Roy Eidelson

Roy Eidelson
Independent Researcher

About

38
Publications
29,735
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2,390
Citations

Publications

Publications (38)
Preprint
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In his new book Political Mind Games, psychologist Roy Eidelson explains how we can recognize and counter the manipulative appeals that the 1% use to advance their self-serving agenda. These individuals and groups, possessing extraordinary wealth and power, prey upon the rest of us by strategically targeting the most important concerns in our daily...
Article
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Recent revelations – from government documents and investigative reports – have brought renewed attention to the disturbing involvement of U.S. psychologists in the abuse and torture of “war on terror” detainees. In light of these revelations, this commentary examines the American Psychological Association's inexplicable decision to close – without...
Article
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In this essay we respond to Staal and Greene's (2015) critique of our ethical rejection of "adversarial operational psychology" (AOP; Arrigo, Eidelson, & Bennett, 2012). We rebut their evasive attempt to expand AOP beyond the security sector, and we explain how AOP elements of power, resources, secrecy, ideological control, and strategic deception...
Article
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Replies to comments by Mark. A. Stall and Carroll H. Greene III (see record 2015-19945-004) on the original article by Jean Maria Arrigo et al. (see record 2012-30971-004). We respond to four representative issues raised in their preceding rebuttal. We conclude with a call to all stakeholders to grapple with foundational issues that they evaded.
Article
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The 9/11 attacks on the United States have motivated psychologists to advance counterterrorism and related operations through psychological principles and skills. These operational psychologists seek to legitimize adversarial interventions against targets by prioritizing societal welfare over traditional, individual-focused principles of psychologi...
Article
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Comprehensive Soldier Fitness (CSF), the focus of the January 2011 special issue of the American Psychologist, is a $125 million resilience training initiative designed to reduce and prevent the adverse psychological consequences of combat for soldiers and veterans. These are worthy goals. Soldiers and veterans deserve the best care possible, and m...
Article
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Inequality stands at historic levels in the United States and around the world. This is an ominous sign because scientific research documents that inequality is a driving force behind many of our most profound social ills. The Equality Trust reviewed thousands of studies conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, the World Health Organization, the United...
Chapter
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Over the past century, African Americans have made significant progress on a broad range of fronts, including life expectancy, employment and income, education, and political representation (e.g., Sears et al. 2000; Thernstrom and Thernstrom 1999). Moreover, the rapidly growing multicultural movement (e.g., Fowers and Richardson 1996) has signaled...
Article
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This article introduces the concept of collective narcissism--an emotional investment in an unrealistic belief about the in group's greatness--aiming to explain how feelings about an ingroup shape a tendency to aggress against outgroups. The results of 5 studies indicate that collective, but not individual, narcissism predicts intergroup aggressive...
Article
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Science requires observation and comparison. Implicit in the notion of comparison is an expectation of the conceptual stability of boundaries surrounding types of observable events. Determining when one sees an orange and when one sees an apple, requires clear coding rules for what counts as an orange or an apple. The scientific value of the exerci...
Article
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A sample of U.S. citizens (N = 281) completed the Individual–Group Belief Inventory approximately 6 months after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The survey measured beliefs about vulnerability, injustice, distrust, superiority, and helplessness in three interrelated spheres: personal beliefs about their American ingroup, personal perceptions of the ing...
Article
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Building on the contributions of diverse theoretical approaches, the authors present a multidimensional model of group identification. Integrating conceptions from the social identity perspective with those from research on individualism-collectivism, nationalism- patriotism, and identification with organizations, we propose four conceptually disti...
Article
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With the goal of better understanding some of the psychological factors related to refugees’ desire to return home, surveys were administered to 235 South Sudanese refugees living in the Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya. Respondents were asked about how much they wanted to return to Sudan, their emotional reactions about returning, their views on the p...
Article
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This paper presents a synthetic approach for generating role playing simulation games intended to support analysts (and trainees) interested in testing alternative competing courses of action (operations) and discovering what effects they are likely to precipitate in potential ethno-political conflict situations. Simulated leaders and followers cap...
Article
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This paper presents a theory for role-playing simulation games intended to support analysts (and trainees) with generating and testing alternative competing hypotheses on how to influence world conflict situations. Simulated leaders and followers capable of playing these games are implemented in a cognitive modeling framework, called the Performanc...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a synthetic approach for generating role playing simulation games intended to support analysts (and trainees) interested in testing alternative competing courses of action (operations) and discovering what effects they are likely to precipitate in potential ethno-political conflict situations. Simulated leaders and followers cap...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the extent to which Israeli-Jews' beliefs about ingroup vulnerability, injustice, distrust, superiority, and helplessness are linked to extreme policy preferences in the context of the intractable Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In a phone survey of a representative sample (N = 504), stronger beliefs in all domains except for help...
Article
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Modern simulations and games have limited capabilities for simulated characters to interact with each other and with humans in rich, meaningful ways. Although significant achievements have been made in developing human behavior models (HBMs) that are able to control a single simulated entity (or a single group of simulated entities), a limiting fac...
Article
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This study compared the responses of Americans surveyed before (N = 198) and after (N = 208) the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in regard to their beliefs about their personal worlds, their American national group, and their perceptions of the American national group’s shared beliefs about itself. Examining the five belief domains highlighte...
Article
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This study revisits Du Bois's concept of double consciousness by examining the relationship between racial and mainstream acculturation and African Ameri-cans' beliefs about their racial and national groups. Surveys completed by 100 prospective Black jurors at a municipal courthouse approximately 6 months after 9/11 revealed that they perceived the...
Article
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Responds to the comment by Kamyar Arasteh (see record 2004-14611-007) on the Eidelson and Eidelson article (see record 2003-03645-004) which made an important contribution, at a critical juncture, to the discussion of international conflicts by identifying core dimensions that allow for the systematic examination of the problem. The authors appreci...
Article
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Institutional frameworks powerfully determine the goals, violence, and trajectories of identitarian movements—including secessionist movements. However, both small-N and large-N researchers disagree on the question of whether “power-sharing” arrangements, instead of repression, are more or less likely to mitigate threats of secessionist mobilizatio...
Article
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The toll in death, suffering, and displacement caused by conflicts engaging groups defined by ethnicity, nationality, religion, or other social identities has reached staggering proportions over the past decade. With expertise in research and intervention, psychologists have critical contributions to make to more fully understanding and more effect...
Article
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A variety of recent research studies have investigated the psychological impact on victims of the devastating events of September 11, 2001. The present study adopted a different approach, instead focusing on the experience of caregivers through a brief survey of state psychological association members. Overall, practitioners described modest but si...
Article
L. A. Clark and D. Watson's (1991) tripartite model groups the symptoms of depression and anxiety into 3 components: nonspecific symptoms of general distress, which do not distinguish depression and anxiety; physiologic arousal, which is relatively unique to anxiety; and anhedonia (or low positive affect), which is unique to depression. Structural...
Article
The Registrant Risk Assessment Scale (RRAS) was developed to aid New Jersey law enforcement representatives in assigning convicted sex offenders to risk tier classifications. The three risk tier classifications (low, moderate, and high risk) are linked to corresponding levels of community notification. The present study examined the scores of 574 a...
Article
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This article examines applications of complexity theory within the behavioral and social sciences. Specific attention is given to the fundamental characteristics of complex adaptive systems (CAS)—such as individuals, groups, and societies—including the underlying structure of CAS, the internal dynamics of evolving CAS, and how CAS respond to their...
Article
The present study applied the affiliation-independence model of relationships to marital functioning. Twenty-five distressed couples beginning marital therapy and 25 nondistressed couples completed the Locke-Wallace Marital Adjustment Scale, the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule, the Marital Conventionalization Scale, and an inventory assessing...
Article
The cognitive components of relationship distress have received increasing recognition from marital therapists. In particular, attention has focused on the beliefs people hold about intimate relationships and how these beliefs may adversely affect relationship quality. The present study describes the development and validation of an inventory measu...
Article
The developmental courses of affiliative rewards and restrictive costs in interpersonal relationships categorized as ‘successful’, ‘conflicted’, and ‘unsuccessful’ were examined in a longitudinal study. Students beginning their first semester at college evaluated their developing relationships at two-week intervals over a three-month period. At eac...
Article
Forty-seven marital therapy couples completed inventories measuring unrealistic beliefs about self and unrealistic beliefs about marital relationships. In addition, they completed questionnaire measures of their expectations and goals for therapy and their levels of marital satisfaction. As hypothesized, the clients' unrealistic beliefs, particular...
Article
Based on the hypothesized influence of 2 conflicting motives, an affiliation–independence model of relationship development proposes a curvilinear relationship between interpersonal satisfaction and level of involvement characterized by a temporary decline in relationship quality as restrictive costs accumulate. Two longitudinal questionnaire studi...
Article
Thesis--University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 172-177). Microfiche of typescript. Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms International, 1979. -- 3 sheets ; 11 x 15 cm.

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