Rudolf M Oosthuizen

Rudolf M Oosthuizen
University of South Africa | unisa · Department of Industrial and Organisational Psychology

Doctor of Psychology

About

74
Publications
42,206
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458
Citations
Citations since 2016
47 Research Items
403 Citations
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Introduction
Rudolf’s fields of interests are (1) career psychology, career development and management from an individual, group and organisational perspective in the 21st century world of work; (2) positive psychology, with the focus on salutogenesis and well-being, sense of coherence, locus of control, self-efficacy, the hardy personality and learned resourcefulness; (3) employment relations and the improvement of the quality of employment relations in organisations and in society in general; and (4) the 4th Industrial Revolution (Smart Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, and Algorithms).
Additional affiliations
July 2000 - present
University of South Africa
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: Internships are a practical way for students to operationalise their professional purpose, acquire key occupation-related skills and practise their professional capability in real-world work settings. Research purpose: This study explored industrial and organisational psychology (IOP) interns’ views of their professional purpose and t...
Article
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The aim of the research was to explore experiences of a Positive Psychology 2.0 (PP2.0) intervention for burnout among Generation Y medical doctors working in a South African public hospital. The emphasis was on the potential benefits and recommended intervention amendments in a specific cultural context of South Africa. A phenomenological approach...
Chapter
Human Resources jobs are becoming more and more challenging as the work dynamics are changing during the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). The processes of organisations have improved, and machines have become more complicated, but the basic principles of organisational processes remain the same (Wang et al., Appl Psychol 70(1):16–59, 2021). In c...
Article
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This article focuses on systems psychodynamics and particularly on the CIBART-model which explores conflict, identity, boundary, authority, role and task and how these phenomena work out on an unconscious level. Therefore, this article presents empirical findings on CIBART in a German multinational engineering organization operating in South Africa...
Poster
Full-text available
The first, second and third industrial revolutions gave humanity steam power, electricity, internet and connectivity, respectively. The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) is a seismic shift that brings with it a set of radically new technologies. The internet of things, 3D printing, bioprinting, gene editing and autonomous vehicles are transforming...
Article
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In the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR), STARA (smart technology, artificial intelligence, robotics, and algorithms) is predicted to replace a third of the jobs that exist today. Almost twice as many current work tasks will be handled by robots. It is forecast that by 2025, 85 million jobs may be displaced by a shift in the division of labor betw...
Article
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Industry 4.0 (I4.0) needs new business practices, which focus on its positive impacts and sustainability. This article presents original empirical research from a multinational engineering company operating in South Africa and the challenges that area managers experience in this organization. It explores the meaning and meaning-making in times of o...
Article
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During COVID-19, the working world has changed inevitably, and many managers experience extreme strain and stress. This study determines how managers cope with the changes during COVID-19 from a positive psychology and salutogenic perspective. It employs a hermeneutical research design and an interpretivist paradigm by using a mixed-method research...
Chapter
Humour, a positive psychology (PP1.0) construct (Fischer, Carow, & Eger, 2020) is a central component of resiliency. Having a sense of humour is a sign of human strength, intelligence, and psychological maturity (Abel, 2016; Ghaemi, 2011). Humour allows individuals to emotionally distance themselves from a stressful event in order to cope. Humour i...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter contributes to building empirical evidence in the field of positive intercultural management (PIM) of new technological changes and diversity in transnational organizational settings. Findings from a study conducted at a transnational engineering company are presented, showing how managers manage technological innovation in the organiz...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Generally, limited empirically based coaching interventions exist for burnout, even for at-risk populations such as Generation Y medical doctors coerced to work in the debilitated South African public health sector. Burnout affects Generation Y medical doctors’ service, private lives, and recipients of their care. Most research focuse...
Chapter
Full-text available
Futurists predict that a third of jobs that exist today could be taken by smart technology, artificial intelligence, human–robot interaction, and algorithms. Robots will handle 52 per cent of current work tasks by 2025 – almost twice as many as they currently do. According to the World Economic Forum (2018), rapid changes in machines and algorithms...
Poster
Full-text available
Orientation: The employee engagement approach has been utilised to combat burnout in both private and public sector institutions. With increasing research, self-perceived employability is gaining popularity as an effective tool for reducing burnout in the contemporary world of work. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the relation...
Chapter
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Shame can be a powerful emotion in leadership and workplaces. Previous research highlights the effects of shame on organisations and how it can be transformed. This chapter discusses love in the form of a compassionate, human love as one possible way to overcome and transform shame, particularly in transcultural workspaces. The chapter presents emp...
Chapter
Futurists predict that a third of jobs that exist today could be taken by smart technology, artificial intelligence, human–robot interaction and algorithms. Robots will handle 52% of current work tasks by 2025—almost twice as many as they currently do. According to the World Economic Forum (2018), rapid changes in machines and algorithms, or comput...
Chapter
The first, second and third industrial revolutions gave humanity steam power, electricity, internet and connectivity, respectively. The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) is a seismic shift that brings with it a set of radically new technologies. Smart technology, artificial intelligence, robotics, algorithms, the internet of things, 3D printing, b...
Chapter
Full-text available
Compassionate love is a form of altruistic, caring love that emphasises concern for the other’s wellbeing (Kim, Wang, & Hill, Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing, 2(1), 23–44, 2018; Miller, Kahle, Lopez, & Hastings, Developing Psychology, 51(1), 36–43, 2015). Recently, there has been an increase in prejudice toward some culturally diverse...
Article
Full-text available
The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) disrupts the world of work, new technologies change the nature of individuals’ work and their tasks, and therefore it is necessary to determine how managers cope with these changes, specifically relating to their salutogenesis. There is a lack of research conducted on the salutogenesis of managers in times of...
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: The employee engagement (EE) approach has been utilised to combat burnout (BO) in both private and public sector institutions. With increasing research, self-perceived employability (SPE) is gaining popularity as an effective tool for reducing BO. Knowledge of the relationship between these three constructs is therefore important for p...
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: The fourth industrial revolution (4IR) creates numerous organisational changes. New technologies and their influences are studied; however, hardly any research focuses on studying the unconscious systems psychodynamics (SPs). Research purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore and understand feelings in an organisational 4IR cont...
Chapter
In the 21st century world of work, stress has become a well-known term. This is true for both global and South African occupational contexts. Although “stress” is a term that does not find its origin in South African indigenous languages and cultural concepts, it has become a well-known concept in contemporary South African work-life. The aim of th...
Chapter
Leaders have to respond to rapid changes in contemporary workplaces which aim to drive the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) forward. The authors of this chapter argue that leaders need certain qualities to successfully navigate future-related work spaces. "Mindfulness", "love" and "creativity" are concepts and qualities which strengthen and empow...
Article
This study aimed at qualitatively exploring the development of a sense of coherence (SOC) among systemic family therapist trainees (FTT) over a 3-year period. It was conducted in a private family therapy training institute in central Germany. The sample consisted of 66 trainees. The components of SOC and their general health played an important rol...
Article
This article explores the question of how organizations can transform constructively and positively towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). It presents insights into the state of the art on 4IR, positive psychology movements PP1.0 and PP2.0 and particularly on German organizations in the 4IR within the South African context. The study uses...
Article
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Contemporary workplaces are influenced by rapid changes, high levels of competition, increasing complexities and internationalisation processes. At the edge of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR), insecurities and anxieties are high, and leaders are encouraged more than ever to lead employees with meaningful vision and prudence in order to make...
Chapter
Perceptions of failure have been implicated in a range of psychological disorders, and even a single experience of failure can heighten anxiety and depression. However, not all individuals experience significant emotional distress following failure, indicating the presence of resilience (Johnson J, Wood AM, Cogn Ther Res, 2015). This chapter synthe...
Chapter
This chapter explores the subjective health concepts in family therapy trainees (FTTs) in a systemic family therapy (SFT) organizational training setting inwhich individuals study to become certified family therapists (FTs) within a 3-year training period. Subjective health concepts and their development within organizational contexts are studied....
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the subjective perspectives of women leaders working in higher education institutions in the 21st century in South Africa. It focuses in particular on creativity as demonstrated by women leaders working in culturally and gender diverse post-apartheid settings. The aim is to contribute to the discourse on the creativity of wome...
Article
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Orientation: In accordance with global trends, South Africa is striving for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). Discourses of employees’ employment equity (EE) perceptions within the 4IR context are studied 25 years after apartheid. Research purpose: The purpose of the study was to understand the systems psychodynamics underneath the surface of...
Article
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Orientation: In recruiting and developing senior leaders for the organisation, great emphasis is placed on the personality of these individuals and on the resulting manifestations of their behaviour in the work context. Research purpose: The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between integrity and derailment to identify the dim...
Chapter
Futurists predict that a third of jobs that exist today could be replaced by smart technology, artificial intelligence, robotics and algorithms (STARA). Robots will handle 52% of current work tasks by 2025, almost twice as many as in 2019. Rapid changes in machines and algorithms or computer processes could create 133 million new roles in place of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Women in leadership positions has been researched extensively within higher education institutions (HEIs), and has been explored as a positive or contingent experience (O’Conner, Carvalho, & White, 2014). In the South African (SA) context, Mayer and Barnard (2015) indicated a paucity of women as role models in HEIs, and identified a lifecycle conti...
Chapter
The aim of the chapter is to introduce positive psychology intervention, which is useful and constructive in contributing to the development of leaders in terms of multicultural cooperation and team development, as well as conflict management skills within a multicultural organisational leadership context. By applying this intervention, team member...
Chapter
After a major mistake, it is natural to feel ashamed. Nevertheless, shame is also a powerfully destructive feeling. Left to fester, it can have a profound effect on psychological well-being (Mayer, Viviers, & Tonelli, 2017). It is concealed behind guilt, it lurks behind anger, and it can be disguised as despair and depression. The question as to ho...
Article
Salutogenesis is the study of what keeps people healthy and how to develop health. It is a theory introduced by the medical sociologist, Aaron Antonovsky, in the late 1970s. Contemporary salutogenesis is an internationally well-researched theory. It was previously placed in a positive psychology framework (PP1.0) as a theory. In this article, the a...
Article
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The purpose is to hear the voices of employees of different social-cultural, racial and gender backgrounds on the experiences of EE in contemporary South African organisations.
Article
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Family therapy has advanced as an important therapeutic approach in Europe and, in Germany, future family therapists enter a three-year-training programme every year. Family therapist trainees (FTTs) have hardly been studied in terms of their value-orientations (VOs) and how they see the world. This study aims at researching the value-orientation d...
Poster
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to hear the voices of employees of different social-cultural, racial and gender backgrounds on the experiences of Employment Equity in contemporary South African organisations.
Article
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This article explores the self-defined roles of women leaders working in higher education institutions (HEIs) in South Africa in the context of systems psychodynamics and thereby increase the understanding of unconscious dynamics in HEIs. This qualitative study is based on the research paradigm of Dilthey's modern hermeneutics. Women leaders are co...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Women leaders within Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in South Africa have increased in numbers over the past years and they have changed the dynamics in these institutions. Yet, it is a subject that has hardly been explored from the perspective of women leaders. Aim: The aim of this study is to explore the experiences of women lead...
Article
This qualitative study explored workplace spirituality in women leadership in higher education institutions (HEIs). Interviews were conducted with women leaders of the Higher Education Research Service network across eight institutions. Observations were made in one organisation. Findings show that women leaders are highly aware of their spirituali...
Poster
Full-text available
Workplace spirituality is a concept that has been researched increasingly during the past decades. It is associated with mental health and well-being in the workplace, particularly in women leaders in the South African context.
Article
The study investigated the work-role of psychosocial flourishing attributes in countering workplace bullying behaviour and turnover intention Data on participants’ perceptions of workplace bullying behaviour, turnover intentions, and psychosocial flourishing were collected from n = 373 employees in various South African organisations Simple mediati...
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: This study contributes to an in-depth understanding of emotional intelligence (EI) in women leaders in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in South Africa from an inside perspective. Research purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore EI in South African women leaders working in HEIs to identify women leader’s strengths, foci a...
Article
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Talent retention is of particular concern in the information technology (IT) sector owing to globalisation, the skills shortage and rapidly advancing technology. Employee turnover has signifi cant costs and negative consequences for organisations. The objective of this study was to explore the association between employees’ experiences of work-life...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The increased mobility of highly skilled knowledge workers who place a high premium on their employability capital challenges organisations to retain their scarce talent. We explored individuals’ psychosocial employability attributes as predictors of their satisfaction with organisational retention factors. A cross-sectional quantitative, correlati...
Article
The increased mobility of highly skilled knowledge workers who place a high premium on their employability capital challenges organisations to retain their scarce talent. This article explored individuals’ psychosocial employability attributes as predictors of their satisfaction with organisational retention factors. A cross-sectional quantitative,...
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: Assessing and developing managerial decision-making capability in a complex and volatile marketplace is imperative for most South African businesses.Purpose: The objective of this study was to assess the test–retest reliability of the career path appreciation (CPA) procedure in assessing current and potential levels of work decision-ma...
Article
Full-text available
Investigating the relationship between employees' career anchors and their psychosocial employability attributes in a financial company. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 12(1), Art. #650, 10 pages.: The challenge of sustaining one's employability in a highly dynamic and turbulent labour market places...
Article
The objective of the study was to determine the relationship between work stress, work-home interference, and perceptions of organisational culture amongst insurance employees in the Zimbabwean context. Data were collected from a sample of 190 employees (females = 46%) who completed the Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised (OSI-R), the Work-Home I...
Article
Full-text available
This study reports on the mediating effect of study engagement (measured by an adapted version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale) in relation to students' life orientation (measured by the Orientation to Life Questionnaire) and their self-efficacy (measured by the Self-efficacy Scale). Participants included a non-probability sample of 127 predom...
Article
Full-text available
The military environment poses unique challenges regarding the career development of individuals. The challenge is to create career development practices that address the needs of culturally diverse staff members in the military environment. The objective of the study was to explore broad trends regarding how staff in the South African military dif...
Article
Full-text available
This study reports on students' sense of coherence, study engagement and self-efficacy in relation to their satisfaction with current studies and employability. Participants included a convenience sample of 127 employed adult learners enrolled for third year level open distance learning (ODL) undergraduate studies in industrial and organisational p...
Article
Full-text available
ORIENTATION: This study explores individual stories of trauma and their dissonance with the official, dominant discourse on trauma in the South African Police Service (SAPS) from a systems psychodynamic perspective. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The purpose of the research was, firstly, to explore how trauma experienced by South African Police Service members...
Article
Full-text available
ORIENTATION: The researchers conducted a literature review to analyse the assumptions of systems psychodynamics, the Tavistock model of group relations, object relations theory and the most relevant constructs in the systems psychodynamic perspective. They then described the assumptions and most relevant constructs in the positive psychology perspe...
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: The demography of the South African work force has changed considerably since the implementation of Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998. There is no clarity in the literature on employees’ attitudes towards and experiences of employment equity (EE).Research purpose: The purpose of this research was to contribute to the EE debate by qualit...
Article
Full-text available
Orientation: Psychologists in industry are increasingly required to provide executive coaching services in their organisations or as part of their consulting services. An evaluation of coaching models as well as the development needs of individuals being trained as coaches, both locally and internationally, has led the authors to believe that there...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Experience of Work and Life Circumstances Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist when administered to a convenience sample of 241 fire-fighters from a metropolitan municipality. The results indicate that these two measuring instruments yielded acceptable intern...
Article
Full-text available
Regardless of where one lives in the world, one cannot escape three defi ning forces of our time: globalisation, the information revolution and the speed of change (Cascio, 2001). To ensure continued organisational performance and to maintain the competitive advantage, organisations must therefore constantly implement changes in strategy, structure...
Article
Full-text available
The general aim of the research was to theoretically and empirically study and evaluate job and family stressors amongst firefighters in the South African context. This also included an empirical evaluation of the stress symptoms of firefighters. The research was quantitative, consisting of a survey design. Three measuring instruments were used, na...
Article
Full-text available
Firefighters not only perform a firefighting function, but also render emergency, fire prevention and rescue services, all of which are inherently stressful. This research was undertaken to determine the relationship between certain psychological strengths of firefighters and the strategies they adopt to cope with stress. The measuring instruments...
Article
Full-text available
Word processed copy. Thesis (D. Litt. et Phil. (Industrial and Organisational Psychology))--University of South Africa, 2004. Includes bibliographical references.

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
The project focuses on the Fourth Industrial Resolution from an Industrial and Organisational, as well as Management Sciences perspectives. Anchored in these disciplines, we take transcultural and transdisciplinary views on exploring what the 4IR / Industry 4.0 is, what impact it has on employees and organisations and how people define identity, work, relationships etc. within the changing world of work.
Archived project
This project studies Emotional Intelligence in various South African organisational contexts. The aim is to gain context-specific data on EQ.
Project
We research constellation work in different contexts and the development of trainees in family therapy training and practice.