Ruggiero Lovreglio

Ruggiero Lovreglio
Massey University · School of Built Environment

PhD MEng BEng in Civil Engineering
Looking for new bright collaborators

About

113
Publications
83,960
Reads
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2,106
Citations
Introduction
Senior Lecturer at Massey University (VR, AR, BIM); Associate Editor for Safety Science - Elsevier; Editorial Member for Fire Technology - Springer Nature.
Additional affiliations
June 2016 - June 2016
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Position
  • Visiting Student
Description
  • Course on "Discrete Choice Analysis: Predicting Demand and Market Shares" lectured by Prof Ben-Akiva
April 2016 - present
University of Auckland
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Research project: “Building Quake & People – a serious game platform for informing life saving strategies” funded by NATURAL HAZARDS RESEARCH PLATFORM (NZ)
June 2015 - December 2015
Lund University
Position
  • Visiting Research Student
Education
January 2013 - April 2016
Politecnico di Bari, Milano e Torino
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering, Evacuation Modelling, Human Behaviour in Fire
October 2010 - October 2012
Politecnico di Bari
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering
October 2007 - October 2010
Politecnico di Bari
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering

Publications

Publications (113)
Article
Full-text available
Communities around the world are increasingly exposed to larger and more intense wildfires. A common method that officials use to protect community members from harm is evacuation. Data on how people behave during wildfires is critical when planning for evacuation and deciding when and how to evacuate entire communities during an event. Using a sim...
Article
Full-text available
Ageing populations are generating new challenges for the safe design of buildings and infrastructure systems in communities around the world. Elderly building occupants are more likely to have mobility impairments, and in turn, require longer times and increased assistance to evacuate buildings compared with able-bodied adults. To date, only a few...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how people behave during the fire evacuation is fundamental to predict the required time to evacuate buildings and transportation systems and enhance their safety. To date, several studies have been carried out to investigate the impact of several social and environmental factors on how evacuees choose exits while moving towards safe...
Article
Full-text available
Fire is a major hazard in built environments. Fires in buildings cause fatalities, serious injuries and tremendous damage. Most fires can be extinguished in the early stages of the fire's development, with the right equipment and correct use of the equipment. However, as there can be as little as a few minutes between a fire starting and very dire...
Article
Full-text available
Evacuation effectively mitigates potential harm for building occupants in case of emergencies. Virtual and Augmented Reality (VR and AR) have emerged as research tools and means to enhance evacuation preparedness and effectiveness. Unlike VR, where users are immersed in computer-generated environments, the more novel AR technology allows users to e...
Conference Paper
Urban-scale evacuation may take place because of disasters or emergencies. Efforts have been made to enhance the preparedness of communities for urban-scale evacuation. For instance, wayfinding systems are installed and implemented in tsunami-prone regions, indicating the evacuation routes to high ground or inland. However, communities tend not to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The economic, social, and environmental losses from earthquakes caused a significant amount of efforts in enhancing risk assessment of natural hazards in the past few years. Earthquakes bring varying levels of structural and non-structural damage. Many damage assessment tools have been introduced and adopted by engineers to facilitate the recovery...
Preprint
Terrorist attacks have become more frequent and more deadly in recent decades. Understanding the movement responses of the individuals involved can save lives. Using pedestrian dynamics to predict responses to such attacks could be hugely beneficial to the survival of those involved. However, given the lack of appropriate data, it is not currently...
Preprint
Modern experiments investigating human behaviour in emergencies are often implemented in virtual reality (VR), due to the increased experimental control and improved ethical viability over physical reality (PR). However, there remain questions regarding the validity of the results obtained from these environments, and no full validation of VR exper...
Article
Full-text available
In the event of a fire emergency in the built environment, occupants face a range of evacuation decisions, including the choice of exits. An important question from the standpoint of evacuation safety is how evacuees make these choices and what factors affect their choices. Understanding how humans weigh these (often) competing factors is essential...
Preprint
Full-text available
The threat of wildfires is increasing at an alarming rate due to climate change and the expansion of the wildland-urban interface. It's more important now than ever for emergency officials to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of wildfire evacuations. One important area of research is to better understand people's evacuation decisions during...
Article
Full-text available
Performance-based fire design can be carried out by comparing results from fire simulations and evacuation simulations. Simulating evacuation of buildings requires engineers to have access to several sets of evacuation data, including occupant travel speeds, flow rates, and pre-evacuation time. Especially in building types where people may take lon...
Article
Full-text available
Floods are among the most frequent natural hazards, and flood risk management is a paramount task when planning solutions to reduce their impact on communities. In the last decades, policy makers' actions for flood risk management have been redirected from purely physical self-protective measures towards integrated management strategies by includin...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, wildfires have created severe challenges for fire and emergency services and communities in the wildland-urban interface (WUI). To reduce wildfire risk and enhance the safety of WUI communities, improving our understanding of wildfire evacuation is a pressing need. This study proposes a new methodology to analyze wildfire evacuation by le...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Motivation: The productivity and progress tracking systems are currently used in construction projects to acquire the site works data and converting to various digital reports. Knowledge gap: To date, capturing and transferring data processes are slow or inefficient because significant human errors occur in the process. Therefore, project managers...
Article
Full-text available
Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a sharing platform that can present a parametric 3D model with various project information in the form of a digital display. In recent years, BIM adoption has become increasing globally as the Architectural, Engineering, Construction (AEC) industry has recognised its benefits. Meanwhile, many challenges of BI...
Article
Full-text available
Schools are major trip generators in urban areas and school trips may largely contribute to the congestion, particularly during morning peak hours. This study investigates the home-to-school trip mode choices in Kandy city, which is a major city in Sri Lanka. The data were collected through a questionnaire survey distributed among junior, lower sen...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the event of a fire emergency in the built environment, occupants face a range of evacuation decisions, including the choice of exits. An important question from the standpoint of evacuation safety is how evacuees make these choices and what factors affect their choices. Understanding how humans weigh these (often) competing factors is essential...
Preprint
Full-text available
With increased frequency and intensity due to climate change, wildfires have become a growing global concern. This creates severe challenges for fire and emergency services as well as communities in the wildland-urban interface (WUI). To reduce wildfire risk and enhance the safety of WUI communities, improving our understanding of wildfire evacuati...
Data
As wildfires become increasingly more prevalent and severe in California, it is imperative to study how people respond to wildfire events. To support the development of more accurate wildfire evacuation simulations, this project publishes the first dataset to capture highway vehicle routing behavior during the 2019 Kincade Fire, Sonoma County, Cali...
Article
Full-text available
Metro systems are playing an essential role in transiting large passenger flows in metropolitan areas. Since commuting with Metro systems is beneficial from cost and time-consuming aspects, a vast number of people use this mode of transport. The high density of passengers in Metro stations during rush hours raises the significance of considering pr...
Article
Full-text available
Dear Editor, Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a modern technology and process that has had a dramatic impact on the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry over the last decade [1]. The latest statistics show that at least 18 countries around the world are mandating BIM for use in public projects, and this enforcement of BI...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this paper is to explore evacuees' behaviour during an unannounced fire drill using data collected in two office buildings located at CERN, in Switzerland. Overall, a total of 142 pre-evacuation time measurements, 121 evacuee walking speed measurements in staircase configurations, and 336 evacuee walking speed measurements on...
Research
Full-text available
Wildfire is a growing global concern for rural and urban areas. Statistics show that the intensity and negative consequences of wildfire have increased in recent decades, creating serious challenges for fire and emergency services, as well as communities in the wildland-urban interface (WUI). To reduce the risk of wildfire and to enhance the safety...
Technical Report
Wildfires are an increasing threat around the world, as they have started occurring in areas not traditionally associated with wildfire risk, e.g., Sweden and New Zealand. To address this changing threat, it is important to understand how people perceive wildfire threat and respond to them. This study aims to investigate the evacuation process duri...
Article
Full-text available
Simulating evacuation behaviour in fire emergencies is an increasingly important method for assessing design to mitigate the likelihood of life losses. To date, several approaches have been used to predict the pre-evacuation time (i.e. time between the first alarm or other initial cue until the moment an evacuee starts moving toward a safe place) u...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents a list of case studies concerning large outdoor fires involving evacuation. The report has been developed within the activities of the Emergency Management & Evacuation (EME) Subgroup of the Large Outdoor Fires & the Built Environment (LOF&BE) group of the International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). This work is...
Article
Full-text available
In a healthcare context, the success of a fire safety procedure in a real-life emergency mainly depends on staff decisions and actions. One of the factors influencing staff decision-making is their training. In most healthcare facilities, safety educators use slide-based lectures as a training tool. Virtual Reality (VR) is gaining fire safety commu...
Article
Full-text available
Crowd models can be used for the simulation of people movement in the built environment. Crowd model outputs have been used for evaluating safety and comfort of pedestrians, inform crowd management and perform forensic investigations. Microscopic crowd models allow the representation of each person and the obtainment of information concerning their...
Article
Full-text available
Evacuation models are key tools to assess the fire safety of complex buildings. Those tools and their results rely on the input values selected by users based on existing datasets and the way they are transformed into output. Several evacuation studies have been carried out to provide input values for evacuation models. However, those regarding hea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Natural and human-made disasters, such as earthquakes, fires, terrorism attacks, constantly threaten humans and their built environments resulting in loss of human lives and damage of properties. To reduce the impact of these disasters , it is fundamental to design buildings to allow people to respond safely and to train people on the best response...
Article
Full-text available
As wildfires occurring at the wildland-urban interface (WUI) continue to become more severe, there is an increasing need to understand human behavior in these situations, and evacuation decision-making in particular. To contribute to this understanding, an online survey (using both mail and online sampling methods) was disseminated to households im...
Article
Full-text available
Enhancing the earthquake behavioral responses and post-earthquake evacuation preparedness of building occupants is beneficial to increasing their chances of survival and reducing casualties after the mainshock of an earthquake. Traditionally, training approaches such as seminars, posters, videos or drills are applied to enhance preparedness. Howeve...
Article
Full-text available
Background Perivascular Spaces (PVS) become increasingly visible with advancing age on brain MRI, yet their relationship to morphological changes in the underlying microvessels remains poorly understood. Retinal and cerebral microvessels share morphological and physiological properties. We compared computationally-derived PVS morphologies with reti...
Article
Full-text available
Wildfire occurrences is creating serious challenges for fire and emergency response services and a diverse range of communities around the world due to the increment of the occurrence of these disasters. As such, understanding the physical and social dynamics characterizing wildfires events is paramount to reduce the risk of these natural disasters...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to dramatic changes in building usage. Governments around the world have adopted different measures to contain the spread of the SARS-CoV-2, ranging from strict lockdowns prohibiting building access to recommendations on physical distancing (also called social distancing). As countries around the world gradually re-ope...
Chapter
Full-text available
The retinal and cerebral microvasculatures share many morphological and physiological properties. In this pilot we study the strength of the associations between morphological measurements of the retinal vasculature, obtained from fundus camera images, and of features of Small Vessel Disease (SVD), as white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and perivas...
Article
Full-text available
Human behavior during earthquakes and post-earthquake evacuation is crucial to earthquake safety. Understanding decision-making processes may explain why people respond in different ways to earthquakes. This information can assist with the development of earthquake evacuation guidelines and practices. Verbal Protocol Analysis (VPA) can be used to i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Crowd models can be used for the simulation of people movement in the built environment. Crowd model outputs have been used for evaluating safety and comfort of pedestrians, inform crowd management and perform forensic investigations. Microscopic crowd models allow the representation of each person and the obtainment of information concerning their...
Article
Full-text available
Evacuation models can be used in fire safety engineering as part of a performance-based design approach. To date, over 70 evacuation models are available, including a great variability in simulation approaches and features. A potential model user can find it difficult to know what are the most known and used models for fire safety engineering appli...
Article
Full-text available
Wildfire is a growing global concern for rural and urban areas (Boustras et al., 2017). Statistics show that the intensity and negative consequences of wildfire have increased in recent decades creating serious challenges for fire and emergency services, as well as communities in the wildland-urban interface (Liu et al., 2010; McCaffrey et al., 201...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing the fire safety of buildings is fundamental to reduce the impact of this threat on their occupants. Such an assessment can be done by combining existing models and existing knowledge on how occupants behave during fires. Although many studies have been carried out for several types of built environment, only few of those investigate healt...
Article
Full-text available
The behaviour of building occupants in the first stage of an evacuation can dramatically impact the time required to evacuate buildings. This behaviour has been widely investigated by scholars with a macroscopic approach fitting random distributions to represent the pre-evacuation time, i.e. time from noticing the first cue until deliberate movemen...
Preprint
Understanding how people behave during the fire evacuation is fundamental to predict the required time to evacuate buildings and transportation systems and enhance their safety. To date, several studies have been carried out to investigate the impact of several social and environmental factors on how evacuees choose exits while moving towards safe...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Perivascular Spaces (PVS), also known as Virchow-Robin spaces, seen on structural brain MRI, are important fluid drainage conduits and are associated with small vessel disease (SVD). Computational quantification of visible PVS may enable efficient analyses in large datasets and increase sensitivity to detect associations wi...
Article
Full-text available
Pedestrian evacuation models are often used to assess life safety in the performance-based design process within fire safety engineering. Within this paper, a summary of data collected via an international online survey regarding the models and users’ experiences and needs is presented. This survey consisted of 22 questions focusing on: the assessm...
Preprint
The behaviour of building occupants in the first stage of an evacuation can dramatically impact the time required to evacuate buildings. This behaviour has been widely investigated by scholars with a macroscopic approach fitting random distributions to represent the pre-evacuation time, i.e. time from noticing the first cue until deliberate movemen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Perivascular Spaces (PVS) become increasingly visible with advancing age on brain MRI, yet their relationship to morphological changes in the underlying microvessels remains poorly understood. Retinal and cerebral microvessels share morphological and physiological properties. We compared computationally-derived PVS morphologies with reti...
Article
Full-text available
Owing to the complexity of behavioral dynamics and mechanisms associated with turning maneuvers, capturing pedestrian movements around corners in a mathematical model is a challenging task. In this study, minimum jerk and one-thirds power law concepts, which have been initially applied in neurosciences and brain research domains, were utilized in c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Past studies on emergency events have revealed that occupants’ behaviours and capabilities, procedural aspects and environmental constraints affect the evacuation performance of different types of buildings including healthcare facilities. Healthcare facility management needs to consider the occupants’ capabilities as well as the unique floor layou...
Chapter
Full-text available
The investigation of crowd behaviours in normal and emergency situations has been greatly facilitated by various agent-based pedestrian models. Those models are built upon different assumptions in order to represent or mimic reality. One of the key challenges in pedestrian modelling is the verification of those assumptions or the best model specifi...
Article
Full-text available
The occurrence of wildfire threats has increased in the last few decades creating serious challenges for thousands of communities around the world. Understanding the physical and social dynamics imposed by wildfires is fundamental to assessing and reducing the ensuing risk to different communities. Although, several studies investigating household...
Preprint
Full-text available
Enhancing the earthquake behavioral responses and post-earthquake evacuation preparedness of building occupants is beneficial to increasing their chances of survival and reducing casualties after the main shock of an earthquake. Traditionally, training approaches such as seminars, posters, videos or drills are applied to enhance preparedness. Howev...
Article
Full-text available
Simulating human behaviour in fire is often one of the main challenges in designing complex buildings, structures or sites for the life safety of occupants. In fact, evacuation simulations represent a fundamental input to assess fire safety performance using a risk analysis approach. The variability in evacuee behaviours (e.g. pre-evacuation delays...