Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón

Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón
University of Granada | UGR · Department of Social Psychology

Professor

About

113
Publications
109,367
Reads
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2,172
Citations
Introduction
Psychosocial antecedents and consequences of economic inequality. Meritocracy. Justifying ideologies. Attitudes towards redistribution and the reduction of inequality. Stereotyping. Prejudice toward minorities.
Additional affiliations
July 2003 - present
University of Granada
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (113)
Article
Piropos, a form of stranger harassment typical in Spain, consist of appearance-related comments that unknown men direct at women in public spaces, such as on the street. There is some controversy within Spanish society as to whether piropos should be rejected or accepted––at least a certain type of them. In this research, we analyzed how young Span...
Article
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Support for redistribution is crucial for reducing economic inequality. Despite people's desire for reducing extreme inequalities, they still have mixed opinions regarding how to do so. The aim of the article is to examine the underlying latent dimensions of support for redistribution and test its correlates to perceptions of and attitudes toward i...
Article
Nature Reviews Psychology. You can read the paper here: https://rdcu.be/cJ0Kj ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Economic inequality might influence subjective wellbeing through psychological processes such as status competition and social dista...
Article
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La desigualdad económica provoca múltiples consecuencias psicosociales. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es identificar la relación entre la desigualdad económica objetiva (GINI) y percibida (PDE) con el consumo estatutario, el materialismo y el endeudamiento. Además, se analiza la búsqueda de estatus como posible mediador entre la desigualdad...
Article
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Prior research has shown the relationship between objective economic inequality and searching for positional goods. It also investigated the relationship between social class and low income with conspicuous consumption. However, the causal relationship between economic inequality (the difference in wealth between individuals and groups living in a...
Article
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One reason for the persistence of racial discrimination may be anticipated dissimilarity with racial outgroup members that prevent meaningful interactions. In the present research, we investigated whether perceived similarity would impact the processing of same-race and other-race faces. Specifically, in two experiments, we varied the extent to whi...
Preprint
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Modern societies are characterized by economic inequality. Redistributive policies are one of the means to reduce it. We argue that perceived economic inequality in everyday life and intolerance of it are central factors to enhance positive attitudes toward redistribution. To test it, we conducted a four-wave longitudinal panel study in Chile with...
Article
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In this study, we analyze the perception of economic inequality in everyday life in Spain based on political ideology. Using content analysis techniques, we processed 705 open-ended responses from 290 people and used network analysis to examine the relationships between the categories identified. We found that economic inequality is perceived prima...
Article
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Status anxiety, the constant concern about individuals’ position on the social ladder, negatively affects social cohesion, health, and wellbeing (e.g., chronic stress). Given previous findings showing that status anxiety is associated with economic inequality, we aimed in this research to test this association experimentally. A cross-sectional stud...
Article
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This paper aims to examine the role of Belief in a Just World (BJW; Lerner, 1980) in the legitimation of economic inequality. Using data from 27 European countries (N=47,086), we conducted multilevel analyses and found that BJW positively predicted the legitimation of economic inequality, measured by three indicators: the perceived fairness of the...
Preprint
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The study of perceived economic differences in everyday life is relevant to deepening knowledge of how inequality shapes psychological processes. In the current research, Spanish undergraduates (N = 547) were asked what their friends with the most and least money could do with their resources. Using a qualitative and quantitative approach, we perfo...
Article
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The degree of economic inequality may lead to different environments where people develop motives and behaviours that lend them higher chances of survival. However, the specific features more useful in an environment with a particular level of economic inequality have received little attention. In this research, we explored how perceived economic i...
Article
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La realidad económica es un elemento esencial de la vida de las personas por lo que entender cómo nos afecta psi- cológica y culturalmente es fundamental. Basándonos en la perspectiva ecocultural, enraizada en el materialismo histórico y el interaccionismo simbólico, en este trabajo llevamos a cabo una integración teórica en la que exponemos cómo l...
Article
The health crisis caused by the spread of COVID-19 will deepen the economic inequality already found in most countries. Among other effects, it will increase the health, educational and labour gap among citizens. Taking into account the psychosocial effects of economic inequality can be useful when proposing actions aimed at reducing its negative e...
Article
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Low-socioeconomic status (SES) groups are sometimes depicted as money wasters who live on welfare. Previous research has also found that low-SES groups are also animalized. We expand previous findings (Sainz et al., 2019) by examining the consequences that animalization has on support for social welfare policies (e.g., unemployment, housing) and go...
Article
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In the present research we explored how women are perceived as a function of their reactions to a harassing situation (piropo). Piropos, which are very common in Spain, are appearance-related comments directed by men to unknown women on the street. In Study 1, participants read hypothetical vignettes where a woman reacted positively, negatively, or...
Article
Previous research has identified that both low‐ and high‐socio‐economic groups tend to be dehumanized. However, groups that have a deprived position are more willing to interiorize the negative perceptions that others have about them compared with affluent groups. In this project, we address the role of meta‐(de)humanization (the perceived humanity...
Preprint
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Economic inequality is one of the main issues of modern societies, and one of the ways to reduce it is through decreasing inequality tolerance and increasing support for economic redistribution. However, there are no consistent results in previous research about the relationship between perceived economic inequality, tolerance to inequality, and su...
Preprint
Perception of economic inequality is defined as the subjective representation of economic resources. However, this representation is not abstract, but it is contingent on the individuals’ context and ideologies. The aim of the study (N = 290) is to analyse how economic inequality is perceived in Spain, and how such perceptions vary according to ind...
Article
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This study presents the adaptation and evidence of validity of the Spanish version of the Status Anxiety Scale. This measure evaluates people’s tendency to be concerned with their socioeconomic status. In two correlational studies, one exploratory (N = 270) and one confirmatory (N = 258), the instrument showed good reliability, in addition to a one...
Article
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La psicología social tiene como objeto de estudio abordar precisamente este tipo de situaciones, en las que los hechos sociales y la psicología están estrechamente unidos. Por eso,hemos solicitado a diez especialistas de nuestro ámbito que realizaran una pequeña reflexión sobre lo que, desde su campo de investigación, nuestra disciplina podría apor...
Preprint
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En este monográfico se presentan 10 propuestas teóricas sobre la forma en que la Psicología Social puede —potencialmente— ayudar a afrontar la pandemia del COVID-19. En concreto, en estas propuestas se discute: a) cómo se podrían utilizar distintos modelos teóricos para entender mejor la pandemia, sus consecuencias y cómo afrontarlas; b) la importa...
Article
Full-text available
En este monográfico se presentan 10 propuestas teóricas sobre la forma en que la Psicología Social puede —potencialmente— ayudar a afrontar la pandemia del COVID-19. En concreto, en estas propuestas se discute: a) cómo se podrían utilizar distintos modelos teóricos para entender mejor la pandemia, sus consecuencias y cómo afrontarlas; b) la importa...
Article
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This paper describes the development of the Perceived Economic Inequality in Everyday Life (PEIEL) scale. It is written and validated in Spanish. We first carried out an exploratory study, using a sample of 205 participants (52.2% men and 47.8% women; age: M = 24.69, SD = 8.95). We then conducted a confirmatory study with a sample size of 215 indiv...
Article
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Given that people evaluate their own income and that of their group by comparing it with that of others, economic inequality (i.e., the gap between the poor and the wealthy) may affect how people perceive their ingroup wealth. Additional analyses of data of six previously conducted studies ('n' = 747) provided initial evidence that individuals with...
Conference Paper
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Objetivo general. Analizar las dinámicas de algunos procesos psicosociales (e.g., identidad, emociones y estereotipos) involucrados en la difusión y el consumo de noticias falsas sobre inmigración en España. Objetivos específicos. Caracterizar los contenidos de las noticias falsas sobre inmigración en España que circulan en distintos medios y redes...
Article
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Executive function (EF) and theory of mind (ToM) are key cognitive skills for socio-emotional adjustment. Executive function develops considerably between 3 and 7 years of age, and fosters the development of social cognition skills such as ToM. Studies with adults have shown a link between EF and prejudice, as well as between empathy and prejudice....
Article
Social class and power inequalities are defining features of current societies and tend to influence several social psychological processes. Two types of consequences of social class and power inequalities can be differentiated: mechanical and contextual. Mechanical effects occur when inequality strengthens the relation between social class or powe...
Article
Increasing economic inequality adversely affects groups with low socioeconomic status (low-SES). However, many people are opposed to wealth redistribution policies. In this context, we examined whether dehumanization of low-SES groups has a role in this opposition. In the first study (N = 303), opposition to wealth redistribution was related to den...
Article
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The concentration of wealth in the hands of a few at the expense of general impoverishment is a major problem in some modern societies. However, there is a general opposition to redistribution policies or to the application of a progressive taxation system. The goal of this research was to explore one factor that might drive the attitudes toward in...
Article
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The concentration of wealth in the hands of a few at the expense of general impoverishment is a major problem in some modern societies. However, there is a general opposition to redistribution policies or to the application of a progressive taxation system. The goal of this research was to explore one factor that might drive the attitudes toward in...
Article
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Although economic inequality has increased over the last few decades, support for redistributive policies is not widely accepted by the public. In this paper, we examine whether attitudes toward redistribution are a product of both perceptions of, and beliefs about, inequality. Specifically, we argue that the association between perceived inequalit...
Article
The present research comprises six experiments that investigated racial biases in the perception of positive emotional expressions. In an initial study, we demonstrated that White participants distinguished more in their happiness ratings of Duchenne (“true”) and non-Duchenne (“false”) smiles on White compared with Black faces (Experiment 1). In a...
Article
When personal control is threatened, people often turn to their own group and show negativity towards others. In three studies, we tested an alternative prediction that the salient lack of personal control (vs. control) experienced in the context of unemployment can lead to connectedness and more positive perception of similar others (e.g., members...
Article
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Perceived greater economic inequality is supposedly associated with higher demand for redistribution. However, the findings in the literature are mixed in this regard, with some researchers providing evidence in favour of this association and some findings evidence against it. Given that perceived economic inequality and endorse- ment of system-jus...
Article
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In addition to the negative effects of economic inequality on a range of health and social outcomes, we propose that inequality should also affect how people perceive the broader normative climate in society. We predicted that people living in a more unequal (versus equal) society are more likely to appraise the social context as one where individu...
Article
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People’s desired levels of inequality are informed by the levels of inequality they perceive to exist. Perceived economic inequality is used as a reference point in determining people’s ideal level of inequality. However, recent research has suggested that the strength of this relationship depends on people’s endorsement of system-justifying belief...
Article
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Research on perceptions of economic inequality focuses on estimations of the distribution of financial resources, such as perceived income gaps or wealth distribution. However, we argue that perceiving inequality is not limited to an economic idea but also includes other dimensions related to people’s daily life. We explored this idea by conducting...
Article
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Expressing anger can engender desired change, but it can also backfire. In the present research we examined how power shapes the expression of anger. In Study 1, we found that powerless individuals were less inclined to express their anger directly but more inclined to express it indirectly by sharing it with others. Powerless participants’ relucta...
Article
Previous research shows that larger interference is observed in contexts associated with a high proportion of congruent trials than in those associated with a low proportion of congruent trials. Given that one of the most relevant contexts for human beings is social context, researchers have recently explored the possibility that social stimuli cou...
Article
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The present research examines whether individuation and categorization processes influence trust decisions about strangers at first and across repeated interactions. In a partial replication of the study reported by Cañadas et al. (2015), participants played an adaptation of the multi-round trust game paradigm and had to decide whether or not to co...
Article
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European identity is currently facing important challenges. From the beginning, European identity has been related to the national identities of Member States with different economic strengths. The recent economic recession made these disparities salient across countries. In this research conducted in two countries with relative low status in the E...
Article
According to objectification theory, women’s habitual exposure to sexually objectifying situations can lead them to internalize a third-person perspective of themselves in physical terms, leading women to adopt an observer’s viewpoint of themselves as a body or collection of body parts that is valued principally for use or consumption by others (i....
Article
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Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with an intelligent category (“professor”) subsequently performed 13.1% better on a trivia test than participants primed with an unintelligent category (“soccer hooligans”). Two unpublished replications of this study by the original authors, designed to verify the appropriate...
Article
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El estudio de la deshumanización comenzó hace poco más de una década. Desde entonces, numerosos estudios han puesto de manifiesto cómo las personas perciben a los miembros del exogrupo de forma menos humana que a los miembros del endogrupo. En este trabajo, se analiza en primer lugar cómo las personas definen la humanidad y cómo podemos, por tanto,...
Article
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Previous research has shown that economic inequality influences how people are related with others. In this paper we suggest that perceived economic inequality influences self-construal. Specifically, we propose that higher economic inequality leads to an independent self-construal, whereas lower economic inequality leads to an interdependent self-...
Article
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Self-objectification happens when people internalize a view of themselves as an object or collection of body parts. Two studies were conducted to validate the Spanish version of the Objectified Body Consciousness Scale (OBCS). This scale assesses self-objectification through three components: body surveillance, body shame and appearance control bel...
Article
Many societies are becoming increasingly unequal, especially after the Great Recession. This is occurring despite the evidence showing that economic inequality undermines personal and social wellbeing, and that inequality impairs the safe functioning of our societies. Although the main known causes of economic inequality are macro-economic, some ps...
Article
How do individuals deal with group disadvantage when their fellow in-group members conceive it as legitimate? Integrating research on the normative conflict model (Packer, 2008, Pers. Soc. Psychol. Rev., 12, 50) and collective action, we expect high identifiers to reject the in-group norm of legitimacy that justifies the inequality, and to assert t...
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In this paper we present the development of the Spanish version of the Generalized Sense of Power Scale — individuals’ perception about their ability to influence others. After examining evidence of content validity, in two studies we investigated the psychometric properties of the Generalized Sense of Power Scale (GSPS) and its relationship with o...
Article
The present research examines the relationship between the infrahumanization approach (Leyens et al. 2001) and the two-dimensional model of humanness (Haslam, 2006), an issue which has received very little empirical attention. In Study 1, we created three unknown groups (Humanized, Animalized and Mechanized) granting/denying them Human Nature and H...
Article
In this research, we examined how people cope with threats to personal control related to the global economic crisis. Three studies (one correlational and two experimental) tested the prediction that blaming social outgroups could serve as a means to restore a threatened sense of personal control. We found that outgroup blaming attributions are rel...
Article
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In this paper we examined the joint effects of perceived economic inequality and legitimacy on ideal economic inequality. We hypothesized that only for those individuals who legitimate inequality, perceived inequality will be positively related with ideal inequality. Conversely, for individuals that do not legitimize inequality, a weaker relation b...