (FID)-MRSI sequence was introduced for fast high-resolution metabolic imaging at 7 T. This technique provides metabolic ratio maps of almost the entire brain within clinically feasible scan times, but its robustness has not yet been thoroughly investigated. Therefo...
Article
The sex hormone estradiol is hypothesized to play a key role in human cognition, and reward processing specifically, via increased dopamine D1-receptor signalling. However, the effect of estradiol on reward processing in men has never been established. To fill this gap, we performed a double-blind placebo-controlled study in which men (N = 100) rec...
Article
Full-text available
Significance A consistent finding from functional MRI (fMRI) of externally focused cognitive control is negative signal change in the brain’s default mode network (DMN), but it is unknown whether this reflects an increase of synaptic activity during rest periods or active suppression during task. Using hybrid PET-MRI, we show that task-positive fMR...
Article
Full-text available
The improvement of experimental models for disorders requires a constant approximation towards the dysregulated tissue. In psychiatry, where an impairment of neuronal structure and function is assumed to play a major role in disease mechanisms and symptom development, this approximation is an ongoing process implicating various fields. These includ...
Article
Introduction: Hippocampal sclerosis is the most frequent pathological substrate in drug resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Recently 4 types of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) have been defined in a task force by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), based on patterns of cell loss in specific hippocampal subfields. Type 1 HS is most fre...
Poster
When processing brain imaging data, anatomical normalization is typically required for group-level analyses. However, a multitude of spatial normalization tools exist, each with various settings for each analysis step. These necessarily lead to differences in the spatial distribution of activation patterns. Even though normalization tools are commo...
Poster
Previous reports suggest that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as escitalopram affect learning processes and facilitate neuroplastic alterations, resulting in functional connectivity (FC) changes. As the thalamus acts as an important neural relay, we aimed to assess its subfields' functional connectivity towards the rest of the...
Article
Full-text available
Mapping the neuronal response during cognitive processing is of crucial importance to gain new insights into human brain function. BOLD imaging and ASL are established MRI methods in this endeavor. Recently, the novel approach of functional PET (fPET) was introduced, enabling absolute quantification of glucose metabolism at rest and during task exe...
Article
Full-text available
Background Increases in the volume of the amygdala and hippocampus after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are among the most robust effects known to the brain-imaging field. Recent advances in the segmentation of substructures of these regions allow for novel insights on the relationship between brain structure and clinical outcomes of ECT. Objecti...
Article
Full-text available
The assessment of dopamine release with the PET competition model is thoroughly validated but entails disadvantages for the investigation of cognitive processes. We introduce a novel approach incorporating 6-[18F]FDOPA uptake as index of the dynamic regulation of dopamine synthesis enzymes by neuronal firing. The feasibility of this approach is dem...
Article
Full-text available
Neurofilament light chain (NfL) has emerged as a biomarker of neuroaxonal damage in several neurologic conditions. With increasing availability of fourth-generation immunoassays detecting NfL in blood, aspects of pre-analytical stability of this biomarker remain unanswered. This study investigated NfL concentrations in serum and plasma samples of 3...
Article
Full-text available
Background In contrast to cisgender persons, transgender persons identify with a different gender than the one assigned at birth. Although research on the underlying neurobiology of transgender persons has been accumulating over the years, neuroimaging studies in this relatively rare population are often based on very small samples resulting in dis...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: More than 40 drugs are available to treat affective disorders. Individual selection of the optimal drug and dose is required to attain the highest possible efficacy and acceptable tolerability for every patient. Methods: This review, which includes more than 500 articles selected by 30 experts, combines relevant knowledge on studies inv...
Article
Full-text available
Background Major depressive disorder is strongly associated with impairments and difficulties in social interactions. Deficits in empathy, a vital skill for social interactions, have been identified as a risk factor for relapse. However, research on empathy in remitted states of depression is scarce. We chose a social neuroscience approach to inves...
Article
Full-text available
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by late luteal phase affective, cognitive, and physical impairment. The disorder causes significant suffering in about 5% of women in their reproductive age. Altered sensitivity of cognitive-affective brain circuits to progesterone and its downstream metabolite allopreg...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Neuroplastic processes are influenced by selective serotonergic reuptake inhibitors, while learning in conjunction with the administration of serotonergic agents alters white matter microstructure in humans. The goal of this double-blind, placebo-controlled imaging study was to investigate the influence of escitalopram on white matter pl...
Preprint
Full-text available
The antidepressant effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) is related to increased neuroplasticity during relearning. Stress-induced dendritic atrophy in key brain areas for learning and memory such as the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex is reversed by SSRI treatment. This finding is accompanied by behavioral stabilization. The a...
Article
Animal studies using selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and learning paradigms demonstrated that serotonin is important for flexibility in executive functions and learning. SSRIs might facilitate relearning through neuroplastic processes and thus exert their clinical effects in psychiatric diseases where cognitive functioning is affect...
Preprint
Background: The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in processes essential for neuroplasticity. Learning and serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) foster neuronal reorganization, a mechanism potentially related to BDNF. This study aims to assess the effects of associative learning and escitalopram on serum BDNF (sBDNF) level...
Article
Full-text available
Antidepressant doses of ketamine rapidly facilitate synaptic plasticity and modify neuronal function within prefrontal and hippocampal circuits. However, most studies have demonstrated these effects in animal models and translational studies in humans are scarce. A recent animal study showed that ketamine restored dendritic spines in the hippocampa...