Rüdiger Horstkorte

Rüdiger Horstkorte
Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg | MLU · Institute for Physiological Chemistry

PhD

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128
Publications
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3,111
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Publications

Publications (128)
Article
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Citation: Selke, P.; Bork, K.; Zhang, T.; Wuhrer, M.; Strauss, C.; Horstkorte, R.; Scheer, M. Glycation Interferes with the Expression of Sialyltransferases in Meningiomas. Abstract: Meningiomas are the most common non-malignant intracranial tumors and prefer, like most tumors, anaerobic glycolysis for energy production (Warburg effect). This anaer...
Poster
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Background Meningiomas are the most common non-malignant intracranial tumors and prefer, like most tumors, anaerobic glycolysis for energy production (Warburg effect). This anaerobic glycolysis leads to an increased synthesis of the metabolite methylglyoxal (MGO) which is known to react with amino groups of proteins. This reaction is called glycati...
Poster
Full-text available
Results Summary / Conclusion Treatment with MGO had cytotoxic effects in a concentration depending manner. In addition, glycation increased with higher concentrations of MGO. Since a concentration of 0.3mM MGO induced glycation without cytotoxic effects, this concentration was used for all further experiments. Purpose / Objectives Meningiomas are t...
Presentation
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Objective: In a previous study, we investigated the influence of glycation in invasiveness on two meningioma cell lines representing the WHO grade I and III. Therefore cells were treated with Methylglyoxal (MGO). We could show, that glycation leads to a more aggressive behavior of the beningn cell line and to a less aggressive behavior of the malig...
Article
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GDP-mannose-pyrophosphorylase-B (GMPPB) facilitates the generation of GDP-mannose, a sugar donor required for glycosylation. GMPPB defects cause muscle disease due to hypoglycosylation of α-dystroglycan (α-DG). Alpha-DG is part of a protein complex, which links the extracellular matrix with the cytoskeleton thus stabilizing myofibers. Mutations of...
Article
Full-text available
Meningiomas are the most common non-malignant intracranial tumors. Like most tumors, meningiomas prefer anaerobic glycolysis for energy production (Warburg effect). This leads to an increased synthesis of the metabolite methylglyoxal (MGO). This metabolite is known to react with amino groups of proteins. This reaction is called glycation, thereby b...
Article
Full-text available
The function of the human blood–brain barrier (BBB), consisting mainly of the basement membrane and microvascular endothelial cells, is to protect the brain and regulate its metabolism. Dysfunction of the BBB can lead to increased permeability, which can be linked with several pathologies, including meningitis, sepsis, and postoperative delirium. A...
Article
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Sialic acids are terminal sugars on the cell surface that are found on all cell types including immune cells like natural killer (NK) cells. The attachment of sialic acids to different glycan structures is catalyzed by sialyltransferases in the Golgi. However, the expression pattern of sialyltransferases in NK cells and their expression after activ...
Article
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Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer diagnosed in women and the second most common cancer-causing death worldwide. The major problem around the management of breast cancer is its high heterogeneity and the development of therapeutic resistance. Therefore, understanding the fundamental breast cancer biology is crucial for better diagnosis and t...
Article
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Neuroblastoma is the second most frequent extracranial tumor, affecting young children worldwide. One hallmark of tumors such as neuroblastomas, is the expression of polysialic acid, which interferes with adhesion and may promote invasion and metastasis. Since tumor cells use glycolysis for energy production, they thereby produce as side product me...
Article
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Aging represents the accumulation of changes in an individual over time, encompassing physical, psychological, and social changes. Posttranslational modifications of proteins such as glycosylation, including sialylation or glycation, are proposed to be involved in this process, since they modulate a variety of molecular and cellular functions. In t...
Poster
Full-text available
Meningiomas are the most common tumor in the brain. Like most other tumors, also meningioma prefer anaerobic glycolysis for energy production (Warburg effect). This results in an increased formation of the metabolite methylglyoxal (MGO), which is known to react with aminogroups of proteins thereby forming advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs). In t...
Article
Full-text available
Glycation occurs as a non-enzymatic reaction between amino and thiol groups of proteins, lipids, and nucleotides with reducing sugars or α-dicarbonyl metabolites. The chemical reaction underlying is the Maillard reaction leading to the formation of a heterogeneous group of compounds named advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Deleterious effects...
Article
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Glycation and the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are known to occur during normal aging but also in the progression of several diseases, such as diabetes. Diabetes type II and aging both lead to impaired wound healing. It has been demonstrated that macrophages play an important role in impaired wound healing, however, the un...
Article
One hallmark of molecular aging is glycation, better known as formation of so-called advanced glycation end products (AGEs), where reactive carbonyls react with amino-groups of proteins. AGEs accumulate over time and are responsible for various age-dependent diseases and impairments. Two very potent dicarbonyls to generate AGEs are glyoxal (GO) and...
Article
The balance between protein synthesis and degradation regulates the amount of expressed proteins. This protein turnover is usually quantified as protein half-life time. Several studies suggest that protein degradation decreases with age and leads to increased deposit of damaged and non-functional proteins. Glycation is an age-dependent, non-enzymat...
Article
Ascorbic acid better known as vitamin C, is a reducing carbohydrate needed for a variety of functions in the human body. The most important characteristic of ascorbic acid is the ability to donate two electrons, predestining it as a major player in balancing the physiological redox state and as a necessary cofactor in multiple enzymatic hydroxylati...
Article
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Polysialyltransferases synthesize polysialic acid on cell surface-expressed glycoconjugates, which is crucial for developing processes and signaling pathways in eukaryotes. Recent advances in cancer research have rendered polysialyltransferases important drug targets because polysialic acid contributes to cancer cell progression, metastasis and tre...
Article
Sialic acid (Sia) is a highly important constituent of glycoconjugates, such as N- and O-glycans or glycolipids. Due to its position at the nonreducing termini of oligo- and polysaccharides, as well as its unique chemical characteristics, sialic acid is involved in a multitude of different receptor-ligand interactions. By modifying the expression o...
Article
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Obesity leads to an altered adipocytokine production negatively effecting the function of natural killer cells (NK cells), which are important effector cells of the innate immune system. NK cells provide a defence against tumour cells or virus infected cells and have different activating and inhibitory surface receptors to distinguish between norma...
Article
Rationale: Glyoxal (GO) and Methylglyoxal (MGO) are two dicarbonyls involved in the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Endothelial cells in the vessels are in constant contact with circulating AGEs and dicarbonyls. With this project, we aimed to elucidate the effect of GO and MGO on primary human vascular endothelial cells (HVECs...
Article
Glycosylation is the most frequent and important post-translational modification of proteins. It occurs on specific consensus sequences but the final structure of a particular glycan is not coded on the DNA, rather it depends on the expression of the required enzymes and the availability of substrates (activated monosaccharides). Sialic acid (Sia)...
Article
The cytoplasmic domain of the neural cell adhesion molecule NCAM contains several putative serine/threonine phosphorylation sites whose functions are largely unknown. Human NCAM140 (NCAM140) possesses a potential MAP kinase phosphorylation site at threonine (T) 803. The aim of this study was to analyze a possible phosphorylation of NCAM140 by MAP k...
Article
Sialuria is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of the mammalian metabolism, caused by a defect feedback inhibition of the UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase N-acetyl-mannosamine kinase (GNE), the key enzyme of the sialic acid biosynthesis. Sialuria is characterized by an overproduction of free sialic acid in the cell cytoplasm. Patients exhibit a...
Article
Beim metabolischen Glykoengineering (MGE) werden Zellen und Tiere mit nichtnatürlichen Derivaten von Monosacchariden behandelt. Diese werden nach ihrer Aufnahme ins Zytosol metabolisiert und anschließend auf neusynthetisierten Glykokonjugaten exprimiert. MGE wurde zuerst für sialylierte Glykane realisiert, mit N-Acyl-modifizierten Mannosaminen als...
Article
In metabolic glycoengineering (MGE), cells or animals are treated with unnatural derivatives of monosaccharides. After entering the cytosol, these sugar analogues are metabolized and subsequently expressed on newly synthesized glycoconjugates. The feasibility of MGE was first discovered for sialylated glycans, by using N-acyl-modified mannosamines...
Article
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE) is the key enzyme for the biosynthesis of sialic acids. Sialic acids are terminal monosaccharides of glycoconjugates and gangliosides, which have an essential influence on various cell interactions. The sialylation of proteins varies during development, ageing and pathogenesis of...
Article
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) provides a dynamic and complex interface consisting of endothelial cells, pericytes and astrocytes, which are embedded in a collagen and fibronectin-rich basement membrane. This complex structure restricts the diffusion of small hydrophilic solutes and macromolecules as well as the transmigration of leukocytes into the...
Article
AGEs are posttranslational modifications generated by irreversible non-enzymatic crosslinking reactions between sugars and proteins - a reaction referred to as glycation. Glycation, a feature of ageing, can lead to non-degradable and less functional proteins and enzymes and can additionally induce inflammation and further pathophysiological process...
Article
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Nimodipine is a Ca2+-channel antagonist mainly used for the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) to prevent cerebral vasospasms. However, it is not clear if the better outcome of nimodipine-treated patients is mainly due to vasodilatation or whether other cellular neuroprotective or neuregenerative effects of nimodipine are invol...
Article
Full-text available
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) represent a non-enzymatic posttranslational protein modification. AGEs are generated by a series of chemical reactions of free reducing monosaccharides, such as glucose, fructose or metabolites of the monosaccharide metabolism with amino groups of proteins. After oxidation, dehydration and condensation, stable...
Article
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Nimodipine is well characterized for the management of SAH (subarachnoid hemorrhage) and has been shown to promote a better outcome and less DIND (delayed ischemic neurological deficits). In rat experiments, enhanced axonal sprouting and higher survival of motoneurons was demonstrated after cutting or crushing the facial nerve by nimodipine. These...
Article
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Background Sialic acids (Sia) represent negative-charged terminal sugars on most glycoproteins and glycolipids on the cell surface of vertebrates. Aberrant expression of tumor associated sialylated carbohydrate epitopes significantly increases during onset of cancer. Since Sia contribute towards cell migration ( = metastasis) and to chemo- and radi...
Article
Oligosaccharides of the glycolipids and glycoproteins at the outer membranes of human cells carry terminal neuraminic acids, which are responsible for recognition events and adhesion of cells, bacteria, and virus particles. The synthesis of neuraminic acid containing glycosides is accomplished by intracellular sialyl transferases. Therefore, the ch...
Article
Oligosaccharide der Glycolipide und Glycoproteine auf der äußeren Membran humaner Zellen tragen terminale Neuraminsäuren, die für die Zell-Zell-Erkennung und die Adhäsion von Zellen, Bakterien und Viruspartikeln verantwortlich sind. Die Synthese der Neuraminsäure-tragenden Glycoside wird von intrazellulären Sialyltransferasen vollzogen. Daher könnt...
Article
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Sialic acids (Sia) are widely expressed as terminal monosaccharides on eukaryotic glycoconjugates. They are involved in many cellular functions, such as cell-cell interaction and signal recognition. The key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis is the bifunctional UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE), which catalyses th...
Article
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The bi-functional enzyme UDP-N-acetyl-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE) is the key enzyme of the sialic acid biosynthesis. Sialic acids are negatively charged nine carbon amino sugars and are found on most glycoproteins and many glycolipids in terminal positions, where they are involved in a variety of biological important molecular inte...
Article
The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and involved in the development and regeneration of the nervous system. NCAM is expressed in three major isoforms. Two of them have large intracellular domains of different lengths and are named according to their apparent molecular weight as NCAM140 or NCAM180....
Article
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UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase is the key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis in vertebrates. It catalyzes the first two steps of the cytosolic formation of CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine. In this review we give an overview of structure, biochemistry, and genetics of the bifunctional enzyme a...
Article
N-Propanoylmannosamine is an unnatural precursor of sialic acid, which is taken up by a variety of animal cells and metabolized to N-propanoylneuraminic acid. In several studies it has been demonstrated that application of unnatural precursors of sialic acids such as N-propanoylmannosamine (ManNProp) and homologues interfere with cell differentiati...
Article
The neural cell adhesion molecule NCAM is a major adhesion receptor involved in the development and regeneration of the nervous system. It is expressed in three major isoforms of which two have large intracellular domains of different lengths (NCAM140 and NCAM180). Several intracellular ligands of NCAM have been described. One of them is the collap...
Article
Cell adhesion molecules are cell-surface proteins that account for cell-to-cell and/or cell-to-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions. Cell adhesion molecules act at the cell surface where they interact with the molecules that are expressed on an opposing cell surface or are present in the ECM. Therefore, they engage in trans interactions with eit...
Article
The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) plays a fundamental role during development and regeneration. NCAM is expressed in three major isoforms, two of them with intracellular domains of different length and one without any intracellular domain. The cytoplasmic domain of NCAM contains, depending on the isoform, up to 49 phosphorylation sites, and...
Article
During the last years, the use of therapeutic glycoproteins has increased strikingly. Glycosylation of recombinant glycoproteins is of major importance in biotechnology, as the glycan composition of recombinant glycoproteins impacts their pharmacological properties. The terminal position of N-linked complex glycans in mammals is typically occupied...
Article
Polysialic acid represents a unique posttranslational modification of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). It is built as a homopolymer of up to 150 molecules of alpha 2-8-linked sialic acids on N-glycans of the fifth immunoglobulin-like domain of NCAM. Besides its role in cell migration and axonal growth during development, polysialic acids a...
Article
By means of a model predictive control strategy it was possible to ensure a high batch-to-batch reproducibility in animal cell (CHO-cell) suspensions cultured for a recombinant therapeutic protein (EPO) production. The general control objective was derived by identifying an optimal specific growth rate taking productivity, protein quality and proce...
Article
Full-text available
Sialic acids (Sia) are widely expressed as terminal monosaccharides on eukaryotic glycoconjugates. They are involved in many cellular functions, such as cell–cell interaction and signal recognition. The key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis is the bifunctional UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE), which catalyses th...
Article
Full-text available
During development, axonal projections have a remarkable ability to innervate correct dendritic subcompartments of their target neurons and to form regular neuronal circuits. Altered axonal targeting with formation of synapses on inappropriate neurons may result in neurodevelopmental sequelae, leading to psychiatric disorders. Here we show that alt...
Article
Hereditary inclusion body myopathy is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by muscle weakness with a late onset and slow progression. It is caused by mutations of the gene encoding UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE). One of the most frequent mutations is an exchange of methionine to threonine at position 712 (M71...
Article
Collapsin response mediator proteins (CRMPs) are involved in cell differentiation and axonal growth. In this study, we investigated neurite outgrowth and the expression of CRMP-2 in PC12 cells. Nondifferentiated PC12 cells hardly express CRMP-2, but the expression of CRMP-2 increases with neurite outgrowth. We established a stable CRMP-2-overexpres...
Article
The function of the central nervous system largely depends on growth and differentiation (neurite outgrowth) of neural cells and it is well established that growth factors, especially nerve growth factor NGF stimulate neurite outgrowth. However, additional factors are implicated in this process notably the redox state of the cells. For the first ti...
Article
The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) was identified as one of the first members of the immunoglobulin superfamily. It is implicated in numerous cellular functions. Thus, during embryonic development it controls tissue formation (e.g. neurulation) and is involved in many processes of neuronal development such as migration of neuroblasts, regulat...
Article
The number of therapeutic proteins has increased dramatically over the past years and most of the therapeutic proteins in the market today are glycoproteins. Usually, recombinant glycoproteins are produced in mammalian cell lines, such as Chinese-hamster-ovary-cells to obtain mammalian-type of glycosylation. The terminal monosaccharide of N-linked...
Article
Full-text available
Sialic acids are widely expressed as terminal carbohydrates on glycoconjugates of eukaryotic cells. They are involved in a variety of cellular functions, such as cell adhesion or signal recognition. The key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis is the bifunctional UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase (GNE), which catalyzes th...
Article
Sialic acids represent a family of 9-carbon acidic amino sugars expressed mainly as terminal monosaccharides on most mammalian glycoconjugates. Sialic acids play an outstanding role during cellular processes, such as development and regeneration, as they are involved in a variety of molecular interactions. Sialic acids are synthesized in the cytoso...
Article
Axonal outgrowth is a prerequisite for the development of the most complex organ, the brain. It depends partially on the attachment of sialic acid on glycans of (sialo)-glycoproteins expressed on the plasma membrane. In our study, we showed that nerve growth factor-induced neurite outgrowth of PC12-cells enhances the expression of UDP-N-acetylgluco...
Article
Sialic acid precursors are mediators of the sialic acid pathway. In this manuscript we present evidence that the application of sialic acid a precursor modulates gene expression and cell differentiation. The concept that sugars are involved in cellular transcription was first proposed by Jacob and Monod nearly 40 years ago studying the regulation o...
Article
The most consistent neurochemical abnormality in Parkinson's disease is degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, leading to a reduction of striatal dopamine levels. The rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of dopamine, noradrenalin, and adrenalin is catalyzed by tyrosine 3-monooxygenase (=tyrosine hydroxylase), which catalyze...
Article
Sialic acid (Sia) is expressed as terminal sugar in many glycoconjugates and plays an important role during development and regeneration. Addition of homopolymers of Sia (polysialic acid; polySia/PSA) is a unique and highly regulated post-translational modification of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). The presence of polySia affects NCAM-de...