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Roos Hopman is a postdoctoral researcher at the National History Museum of Berlin. Her research interests are in human biological diversity, (population) genetics, forensics, and data practices, which she studies building on sensitivities derived from actor-network theory. She completed her PhD at the anthropology department of the University of Amsterdam, in the ERC-funded RaceFaceID project, which ethnographically studied the ir/relevance of race in forensic identification technologies.
In this dissertation Hopman ethnographically explores forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP), a set of technologies used to predict aspects of an unknown suspect’s physical appearance from biological materials found at crime scenes, with traits such as eye, hair, and skin color, biogeographical ancestry and facial shape predicted from DNA traces. While FDP...
Forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP) encompasses a set of technologies aimed at predicting phenotypic characteristics from genotypes. Advocates of FDP present it as the future of forensics, with an ultimate goal of producing complete, individualised facial composites based on DNA. With a focus on individuals and promised advances in technology comes the...
January 2019, the Netherlands: suspect P. is found guilty of raping a young woman in the vicinity of Amsterdam. In a world’s first, Massively Parallel Sequencing (MPS) technology proved decisive in the conviction of a suspect, constituting a crucial moment for both this particular case and the broader field of forensic genetics. In this paper we pa...
Forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP) encompasses a set of technologies geared towards inferring externally visible characteristics from DNA traces found at crime scenes. As such, they are used to generate facial renderings of unknown suspects. First, through the configuration of molecularly inscribed parts, pigmentary traits are assembled into a probabil...
Forensic DNA Phenotyping (FDP) encompasses an emerging set of technologies aimed at predicting physical characteristics of unknown suspects from crime scene DNA traces. In its application FDP involves a variety of settings: research laboratories where FDP tests are developed, forensic laboratories where FDP technologies are used to analyze crime sc...