Ronit Kark

Ronit Kark
Bar Ilan University | BIU · Department of Psychology

PhD, Full Professor

About

96
Publications
161,256
Reads
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5,149
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Introduction
Recent awards: Awarded in 2016 - Outstanding Researcher for 2015-2016, Bar-Ilan University. Awarded in 2016 - award of the Iconic Leaders in Social Enterprise, by ALL Ladies League - Women Economic Forum
Additional affiliations
October 2001 - present
Bar Ilan University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (96)
Article
The papers in this Special Issue Part I “Revisioning, Rethinking, Restructuring Gender at Work: Quo Vadis Gender Stereotypes?” focus on the current state of gender inequality, particularly stereotypes. We present studies showing that differences in gender stereotypes still exist, confirm disadvantages for women in male‐dominated roles and sectors a...
Article
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Leaders are expected to enhance the work meaningfulness of followers, but little insight exists on the role of leaders’ own experience of meaningfulness in that process. We propose a leader‐follower transfer model of work meaningfulness through visionary leadership, grounded in self‐concept‐based theory, in which leader‐follower dyadic tenure shape...
Article
The papers in Part II of this Special Issue on “Revisioning, Rethinking, Restructuring Gender at Work” emphasize the factors contributing to gender stereotypes. These papers share the aim of understanding the relevance of individual factors, boundary conditions, and of broadening the scope beyond heterosexual women and men. We summarize the papers...
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Objectives: To investigate whether citizens' adherence to health-protective non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) during the COVID-19 pandemic is predicted by identity leadership, wherein leaders are perceived to create a sense of shared national identity. Design: Observational two-wave study. Hypotheses testing was conducted with structural e...
Article
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Do leaders who build a sense of shared social identity in their teams thereby protect them from the adverse effects of workplace stress? This is a question that the present paper explores by testing the hypothesis that identity leadership contributes to stronger team identification among employees and, through this, is associated with reduced burno...
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This paper examines the mediating role of two emergent team states—collective regulatory focus (CRF) and team initiative—for transmitting the effects of transformational and transactional leadership and team members’ chronic-regulatory focus on team creative performance. We conducted two studies. An experimental team-level study of 54 teams (n = 15...
Article
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In the original manuscript, the model presented in figs. 1 & 2 erroneously depicted both mediating variables as “Promotion collective regulatory focus”. The second mediator should be “Prevention collective regulatory focus”. There are no changes in the main text nor in the dataset themselves. We apologize for any confusion that may have resulted.
Article
Impostorism, a phenomenon whereby a person perceives that the role they occupy is beyond their capabilities and puts them at risk of exposure as a “fake,” has attracted plentiful attention in the empirical literature and popular media. However, despite evidence that impostorism is frequently experienced by people in leadership positions, there has...
Article
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The COVID‐19 pandemic has triggered health‐related anxiety in ways that undermine peoples’ mental and physical health. Contextual factors such as living in a high‐risk area might further increase the risk of health deterioration. Based on the Social Identity Approach, we argue that social identities can not only be local that are characterized by s...
Article
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Creative deviance, the act of developing an idea by an employee even when it was banned by the manager, is a novel and interesting construct that can bring both positive and negative outcomes to organizations. The construct of creative deviance is neglected in the existing literature and the theory development for creative deviance is still in the...
Conference Paper
Previous research has examined shocks–critical, distinguishable, and influential events that trigger deliberations about one’s job or career transitions–and their effects on employees’ career trajectories from stress and motivation perspectives. However, shocks related to one’s work- (e.g., promotion or termination) or private life (e.g., marriage,...
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Self-regulatory focus reflects both a trait (chronic focus) and a state (situational focus) that can either influence or be influenced by various organizational factors and outcomes. It is a significant and explanatory construct because it comprises an inner-self component (ideal vs. ought), which is evident as a motivational force that mobilizes d...
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For the last decades, the question of differences in the moral judgments of women and men and the role of an “ethics of care” versus an “ethics of justice” have been debated. The aim of the present study was to explore the gendered aspects of leaders’ moral judgments and how they interact with more communal (health/welfare services) versus agentic...
Article
The underlying assumption of the leadership literature is that the more leaders enact behaviors characterizing a specific positive leadership style, the better would be the followers' outcomes. In three studies using different methodologies (an online survey, an experimental online study, and a field study including multiple sources of data), the c...
Article
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Research documents a heightened need for women leaders to be perceived as both agentic and communal and to deal with the incongruity between communal gender-role expectations and agentic leader-role expectations. However, paradoxical tensions exist between agency and communion because they are associated with distinct, and at times conflictual, cog...
Article
A wealth of research shows that female leaders, much more than male leaders, face the need to be warm and nice, as well as competent or tough. The problem is that these qualities are often seen as opposites. Alleviating this double bind requires changing our deeply-embedded societal expectations for what it means to be a woman and what it takes to...
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Recent theorizing applying the social identity approach to leadership proposes a four‐dimensional model of identity leadership that centres on leaders’ management of a shared sense of ‘we’ and ‘us’. This research validates a scale assessing this model – the Identity Leadership Inventory (ILI ). We present results from an international project with...
Book
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There has never been a better time to study, practice, and experience creative leadership. In the fluid and turbulent economic and social environments of the 21st century, creative leadership has become a cardinal force in the creation and evolution of adaptive organizations. In the last two decades, organizational science has witnessed a rapid inc...
Book
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The late Boas Shamir made a significant contribution to the development of novel theories and frameworks in the leadership field. He became one of the most influential figures in leadership research, and left behind him an outstanding body of work. Leadership Now: Reflections on the Legacy of Boas Shamir incorporates some of Boas Shamir's most cla...
Article
Even though gender inequality remains an important challenge across societies, many believe it to be long gone (Marken, 2016). Thus, it is essential to publicly address issues related to gender inequality as a first step towards advancing change in this domain. However, those who address gender inequality may encounter personal costs. In the curren...
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Leaders influence followers’ meaning and play a key role in shaping their employees’ experience of work meaningfulness. While the dominant perspective in theory and in empirical work focuses on the positive influence of leaders on followers’ work meaningfulness, our conceptual model explores conditions in which leaders may harm followers’ sense of...
Article
A wealth of literature documents that women leaders can face simultaneous and yet conflictual demands for both agency and communion, due to the incongruence of their leader role and gender role demands. However, we still know little about why some women cope with the tensions between agency and communion better than others and what implications are...
Conference Paper
A wealth of literature documents that women leaders can face simultaneous and yet conflictual demands for both agency and communion, due to the incongruence of their leader role and gender role demands. However, we still know little about why some women cope with the tensions between agency and communion better than others and what implications are...
Article
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Numerous studies have recognised the importance of transformational leadership style for encouraging employees’ creativity. Self-regulation studies have highlighted the influence of a promotion focus on employees’ creative behaviours. Yet both leadership and self-regulation theories have paid less attention to the role transactional leadership styl...
Article
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The concept of employees’ commitment is one of the most challenging concepts in the management, organizational behaviour and human resource management literatures and research. The current study focuses on the construct of commitment as an emotional attitude, and expands the concept of general organizational commitment to a new more specific form o...
Chapter
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Androgyny Entry for the Springer Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences
Article
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See http://journal.frontiersin.org/researchtopic/5542/fifty-shades-of-grey-exploring-the-dark-sides-of-leadership-and-followership Submission Deadlines 01 May 2017 Abstract 01 October 2017 Manuscript Researchers and practitioners alike have focused their attention on explaining how and when positive personality traits, processes, and perceptions...
Research
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Join us at the 2nd Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Leadership Symposium that will take place in 4-6 May 2017, in the island of Mykonos, Greece. The theme this year is " Leadership, Followership and Identity". Interested participants can submit an abstract by November 30th, 2016 via the symposium website: www.leadership-symposium.com
Article
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A growing body of leadership literature focuses on leader and follower identity dynamics, levels, processes of development and outcomes. Despite the importance of the phenomena, there has been surprising little effort to systematically review the widely dispersed literature on leader and follower identity. In this review we map existing studies on...
Article
This article is divided into three parts. In the first part, Galit, Boas's spouse, chronologically reviews the five periods of Boas's professional life—describing what is special to each period and what connects them—while relating to the centrality of values and the secret of charisma according to Boas Shamir. In the second part, Ronit, Boas's col...
Article
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Transformational learning is a process resulting in deep and significant change in habitual patterns of identity, thought, emotion, and action, enabling new approaches to role enactment. This article explores how moving from a framework of dilemmas, which require solutions and one-sided choices, to a framework of paradoxes that embraces tensions an...
Chapter
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This chapter focused on challenges and tensions that characterize leadership in the military context. It aims to identify and analyze key paradoxes that are reflected in this unique setting, while exploring the challenges, opportunities, and advantages posed by these core paradoxes for leadership. It addresses different types of paradoxes, among th...
Article
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Leaders routinely reject employees' new ideas, and some employees violate leaders' instructions in order to keep their rejected ideas alive. These incidents of creative deviance are usually examined in terms of the personal characteristics of employees and the structural properties of the work context. We introduce a third theoretical angle that fo...
Article
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Various streams of organizational research have examined the relationship between creativity and leadership, albeit using slightly different names such as “creative leadership”, “leading for creativity and innovation,” and “managing creatives.” In this article we review this dispersed body of knowledge and synthesize it under a global construct of...
Article
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This study examined the underlying mechanisms through which transformational and transactional leadership influence employee safety behaviors. Linking leadership theory with self-regulatory focus (SRF) theory, we examined a model of dual effects of leadership on safety initiative and safety compliance behaviors as mediated by promotion and preventi...
Conference Paper
Leaders routinely reject employees' new ideas, and some employees violate leaders' instructions in order to keep their rejected ideas alive. These incidents of creative deviance are usually examined in terms of the personal characteristics of employees and the structural properties of the work context. We introduce a third theoretical angle that fo...
Conference Paper
Leaders and followers relationships are complex and affected by many factors, one that has received little attention in the past is leader-follower distance. Distance influences leaders and followers, high and low power individuals, and affect the ways they represent information, their attitudes and behavior. This symposium explore the relationship...
Article
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We examine the effectiveness of apology following a workplace offense, as influenced by the achieved or ascribed status (i.e., professional status or gender) of the parties involved. A total of 780 undergraduates participated in a scenario experiment. The results demonstrate that apologizing is more effective than not apologizing. Yet apology is mo...
Chapter
In our chapter, we attempted to respond to a widespread call for investigating the mechanisms through which transformational leadership achieves its influence on followers. We suggested that transformational leadership operates by affecting two channels of influence: (1) the personal (relational) identification of followers with their leader and (2...
Article
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The notion of ‘think manager–think male’ has been demonstrated in many studies. The current study examines whether leaders are perceived as more effective when they have ‘feminine’, ‘masculine’ or ‘androgynous’ characteristics, and how this relates to the leader's and followers' sex. Using carefully matched samples of 930 employees of 76 bank manag...
Article
Leadership effectiveness is contingent on the ability to affect followers' emotions. This paper explores a model suggesting that the quality of the relationships between leaders and their followers (LMX) relates negatively to a display of negative emotions by employees during their interactions with customers, and subsequently relates to employees'...
Article
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Traditional leadership theories and management practices tend to distinguish between the public sphere (e.g., organizations and the workplace) characterized by control, instrumentality, and rationality, and the private sphere (the home), characterized by emotionality, spontaneity, and intimate personal relationships. Recently, new models of relatio...
Chapter
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I think it’s [technology] brought the world a lot closer together, and will continue to do that. Steve Jobs, Rolling Stone (Goodwell, 2003) This quote, taken from Jobs’s interview with Rolling Stone magazine in 2003, describes Jobs’s view of technology. In his mind, technology was about bringing people closer. This was his purpose and his guide for...
Article
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מחקר זה בוחן את מאפייני השיפוט המוסרי של מנהלות ומנהלים בזירה הארגונית ואת מקומה של האתיקה של הדאגה, המיוחסת בספרות לנשים, בחשיבה הניהולית. במסגרת המחקר נחקרו השאלות הבאות: האם קיימים הבדלים מיגדריים בשיפוט המוסרי בקרב בעלי תפקידים ניהוליים? אם כן, באילו מצבים הם מתקיימים? מה משקל מאפייני הארגון בעיצוב השיפוט המוסרי? המחקר בחן הבדלים באוריינטציות ה...
Article
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In recent years, organizations have expended considerable effort and resources to develop and improve managers' leadership skills through various forms of play. I explore the role of play in leadership development processes. Drawing on theories of leader and leadership development and theories of play, I develop a conceptual framework, suggesting t...
Article
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The importance of leading by personal example or role modeling for effective leadership has been recognized in many leadership theories. However, leaders' ability to influence group behavior through exemplary behavior has received little attention in empirical work. This study explores leading by example through theoretical development and empirica...
Chapter
Full-text available
Traditional leadership theories and management practices tend to distinguish between the public sphere (e.g., organizations and the workplace) characterized by control, instrumentality, and rationality, and the private sphere (the home), characterized by emotionality, spontaneity, and intimate personal relationships. Recently, new models of relatio...
Chapter
Full-text available
There is no topic with more profound implications for gender equality than leadership. Gender equality cannot be attained until women and men share leadership equally. With unfettered access of women to leadership, the policies of organizations and governments would balance the concerns of women and men more equitably. Yet, women and men are not eq...
Article
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במאמר זה אנו מציגות קריאה פמיניסטית של המושג "התנהגות אזרחית ארגונית" (Organizational Citizenship Behavior – OCB) ושל רכיביו, ומנתחות אותו בהקשר הישראלי. אנו טוענות, כי אף שהשיח בנושא ה-OCB המוצג בספרות הוא לכאורה ניטרלי מבחינה מגדרית, בפועל – מגדר הוא רכיב מרכזי בעיצוב מושג זה. אנו חושפות את האופי המגדרי של המושג בשתי דרכים. ראשית, הניתוח בוחן את...
Article
Individual involvement in creative work is of crucial importance for organizations in a knowledge-based economy. This study examined how psychological safety induces feelings of vitality and how feelings of vitality impact one's involvement in creative work. We examined these relationships among 128 part-time graduate students who held managerial a...
Chapter
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In this chapter we integrate recent theories of motivation and leadership that are focused on the self. We draw on self-regulatory focus theory and on self concept based theories of leadership in order to develop a conceptual framework for understanding the quality of the leader–member exchange (LMX) relationship that are formed between leaders and...
Article
In the early 1980s, the term “new leadership” was used to describe and categorize a number of new approaches to define leadership; one of the most important being transformational leadership. Transformational leadership is presented in the literature as different from transactional leadership. Whereas transactional leadership is defined as an excha...
Article
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In this paper we integrate recent theories of motivation and leadership. Drawing on the self-regulatory focus theory and on self-concept based theories of leadership, we develop a conceptual framework proposing that leaders' chronic self-regulatory focus (promotion versus prevention), in conjunction with their values, influences their motivation to...
Article
Leaders' behaviors manifesting ability, integrity and benevolence play a central role in enhancing followers' trust in the leader. The current paper examines the relative impact of these leader behaviors with respect to two unexplored issues: the differences between the building and erosion of subordinates' trust in their leader, and the difference...
Article
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חונכים (mentors) מוגדרים כעובדים בעלי השפעה בארגון שלהם, התורמים מניסיונם ומידיעותיהם מתוך רצון לתמוך בקריירת הנחנכים שלהם (proteges) ולקדמה. נהוג לסווג את הסיוע שחונכים מעניקים לשניים: פונקציות פיתוח קריירה, התורמות לקידומם של הנחנכים בארגון, ופונקציות פסיכו-חברתיות, התורמות להתפתחותם האישית והמקצועית. במחקר זה, בחנו את האופן בו המיגדר משפיע על הת...