Rose Alani

Rose Alani
University of Lagos | Unilag · Department of Chemistry

PhD Environmental Chemistry

About

38
Publications
8,694
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201
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2007 - June 2008
University of Windsor
Position
  • Visiting PhD Student

Publications

Publications (38)
Preprint
The interrelationships between air quality, land cover change and road networks in the Lagos megacity have not been explored. On a global level, there are knowledge gaps in understanding these dynamics, especially with regard to the use of remote sensing data. A comprehensive study of aerosol and particulate matter distribution is required for seve...
Article
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The link between air pollution and health burden in urban areas has been well researched. This has led to a plethora of effective policy-induced monitoring and interventions in the global south. However, the implication of pollutant species like PM2.5 in low middle income countries (LMIC) still remains a concern. By adopting a positivist philosophy...
Article
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Public spaces have the potential to produce equitable improvements in population health. This mixed-methods systematic review aims to understand the components of, determinants, risks, and outcomes associated with public space initiatives in African cities. This study will include quantitative and qualitative study designs that describe public spac...
Article
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The increase in consumption of herbal liquors in Nigeria is a cause for alarm. These are consumed with the mis-conception that they are without toxic effects. The aim of this study is to investigate the genotoxic and histopathological alterations in rats exposed to herbal liquors. Female rats were exposed to herbal liquors for 6 weeks. The histopat...
Article
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Sub-Saharan Africa is seeing rapid urbanization, with the population of cities such as Lagos and Nairobi growing at a rate of 3–4% a year. The region is extremely under-sampled for all air pollutants, particularly VOCs, which are useful markers for source apportionment as well as toxic in their own right. There are many contributors to air pollutio...
Chapter
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Air pollution is one of the environmental problems confronting growing cities and is currently the challenge faced by many developed and developing countries. The aim of this study was to monitor the varying concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), particulate matter (PM1.0, PM2.5 and PM10), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons...
Article
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) are regulated under the Stockholm Convention of the United Nations' Environment Programme; with similar concerns emerging about alternative halogenated flame retardants (alt-HFRs), the use of which is increasing as replacements for PBDEs and...
Article
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), brominated flame retardants (BFRs) like polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), and novel flame retardants (NFRs) like decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants. Despite this, little is known about their concentrations in outdoor air in the African cont...
Article
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Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are potential carcinogenic air components with sources associated with incomplete combustion and related activities. Although such activities are dominant in Nigeria urban space; hitherto, there are limited atmospheric studies on PAHs. The present study investigated air PAHs in Nigeria mega city. ∑15PAHs conc...
Article
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While many African countries are signatories of the United Nations' Environment Programme (UNEP) Stockholm Convention aimed at eradication or reduction of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the environment, many such countries have limited financial and technical capacities to either combat the effects of POPs or effect their removal from the...
Article
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Noise is an inevitable part of daily life and has been identified as a cause of several health deficiencies across the world. It has increasingly become a significant concern on the health and well-being of people. Studies are required to advance knowledge on the sources and impacts of noise in residential neighbourhoods of Lagos State, Nigeria. Th...
Article
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The main aim of this research was to assess the extent of the problems associated with inappropriate e-waste management and recycling practices. Electronic wastes (E-wastes) are generated from products that are designed for use with a maximum voltage of 1000 volts for alternating current and 1500 volts for direct current. These wastes contain hazar...
Article
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A pilot study was initiated in 2018 under the Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS) Network named GAPS-Megacities. This study included 20 megacities/major cities across the globe with the goal of better understanding and comparing ambient air levels of persistent organic pollutants and other chemicals of emerging concern, to which humans resid...
Article
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Contamination of Lagos soils with persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic micropollutants (PBTs) may not only affect the non-target species residing in the soil, but also raises the concern of the possibility of the chemicals finding their way into the Lagoon and other water courses via soil run-off and leaching. In this study, soil samples were coll...
Article
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Gas flaring is a major activity in oil exploration processes in Nigeria with concerns on its effects on the oil communities. This study investigated the contribution of flare gases to pollution burden of Anieze and Okwuibome communities. Water samples were displayed at 10-m, 50-m, and 100-m locations from gas-flaring stations, and control samples w...
Article
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Vegetables can play an important part in alleviating hunger and malnutrition in Nigeria, because they are among the basic requirements of balancing our diet. They have adequate nutritious supply and with characteristic taste. However, vegetable could serve as a source of toxic metals in human especially when planted in contaminated soils. The impli...
Article
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Air pollutants are sourced from both anthropogenic and natural means, with anthropogenic activities, increase in urban city population, and high industrial activities having the tendency to increase atmospheric pollution. This present study evaluated the PM2.5 concentrations and its bound elements in Agege, Oshodi, and Unilag, Lagos, Nigeria. Aeros...
Article
Hospital wastes are highly infectious and can pose serious threat to human health. As the rate at which these wastes are generated is getting rapidly higher because of rapid urbanization and population growth, also the problem of disposal of these wastes is becoming more serious. It is of utmost importance that these wastes receive specialized trea...
Article
Abstract: Lagos lagoon is the major source of seafoods to the people of Lagos and its environs. The presence of PBTs at levels that can pose potential risk to the environment and humans is a matter of concern as these pollutants potentially contribute to many of the modern day diseases including cancer, damage to the reproductive system, disrupted...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: This study assessed the level of Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) concentrations and the biochemical parameters in earthworms (E. eugeniae) as well as histopathological effects in the clitellium of earthworms (E. eugeniae) present in Olusosun dumpsite which is the largest dumpsite in Lagos and University of Lagos, a major higher instituti...
Article
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Abstract: The intensity of man’s activities through rapid urbanization and industrialization contributes largely to increasing discharge of wastes into the environment. Such is the case with the 42 hectare dumpsite situated at Ojota in the heart of Lagos. Olusosun dumpsite is the biggest repository of waste in the most populous city in sub-Saharan...
Article
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PAHs in the Lagos lagoon are high enough to raise concern over possible adverse effects on aquatic organisms and human health. Their spatial distribution in the sediment was largely dependent on the proximity of the sediment deposition site to known sources of pollution. Due to their tendency to accumulate in sediments at the bottom of the food cha...
Article
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Abstract In Nigeria, natural forest areas are being converted for various land use. These land usage affect vegetation by reducing the organic matter and carbon content in the soil. Land use pattern has also had a significant impact on the quality of the soil in a typical environment and hence affects the structure and quality of the vegetation. Be...
Article
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Eighteen organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues were measured in the water, sediment, plankton, benthic invertebrates and fish in various sections of the Lagos Lagoon in 2014 to investigate their bioaccumulation and distribution in the food web. The analysis was done using gas chromatography with an electron capture detector. The concentrations of...
Chapter
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The Lagos Lagoon system is a brackish coastal lagoon—the largest in the West African coast with a large series of estuaries—located between longitude 3o23′ and 3o40′E and between latitude 6o27′ and 6o48′N. It is a shallow expanse of water (0.3–3 m deep), 50 km long and 3–13 km wide and separated from the Atlantic Ocean by a narrow strip of barrier...
Article
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Intense pollution pressures are exerted on Ogun River, especially at Kara abattoir, by human activities. This river serves as a source of drinking water for the cattle waiting to be slaughtered. It is equally used for domestic activities by the residents along its bank. On daily basis, huge quantities of meat products are transported into Lagos and...
Article
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The rate at which organochlorine pesticides (OCs) are being used in Nigeria is becoming a matter of concern considering the heavy negative health effects associated with these chemicals. OCs are very persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic, and they can easily find their way into an adjacent water course such as the Lagos Lagoon via soil run-off and...
Article
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Lagos is a highly urbanized coastal city, with several water channels linking the Lagos lagoon, a major source of seafoods to the people of Lagos and its environs. Contamination of Lagos soil with persistent bioaccumulative and toxic organic micropullutants (PBTs) would not only affect the non-target species residing in the soil, but also a concern...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lagos lagoon is the major source of seafoods to the people of Lagos and its environs. The presence of PBTs at levels that can pose potential risk to the environment and humans is a matter of concern as these pollutants potentially contribute to many of the modern day diseases including cancer, damage to the reproductive system, disrupted endocrine...
Article
Full-text available
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are an environmental issue because some of the compounds are toxic, mutagenic, or are known or suspected carcinogens. The presence of PAHs in high concentrations in an aquatic environment such as Lagos Lagoon and their subsequent bioaccumulation in the fish and invertebrates in the lagoon is a major concern a...
Article
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Soils and vegetation in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria are estimated to be impacted by the on-going crude oil exploration and exploitation in the region. The presence of toxic hydrocarbons including PAHs has been investigated in the soils and edible vegetables grown in the region. Soils and a common edible vegetable (Telferia occidentalis) commo...
Article
Full-text available
Lagos Lagoon is among the most polluted water bodies in sub-Saharan Africa. It is extensively polluted at the harbor by seepages from oil discharge terminals, spent lubricating oil from the adjoining drainage system, domestic and industrial effluents in the highly polluted Lagos metropolis, and occasional spillage from the Niger Delta where crude o...

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