Rosa Berganza

Rosa Berganza
King Juan Carlos University | URJC · Departamento de Ciencias de la Comunicación y Sociología

PhD

About

117
Publications
81,520
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Introduction
Rosa Berganza is a Full Professor and Chair of Political Communication in the Department of Communication Sciences 2 at the University of Rey Juan Carlos (URJC, Madrid, Spain). Her research primarily focuses on political communication, content analysis, transnational comparative studies of media and journalism, European Union campaigns, election coverage and campaigning, media effects and public opinion and women and the media.

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
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Se analizan las diferencias entre las percepciones acerca de la profesión periodística de los hombres y las mujeres que ejercen este trabajo en España, y las diferencias que separan a las periodistas empoderadas de los hombres empoderados del sector. Metodología: El trabajo pertenece al estudio comparativo transnacional Worlds of Journalism Study (...
Technical Report
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Executive Summary The aim of this report is to offer a broad overview of migration (both immigration and emigration) discourses in European media for researchers in comparative media and migration studies in the coming years. It also aims at those involved in journalistic news production as well as policy decisions related to European migration in...
Article
Covering information about governments is one of the main tasks of political journalism. It includes decisions and actions made by individuals and institutions of the state that have direct consequences on the daily lives of citizens. After presenting the concept and its main characteristics, this entry examines how differences in media coverage de...
Chapter
This chapter explores the inconsistency in attitude measurements, which tend to be based on the questions about one’s personal beliefs regarding corruption. It describes the importance of measurements of implicit association as additional instruments for observing the effects of political scandals on public opinion. Even though, according to survey...
Chapter
The aim of our study is to investigate firstly investigate whether social media play a role in the discussions of violent conflicts in parliament and, if yes, to what extent; and secondly what is, on the other hand, the role of traditional mass media in such discussions. We aim to answer these questions by mapping the references to traditional and...
Data
ONLINE_APPENDIX_(1) – Supplemental material for Start Spreading the News: A Comparative Experiment on the Effects of Populist Communication on Political Engagement in Sixteen European Countries
Article
Although populist communication has become pervasive throughout Europe, many important questions on its political consequences remain unanswered. First, previous research has neglected the differential effects of populist communication on the Left and Right. Second, internationally comparative studies are missing. Finally, previous research mostly...
Article
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To understand public opinion about immigration in Europe, one has to understand the media’s role in it. We present a literature review on research on media discourse on immigration and their effects. Despite differences in the way immigration and migrant groups are represented in European media, we can observe common patterns. Migrants are generall...
Article
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As key institutions in Western democracies, parliaments have gained importance regarding foreign affairs issues in recent years. Their increasing role as moral tribunes and discussion forums on conflict prevention and resolution have led to the parliamentarization of international affairs. The examination of the parliamentary agenda and the actors...
Article
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Este artículo parte de la hipótesis de que un bajo porcentaje de periodismo interpretativo perjudicaría la calidad de la información política y podría fomentar la apatía ciudadana hacia la política. Su objetivo es analizar la presencia de periodismo interpretativo en la cobertura mediática de información política en España y compararla con la de 13...
Article
There is empirical evidence of media influence on parliamentary agenda, especially when media coverage privileges conflict framing of reality and negativity. This article addresses the impact of media presence (traditional and social media) and NGOs on European parliamentary discussions about violent conflicts in the Middle East and their role duri...
Article
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Sociodemographic features and their relative weight related to the gender gap between male and female journalists in Spain are analyzed. A national representative survey of 390 journalists was carried out as part of an international study "Worlds of journalism". The results show that patterns of female inequality within Spanish media companies are...
Article
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Se analizan las características sociodemográficas y su peso relativo en la brecha de género entre los/as periodistas españo- les/as. Para ello se realizó una encuesta nacional representativa a 390 periodistas dentro del estudio internacional “Worlds of journalism study”. Los resultados muestran que los patrones de desigualdad femenina más citados e...
Article
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Resumen La investigación empírica internacional sobre la percepción que los periodistas tienen de sus roles y funcio-nes profesionales presenta un notable auge en los últimos años, aunque no en el caso español. Esta inves-tigación, que forma parte del estudio comparativo transnacional «Worlds of Journalism Study», analiza los datos de una encuesta...
Article
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Trust is a societal value that is difficult to gain and easy to lose. This article deals with the levels of trust that journalists working in eight post-authoritarian and post-totalitarian countries (Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Czech Republic, Indonesia, Latvia, South Africa and Tanzania) have in various social institutions using data from the p...
Article
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During the last decennia media environments and political communication systems have changed fundamentally. These changes have major ramifications for the political information environments and the extent to which they aid people in becoming informed citizens. Against this background, the purpose of this article is to review research on key changes...
Article
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The goal of this paper is to describe the level of trust in political institutions and perceived influences among Spanish TV journalists, comparing TV vs. other media, as well as private TV vs. public TV. As part of the international Worlds of Journalism Study we surveyed 390 Spanish journalists (70 from the TV sector). We found that: private TV jo...
Book
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Las televisiones públicas autonómicas afrontan la situación más difícil y compleja desde su origen. Presionadas por la crisis económica y en proceso de una radical transformación tecnológica, son las protagonistas de la redefinición de un nuevo servicio público audiovisual de proximidad. Pese a los discursos catastrofistas, sus aportaciones al teji...
Article
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Born-digital media is influenced by many factors. This study compares the perceptions of digital and traditional (newspaper, radio, TV, news agencies, etc.) journalists and investigates their perception of threats to their professions. This paper shows data from a national survey (probabilistic, stratified by type of outlet and region) to 390 journ...
Article
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El surgimiento de medios digitales nativos y su consecuente exposición hacia diversas fuentes de influencia, hacen necesario conocer si la percepción de las y los nuevos periodistas sobre las posibles amenazas a su autonomía profesional difiere de la de sus compañeros/as de medios tradicionales (prensa, radio, TV, agencias, etc.). Este artículo mue...
Article
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Existe un creciente interés en la bibliografía científica por conocer las prácticas y rutinas de las y los periodistas en distintos contextos (Hanitzsch et al., 2011). La confianza que tienen estos profesionales en las instituciones públicas es una variable clave para comprender su cultura profesional (Hanitzsch & Berganza, 2012; Brants, de Vreese,...
Article
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Introduction: Previous studies link higher degree of negativity in the news to cynicism and indifference of citizens towards politics and politicians (theory of Spiral of Cynicism). Methods: We content-analyzed 563 news pieces of 10 Spanish media (3 newspapers, 2 TV stations and 5 online media). The degree of negativity was measured through a negat...
Article
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[ES] Introducción: Una gran cantidad de estudios vinculan el grado de negatividad de las informaciones políticas con la apatía y el desinterés de la ciudadanía hacia la política y la clase política (teoría de la espiral del cinismo). Metodología: Este estudio analiza el nivel de negatividad mediante un análisis de contenido cuantitativo de un total...
Article
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The scientific community has shown an increasing interest in exploring the practices and routines of journalists in different contexts (Hanitzsch et al., 2011). The trust journalists place in public institutions is a key variable to understand their professional culture (Hanitzsch & Berganza, 2012; Brants, de Vreese, Möller & van Praag, 2010; van D...
Chapter
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There is a lack of systematic research on populism and populist political communication in Spain, consisting as it does of mainly descriptive and case study work. This state of research contrasts to the greater body of work carried out in the Latin American context. The absence of a developed corpus of theoretical and empirical research leads us to...
Conference Paper
Most Spanish journalists have endured harsh working conditions for years, even when the economic situation was much better than today (Cantalapiedra, Coca & Bezunartea, 2000; Calvo, 2005; Caro & Jiménez, 2006). However, the global economic downturn, as well as the recession in the country, contributes to the present deteriorating work circumstances...
Chapter
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Political scientists often argue that political trust is critical to democracy. Mishler and Rose (2001: 30), for instance, maintain that trust links ordinary citizens to the institutions that are supposed to represent them, ‘thereby enhancing both the legitimacy and the effectiveness of democratic govern- ment’. It comes as no surprise that this pr...
Article
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In this article, we analyze political parties' campaign communication during the 2009 European Parliamentary election in 11 countries (Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the UK). We study which types of issues Euroskeptic fringe and Euroskeptic mainstream parties put on their c...
Article
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The relationship between journalists and their sources has been described as an interdependent relationship where each part needs the other. For political actors, this relationship is particularly important during election campaigns, when their need to reach voters through the media is even more urgent than usual. This is particularly true with res...
Article
Building on the assumption that journalists' attitudes toward public institutions can contribute to a decline in public trust, this article sets out to identify the driving forces behind journalists' confidence in public institutions. Based on interviews with 2000 journalists from 20 countries, variation in trust is modeled across the individual le...
Article
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This study examines the supply of political information programming across thirteen European broadcast systems over three decades. The cross-national and crosstemporal design traces the composition and development of political information environments with regard to the amount and placement of news and current affairs programs on the largest public...
Article
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The concept of negativity in political news has not reached the status of a homogenous, overarching theoretical concept. This article proposes conceptual understandings, categorizations and practical operationalizations of negativity in the news that reflect the consensus of existing work paying special attention to recent European research. This w...
Article
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El presente artículo estudia el uso de las fuentes informativas en la prensa gratuita en contraposición a la de pago mediante un trabajo de campo en el que se analizan dos semanas de prensa gratuita y de pago, lo que supone un total de 7.150 unidades informativas. Con esta investigación se pretende paliar la escasez de trabajos empíricos sobre los...
Conference Paper
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The gratutious media content is emerging as a powerful incentive for choosing one media or another, especially among younger consumers of information. The alledged impartiallity of these free of charge media is often associated with editor ́s aims to capture wider audiences. Here we introduce some of the results of the research project SEJ2007-66 3...
Article
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The coverage of 2008 Spanish presidential elections was remarkably different among free dailies and the paid press. Content analysis of main Spanish newspapers (El Pais, El Mundo, ADN, Que! and 20 minutos) reveals a varying degree of salience in the coverage of the political event, as well as the extent to which these papers were politicized. Addit...
Article
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This article reports key findings from a comparative survey of the role perceptions, epistemological orientations and ethical views of 1800 journalists from 18 countries. The results show that detachment, non-involvement, providing political information and monitoring the government are considered essential journalistic functions around the globe....
Conference Paper
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Personal influence is extensively documented as a determinant of public opinion and political behavior. In this paper, we examine how the unequal distribution and use of digital information and communication technologies (DICT) affects opinion leadership, and how the digital divide may determine the perpetuation of existing endogenous and exogenous...
Article
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Las elecciones generales de España del 9 de marzo de 2008 fueron cubiertas de un modo distinto por la prensa gratuita y la de pago. Esta es la principal conclusión obtenida tras realizar un análisis de contenido cuantitativo de las principales cabeceras de cada tipo de periódico (El País, El Mundo, ADN, Qué! y 20 minutos) durante la semana previa a...
Article
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Surveying 1,700 journalists from seventeen countries, this study investigates perceived influences on news work. Analysis reveals a dimensional structure of six distinct domains—political, economic, organizational, professional, and procedural influences, as well as reference groups. Across countries, these six dimensions build up a hierarchical st...
Article
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El presente artículo estudia la relación en España entre los y las periodistas que ejercen su labor en el Parlamento y los diputados y diputadas. El estudio, basado en una encuesta, forma parte de una investigación comparativa europea en la que se ha estudiado también la misma situación en Alemania, Dinamarca y Reino Unido. Entre las principales co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The free dailies phenomenon is now deep rooted in Spain. The successful irruption of commuter/ 'take-one-newspapers' induces a very prolific framework of debate amongst journalism scholars and media critics due to their alleged lack of quality. Spanish editors and journalists do also agree on what constitutes excellence in the press: cost papers. D...
Article
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En la presente investigación se analizan las diferentes percepciones que poseen sobre los roles profesionales y sobre la idea de objetividad las y los profesionales de la información política de dos diarios de referencia en España y en Suiza, que están situados en una posición similar dentro del sistema de medios de ambos países. Estos medios se es...
Article
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This article uses the analysis of the 2004 European elections in the Spanish press as a case study that can be broached from the agenda building and framing theoretical frameworks. We seek to compare the media agenda in the 200411. European , Commission . ( 2004 ). Eurobarometer No. 61. Brussels : Directorate . View all references and 1999 European...
Conference Paper
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The successful eruption of free dailies may be well considered a phenomenon with enormous effects on media landscape, due to its rapid diffusion rate and its tremendous impact on what has traditionally been considered a saturated market. The commotion brought about by free dailies stabilization similarly affects communication scholarship whose expl...
Article
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El presente trabajo examina los canales de difusion de la informacion que se pusieron en marcha inmediatamente despues de producirse los atentados del 11 de marzo de 2004 en Madrid. Estudia el papel de la comunicacion interpersonal y su interaccion con los medios de difusion de masas y lo compara con el modelo de difusion de la informacion en forma...
Article
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This study discusses data from the most extensive survey of journalism students conducted in Britain, and similar data from Spanish journalism students, collected as they commence their studies in journalism. It shows that significant differences exist between these countries in students¿ motivations to be journalists, including `public service¿ mo...
Book
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El estudio aporta datos sobre el papel que los teléfonos móviles juegan en la vida de los menores y cómo han modificado de manera significativa sus formas de relación y de comunicación grupal. El análisis fue realizado a partir de una encuesta entre 1.345 menores de entre 10 y 16 años, grupos de discusión con menores y padres y entrevistas con las...