Roope Kaaronen

Roope Kaaronen
University of Helsinki | HY · Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science

PhD

About

19
Publications
6,059
Reads
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219
Citations
Introduction
I am a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Helsinki. My interests include sustainable cultural evolution, collective behaviour change, and decision-making under uncertainty. I have a soft spot for complex systems and philosophy of science.
Additional affiliations
September 2020 - present
University of Amsterdam
Position
  • PostDoc Position
June 2019 - September 2019
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
Position
  • Researcher
January 2017 - September 2020
University of Helsinki
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
January 2017 - September 2020
University of Helsinki
Field of study
  • Environmental Policy
January 2014 - July 2014
University of Melbourne
Field of study
  • Philosophy of Science
August 2011 - June 2012
The University of Edinburgh
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
Since large-scale environmental disruptions have become chronic, policymakers need to consider the long-term consequences of urgent crisis decisions. We develop design principles for a decision platform addressing strategic environmental crisis management, by which we mean coordinated decisions during an environmental urgency that are sensitive to...
Preprint
Reducing human impacts on Earth’s biological systems is an urgent global priority. However, while the necessary technical solutions are now very well understood, the social process of developing, refining, and implementing those solutions through social, cultural, behavioral and policy change, remains beyond current scientific understanding and tec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Radical collective behavior change is required to develop sustainable forms of urban life. This demands redesign of everyday environments. However, the ways in which our material world shape our behaviors are still understudied and underappreciated. Not much is known about how collective behaviors are facilitated through infrastructural or material...
Article
Full-text available
Radical collective behavior change is required to develop sustainable forms of urban life. This demands redesign of everyday environments. However, the ways in which our material world shape our behaviors are still understudied and underappreciated. Not much is known about how collective behaviors are facilitated through infrastructural or material...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article combines insights from ecological rationality and cultural evolution to illustrate how simple heuristics – colloquially, “rules of thumb” – have guided human behaviour and the evolution of complex cultures. Through a variety of examples and case studies, we discuss how human cultures have used rules of thumb in domains as diverse as fo...
Article
Full-text available
Historical records are incomplete templates for preparing for an uncertain future. The global utility of past ecological knowledge for present/future purposes is questioned as we move from Holocene to Anthropocene. To increase the adaptive capacity of today’s societies, generalizable strategies must be identified for coping with uncertainty over a...
Article
Full-text available
The ecological approach to perception highlights how organisms engage in active perception and that the environment is understood relative to an individual's physical traits. Personality research draws attention to the variability in psychological traits that affect the way individuals differentially explore and anticipate the world. The current pa...
Article
Full-text available
We reply to ‘A relational turn for sustainability science?’ by West et al. We commend West et al. for their salient comments about the relational turn. Yet the article leaves us wondering about the methodological challenges and pragmatics of relational thinking. The authors omitted important tensions in relational thinking discussion about how to a...
Article
Full-text available
How do mushroom foragers make safe and efficient decisions under uncertainty, or deal with the genuine risks of misiden-tification and poisoning? This article is an inquiry into ecological rationality, heuristics, perception, and decision-making in mushroom foraging. By surveying 894 Finnish mushroom foragers, this article illustrates how socially...
Thesis
Full-text available
This transdisciplinary doctoral thesis presents various theoretical, methodological and empirical approaches that together form an ecological approach to the study of social sciences. The key argument follows: to understand how sustainable behaviours and cultures may emerge, and how their development can be facilitated, we must further learn how be...
Preprint
Full-text available
[Author's note: This article was published in Judgment and Decision Making in 9/2020, available Open Access at http://journal.sjdm.org/20/200330/jdm200330.pdf] How do mushroom foragers make safe and efficient decisions under high degrees of uncertainty, or deal with the genuine risks of misidentification and poisoning? This article is an inquiry...
Preprint
Full-text available
The ecological approach to perception highlights how organisms engage in active perception and that the environment is understood relative to an individual’s physical traits. Personality research draws attention to the variability in psychological traits that affect the way individuals differentially explore and anticipate the world. The current pa...
Article
Full-text available
To reach sustainability transitions, we must learn to leverage social systems into tipping points, where societies exhibit positive-feedback loops in the adoption of sustainable behavioral and cultural traits. However, much less is known about the most efficient ways to reach such transitions or how self-reinforcing systemic transformations might b...
Article
Full-text available
This article is a comparative study between predictive processing (PP, or predictive coding) and cognitive dissonance (CD) theory. The theory of CD, one of the most influential and extensively studied theories in social psychology, is shown to be highly compatible with recent developments in PP. This is particularly evident in the notion that both...
Preprint
Full-text available
This essay argues that scientific systems have two main functions typical to self-organising adaptive and complex systems: Exploration for and exploitation of information. The self-organising nature, or spontaneous order, of scientific systems was prominently conceived by polymath Michael Polanyi. Revisiting Polanyi’s philosophy of science reveals...
Article
Full-text available
To combat the ecological crisis, fundamental change is required in how humans perceive nature. This paper proposes that the human–nature bifurcation, a metaphysical mental model that is deeply entrenched and may be environmentally unsound, stems from embodied and tacitly-held substance-biased belief systems. Process philosophy can aid us, among oth...
Article
Full-text available
Human behavior is an underlying cause for many of the ecological crises faced in the 21st century, and there is no escaping from the fact that widespread behavior change is necessary for socio-ecological systems to take a sustainable turn. Whilst making people and communities behave sustainably is a fundamental objective for environmental policy, b...
Book
Full-text available
In an ever more complex world, we are in dire need of integrative tools to solve widespread societal and sustainability concerns. The development of science-policy interfaces is often omitted in sustainable development policy documents both nationally and globally. Does the scientific support for sustainable development policies really work well en...

Network

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Doctoral dissertation at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science, University of Helsinki. Working under the supervision of Prof. Janne I. Hukkinen and Dr. Nina Janasik-Honkela. Part of the Environmental Policy Research Group. The goal of this thesis is to develop ecological social and psychological sciences and apply them to the study of sustainability crises.