Rosa Capita

Rosa Capita
Universidad de León | UNILEON · Department of Food Hygiene and Food Technology

DVM, BSc, MSc, PhD

About

133
Publications
23,089
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4,010
Citations
Citations since 2017
51 Research Items
2295 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500

Publications

Publications (133)
Article
Full-text available
The ability of biofilm formation seems to play an important role in the virulence of staphylococci. However, studies reporting biofilm formation of coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from animals are still very scarce. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the biofilm-forming capacity of CoNS and S. pseudintermedius isolated from several animal species...
Article
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This study aimed to compare the biofilm formation ability of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from a wide range of animals and study the association between biofilm formation and antimicrobial resistance and genetic lineages. A total of 214 S. aureus strains isolated from pets, livestock, and wild animals were evaluated regarding their ability to for...
Chapter
Colistin has been administrated for a long time in both human and veterinary medicine. Since the detection of the colistin resistance gene in animals, the increased concern about the impact on public health of colistin resistance has been evident, and several measures have been implemented. Some countries banned colistin use in food-producing anima...
Article
Full-text available
When selecting effective doses of antimicrobials, be they biocides or antibiotics, it is essential to know the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of these substances. The present research determined the MICs and MBCs for three biocides, sodium hypochlorite (SH), benzalkonium chloride (BC), and pe...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the effectiveness of antimicrobials in the treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections has gradually decreased. This pathogen can be observed in several clinical cases, such as pneumonia, urinary tract infections, sepsis, in immunocompromised hosts, such as neutropenic cancer, burns, and AIDS patients. Furthermore, Pseudomonas a...
Article
A total of 100 samples of fresh poultry preparations were obtained from 10 retail outlets in North-Western Spain. Listeria spp. were found in 73 samples. Isolates were identified through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) as Listeria monocytogenes (56 samples), Listeria innocua (32), Listeria grayi (3), Listeria seeligeri (1) and Listeria sp. (6). In...
Article
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Background: Enterobacteriaceae are major players in the spread of resistance to β-lactam antibiotics through the action of CTX-M β-lactamases. We aimed to analyze the diversity and genetic characteristics of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from patients in a Northern Portuguese hospital. Methods: A total of 62...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to analyse the prevalence and genetic characteristics of ESBL and acquired-AmpC (qAmpC)-producing Escherichia coli isolates from healthy and sick dogs in Portugal. Three hundred and sixty-one faecal samples from sick and healthy dogs were seeded on MacConkey agar supplemented with cefotaxime (2 µg/mL) for cefotaxime-re...
Article
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Klebsiella pneumoniae is a major pathogen implicated in nosocomial infections. Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing K. pneumoniae isolates are a public health concern. We aim to characterize the type of β-lactamases and the associated resistance mechanisms in ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates obtained from blood cultures in a Portugue...
Article
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Diabetic foot ulcers are a common cause of morbidity in diabetic patients. One of the main pathogens found in these ulcers is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MRSA often carries resistance to several classes of antibiotics and their infections are becoming harder to treat. Therefore, new alternatives are urgently needed. Thus, th...
Article
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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an urgent and complex problem worldwide, exacerbated by the frequently inappropriate use of antibiotics. The purpose of this study was to survey the levels of knowledge and awareness about antibiotic use and stewardship, among human and veterinary health professionals or students in Portugal, and the associations b...
Article
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The emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) antimicrobial resistance and epidemic genetic lineages is posing a challenge in veterinary medicine due to the limited therapeutical options. MRSP has been identified as an important canine pyoderma pathogen. Thus, we aimed to characterize the antimicrobial resistance and...
Article
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This study investigated the resistance to antibiotics and the capacity to form a biofilm of 200 isolates of enterococci isolated from raw preparations of beef (51 strains), pork (47), chicken (50), and turkey (52) acquired in north-western Spain. Fifteen antimicrobials of clinical importance were tested by the disc diffusion method. The average num...
Article
COVID-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which has infected more than 4 million people with 278 892 deaths worldwide as of 11 May 2020. This disease, which can manifest as a severe respiratory infection, has been declared as a public health emergency of international concern and is being treated with a variety of antivirals, antibiotics and anti...
Article
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A total of 44 samples of beef, pork, and poultry preparations were tested. Average counts (log cfu/g) of enterobacteria were 1.99 ± 0.99 (beef preparations), 1.96 ± 1.44 (pork), 2.09 ± 0.92 (chicken), and 2.17 ± 1.06 (turkey) (p > 0.05). Two hundred enterobacterial strains were identified and 13 genera (21 species) were distinguished, including spe...
Article
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Ozone has a high wound healing capacity and antibacterial properties and can be used as a complementary treatment in infections. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is the most common pathogen found in infected diabetic foot ulcers. Most of MRSA are resistant to several classes of antibiotics and, therefore, there is a need for new, effective, a...
Article
The objective of this study was to characterize the biofilms formed by Salmonella enterica serotype Agona, Listeria monocytogenes, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) after 12, 48, 72, 120 and 240 h of incubation at 10 °C. Biofilms containing a single species, together with dual-spe...
Article
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In this study we aimed to characterize antimicrobial resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from bloodstream infections as well as the associated genetic lineages of the isolates. Sixteen MRSA isolates were recovered from bacteremia samples from inpatients between 2016 and 2019. The antimicrobial susceptibility of...
Article
The prevalence and diversity of Staphylococcus species from wild European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in the Azores were investigated, and the antibiotic resistance phenotype and genotype of the isolates were determined. Nasal samples from 77 wild European rabbits from São Jorge and São Miguel islands in Azores were examined. Antibiotic suscept...
Cover Page
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Just as a caterpillar turns into a butterfly, bacteria sensitive to antibiotics acquire resistance and often become multiresistant, and just as a butterfly that spreads pollen from flower to flower, antibiotic-resistant bacteria spread resistance through various environmental sectors. The rapid dissemination of antimicrobial-resistant determinants...
Article
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Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are one of the main pathogens associated with purulent infections. MRSA clonal complex 97 (CC97) has been identified in a wide diversity of livestock animals. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the antibiotic resistance profiles of MRSA strains isolated from purulent lesions of food-producing rabbi...
Article
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Chitosan, a natural polysaccharide, has been previously proposed as an elicitor in plants to prevent pathogen infections. The present study aimed to analyze the effect of chitosan solution and chitosan nanoparticles treatment applied on the grapevine variety Sousão with respect to the phenolic composition, antioxidant potential and antibacterial ac...
Article
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The chestnut industry generates a large amount of by-products. These agro-industrial wastes have been described as potential sources of phenolic compounds with high bioactive potential. Therefore, we aimed to extract the phenolic compounds from chestnut by-products and assess their antioxidant potential and evaluate their antimicrobial activity aga...
Article
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Monitoring resistance to antibiotics in wild animals may assist in evaluating tendencies in the evolution of this major public health problem. The aims of this research work were to determine the patterns of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from the meat of wild or domestically reared pigeons from Spain, to detect the presence of...
Article
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Monitoring resistance to antibiotics in wild animals may assist in evaluating tendencies in the evolution of this major public health problem. The aims of this research work were to determine the patterns of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from the meat of wild or domestically reared pigeons from Spain, to detect the presence of...
Article
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Biofilms are a key factor in the persistence of Listeria in food processing plants, representing a potential source of foodstuff contamination. Nine Listeria strains (eight Listeria monocytogenes and one Listeria ivanovii) were studied by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) for their ability to form biofilm on glass, polystyrene, graphene and...
Article
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Beef preparations (meatballs, minced meat, hamburgers, white sausages, and red sausages) from northwest Spain were tested. Microbial counts ranged from 0.70 ± 0.00 log10 cfu/g (enterococci) to 9.57 ± 0.37 log10 cfu/g (psychrotrophs). In 73.3% of cases, total aerobic counts were higher than the microbiological limits set for the end of the manufactu...
Article
Full-text available
Some strains of Listeria monocytogenes can persist in food-processing environments, increasing the likelihood of the contamination of foodstuffs. To identify traits that contribute to bacterial persistence, a selection of persistent and sporadic L. monocytogenes isolates from a poultry-processing facility was investigated for biofilm-forming abilit...
Article
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A study was undertaken of the presence of Listeria monocytogenes in 260 samples of poultry meat obtained from retail outlets in northwestern Spain. L. monocytogenes was detected in 20 samples (7.7%). Twenty strains (one strain per positive sample) were characterized. The strains belonged to 10 serotypes: 1/2a (2 strains), 1/2b (2), 1/2c (2), 3a (1)...
Article
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The susceptibility of Cronobacter sakazakii ATCC 29544 (CS) and Yersinia enterocolitica ATCC 9610 (YE) to sodium hypochlorite (10% of active chlorine; SHY), peracetic acid (39% solution of peracetic acid in acetic acid; PAA) and benzalkonium chloride (BZK) was tested. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values (planktonic cells; microdilution br...
Article
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Using agglutination techniques, 118 Listeria monocytogenes isolates from red meat and poultry were serotyped. Strains were ascribed to the serotypes 4b/4e (44.1% of the strains), 1/2 (a, b or c; 28.0%), 4c (6.8%), 4d/4e (5.9%) and 3 (a, b or c; 2.5%). Among these are the serotypes most frequently involved in cases of human listeriosis. The suscepti...
Article
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An expansion in the consumption of pigeon meat has occurred in recent years. However, little is known about microbial load and antibiotic resistance of this foodstuff. The hygiene status and the antibiotic resistance patterns (disc diffusion; Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, CLSI) of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis isolates f...
Article
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The influence of the strain on the ability of Salmonella enterica to form biofilms on polystyrene was investigated by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The effects of sodium hypochlorite with 10% active chlorine (SHY; 25,000, 50,000, or 100,000 ppm), and benzalkonium chloride (BZK; 1000, 5000, or 10,000 ppm) on twenty-four-hour-old biofilms was a...
Article
We studied 50 antimicrobial resistance mechanisms associated with Escherichia coli strains isolated from five species of commercial fish to evaluate the carriage and type of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in these isolates. One hundred fifty samples of fresh raw fish were collected from large supermarkets and fish markets in northern Portug...
Article
Food safety is one of the biggest concerns of food industrial development due to the risk of foodborne diseases, which are one of the most relevant health problems in the contemporary world and an important cause of reduced economic productivity. One of the main sources of microbial contamination in food products are industrial surfaces, which are...
Article
The susceptibility of four L. monocytogenes isolates from pork to sodium hypochlorite (SHY) and benzalkonium chloride (BZK) was tested. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 3500 ppm (SHY), or between 3 ppm and 13 ppm (BZK), were found. Minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values ranged from 3500 ppm to 4500 ppm (SHY), and from 3 ppm...
Article
This study was intended to investigate the effect of contact with concentrations close to the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) (0.5, 1, and 1.5 MIC; MIC of planktonic cells was determined using a microdilution broth method) of sodium hypochlorite (SHY) or benzalkonium chloride (BZK) during the process of formation of biofilm (24 h), upon the...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to evaluate the capacity of 49 methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from foods of animal origin (42 from dairy products and 7 from meat and meat products) to form biofilms. Overall, a higher biofilm biomass was observed for those MRSA strains harboring SCCmec type IV, while 8 MRSA strains (5 from dairy...
Article
Because listeriosis is one of the deadliest foodborne diseases, controlling and eradicating Listeria monocytogenes biofilms is a serious challenge for food safety. Biofilms (24 h old) formed on polystyrene by a L. monocytogenes strain of food origin were exposed for a further 24 h to 12 different concentrations (from 100 to 1011 PFU/mL) of the bact...
Article
Full-text available
Salmonella is a major food-borne pathogen able to persist in food processing environments because of its ability to form biofilms. A Salmonella enterica serotype Agona isolate from poultry (S24) was grown at 37°C in biofilms for up to 144 hours (H144) in attachment to polystyrene surfaces. Biofilm structures were examined at different stages in the...
Article
The biofilms formed by Salmonella Hadar (SH174), Listeria monocytogenes (LM6), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA125) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE61s) on polystyrene and glass after 24 h and 72 h of incubation at 37 °C were examined by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) after staining with SYTO9 and propi...
Article
Cecina de León is the Protected Geographical Indication of a dry-cured beef produced in Northwest Spain. A Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA)- of three types of Cecina de León pieces (thick flank or babilla, silverside or contra, and topside or tapa) was performed by a trained 10-member sensory panel using an intensity non-structured 10-cm len...
Article
Methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS) are a major concern to public and animal health. Thirty MRS (Staphylococcus aureus, S. cohnii, S. epidermidis, S. haemolyticus, S. hominis, S. lentus, S. lugdunensis, S. sciuri, and S. xylosus) isolates from meat and poultry preparations were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility to 11 antimicrobials (bel...
Article
A total of 365 ostrich steaks were packaged in air (AIR), vacuum (VAC), MAP1 (70% O2 + 30% CO2), MAP2 (30% O2 + 30% N2 + 40% CO2), MAP3 (20% O2 + 30% N2 + 50% CO2), MAP4 (50% N2 + 50% CO2), MAP5 (20% N2 + 80% CO2) or MAP6 (100% CO2). Microbial counts (10 groups), pH, Aw and sensory properties (nine-point hedonic scale) were determined on days 0, 1,...
Article
Full-text available
The hygiene status of raw chicken-meat preparations from retail outlets in North-Western Spain was investigated. Microbial counts (aerobic plate counts (APCs), psychrotrophs, Enterobacteriaceae, fecal coliforms, enterococci, pseudomonads, fluorescent pseudomonads, yeasts and molds, and Staphylococcus aureus) were determined for minced meat, hamburg...
Thesis
Full-text available
La resistencia bacteriana a los antibióticos se ha convertido en un problema creciente de Salud Pública en el ámbito mundial. Por otro lado, las películas bacterianas o biofilms han adquirido un papel protagonista en la Industria Alimentaria, al incrementar el riesgo de contaminación de los alimentos con microorganismos patógenos y alterantes. Así,...
Article
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A total of 180 lamb carcasses and 200 inert surfaces were sampled in two commercial abattoirs (plants A and B) from northwest Spain. A higher (P < 0.001) average microbial load (log CFU per square centimeter) on lamb carcasses was observed for total viable counts (TVC; 2.74 ± 1.15) than for Enterobacteriaceae (2.21 ± 1.16). Different microbial coun...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the effect of sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MICs) of three food-grade biocides (benzalkonium chloride -BZK-, trisodium phosphate -TSP-, and sodium hypochlorite -SHY-) on Salmonella biofilms. The structural parameters and bacterial viability of the biofilms formed by a S. Typhimurium isolate from poultry...
Article
Lactic acid (LA) has recently been approved in the EU as beef decontaminant. In order to identify the most appropriate concentration, beef samples were spray-treated with LA (2%, 3%, 4% or 5%) or left untreated (control). Microbial load (aerobic plate counts, psychrotrophs and Enterobacteriaceae), pH, instrumental colour and sensory properties were...
Article
The effect of sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MICs) of three biocides (benzalkonium chloride [BZK], trisodium phosphate [TSP] and sodium hypochlorite [SHY]) upon the architecture and viability of the biofilms formed by a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain of food origin (MRSA 48a) was investigated. Images were examined th...
Article
A total of 160 samples of poultry (80), pork (40), and beef (40) preparations (red sausages, white sausages, hamburgers, meatballs, nuggets, minced meat, escalope, and crepes) were tested in northwestern Spain to determine the prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). VRE were detected in 38 (23.8%) samples (37.5% of poultry, 15.0% of p...
Article
The objective of this paper was to determine whether Escherichia coli ATCC 12806 can adapt to growth in increasing concentrations of three biocides commonly used in food processing facilities (trisodium phosphate [TSP], sodium nitrite [SNI] or sodium hypochlorite [SHY]), and whether cross-adaptation occurs. Adaptability over time was estimated by t...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this research was to determine the behavior of Listeria monocytogenes in three types of sliced ready-to-eat meat products packaged under vacuum or modified atmosphere conditions and stored at three temperatures. Slices of about 25 g of chorizo (a fermented dry pork sausage), jamón (cured ham), and cecina (a salted, dried beef produ...
Article
A total of 55 enterococci (45 Enterococcus faecium, 7 Enterococcus faecalis, and three Enterococcus durans) isolated from the meat of wild game animals (roe deer, boar, rabbit, pheasant, and pigeon) in North-Western Spain were tested for susceptibility to 14 antimicrobials by the disc diffusion method. All strains showed a multi-resistant phenotype...
Article
The aim of this research was to compare the effectiveness of various chemical decontamination treatments against pathogenic and spoilage Gram-positive bacteria on poultry during storage under different simulated cold chain disruptions. The effect of dipping treatments (15 min; 20 °C) in aqueous solutions of 12% trisodium phosphate (TSP), 1200 ppm a...
Article
Ten multi-drug resistant Salmonella enterica isolates belonging to ten different serotypes were exposed to increasing sub-inhibitory concentrations of three biocides widely used in food industry facilities (trisodium phosphate, sodium nitrite, or sodium hypochlorite). Cultures were tested, before and after exposure to biocides, against 31 antibioti...
Article
Full-text available
Escherichia coli ATCC 12806 was exposed to increasing sub-inhibitory concentrations of three biocides widely used in food industry facilities: trisodium phosphate (TSP), sodium nitrite (SNI) and sodium hypochlorite (SHY). The cultures exhibited an acquired tolerance to biocides (especially to SNI and SHY) after exposure to such compounds. E. coli p...
Article
Abstract Five chemical compounds – 12% trisodium phosphate (TSP), 1200 ppm acidified sodium chlorite (ASC), 2% citric acid (CA), 220 ppm peroxyacids (PA) and 50 ppm chlorine dioxide (CD) – were analyzed to determine their effectiveness against Gram-negative bacteria (Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis, Yersinia enterocolitica, Escherichia col...
Article
Full-text available
The antimicrobial effectiveness of five chemical decontaminants (12 % trisodium phosphate [TSP], 1,200 ppm acidified sodium chlorite [ASC], 2 % citric acid [CA], 220 ppm of peroxyacids [PA], or 50 ppm of chlorine dioxide [CD]) against psychrotrophic populations on skinned chicken legs was assessed throughout 120 h of storage under various temperatu...
Article
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of 12% trisodium phosphate (TSP), 1200 ppm acidified sodium chlorite (ASC), 2% citric acid (CA), 220 ppm peroxyacids (PA) and 50 ppm chlorine dioxide (CD) on the lag phase (L; days), the maximum growth rate (μ; increase in log10 cfu/cm2/day) and the maximum population density at stationary phase...
Article
The main objective of this study was to determine the ability of various decontaminants to increase the prevalence of resistance to antibiotics in Escherichia coli populations on poultry. Chicken legs were dipped for 15 min into aqueous solutions (wt/vol) of trisodium phosphate (TSP; 12%), acidified sodium chlorite (ASC; 1200 ppm), ascorbic acid (A...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of the temperature of the dipping solution on the antimicrobial effectiveness of several chemical poultry decontaminants was assessed. A total of 765 poultry legs were inoculated with gram-positive bacteria (Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, or Brochothrix thermosphacta) or gram-negative bacteria (Salmone...
Article
A total of 120 poultry carcasses (chicken, turkey and quail from conventional poultry farms, and chicken from organic farms; 30 samples in each group), collected from eight randomly selected retail outlets in North-Western Spain, was subjected to microbiological examination. Psychrotrophic counts ranged from 4.87 ± 0.83 log10 cfu/cm2 skin in quail...
Article
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria were first described in the 1940s, but whereas new antibiotics were being discovered at a steady rate, the consequences of this phenomenon were slow to be appreciated. At present, the paucity of new antimicrobials coming into the market has led to the problem of antibiotic resistance fast escalating into a global healt...
Article
The potential of chemical decontaminants to cause harmful effects on human health is among the causes of the rejection of antimicrobial treatments for removing surface contamination from poultry carcasses in the European Union. This study was undertaken to determine whether decontaminants might give a competitive advantage to pathogenic bacteria on...
Article
The influence of the serotype on the growth behaviour and the ability to form biofilms of Salmonella enterica strains was investigated. The relationships between biofilm formation and growth kinetic parameters were also determined. A total of 69 strains (61 isolates from poultry and 8 reference strains from culture collections) belonging to 10 sero...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial counts (aerobic bacteria, psychrotrophs, Enterobacteriaceae, coliforms, Pseudomonas spp., Enterococcus spp., Staphylococcus spp., and molds and yeasts) were obtained for the shells of 240 table eggs in northwestern Spain. Eggs from six sources (40 samples in each) were analyzed: chicken eggs from five different housing systems (convention...
Article
The aim of this study was to determine and compare the antibiotic resistance profiles of Listeria monocytogenes isolates obtained from poultry in North-Western Spain in 1993 and 2006. The prevalence of Listeria spp. and L. monocytogenes was also investigated. A total of 202 samples were analysed (100 in 1993 and 102 in 2006). Samples taken in 1993...
Article
A total of 226 chicken samples (carcasses, legs, wings, necks and breasts) were obtained (73 in 1993 and 153 in 2006) from 10 retail outlets in North-Western Spain and screened for the presence of Salmonella. Isolates were subjected to serotyping, phage typing (Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium) and antimicrobial susceptibility test...
Article
Recent opinions expressed by European Union Scientific Committees suggest there is a potential for poultry decontaminants to increase resistance to antibiotics. At this moment there is no scientific information available to estimate this risk accurately. Four strains (Listeria monocytogenes serovar 1/2a, Listeria monocytogenes serovar 4b, Salmonell...