Rüdiger Cerff

Rüdiger Cerff
Technische Universität Braunschweig · Institute of Genetics

About

40
Publications
2,501
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,780
Citations

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
Independent evidence from morphological, ultrastructural, biochemical, and molecular data have shown that land plants originated from charophycean green algae. However, the branching order within charophytes is still unresolved, and contradictory phylogenies about, for example,the position of the unicellular green alga Mesostigma viride are difficu...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphoribulokinase (PRK) is an essential enzyme of photosynthetic eukaryotes which is active in the plastid-located Calvin cycle and regenerates the substrate for ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco). Rhodophytes and chlorophytes (red and green algae) recruited their nuclear-encoded PRK from the cyanobacterial ancestor of plastids...
Article
The maize (Zea mays L.) glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene 4 (GapC4) promoter confers anaerobic gene expression in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) and Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Here we have investigated its expression in hybrid poplar (Populus tremula × P. alba). Our results show that the promoter is...
Article
Full-text available
NAD-specific glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a cytosolic marker enzyme of eukaryotes (GapC; EC 1.2.1.12). Land plants possess an additional NADP+-dependent enzyme (EC 1.2.1.13) within their chloroplasts which is composed of two subunits, GapA and GapB. Another plastid GAPDH enzyme (GapCp) was recently discovered in gymnosperms a...
Article
The maize GapC4 promoter confers strong and ubiquitous anaerobic expression of the β-glucuronidase reporter gene in transgenic tobacco. Among 21 transgenic tobacco lines harboring 785 or 461 bp from the GapC4 promoter, 18 show anaerobic gene expression. In six lines anaerobic fluorescence values were more than 1000-fold over non-specific background...
Article
The promoter of the maize glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 4 gene (GapC4) confers strong, specific and ubiquitous anaerobic reporter gene expression in tobacco. To identify factors required for heterologous anaerobic gene expression, 19 progressive 5 and 3 promoter deletions were linked to a chimeric GapC4 TATA box--glucuronidase (GUS) repo...
Article
The induction pattern of the GapC4 promoter from maize in transgenic potato has been analyzed by fusion to the beta-glucuronidase (gus) gene. Under anaerobic conditions this promoter confers high level expression not only in leaves, stems, and roots but also in tubers. After inoculation of potato tuber disks with Erwinia carotovora subsp, atrosepti...
Article
Full-text available
We characterized a novel giant Gypsy-like retrotransposon, Cyclops, present in about 5000 copies in the genome of Pisum sativum. The individual element Cyclops-2 measures 12 314 bp including long terminal repeats (LTRs) of 1504 bp and 1594 bp, respectively, showing 4.1% sequence divergence between one another. Cyclops-2 carries a polypurine tract (...
Article
Photosynthetic eukaryotes typically possess two distinct glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases, an NAD+-specific enzyme in the cytosol (GapC: EC 1.2.1.12) and an NADP+-dependent enzyme in the chloroplast (GapAB: EC 1.2.1.13). The gymnosperm Pinus sylvestris is an exception in that it is known to express a gene encoding a transit peptide-bearing...
Article
A cDNA-library has been constructed from Nicotiana plumbaginifolia seedlings, and the non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GapN, EC 1.2.1.9) was isolated by plaque hybridization using the cDNA from pea as a heterologous probe. The cDNA comprises the entire GapN coding region. A putative polyadenylation signal is identified....
Article
Cryptomonads are complex microalgae which share characteristics of chromophytes (chlorophyll c, extra pair of membranes surrounding the plastids) and rhodophytes (phycobiliproteins). Unlike chromophytes, however, they contain a small nucleus-like organelle, the nucleomorph, in the periplastidial space between the inner and outer plastid membrane pa...
Article
We have sequenced and analysed the transaldolase (tal) genes from two cyanobacteria, Anabaena variabilis (ATCC 29413) and Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, which are filamentous heterocyst-forming and unicellular organisms, respectively. The deduced amino acid sequences of the two cyanobacterial tal genes are 78% identical and are highly homologous to bo...
Article
Full-text available
Chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (phosphorylating, E.C. 1.2.1.13) (GAPDH) of higher plants exists as an A2B2 heterotetramer that catalyses the reductive step of the Calvin cycle. In dark chloroplasts the enzyme exhibits a molecular mass of 600 kDa, whereas in illuminated chloroplasts the molecular mass is altered in favor of the...
Article
Transient expression experiments show that the maize GapA1 promoter exhibits a requirement for sequences contained within intron 1 and surrounding exon border regions for expression in maize Black Mexican Sweet cells. Maize GapA1-promoter constructs lacking intron 1 are inactive. Intron 1 and its exon border sequences, when reintroduced into constr...
Article
We have characterized the cDNA and genomic sequences that encode actin from the multicellular red alga Chondrus crispus. Southern-blot analysis indicates that the C. crispus actin gene (ChAc) is present as a single copy. Northern analysis shows that, like the GapA gene, the actin gene is well expressed in gametophytes but weakly in protoplasts. Com...
Article
We characterized a nuclear gene and its corresponding cDNA encoding -tubulin (gene TubB1) of the marine red alga Chondrus crispus. The deduced TubB1 protein is the most divergent -tubulin so far reported with only 64 to 69% amino acid identity relative to other -tubulins from higher and lower eukaryotes. Our analysis reveals that TubB1 has an accel...
Article
The cytosolic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GapC) gene family of maize is differentially expressed in response to anaerobic stress. While GapC1 and GapC2 are downregulated, GapC3 and GapC4 are anaerobically induced. We have sequenced and analyzed a 3073 bp promoter fragment of GapC4. The promoter confers anaerobic induction of a reporte...
Article
Angiosperms and algae possess two distinct glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) enzymes, an NAD+-dependent tetramer involved in cytosolic glycolysis and an NADP+-dependent enzyme of the Calvin cycle in chloroplasts. We have found that the gymnosperm Pinus sylvestris possesses, in addition to these, a nuclear-encoded, plastid-specific, N...
Article
Non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH, NADP-specific, EC 1.2.1.9) operates in the cytosol of autotrophic eukaryotes where it generates NADPH for biosynthetic processes from photosynthetic glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate exported from the chloroplast by the phosphate translocator. Here we report the first cloning and charact...
Article
Full-text available
In 1985 Cornish-Bowden wrote "although there is now much to suggest that introns are an ancient relic of primordial genes, convincing proof must await the discovery of clearly corresponding intron arrangements in genes that arose by duplication before the separation of prokaryotes and eukaryotes". Genes for chloroplast and cytosolic glyceraldehyde-...
Article
Full-text available
Algae are a heterogeneous group of photosynthetic eukaryotes traditionally separated into three major subdivisions: rhodophytes, chlorophytes, and chromophytes. The evolutionary origin of rhodophytes or red algae and their links to other photosynthetic and nonphotosynthetic eukaryotes have been a matter of much controversy and speculation. Here we...
Article
Our previous phylogenetic analysis based on cDNA sequences of chloroplast and cytosolic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases (GAPDH; genes GapA and GapC, respectively) of the red alga Chondrus crispus suggested that rhodophytes and green plants are sister groups with respect to plastids and mitochondria and diverged at about the same time or s...
Article
One gene and two cDNAs encoding three different -tubulins (TUB1, TUB2, TUB3) of pea have been cloned and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequences show between 92% and 96% identity relative to one another and to most other -tubulins of higher plants and green algae. Two notable extremes are the high similarity of 98% between pea TUB3 and maize -t...
Article
The light-regulated nuclear gene encoding subunit A of chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (subunit GAPA, geneGpa1) from maize is extremely G+C rich (67% in codons). The genomic surroundings of this gene have been characterized together with the sequences of two strongly conservedGpa pseudogenes isolated from a genomic maize librar...
Article
A nuclear gene encoding cytosolic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from maize (subunit GAPC1, gene Gpc1) and 2·2 × 103 base-pairs of its 5′ flanking region have been cloned and sequenced. The structure of the maize Gpc1 gene (10 introns) is different from that of the maize gene encoding subunit GAPA of chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate...
Article
Full-text available
Chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is composed of two different subunits, GapA and GapB. cDNA clones containing the entire coding sequences of the cytosolic precursors for GapA from pea and for GapB from pea and spinach have been identified, sequenced and the derived amino acid sequences have been compared to the correspon...
Article
The nuclei of plant cells harbor genes for two types of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases (GAPDH) displaying a sequence divergence corresponding to the prokaryote/eukaryote separation. This strongly supports the endosymbiotic theory of chloroplast evolution and in particular the gene transfer hypothesis suggesting that the gene for the chlo...
Article
Full-text available
Two cDNA clones, encoding cytosolic and chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases (GAPDH) from mustard (Sinapis alba), have been identified and sequenced. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences with one another and with the GAPDH sequences from animals, yeast and bacteria demonstrates that nucleus-encoded subunit A of chloroplas...
Article
Full-text available
Two cDNA clones, encoding cytosolic and chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases (GAPDH) from mustard (Sinapis alba), have been identified and sequenced. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences with one another and with the GAPDH sequences from animals, yeast and bacteria demonstrates that nucleus-encoded subunit A of chloroplas...
Article
Chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a light-inducible enzyme composed of two separate nucleus-encoded subunits A and B. We have isolated cDNA clones from pea specific for each of the two subunits by using a sequel of indirect techniques including differential hybridizations with dark and light mRNAs, hybrid selection met...
Article
Extracts from 13 different angiosperm species (spinach, mustard, pea, bean, tomato, cucumber, pumpkin, maize, sorghum, rye, wheat, oats, barley) were submitted to electrophoresis under nondenaturing conditions and stained for enzyme activities of cytosolic and chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases by a modified tetrazolium test of h...
Article
1. NAD(P)+-induced changes in the aggregational state of prepurified NADP-linked glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.2.1.13) were used to isolate the enzyme from Spinacia oleracea, Pisum sativaum and Hordeum vulgare. Each of the three plant species contains two separate isoenzymes. Isoenzyme 1 (fast moving during conventional electrophor...
Article
Full-text available
Aggregation of glyceraldehyde-3-P dehydrogenase (NADP) (EC 1.2.1.13) from Sinapis alba seedlings during gel filtration on Sepharose 6B is dependent on the presence of a fraction ("binding fraction") which can be separated from the enzyme by precipitation with 55% ammonium sulfate. Association of the enzyme with this binding fraction is NAD-dependen...
Article
Full-text available
Ammonium sulfate chromatography has been employed to separate glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenases (GPD) of Sinapis alba cotyledons of various developmental stages. Cotyledons of dark-grown seedlings possess one major NAD-specific enzyme designated NAD-GPD I. Irradiation with continuous far red light leads to a strong increase in NADP-GPD acti...
Article
Full-text available
The development of NADP- and NAD-dependent glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase and NADH-specific glyoxylate reductase was followed in Sinapis alba cotyledons grown in the dark or under continuous red and far red light. All three enzyme activities are promoted by light, continuous far red light being more than twice as effective as continuous r...
Article
Full-text available
Thedevelopment ofNADP-andNAD-dependent glyceralde- hyde3-phosphate dehydrogenase andNADH-specific glyoxylate reductase wasfollowed inSinapis albacotyledons growninthe darkorundercontinuous redandfarredlight. Allthreeen- zymeactivities arepromoted bylight, continuous farredlight beingmorethantwice aseffective ascontinuous redlight. The activities of...

Network

Cited By