Rui A Carvalho

Rui A Carvalho
University of Coimbra | UC · Department of Life Sciences

PhD

About

245
Publications
42,290
Reads
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5,696
Citations
Citations since 2017
60 Research Items
2947 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Additional affiliations
February 2016 - July 2017
University of Coimbra
Position
  • Centre for Functional Ecology
January 1999 - December 2012
Universidade de Coimbra
January 1998 - December 2001

Publications

Publications (245)
Article
Full-text available
Rat hearts were perfused with mixtures of [3-(13)C]pyruvate and [3-(13)C]lactate (to alter cytosolic redox) at low (0.5 mM) or high (2.5 mM) Ca(2+) concentrations to alter contractility. Hearts were frozen at various times after exposure to these substrates, were extracted, and were then analyzed by (13)C NMR spectroscopy. The time-dependent multip...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that indirect (1)H[(13)C] detection of tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle intermediates using heteronuclear multiple quantum correlation-total correlation spectroscopy (HMQC-TOCSY) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy provides additional (13)C isotopomer information that better describes the kinet...
Article
Hepatic glycogen synthesis from intact hexose (direct pathway) relative to that from gluconeogenic precursors (indirect pathway) was quantified in ad libitum-fed rats. Following (2)H(2)O administration and overnight feeding, the livers were removed and glycogen (2)H-enrichment was measured by (2)H NMR. Six controls and six rats rendered hyperglycem...
Article
13C has become an important tracer isotope for studies of intermediary metabolism. Information about relative flux through pathways is encoded by the distribution of 13C isotopomers in an intermediate pool such as glutamate. This information is commonly decoded either by mass spectrometry or by measuring relative multiplet areas in a 13C NMR spectr...
Article
Acute liver failure was induced in rats by CCl4 administration and its effects on the hepatic Krebs cycle and gluconeogenic fluxes were evaluated in situ by 13C NMR isotopomer analysis of hepatic glucose following infusion of [U-13C]propionate. In fed animals, CCl4 injury caused a significant increase in relative gluconeogenic flux from 0.80+/-0.10...
Article
Objectives: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) CD8+ T-cells (CD8) maintain their effector pro-inflammatory phenotype by changing their metabolism towards aerobic glycolysis. However, their massive energetic and biosynthetic needs may require additional substrates other than glucose. Since systemic alterations in lipid metabolism have been reported in RA pa...
Article
Full-text available
Adenosine receptors mainly control synaptic function, and excessive activation of adenosine receptors may worsen the onset of many neurological disorders. Accordingly, the regular intake of moderate doses of caffeine antagonizes adenosine receptors and affords robust neuroprotection. Although caffeine intake alters brain functional connectivity and...
Article
Full-text available
Copolymers composed of low-molecular-weight polyethylenimine (PEI) and amphiphilic Pluronics® are safe and efficient non-viral vectors for pDNA transfection. A variety of Pluronic® properties provides a base for tailoring transfection efficacy in combination with the unique biological activity of this polymer group. In this study, we describe the p...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives RA CD8 ⁺ T-cells (CD8) maintain their effector pro-inflammatory phenotype by changing their metabolism towards aerobic glycolysis. However, their massive energetic and biosynthetic needs may require additional substrates to furnish this high demand. Since systemic alterations in lipid metabolism have been reported in RA patients, we expl...
Article
Full-text available
Stress, as a physiological response, is a major factor that affects several processes, including reproductive functions. The main hormonal players of stress are cortisol (humans) and corticosterone (rodents). Sertoli cells (SCs), as key contributors for the testicular homeostasis maintenance, are extensively challenged by different hormones, with g...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Rheumatic immune-related adverse events (irAE) such as (poly)arthritis in patients undergoing immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) treatment pose a major clinical challenge. ICI therapy improves CD8 ⁺ T cell (CD8) function, but CD8 contributes to chronic inflammation in autoimmune arthritis (AA). Thus, we investigated whether immune functio...
Article
Full-text available
The incidence of metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and obesity has been increasing dramatically. Both diseases are closely linked and new approaches for type 2 DM treatment aim to enable weight loss. A combined therapy of dapagliflozin and exenatide has been used against type 2 DM, influencing allbody glucose dynamics. Sperma...
Preprint
Objectives Rheumatic immune-related adverse events (irAE) such as (poly)arthritis in patients undergoing immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) treatment pose a major clinical challenge. ICI-therapy improves CD8+ T cell (CD8) function, but CD8 contribute to chronic inflammation in autoimmune arthritis (AA). Thus, we studied whether immune-functional and...
Article
The renewal of the natural resources is one of the most concerning aspects of modern farming. In animal production, there are many barriers breeders and researchers have to overcome to develop new practices to improve reproductive potential and hasten sexual maturation of the commercially viable species, while maintaining meat quality and sustainab...
Article
Purpose: De novo lipogenesis (DNL) is critical for cell growth and maintenance, and acetyl-CoA precursors can be derived from different substrates. We developed a 13 C NMR analysis of lipid extracts from cultured microglia cells administered with [U-13 C]glucose that informs overall lipogenic activity as well as the contribution of glucose to lipo...
Article
Full-text available
The paramount importance of a healthy diet in the prevention of type 2 diabetes is now well recognized. Blueberries (BBs) have been described as attractive functional fruits for this purpose. This study aimed to elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanisms pertaining to the protective impact of blueberry juice (BJ) on prediabetes. Using a hyperc...
Article
Full-text available
Bile acids (BA) have shown promising effects in animal models of obesity. However, the said effects are thought to rely on a thermogenic effect, which is questionably present in humans. A previous work has shown that the BA chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) can revert obesity and accelerate metabolism in animal and cell culture models. Thus, the aim of...
Chapter
Mitochondria play a central role in metabolic reprograming that occurs in numerous disease conditions. A precise evaluation of the extent of mitochondrial involvement in the metabolic alterations is essential for a better definition of metabolically based therapeutic strategies. In this chapter, some simple protocols are presented, using carbon 13...
Article
Full-text available
Background A dysregulated glucose metabolism in synovial fibroblasts (SF) has been associated with their aggressive phenotype in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Even though T helper (Th) cells are key effector cells in the propagation and exacerbation of synovitis in RA, little is known about their influence on the metabolism of SF. Thus, this study inv...
Article
Full-text available
Mitoxantrone (MTX) is used to treat several types of cancers and to improve neurological disability in multiple sclerosis. Unfortunately, cardiotoxicity is a severe and a common adverse efect in MTX-treated patients. Herein, we aimed to study early and late mechanisms of MTX-induced cardiotoxicity using murine HL-1 cardiomyocytes. Cells were expose...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Polyethyleneimine (PEI) is a synthetic cationic polymer recognized as a non-viral gene carrier with high transfection efficiency. However, cytotoxicity issues limit its use. Pluronic block-copolymers conjugated with PEI have demonstrated promising results for multiparametric target gene/drug co-delivery in cancer with reduced side effects. The goal...
Article
Full-text available
An emergent trend of blueberries' (BB) "prophylactic" consumption, due to their phytochemicals' richness and well-known health-promoting claims, is widely scaled-up. However, the benefits arising from BB indiscriminate intake remains puzzling based on incongruent preclinical and human data. To provide a more in-depth elucidation and support towards...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeBiliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is an effective weight loss surgical procedure. Yet, BPD-DS is technically difficult to perform and carries a higher risk of nutrient deficiencies as compared with other surgical interventions. Single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) is a modified BPD-DS...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives CD8⁺ T cells (CD8) contribute to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by releasing pro‐inflammatory and cytolytic mediators, even in a challenging hypoxic and nutrient‐poor microenvironment like the synovial membrane (SM). Here we explore the mechanisms through which RA CD8 meet their metabolic demands. Methods Purified blood CD8 from RA, PsA, SpA...
Article
The high incidence, late diagnosis, and aggressive profile of lung cancer limit the treatment options, causing a reduced survival rate. Consequently, RNAi-based therapy appears as a potential approach to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This approach is based on the delivery of small RNAs, involved in the regulation of key cell pathways, t...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Aim Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) with a long biliopancreatic limb (BPL) was demonstrated to further improve type 2 diabetes (T2D) outcomes. Whether benefits occur at the cost of a negative impact on nutrient absorption is a matter of debate. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of RYGB BPL length on short-term nutrient absorption. Meth...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The differential diagnosis of seronegative rheumatoid arthritis (negRA) and psoriasis arthritis (PsA) is often difficult due to the similarity of symptoms and the unavailability of reliable clinical markers. Since chronic inflammation induces major changes in the serum metabolome and lipidome, we tested whether differences in serum metab...
Article
Energy homeostasis is crucial for all physiological processes. Thus, when there is low energy intake, negative health effects may arise, including in reproductive function. We propose to study whether caloric restriction (CR) changes testicular metabolic profile and ultimately sperm quality.Male Wistar rats (n=12) were randomized into a CR group fe...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of duration of chronic treatment with fluoride (F, 50 mg/L as NaF) on the lipid profile, lipid droplets and triglycerides (TG) in liver was evaluated in mice with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) previously induced by hyperlipidic diet and in animals fed normocaloric diet. In addition, the effect of F administered for a short per...
Article
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of experimental CKD into the metabolism of parotid and submandibular glands of rats. CKD was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy. Design: Serum analyses of BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) and creatinine concentrations were performed. Major salivary glands metabolism was investigated in vivo, both at...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Career situation of first and presenting author Student for a master or a PhD. Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease causing polyarthritis and joint destruction and affecting 1% of the population. Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthropathy which affects 20%–30% of patients with psoriasis. The d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Career situation of first and presenting author Student for a master or a PhD. Introduction Antigen-specific B cells (Ag-Bs) differentiate into distinct subsets upon activation: plasmablasts (pBs, CD19⁺IgD⁻CD71⁺CD38⁺CD20⁻) and memory B cells (mBs, CD19⁺IgD⁻CD71⁺CD38dimCD20⁺). The frequency of antigen-specific plasmablasts and memory B cells has be...
Article
Full-text available
Diabetes affects the morphology and plasticity of the hippocampus, and leads to learning and memory deficits. Caffeine has been proposed to prevent memory impairment upon multiple chronic disorders with neurological involvement. We tested whether long-term caffeine consumption prevents type 2 diabetes (T2D)-induced spatial memory impairment and hip...
Article
This study aimed to characterize endometrial cancer regarding cancer stem cells (CSC) markers, regulatory and differentiation pathways, tumorigenicity and glucose metabolism. Endometrial cancer cell line ECC1 was submitted to sphere forming protocols. The first spheres generation (ES1) was cultured in adherent conditions (G1). This procedure was re...
Article
Obesity incidence has pandemic proportions and is expected to increase even further. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) based therapies are well-established pharmacological resources for obesity treatment. GLP-1 regulates energy and glucose homeostasis, which are also crucial for spermatogenesis. Herein, we studied the GLP-1 effects in human Sertoli c...
Article
Full-text available
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a powerful instrumental technique suited to characterize and identify organic substances, and has been successfully applied in the analysis of complex matrices such as biological and environmental samples. In a previous work, we demonstrated the ability of unsupervised contribution analysis (UCA) to process compl...
Article
Osteosarcoma (OS), the main primary malignancy of bone, is the second leading cause of cancer in children and young adults. Despite the advances in modern treatments, the 5-year survival rate is retained in 60-70%, since the conventional treatment options available are associated with relapse, chemoresistance, and development of metastases, which f...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Feed optimization is a key step to the environmental and economic sustainability of aquaculture, especially for carnivorous species. Plant-derived ingredients can contribute to reduce costs and nitrogenous effluents while sparing wild fish stocks. However, the metabolic use of carbohydrates from vegetable sources by carnivorous fish is...
Article
Aging is associated with structural and functional changes in the organism that result in the declining of its functioning. Postponed parenthood has renewed the interest in age-related decline of testicular function and male fertility. Still, little is known about the molecular mechanisms associated with testicular senescence and related decline of...
Chapter
Metabolic reprogramming has been associated to a plethora of diseases, and there has been increased demand for methodologies able to determine the metabolic alterations that characterize the pathological states and help developing metabolically centered therapies. In this chapter, methodologies for monitoring TCA cycle turnover and its interaction...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by chronic relapsing idiopathic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and persistent inflammation. Studies focusing on the immune-regulatory function of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are still largely missing. In this study, we analyzed an ROS-deficient mouse model leading to colon adenocarcinoma. Co...
Conference Paper
Bile acids have been known to be potent anti-obesity agents both in vitro and in vivo. While the mechanism in vivo appears to hinge on thermogenic dissipation of excess nutrients, the fact that they are also effective in vitro and in animals with low non-shivering thermogenic capacity points to the fact that the mechanisms in play are yet to be ful...
Conference Paper
Introduction There is growing evidence for a dysregulated glucose metabolism of synovial fibroblasts (SF) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) being a prerequisite for their aggressive phenotype. As yet, little is known about the influence of immune cells on the metabolism of SF although local infiltration of leucocytes constitutes a hallmark in the pathog...
Chapter
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics is widely used in the research of metabolic conditions of complex biological systems under various conditions, and its use has been found in the field of male fertility. Here we describe the implementation of total and targeted NMR-based metabolomics in the research on Sertoli cell metabolism. Mai...
Article
Full-text available
Human exposure to environmental contaminants is widespread. Some of these contaminants have the ability to interfere with adipogenesis, being thus considered as obesogens. Recently, obesogens have been singled out as a cause of male infertility. Sertoli cells (SCs) are essential for male fertility and their metabolic performance, especially glucose...
Article
Full-text available
β-Caryophyllene (BCP) is a sesquiterpene that shows high potential in pharmacological applications. However, these have been drastically limited by the respective volatility and poor water solubility. The present study investigates the formation of inclusion complexes between BCP and methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD) and shows that these complexes promo...
Article
The aggregation of the most common natural cyclodextrins (α-, β- and γ-) in aqueous solutions is addressed by studying the CD-CD interactions using deuterium relaxation rates for deuterium labelled CDs. Relaxation times (T1) and its corresponding relaxation rates (R1=1/T1) provide information about the rotational correlation times of CDs and serve...
Poster
• During the last decades, we have witnessed a global increasing trend in obesity and metabolic disorders linked to poor food habits, sedentarism and overeating. • By the same time-lapse, fertility levels have dwindled worldwide. Notably, male fertility parameters have shown a downward trend. • Since reproductive function heavily depends on bioener...
Article
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is a very powerful instrumental technique suited to identify and characterize organic compounds. NMR has been successfully used in the analysis of complex biological and environmental samples, however these applications are still rather limited. In this work we describe Unsupervised Component Analysis (UCA) as a mul...
Article
Full-text available
The use of engineered cardiac tissue for high-throughput drug screening/toxicology assessment remains largely unexplored. Here we propose a scaffold that mimics aspects of cardiac extracellular matrix while preserving the contractility of cardiomyocytes. The scaffold is based on a poly(caprolactone) (PCL) nanofilm with magnetic properties (MNF, sta...
Article
Full-text available
Mitoxantrone (MTX) is an antineoplastic agent used to treat several types of cancers and on multiple sclerosis, which shows a high incidence of cardiotoxicity. Still, the underlying mechanisms of MTX cardiotoxicity are poorly understood and the potential toxicity of its metabolites scarcely investigated. Therefore, this work aimed to synthesize the...
Conference Paper
Background RA CD8⁺ T cells (CD8s) present a pro-inflammatory, cytotoxic effector phenotype and may, therefore, play a major role in disease pathogenesis. The presence of such effector CD8s in the blood and synovial fluid suggests that they must adapt their metabolism to sustain their functional energetic demands. Thus, we hypothesised that modulati...
Article
The metabolic profile of major salivary glands was evaluated by 13C nuclear magnetic resonance isotopomer analysis (13C NMR-IA) following the infusion of [U-13C]glucose in order to define the true metabolic character of submandibular (SM) and parotid (PA) glands at rest and during salivary stimulation, and to determine the metabolic remodeling driv...
Article
Introduction: We recently showed that a single high dose of methamphetamine (METH) induces a persistent frontal cortical monoamine depletion that is accompanied by helpless-like behavior in mice. However, brain metabolic alterations underlying both neurochemical and mood alterations remain unknown. Aims: Herein, we aimed at characterizing fronta...
Poster
Alterações nos níveis de glp-1 afetam suporte nutricional da espermatogénese
Article
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, and associated pathologies, including type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular alterations, are increasingly escalating morbidity and mortality. Despite intensive study, no effective simple treatment for these conditions exists. As such, the need for go-to drugs is serious. Bile acids (BAs) present the possibility of reve...
Article
Ghrelin is a growth hormone-releasing peptide that has been suggested to interfere with spermatogenesis, though the underling mechanisms remain unknown. We studied the effect of ghrelin in human Sertoli cells (hSCs) metabolic phenotype. For that, hSCs were exposed to increasing concentrations of ghrelin (20, 100 and 500 pM) mimicking the levels rep...
Article
Full-text available
Farmed seabass have higher adiposity than their wild counterparts and this is often attributed to carbohydrate feeding. Whether this reflects a reduction in fat oxidation, increased de novo lipogenesis (DNL), or both, is not known. To study the effects of high carbohydrate diets on hepatic triglyceride biosynthesis, hepatic TG deuterium ((2)H) enri...
Article
Colon cancer is one of the most incident cancers in the Western World. While both genetic and epigenetic factors may contribute to the development of colon cancer, it is known that chronic inflammation associated to excessive production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species by phagocytes may ultimately initiate the multistep process of colon canc...