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Rosa Maria Bruno

Rosa Maria Bruno
Université de Paris

MD, PhD

About

276
Publications
36,990
Reads
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5,222
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2020 - present
French Institute of Health and Medical Research
Position
  • Researcher
September 2019 - March 2020
Université de Paris
Position
  • Researcher
January 2016 - present
Università di Pisa
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (276)
Article
Introduction Myocardial injury is frequently observed in patients hospitalized with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. Different cardiac abnormalities have been reported during the acute COVID-19 phase but there is limited information on late cardiac sequelae in patients who have recovered from acute COVID-19 illness. Objective To docu...
Article
Full-text available
Common carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is a commonly used marker for atherosclerosis and is often computed in carotid ultrasound images. An analysis of different computerized techniques for CIMT measurement and their clinical impacts on the same patient data set is lacking. Here we compared and assessed five computerized CIMT algorithms again...
Article
Endothelial function, assessed using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), predicts future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. This study established age- and sex-specific reference intervals for brachial artery FMD in healthy individuals and examined the relation with CVD risk factors. In a retrospective study design, we pooled brachial art...
Article
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a non-atherosclerotic vascular disease that may involve medium-sized muscular arteries throughout the body. The majority of FMD patients are women. Although a variety of genetic, mechanical, and hormonal factors play a role in the pathogenesis of FMD, overall, its cause remains poorly understood. It is probable that...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Myocardial injury is frequently observed in patients hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) pneumonia. Different cardiac abnormalities have been reported during the acute COVID‐19 phase, ranging from infra‐clinic elevations of myocardial necrosis biomarkers to acute cardiac dysfunction and myocarditis. There is limited informati...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Conventional measures for assessing arterial stiffness are inherently pressure-dependent. Whereas statistical pressure adjustment is feasible in (larger) populations, it is unsuited for the evaluation of an individual patient. Moreover, statistical "correction" for blood pressure may actually correct for: (1) the acute dependence of ar...
Article
Background: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is used to evaluate regional stiffness of large and medium-sized arteries. Here, we examine the feasibility and reliability of radial-digital PWV (RD-PWV) as a measure of regional stiffness of small conduit arteries, and its response to changes in hydrostatic pressure. Methods and results: In 29 healthy subj...
Article
Full-text available
In December 2019, an outbreak of pneumonia caused by a novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) spread rapidly worldwide. Although the clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are dominated by respiratory symptoms, the cardiovascular system is extensively affected at multiple levels. Due to the unprecedented consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, the ARTERY society...
Article
Background/Objectives: The baroreflex is a crucial mechanism acutely modulating vascular tone and heart rate response to maintain blood pressure (BP) in an optimal range. A decrease in baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is associated with ageing, and pathological conditions such as hypertension and diabetes. Antihypertensive agents are generally known to...
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Aim: To investigate PWV trajectories before and during the lockdown period among Withings Body Cardio bathroom scale users in France, in which a strict total lockdown was imposed, and Germany, in which partial social distancing measures were adopted. Methods: The study population is constituted by Withings BodyCardio Bathroom scale users with at le...
Article
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Rationale and Aim: This study is aimed at identifying possible patterns of vascular wall disarray and remodeling in radial arteries of patients with fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), by means of ultrahigh frequency ultrasound (UHFUS). Methods: UHFUS scans of the radial arteries and of 30 FMD patients and 30 healthy controls were obtained by VevoMD (70...
Article
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Aim: To validate a photoacoustic imaging (PAI) system, for the identification of intraplaque hemorrhage, comparing it with MRI and histology (gold standard). Methods: 25 patients with carotid stenosis >70% and clinical indication to tromboendoarterectomy were recruited. Angio-MRI for intraplaque hemorrhage assessment (Cube sequence) was performed....
Article
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Pulse wave velocity is an established marker of early vascular aging but may also help identifying individuals with supernormal vascular aging. We tested the hypothesis that individuals with the largest difference (Δ-age) between chronological and vascular age show the lowest rate of cardiovascular events and may thus be defined as supernormal vasc...
Article
Current literature suggests a higher risk of pregnancy-related complications in patients with renal fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). The aim of our study was to assess the nature and prevalence of pregnancy-related complications in patients subsequently diagnosed with FMD. A call for participation was sent to centers contributing to the European/Inte...
Article
: Inflammation is a physiological response to aggression of pathogenic agents aimed at eliminating the aggressor agent and promoting healing. Excessive inflammation, however, may contribute to tissue damage and an alteration of arterial structure and function. Increased arterial stiffness is a well recognized cardiovascular risk factor independent...
Article
Full-text available
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a reference measure for aortic stiffness, itself an important biomarker of cardiovascular risk. To enable low-cost and easy-to-use PWV measurement devices that can be used in routine clinical practice, we have designed several handheld PWV sensors using miniaturized laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) arrays in a silicon pho...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND In the context of Covid-19 home confinement, objective, real-time data are needed to assess the population’s adherence to home confinement in order to adapt policies and control measures. OBJECTIVE To determine whether data collected from wearable activity trackers can be used to monitor adherence to home confinement at the population l...
Article
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VascAgeNet is a new European network which will join forces in order to refine, harmonize and promote the vascular ageing concept. It aims to bring innovations in cardiovascular research from bench to bedside and to establish assessment of vascular ageing in clinical practice. The interdisciplinary, inter-country and intersectional approach will en...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In the context of home confinement during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, objective, real-time data are needed to assess populations’ adherence to home confinement to adapt policies and control measures accordingly. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether wearable activity trackers could provide informati...
Article
Full-text available
Current guidelines state that systemic inflammation, together with endothelial dysfunction, calcification, and hypercoagulability, predispose to premature atherosclerosis in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We assessed whether IBD can affect aortic stiffness, a well-recognized vascular biomarker and an independent risk factor for car...
Article
Aims Since December 2015, the European/International Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD) Registry enrolled 1022 patients from 22 countries. We present their characteristics according to disease subtype, age and gender, as well as predictors of widespread disease, aneurysms and dissections. Methods and results All patients diagnosed with FMD (string-of-b...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, regardless of gender, ethnicity or income. Evidence that vascular age, as opposed to chronological age, is better related to the prognosis of CVD is convincing. Despite recent technological advances for the measurement of vascular ageing, unmet needs remain whic...
Article
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Renal denervation is a device-based procedure for hypertension for which safety and efficacy has been demonstrated. At present, its clinical use is still matter of debate, despite the most recent clinical trials have shown promising results with new-generation devices in various hypertensive populations. This position paper was deemed necessary by...
Article
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Background: Individuals whose arteries appears abnormally healthy in comparison to their CV risk factor burden (supernormal vascular aging, SUPERNOVA) represent an ideal model to discover novel pathways of cardiovascular protection. Purpose: 1) to introduce a novel definition of vascular age, as predicted age based on CV risk factors and PWV; 2) to...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Assessment of endothelial function using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) predicts future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, poor adherence to protocol guidelines and lack of reference values hinders widespread FMD use. This study established age- and sex-specific reference intervals for brachial artery FMD in healt...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In patients with Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS), an abnormally low carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) may increase the risk of arterial dissection and rupture. Thus its accurate assessment by ultra–high frequency ultrasound (UHFUS), thanks to its higher spatial resolution, may be clinically relevant. Aim: To assess the feasib...
Article
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The response to strenuous exercise was investigated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, oxidative damage, thiol redox status, and inflammation assessments in 32 enrolled triathlon athletes (41.9±7.9 yrs) during Ironman® (IR), or half Ironman® (HIR) competition. In biological samples, inflammatory cytokines, aminothiols (glutathione (GSH),...
Article
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Introduction: This study aims to investigate how image settings affect carotid Intima-Media-Thickness (IMT) and diameter estimation performed with Carotid Studio (Quipu-Srl). Methods: Fourteen healthy volunteers (24.4 ± 4.4 years; eight men) were recruited. Longitudinal scans 3-cm-deep of common-carotid-arteries with the same region-of-interest wer...
Article
Hypertensive emergencies (HE) and urgencies (HU) are frequent causes of patients referral to Emergency Department (ED) and the approach may be different according to local clinical practice. Our aim was to explore awareness, management, treatment and counselling after discharge of HE and HU in Italy, by mean of an on-line survey. The young investig...
Article
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Structural and functional dysfunction in both the macro- and microvasculature are a feature of essential hypertension. In a healthy cardiovascular system, the elastic properties of the large arteries ensure that pulsations in pressure and flow generated by cyclic left ventricular contraction are dampened, so that less pulsatile pressure and flow ar...
Article
Accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP) has a pivotal role in the management of patients with arterial hypertension. Recently, introduction of unattended office BP measurement has been proposed as a method allowing more accurate management of hypertensive patients and prediction of hypertension-mediated target organ damage (HMOD). This approach...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Introduction Increased pulse wave velocity (PWV), is a reliable marker of early vascular aging (EVA). However, the identification of individuals whose arteries are abnormally healthy in comparison to their age and cardiovascular (CV) risk profile might be of interest, to discover novel pathways of cardioprotection and provide preventive...
Article
Background and aim Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a major cause of acute coronary syndrome in women aged 50 years or less (22–43%). Its etiology is still unknown, though an association with systemic diseases such as fibromuscular dysplasia and collagenopathies has been found. This study is aimed at investigating the presence of su...
Article
Full-text available
Smooth muscle function is explored by sublingual glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) administration to compare with endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the brachial artery by flow-mediated-dilation (FMD). This study compared the hemodynamic and autonomic effects of the two most often used GTN dosages. In 80 essential hypertensive patients (HT) and 60 normo...
Conference Paper
Uncovering the physiological correlates of dreams is one of the most ambitious aim of multidisciplinary neuroscientific research. Here we investigated Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) dynamics associated with a dream recall, with a particular focus on the complexity assessment on cardiovascular control. We recorded electrocardiogram and arterial bloo...
Article
Full-text available
Endothelial dysfunction is involved in the development of atherosclerosis, which precedes asymptomatic structural vascular alterations as well as clinical manifestations of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Endothelial function can be assessed non-invasively using the flow-mediated dilation (FMD) technique. Flow-mediated dilation represents an endothel...
Article
Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement is encouraged by recent hypertension guidelines for assessing BP phenotypes. These showed acceptable reproducibility in the short term, but few data exist about long-term reproducibility, particularly for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We evaluated changes of the BP phenotypes at 6 and 12 months...
Article
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Aims/hypothesis Mechanisms mediating the cardiovascular and renal protection exerted by SGLT2 inhibitors are still partially unknown. We investigated whether dapagliflozin might modulate systemic and renal vascular function and structure, as well as induce epigenetic modifications. Subjects and Methods Forty hypertensive patients with type 2 diabe...
Conference Paper
Background In the last few decades many studies have investigated the role of major salivary glands ultrasound (SGUS) in the diagnostic work-up of patients with suspected primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS). Recent development of ultra-high-resolution ultrasound systems (UHFUS), with frequencies as high as 70 MHz and capability resolution as fine as 3...
Article
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Purpose: Several foods and nutrients have been independently associated with systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure values. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of combined dietary habits on SBP and DBP values in a large cohort of healthy adults, with a cross-sectional design. Adherence of participants to four a priori dietary patte...
Article
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In the original publication of the article have been published in an incorrect form. The correct form is given below. (Table presented.).
Article
Arterial fibromuscular dysplasia is a nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vascular disease, whose pathophysiology is still unknown. We performed deep image-based vascular phenotyping of nonaffected arteries to look for systemic vascular alterations in fibromuscular dysplasia. This single center cross-sectional study included 50 patients with multif...
Article
Full-text available
: This article is a comprehensive document on the diagnosis and management of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) which was commissioned by the Working Group 'Hypertension and the Kidney' of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and the Society for Vascular Medicine (SVM). This document updates previous consensus documents/scientific statements on F...
Article
Full-text available
This article is a comprehensive document on the diagnosis and management of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), which was commissioned by the working group ‘Hypertension and the Kidney’ of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and the Society for Vascular Medicine (SVM). This document updates previous consensus documents/scientific statements on FM...
Chapter
Endothelial dysfunction can be considered the first, asymptomatic step of the atherosclerotic process. It is characterised by an imbalance between substances with vasodilating, antimitogenic and anti-thrombogenic properties (first of all nitric oxide, NO) and substances with vasoconstricting, prothrombotic and proliferative characteristics (also kn...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose/Background/Objectives: Recently great attention has been placed on innovative cardiovascular biomarkers obtained from wave separation (WS), wave intensity analysis (WIA) and the reservoir-wave (RW) concept. Pressure waveforms needed to implement these techniques can be obtained in different ways. Aim of this study was to evaluate difference...