Rouf Ahmad Bhat

Rouf Ahmad Bhat
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir | SKUAST-K · Division of Environmental Sciences

Ph.D ASRB-ICAR NET, JKSET, UGC-NET

About

147
Publications
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Introduction
Dr Bhat has his research interests in ; Waste management , Wastewater Treatment Technologies, Limnology, Phytoremediation, Phytochemistry, Bio-fertilisers, Eutrophication and Municipal Solid Waste Management associated problems.
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - September 2017
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
March 2014 - June 2017

Publications

Publications (147)
Chapter
Full-text available
Arbuscular mycorrhiza-forming fungi make necessary feeding upon the host plant cells without killing the plant and derive their food from host-plant. Arbuscular mycorrhiza generates the mass on the root cells and forms some peculiar structures (arbuscules) within the cell. These cell structures are actually the sites where the give-and-take of nutr...
Article
Full-text available
The study showed that the current scenario of municipal solid wastes in the Yusmarg health resort of Kashmir valley is due to open dumping practices undertaken by the residents, tourists, shopkeepers, and hoteliers for MSW disposal. Reliable estimates of solid waste generation along with estimation of their physical and chemical characteristics are...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was carried out at Yusmarg, a forest ecosystem and tourist resort, in the Kashmir valley during 2012 with the objectives of determining the municipal solid waste (MSW) generation rates per capita and on a daily basis, and assessing the existing MSW system. It was estimated that daily generation of MSW at Yusmarg by tourists, as we...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing municipal solid waste (MSW) generation along with high fraction of organic, recyclable and other types of wastes is the current scenario in religious places and many tourist resorts of Kashmir valley in India. As a response to this problem, we carried out a study on municipal solid waste (MSW) generation and present scenario of munic...
Article
Full-text available
In an effort to determine vehicular impact on soil quality, soil samples were collected from three different zones (Pahalgam, Batakote, and Chandanwari) in Pahalgam forest ecosystem. Results showed that a significant decrease in moisture content, organic carbon, available nitrogen, and potassium was observed in nearby road side soils. However, pH w...
Article
Full-text available
Aluminum is an abundant metal in the earth's crust that turns out to be toxic in acidic environments. Many plants are affected by the presence of aluminum at the whole plant level, at the organ level, and at the cellular level. Tobacco as a cash crop (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is a widely cultivated plant worldwide and is also a good model organism for...
Book
Full-text available
Concern has arisen regarding the environmental impact caused by some nanomaterials, as well as their possible toxicity to cells. A new generation of eco-friendly nanomaterials has been developed in response to these concerns. Green synthesis of nanoparticles is revealing how environmentally friendly nanoparticles can be synthesized from different b...
Chapter
Water is a precious and scarce resource on earth, and is recycled endlessly within the water cycle. Water can be considered as wastewater when its physical, chemical or biological properties have been altered by the addition of pollutants such as organic/inorganic products, bacteria, heavy metals or other toxins that make it toxic to the environmen...
Chapter
Sewage sludge (SS), also termed “biosolids”, is a derivative of handling processes carried out for sewage sludge. Sewage sludge is a basin of organic material and nutrients, so it encompasses a possible substrate for selection of probable circumstances. Much water, a high amount of organic matter and the presence of high amounts of pathogenic micro...
Chapter
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are an advanced biological, chemo‐electric process for the treatment of wastewater. Exploring this process is economically feasible as it can be used to produce electric energy using bacteria‐mediated electrons through biochemical reactions. Scientists estimate that MFCS have the potential to supply the optimum electrici...
Chapter
Phytorestaurations are an environmental friendly technology to restore the degraded environment by using plants and their corresponding microbes for the accumulation and detoxification of contaminants. Phytoremediation requires the application of large amounts of toxic metals in their overgrown refinable components of fast‐growing biomass‐free plan...
Chapter
Water is an important physical factor that is essential for the maintenance of structural and functional attributes of an ecosystem. Industrial effluents, agricultural runoff and domestic sewage add up to the quantum of pollution in aquatic environs which trigger disturbances in an ecosystem. In order to monitor and remediate the polluted waters, R...
Chapter
New challenges have arisen as a result of the advancement of technology and the global demand for various commodities. Various types of pollution are posing a serious threat to the environment and to human health. These pollutants need to be removed from the environment but in an eco‐friendly way. Bioremediation is an environmentally friendly metho...
Chapter
Photocatalysis is a novel approach with enormous potential to degrade environmental contaminants to treat wastewater, but fewer attempts were made in studying the applicability to decompose complex wastewaters in terms of carbon disposal. A complicated pathway is involved in photochemical reactions which is affected by various factors in wastewater...
Chapter
Genetic engineering is used to improve responsive genotypes and helps to makes the process of “phytoremediation” possible for heavy metal contaminated sites. Plant transformation is actually its modification by the use of various genes that perform the function of metal transport and homeostasis of metals, and defense responses of plants to oxidati...
Chapter
Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) are electrochemical systems in which biocatalysts (microbial cells or enzymes) catalyze electrochemical reactions at one or both electrodes. Electrons flow from the anode to the cathode through an external circuit in such systems, which are followed by substrate oxidation at the anode and reduction reactions at the...
Chapter
In order to attenuate the loss of crop yield caused by insect damage while decreasing the quantity of pesticides needed, the primary generation of commercially viable transgenic plants are produced (e.g. Bt. toxin expressing plants). The incorporation of xenobiotics that degrade genes through the root system of sufficient plant species for improved...
Book
Fish supply people with long-term benefits, including food and the direct financial benefits of providing employment, profits, and saving money. More indirect but equally valuable benefits of fish and aquatic ecosystems include recreational boating, sport fishing, swimming, and relaxation. Consumption of seafoods has taken place from ancient times....
Article
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Arsenic is a well-known element because of its toxicity. Humans as well as plants and animals are negatively affected by its exposure. Some countries suffer from high levels of arsenic in their tap water and soils, which is considered a primary arsenic-linked risk factor for living beings. Humans generally get exposed to arsenic by contaminated dri...
Article
Full-text available
The productivity of plants is a direct variant of the countless biotic and abiotic stresses to which a plant is exposed in an environment. This study aimed to investigate the capabilities of leguminous plant garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) to resist water deficit conditions in arid and semi-arid areas when applied with varied doses of sludge for grow...
Article
Dumping waste materials into aquatic ecosystems leads to pollution, which directly and indirectly poses a danger to all life forms. Currently, huge quantities of wastes are generated at a global scale with varying constituents, including organic fractions, emerging contaminants and toxic metals. These wastes release concentrated contaminants (leach...
Chapter
As the environmental pollution is a major concern for human beings worldwide, different strategies have been developed over the years to try to mitigate the dangers associated with environmental pollutants and/or to efficiently remove them from contaminated areas, thus recovering the balance of the ecosystem. Phytoremediation is an efficient, well-...
Chapter
Immunity is an individual’s ability in which an individual recognizes their self-molecules that makeup their own body and have the potential to differentiate from other molecules which are found in infectious microorganisms and toxic substances. Genomic foundation of unusual genetic disorders including deficits in the inborn and acquired immune rea...
Chapter
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Indiscriminate and incessant use of synthetic pesticides is becoming an increasing global concern. No doubt, the application of conventional synthetic pesticides has enhanced the quality and quantity of agricultural products. However, accumulation of pesticides in freshwater resources has negative effects on aquatic ecosystem and human health. The...
Chapter
In order to tackle the amplified stress on potable hydrological assets because of multiple factors like population explosion, meager fresh water availability, globalization and disparity in supply and demand of water, the proper management strategies and governance should play an indispensable role in its management. Planning of water resources wit...
Chapter
Modern‐day pollutants comprising pharmaceuticals products, endocrine‐interrupting chemicals, radionuclides and other infectious pollutants are setting first‐hand and grave trials to established wastewater management procedures. These newly emerging pollutants are spreading throughout the various realms of our aquatic environs from a number of anthr...
Chapter
Wastewater that is discharged from processing industries has been found to be of a quality that has an impact on both biotic as well as abiotic components of the surrounding environment. Heavy metals including nitrates, sulphates, phosphates, chlorides and oxalates in addition to polynuclear hydrocarbons, halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons, oils, gr...
Article
Microplastic (MP) accumulation in the environment and its contamination in food products has become a global threat to both environmental and human health. But nowadays, the heavy use of plastic food containers, plastic packaging, plastic bottles, disposable cups, infant feeders, plastic-coated metal, and paper cartons has provoked the issue with d...
Article
Background : Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is an under-recognized, under-diagnosed and under-studied disorder; its prevalence varies between 5-26%, 6-10% of reproductive age (NIH) criteria, and 15% (Rotterdam's criteria). Various allopathic drugs (metformin and clomiphene) that are used for the treatment of PCOS have various limitations and ar...
Article
The natural dyes play a prominent role in maintaining the sustainability of any ecosystem due to their eco-friendly characteristics and relative non-toxicity over synthetic dyes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible dyeing capacity of the natural dye extracted from leaves of Juglans regia in association with mordant obtained...
Article
Freshwater habitats are under serious threat due to the diverse pressures of development and restoration of these ecosystems is an important challenge in the present era. With a number of scientifically advanced methods available for restoration of these systems, phytoremediation finds its unique space as an ecologically sustainable technique. In t...
Article
The present study aims at quantification of the quality of three varieties of composts made from municipal solid waste, green waste and combined waste by critically evaluating their physicochemical attributes, effect on soil fertility and metal pollution risk. Each waste type was treated with effective micro-organisms to compare the compost quality...
Preprint
Full-text available
The productivity of plants is a direct variant of the countless biotic and abiotic stresses to which a plant is exposed in an environment. This study aimed to investigate the capabilities of leguminous plant garden pea ( Pisum sativum L.) to resist water deficit conditions in arid and semi-arid areas when applied with varied doses of sludge for gro...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
This study was conducted to determine the impact on the nutrient status of soil and vegetable crops irrigated with the treated sewage water. Three samples of water and five samples of soil and five commonly grown vegetables viz. radish, carrot, spinach, cauliflower, and potato were collected from Ganjia, Arail and Dandi located in Naini, Allahabad...
Chapter
Full-text available
Owing to mounting requirement of non-toxic, contamination-free plus nourishing food, organic agriculture has achieved great significance globally. Besides the finite natural resource, countries have become self-sufficient in food and agricultural production due to Green Revolution. Therefore, demand has shifted from “resource degrading” chemically...
Chapter
We have witnessed the doubling of human population during the past four decades along with the continuous replication of food production as well. In this scenario of increasing demand for the supply of food, plant nutrition has played a very important role. Man-made fertilizers have made it possible that there has been an increase in crop productio...
Chapter
In 2050, the population of the world is expected to be 9 billion, which means we have to produce six times more food. With this population explosion and increase in food demand, the agricultural land is depleting at an alarming rate, jeopardizing future progress. In order to overcome this problem, the soil organic matter plays a dynamic role in the...
Article
The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic has emerged as a major challenge from human health perspective. The alarming exponential increase in the transmission and fatality rates related to this disease has brought the world to a halt so as to cope up with its stern consequences. This has led to the imposition of lockdown across the globe to prevent the fu...
Article
Full-text available
This study was conducted to determine the impact on the nutrient status of soil and vegetable crops irrigated with the treated sewage water. Three samples of water and five samples of soil and five commonly grown vegetables viz. radish, carrot, spinach, cauliflower, and potato were collected from Ganjia, Arail and Dandi located in Naini, Allahabad...
Chapter
Full-text available
The extent of salinization of environmental resources affects almost 1 billion hectares worldwide (7% of the total continental area of planet earth). Salt-affected area numbers are escalating due to intrusion of saline water in arable land in coastal areas besides increased evaporation rates and decreased rainfall rates. Agricultural crops are usua...
Chapter
Full-text available
Azotobacter belongs to the family Azotobacteraceae of kingdom bacteria which are gram-negative, motile, aerobic and free living in nature. Azotobacter shows peak growth within the temperature range of 20–30 °C and nurtures best in neutral to alkaline soil (pH of 6.5–7.5), but does not flourish when the pH is below 6. Conditions like pH, temperature...
Article
Water pollution has grown to be a grave concern in the world. Direct discharge of wastewater poses risks to the aquatic ecosystems by causing eutrophication and degrades their physico-chemical characteristics. Moreover, wastewater is mainly enriched with recalcitrant toxic substances that pose detrimental impacts on the receiving environments. Conv...
Chapter
Full-text available
Heavy metal contamination in aquatic environments is a global threat because of the prospective effects it has on human health and the surrounding environs. Owing to its toxicity, non-degradability, and high bioaccumulative potential in aquatic species, it is a pollutant of concern. The exponential increase in the heavy metal use in industries, agr...
Chapter
Water is an important resource that supports life on the earth. Contamination with diverse categories of pollutants (toxic metals, agrochemicals, synthetic pesticides, and organic substances) has drastically altered the quality of aquatic ecosystems. Undoubtedly, there are numerous technologies and approaches to deal with menace of contamination in...