Rudolf Slavicek

Rudolf Slavicek
Vienna School of Interdisciplinary Dentistry · Prosthetics & Functional Disturbances

Doctor of Dental Medicine

About

160
Publications
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1,278
Citations

Publications

Publications (160)
Experiment Findings
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data collection of Hainburg and Weisbach skulls
Preprint
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Review about the history of the Hainburg culture and collection of photographs and X-rays of skulls from individuals of Hainburg as well as photographs of Dr. Augustin Weisbachs measured skulls, both obtained with the permission of the Natural History Museum Vienna.
Article
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„Die funktionellen Determinanten des Kauorgans“ Habilitationsschrift 1982
Article
Objective: To evaluate the most frequent skeletal craniofacial pattern. Methods: Cone beam computed tomography images were obtained for a sample of 332 skulls from the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries. A sample of 150 individuals from the twenty-first century was also included. The different skeletal craniofacial patterns were then cl...
Article
This study examined the three-dimensional (3D) changes in craniofacial morphology between 482 identified Portuguese skulls from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries and 150 modern Portuguese individuals randomly selected from the armed forces. The goal was to investigate the interrelationship between changes in various parts of the skull, in p...
Article
Full-text available
Abstrakt Chronische Erkrankungen der Wirbelsäule, Kopf-schmerzen, Migräne, Kiefergelenkbeschädigungen, -verletzungen, -schmerzen oder -geräusche, Tinnitus, Trigeminusneuralgien oder sogar nicht erklärbare pul-pitische Zahnbeschwerden. Patienten und Ärzte/Zahn-ärzte sind mit diesen Symptomkomplexen vertraut und fürchten sie. Sehr häufig spielt auch...
Article
Purpose Conventional articulators allow the user to adjust the inclination of the incisal table according to reconstruction principles. This fact suggests the adoption of an incisal table which exploits an appropriate curvature related to the individual incisal concavity by the reciprocal motion of the incisors. The aim of this study was to compare...
Article
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Introduction The position and inclination of the long axis of teeth in the human dentition can be described by a set of rules. The purpose of this study was to analyze the architecture of the mandibular dentition of adult Caucasians using virtual three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of skulls and mandibles. Method In this study 40 skulls from the...
Article
Full-text available
The hypothesis that the temporal bones are at the center of the dynamics of the craniofacial complex, directly influencing facial morphology, has been put forward long ago. This study examines the role of the spatial positioning of temporal bones (frontal and sagittal inclination) in terms of influencing overall facial morphology. Several 3D linear...
Article
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Background The articular eminence of the glenoid fossa together with the occlusal guiding surfaces represent two fundamental determinants of mandibular movement and even though subject to numerous investigations the relationship between both structures still remains unclear today. The purpose of this 3D investigation was to characterize the inclina...
Article
INTRODUCTION: The craniofacial architecture is the result of a very complex interrelation. The nasal septum and specially vomer bone, because of its strategic spatial location between the cranial base and the mid-face, influence the growth of this area of the facial skeleton, thus playing a major role in the organization of the craniofacial archite...
Article
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INTRODUCTION: The mandibular fossa (MF) connects the mandible to the cranium through a bilateral articulation. It is suggested that the mandible and the temporal bones have a reciprocal effect on their position and movement, acting as a temporo-mandibular unit. The purpose of this study was to analyze the possible role of the mandibular fossa in th...
Article
During individual human ontogenesis, toward the end of their maturation process, erupting teeth stabilize a distinct distance between the jaws which we call the vertical dimension of the face. The principles that underlie the individuality of vertical dimension are debated contentiously in all disciplines of dentistry. Cephalometric analyses are us...
Article
INTRODUCTION: The relationship of cranial base angle (CBA) and its influence on the craniofacial morphology remains unclear. The articular mobility of the cranium because of sutures and synchondroses suggests that the individual behavior of cranial base during ontogenic development determines the variable position and relation of the craniofacial s...
Conference Paper
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Despite the numerous investigations addressing the relationship between the inclinations of the dentition’s guiding surfaces and the functional parameters of the TMJ still today this relationship remains imperfectly understood. In an attempt to throw some light on this issue a 3D CBCT study was carried out. Several 3D angular measurements of 163 sk...
Article
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The present study examined possible advantages of a kinematical determination of hinge axis points over arbitrary axis points in the fabrication of occlusal splints for CMD treatment. The single blinded prospective randomised trial was performed in a general dental practice. A total of 14 consecutive patients presenting for CMD treatment were consi...
Article
A case of neurological complication after surgical procedure for a Meningioma of the left cavernous sinus is presented in this paper. It concerns a healthy 27 year old woman who developed left side facial muscle atrophy in combination with dysesthesia and hypalgesia in the left face. The diagnostic and therapeutical approach is described in details...
Article
Basic studies and researches on craniofacial growth show that occlusal plane changes its position in space and time during the whole period of development and growth of the skull until the attainment of the mature dentition stage. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the inclination of the gnatological occlusal plane related to th...
Article
Full-text available
A case of neurological complication after surgical procedure for a Meningeoma of the left cavernous sinus is presented. It concerns a healthy 27-year-old woman who developed left side facial muscle atrophy in combination with dysesthesia and hypalgesia in the left face. The diagnostic and therapeutical approach is described in detail. Adequate and...
Article
In humans, the strong grinding and clenching function of the masticatory muscles known as bruxism has been thought to play an important role in mitigating stress-induced psychosomatic disorders by down-regulating the limbic system, the autonomic nervous system, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Experimental research results showed that b...
Article
The occlusal plane (OP) is one of the most important elements involved in occlusal reconstruction in restorative, prosthodontic and orthodontic treatment. The presence or absence of posterior interferences depends primarily on the occlusal plane configuration. In powerful grinding movements of the mandible like bruxism, disocclusion of the posterio...
Article
Full-text available
The dentist must have a broader perspective in treating occlusion and consider the masticatory organ in terms of dynamic function and not in a static manner. Speech function is very complex and thus it is thought to be one of the contributors to the development of temporomandibular joint dysfunction. In this study, we have examined the condylar mov...
Article
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The study evaluates the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) movements of patients with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) before and after therapy with the functional appliances of the 'function generating bite' (FGB) type. Thirty subjects suffering from TMD were selected and divided into two groups: group A (young patients: four mal...
Article
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG Zur Therapie des obstruktiven Schlafapnoe-Syndroms existieren unterschiedliche Optionen, abhängig vom Schweregrad der Erkrankung und individuellen patientenbezogenen Faktoren. Seit mehr als einem Jahrzehnt haben Unterkieferprotrusionsschienen und andere intraorale Geräte einen zunehmenden Stellenwert in der Behandlung des Schlafapno...
Article
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Si une race quelconque de quadrumanes, surtout la plus perfectionnée d'entre elles (…) cessoient d'employer leurs mâchoires comme des armes pour mordre, déchirer ou saisir, ou comme des tenailles pour couper l'herbe et s'en nourrir et qu'ils ne les fissent servir qu'à la mastication, il n'est pas douteux encore que leur angle facial ne devînt plus...
Article
Die Therapie des Scherenbisses erfordert äußerst schwierige Behandlungsstrategien. Schließlich kann dieser Fehlbiss mit komplexen Symptomen wie Kiefergelenk-, Kopf- und Nackenschmerzen, Rückenbeschwerden und funktionellen Störungen des kraniomandibulären Systems einhergehen. Der vorliegende Beitrag beschreibt das interdisziplinäre Vorgehen bei der...
Article
Bruxism is generally defined as a parafunctional clenching and grinding action between the upper and lower teeth. During this activity, extremely strong forces can be applied for time periods exceeding those of functional mastication. These biomechanical loads create many dental problems, such as abfractions, hypersensitivity, periodontal distracti...
Article
Ziel der Untersuchung war herauszufinden, ob beim vollkommen relaxierten Patienten durch eine Bronchoskopie am Kiefergelenk Traumata hervorgerufen werden können. Wir haben auch einen kurzen Vergleich zwischen Bronchoskopie und Laryngoskopie angestellt. Anzeichen für Irritationen oder dauerhafte Veränderungen konnten wir nicht finden, allerdings seh...
Article
The effects of dental amalgam on cytokine production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy donors were analyzed. To induce cytokine production, PBMC were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide, phytohemagglutinin, or staphylococcal enterotoxin A and cultured for 48 h in the presence of either freshly prepared amalgam, aged ama...
Article
Recent data suggest that distinct metal ions can be released from dental alloys or other biomaterials, and may cause toxic effects on various cells. In this study, the effects of 14 metal ions on histamine release from human blood basophils (n = 4), isolated tissue mast cells (lung n = 8, uterus n = 2, skin n = 1, gingiva n = 1), the basophil cell...
Article
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Recent data suggest that under certain conditions, various metal cations are released from dental alloys. These ions may produce adverse effects in various cell types in vivo. In this study, the cytopathogenic effects of 13 metal cations on murine L-929 fibroblasts, human gingival fibroblasts, and human tissue mast cells were analyzed in vitro. Sev...
Article
Bacterial infections are frequent complications in patients with cirrhosis, especially in alcoholics. A potential source of infection may be dental foci. The aim of the study was to assess the role of cirrhosis and chronic alcoholism in the development of dental or periodontal disease. Dental and periodontal examinations were performed prospectivel...
Article
Computerized axiography was used as an objective instrumental method of evaluating the response of patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) symptomatology to occlusal splint therapy. Diagnosis was performed in a standardized manner by systematically analyzing TMJ path tracings obtained by computerized axiography. Thirty-six patients were axiogra...
Article
Full-text available
The craniomandibular system (CMS) is composed of the bones of the temporomandibular joint, cartilage, the articular disk, connective tissue behind the articular disk, and ligaments, in addition to the muscles associated with the masticatory system. The CMS functions in cooperation with the neuromuscular system and occlusion, carries out the functio...
Article
An analysis and quantitation of protrusive and retrusive mandibular movement is provided. This report is one study along with four other parts analyzing the mandibular opening movement, the transversal shift during protrusion and retrusion, the mediotrusive movement and mastication. Protrusive movements of 225 individuals (180 patients, 45 voluntee...
Article
The retro-articular vascular plexus of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is of great importance for the function of this joint. Aim of this study was to determine the amount of increase of signal intensity in the retro-articular vascular plexus after intravenous injection of contrast medium and to figure out potential advantages of this procedure....
Article
Palladium is increasingly used in industry, but also in fine jewellery and in dentistry. Thus, palladium-silver alloys comprise a substantial part of the noble metal ceramic alloy sales in Western countries. The increased use of this metal seems, however, to be paralleled by a rise in the number of reports of palladium allergy. Recently a European...
Article
Der retroartikuläre vaskuläre Plexus des Kiefergelenks spielt in der Funktion des Gelenks eine wichtige Rolle. Ziel dieser Studie war, das Ausmaß der Signalanhebung im retroartikulären vaskulären Plexus durch intravenöse Kontrastrnittel(KM)-Applikation und die daraus entstehenden Vorteile zu erfassen. Die Leitstruktur zur Beurteilung von Diskusverl...
Article
The reproducibility of the condylar reference position was examined at the pont of unstrained hinging movement of the mandible in subjects with TMJ symptoms and in asymptomatic subjects. Three different operators performed the procedure to detect interoperator variability. Each operator made five registrations using computerized axiography in the e...
Article
The biomechanical problem of investigating the behaviour of a maxillary partial denture is treated by non-linear finite element analyses. The finite element models developed allow the solution of an inverse problem to find material data of the palatal tissue and the computation of pressure distributions between the palatal plate of the denture and...
Chapter
In den letzten beiden Jahrzehnten ist ein zunehmendes Interesse an den sogenannten Funktionsstörungen des Kauorgans und den damit verbundenen Folgen zu vermerken. Dies betrifft nicht nur die Disziplinen der Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferheilkunde. Da sich diese Funktionsstörungen für den Patienten zumeist als akuter oder chronischer Gesichtsschmerz manife...
Chapter
What Does the Prosthetist Except of the Surgeon? Preprosthetic surgery requires teamwork. Planning, technique and postoperative management should be considered and discussed in an interdisciplinary approach. Inadequate prosthetic management, which is usually related to the underlying problem, should be eliminated by an adequate diagnostic work-up a...