Rui Huang

Rui Huang
University of Guelph | UOGuelph · Department of Chemistry

Ph. D.
Protein NMR spectroscopy, AAA+ proteins, protein quality control

About

30
Publications
3,562
Reads
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1,024
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2020 - present
University of Guelph
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2014 - May 2020
University of Toronto
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2009 - June 2014
University of Michigan
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
VCP/p97, an enzyme critical to proteostasis, is regulated through interactions with protein adaptors targeting it to specific cellular tasks. One such adaptor, p47, forms a complex with p97 to direct lipid membrane remodeling. Here, we use NMR and other biophysical methods to study the structural dynamics of p47 and p47-p97 complexes. Disordered re...
Article
The hexameric p97 enzyme plays an integral role in cellular homeostasis. Large changes to the orientation of its N‐terminal domains (NTDs), corresponding to NTD‐down (p97‐ADP) or NTD‐up (p97‐ATP), accompany ATP hydrolysis. The NTDs in a series of p97 disease mutants interconvert rapidly between up and down conformations when p97 is in the ADP‐bound...
Article
Full-text available
The 20S core particle (CP) proteasome is a molecular assembly catalyzing the degradation of misfolded proteins or proteins no longer required for function. It is composed of four stacked heptameric rings that form a barrel-like structure, sequestering proteolytic sites inside its lumen. Proteasome function is regulated by gates derived from the ter...
Article
Molecular complexes often sample conformational states that direct them to specific functions. These states can be difficult to observe through traditional biophysical approaches but they can be studied using a variety of different NMR spin relaxation experiments. However, these applications, when focused on moderate to high molecular weight protei...
Article
Molecular complexes often sample conformational states that direct them to specific functions. These states can be difficult to observe through traditional biophysical approaches but they can be studied using a variety of different NMR spin relaxation experiments. However, these applications, when focused on moderate to high molecular weight protei...
Article
p97 is an essential hexameric AAA+ ATPase involved in a wide range of cellular processes. Mutations in the enzyme are implicated in the etiology of an autosomal dominant neurological disease in which patients are heterozygous with respect to p97 alleles, containing one copy each of WT and disease-causing mutant genes, so that, in vivo, p97 molecule...
Article
Full-text available
Viscoelastic properties are central for gels and other materials. Simultaneously, high storage and loss moduli are difficult to attain due to their contrarian requirements to chemical structure. Biomimetic inorganic nanoparticles offer a promising toolbox for multiscale engineering of gel mechanics, but a conceptual framework for their molecular, n...
Article
Full-text available
The 20S proteasome core particle (20S CP) plays an integral role in cellular homeostasis by degrading proteins no longer required for function. The process is, in part, controlled via gating residues localized to the ends of the heptameric barrel-like CP structure that occlude substrate entry pores, preventing unregulated degradation of substrates...
Article
Membrane encapsulation is frequently used by the cell to sequester biomolecules and compartmentalize their function. Cells also concentrate molecules into phase-separated protein or protein/nucleic acid "membraneless organelles" that regulate a host of biochemical processes. Here, we use solution NMR spectroscopy to study phase-separated droplets f...
Article
Full-text available
We present a pulse scheme that exploits methyl (1)H triple-quantum (TQ) coherences for the measurement of diffusion rates of slowly diffusing molecules in solution. It is based on the well-known stimulated echo experiment, with encoding and decoding of TQ coherences. The size of quantifiable diffusion coefficients is thus lowered by an order of mag...
Article
Full-text available
Although (15)N- and (13)C-based chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) experiments have assumed an important role in studies of biomolecular conformational exchange, (1)H CEST experiments are only beginning to emerge. We present a methyl-TROSY (1)H CEST experiment that eliminates deleterious (1)H-(1)H NOE dips so that CEST profiles can be ana...
Data
Cryo-EM data acquisition, processing, and atomic model statistics. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.25754.015
Article
Full-text available
AAA+ unfoldases are thought to unfold substrate through the central pore of their hexameric structures, but how this process occurs is not known. VAT, the Thermoplasma acidophilum homologue of eukaryotic CDC48/p97, works in conjunction with the proteasome to degrade misfolded or damaged proteins. We show that in the presence of ATP, VAT with its re...
Preprint
AAA+ unfoldases are thought to unfold substrate through the central pore of their hexameric structures, but how this process occurs is not known. VAT, the Thermoplasma acidophilum homologue of eukaryotic CDC48/p97, works in conjunction with the proteasome to degrade misfolded or damaged proteins. We show that in the presence of ATP, VAT with its re...
Article
Full-text available
The AAA+ (ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities) enzymes play critical roles in a variety of homeostatic processes in all kingdoms of life. Valosin-containing protein-like ATPase of Thermoplasma acidophilum (VAT), the archaeal homolog of the ubiquitous AAA+ protein Cdc48/p97, functions in concert with the 20S proteasome by unfold...
Article
Cytochrome P450s (P450s) are a superfamily of enzymes responsible for the catalysis of a wide range of substrates. Dynamic interactions between full-length membrane-bound P450 and its redox partner cytochrome b5 (cytb5 ) have been found to be important for the enzymatic activity of P450. However, the stability of the circa 70 kDa membrane-bound com...
Article
Full-text available
An NMR experiment for quantifying slow (millisecond) time-scale exchange processes involving the interconversion between visible ground state and invisible, conformationally excited state conformers is presented. The approach exploits chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) and makes use of (13)CHD2 methyl group probes that can be readily inco...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian cytochrome P450 (P450) is a membrane-bound monooxygenase whose catalytic activities require two electrons to be sequentially delivered from its redox partners: cytochrome b5 (cytb5) and cytochrome P450 reductase, both of which are membrane proteins. Though P450 functional activities are known to be affected by lipids, experimental evidenc...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian cytochrome b5 (cyt b5) is a membrane-bound protein capable of donating an electron to cytochrome P450 (P450) in the P450 catalytic cycle. The interaction between cyt b5 and P450 has been reported to be affected by the substrates of P450; however, the mechanism of substrate modulation on the cyt b5-P450 complex formation is still unknown....
Article
Full-text available
Cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) is a diflavin enzyme that transfers electrons to many protein partners. Electron transfer from CPR to cyt c has been extensively used as a model reaction to assess the redox activity of CPR. CPR is composed of multiple domains, among which the FMN binding domain (FBD) is the direct electron donor to cyt c. Here, elec...
Article
NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (CYPOR) is an essential redox partner of the cytochrome P450 (cyt P450) superfamily of metabolic enzymes. In the endoplasmic reticulum of liver cells, such enzymes metabolize ∼75% of the pharmaceuticals in use today. It is known that the transmembrane domain of CYPOR plays a crucial role in aiding the formation...
Conference Paper
KCNE1 (also known as MinK) is a membrane-bound protein with a single trans-membrane section consisting of 129 amino acids with a molecular weight of 15.7 kD. The main function of KCNE1 is to modulate the activity of the KCNQ1 voltage-gated potassium ion channel in the human heart. This potassium modulation is critical for repolarization in the hear...
Article
It has been well realized that the dependence of chemical shift anisotropy (CSA) tensors on the amino acid sequence, secondary structure, dynamics and electrostatic interactions can be utilized in the structural and dynamic studies of proteins by NMR spectroscopy. In addition, CSA tensors could also be utilized to measure the structural interaction...
Article
Full-text available
Microsomal cytochrome b5 (cytb5) is a membrane-bound protein that modulates the catalytic activity of its redox partner, cytochrome P4502B4 (cytP450). Here, we report the first structure of full-length rabbit ferric microsomal cytb5 (16 kDa), incorporated in two different membrane mimetics (detergent micelles and lipid bicelles). Differential line...
Data
Calcitonin is a 32-residue peptide hormone known for its hypocalcemic effect and its inhibition of bone resorption. While calcitonin has been used in therapy for osteoporosis and Paget's disease for decades, human calcitonin (hCT) forms fibrils in aqueous solution that limit its therapeutic application. The molecular mechanism of fiber formation by...
Article
Full-text available
Calcitonin is a 32-residue peptide hormone known for its hypocalcemic effect and its inhibition of bone resorption. While calcitonin has been used in therapy for osteoporosis and Paget's disease for decades, human calcitonin (hCT) forms fibrils in aqueous solution that limit its therapeutic application. The molecular mechanism of fiber formation by...
Article
Hemolysis induced by antimicrobial polymers was examined to gain an understanding of the mechanism of polymer toxicity to human cells. A series of cationic amphiphilic methacrylate random copolymers containing primary ammonium groups as the cationic functionality and either butyl or methyl groups as hydrophobic side chains have been prepared by rad...
Article
In a minimalist design approach, a synthetic peptide MSI-367 [(KFAKKFA)(3)-NH(2)] was designed and synthesized with the objective of generating cell-selective nonlytic peptides, which have a significant bearing on cell targeting. The peptide exhibited potent activity against both bacteria and fungi, but no toxicity to human cells at micromolar conc...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Seeking to understand the structural basis for amyloid aggregation and toxicity along with the action of amyloid inhibitors at the molecular level.