Ronaldo Pilati

Ronaldo Pilati
University of Brasília | UnB · Departamento de Psicologia Social e do Trabalho (PST)

Doctor of Psychology

About

107
Publications
27,458
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2,263
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Introduction
Ronaldo Pilati currently works at the Social and Work Psychology Department at University of Brasília. Ronaldo does research in Social Psychology, Experimental Social Psychology, Social Cognition, Automatic processes of social behavior, Prosocial Behavior and Dishonest Behavior.

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
To what extent are cultural syndromes invariant within nations or can we identify within-cultural variability in structure and endorsement of cultural syndromes? These questions are central to a) recent discussions around the relevance of nation-states in cultural vs. geographical psychology and b) explorations of how cultural syndromes described i...
Preprint
Although replication is a central tenet of science, direct replications are rare in psychology. This research tested variation in the replicability of thirteen classic and contemporary effects across 36 independent samples totaling 6,344 participants. In the aggregate, ten effects replicated consistently. One effect – imagined contact reducing prej...
Preprint
This manuscript contains our responses to several commentaries about the Many Labs Project (Klein et al., 2014).
Preprint
This dataset is from the Many Labs Replication Project [1] in which 13 effects were replicated across 36 samples and over 6,000 participants. Data from the replications are included, along with demographic variables about the participants and contextual information about the environment in which the replication was conducted. Data were collected in...
Article
This study uses the theory of planned behavior as a framework to predict intentions of noncompliance with social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic while also assessing the predictive role of intolerance of uncertainty and sociodemographic variables. A total of 2,056 Brazilian participants completed measures on attitudes, injunctive, and descr...
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Messaging applications are changing the communication landscape in emerging countries. While offering speed and affordability, these solutions have also opened the way for the spread of misinformation. Aiming to better understand the dynamics of COVID-19 as infodemic, we asked Brazilian participants (n=1007) to report the perceived accuracy of 20 m...
Article
We report a longitudinal study of Jeitinho brasileiro (salient cultural characteristic of Brazil) during a period of significant political instability. Previous historical and anthropological sources have pointed to the importance of political instability for cultural changes in behaviors such as jeitinho. We are the first to examine possible indiv...
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Understanding tourist behavior during and after major tourism crises is essential to help destinations recover. The COVID-19 pandemic — a period of uncertainty and risk — makes it relevant to assess factors that influence travel intentions. There has been little research on tourist behavior during health crises and, in particular, on perceived heal...
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INTRODUCTION: Pseudoscientific beliefs are widespread in society and are influenced by several factors. The endorsement of alternative medicine treatments, mostly not evidence based, has relevant negative impacts on health care public policies. The understanding of the impact of pseudoscientific beliefs on the endorsement of alternative treatments...
Article
We examined the relationship between emotional stability as a more stable personality trait and COVID-related worries with basic human values in a Brazilian sample (N = 578) that is strongly affected by COVID-19. We tested whether emotional stability would moderate the effect of infection and economic worries on personal values. In line with predic...
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This research aimed at investigating whether watching Brazilian advertising pieces that portray a sociocultural behavioral pattern called Brazilian jeitinho would influence participant’s subsequent behavior. One carried out an experiment in which 200 subjects watched and assessed three advertisement pieces. Upon recruitment, participants were infor...
Article
Primary aging is perceived differently by each individual, as is the perception of the future of their own retirement. This quantitative study investigated the existence of a significant pattern of individual characteristics and personality traits related to the future perception of retirement, identifying them as predictors of behavior in potentia...
Preprint
This research’s major objective consisted of assessing the effect of a manipulation of peer descriptive norms on dishonest behavior. Specifically, we aimed at analyzing to what extent an interaction with an ingroup member would influence participants towards cheating in a task to obtain more money. A laboratory experiment with 198 participants in w...
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Conspiracy theories thrive in moments of crises because they provide straightforward answers that assist individuals in coping with threats. The COVID-19 outbreak is such a crisis and is boosted by the political turmoil related to the politicization of the pandemic in some countries. To assess the role of political partisanship, intolerance of unce...
Chapter
To understand the concept of trust in Brazil, we must look closely at the context in which interpersonal relationships are developed and maintained. We propose that an in-depth approach should be considered with specific cultural features embedded in the social fabric, beyond the standard cultural dimensions examined in cross-cultural psychology re...
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The goal of the present study was to adapt the social connectedness scale (SCS) to Brazilian Portuguese and evaluate its psychometric properties. A survey was conducted with 222 participants. They answered the SCS, the positive and negative affective schedule (PANAS), the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL), two pictorial measures of social conn...
Article
Need for closure (NFC) is the need people have for any type of answers on a given topic, compared to confusion and ambiguity. Despite being relevant to the study of concepts such as authoritarianism, prejudice, and hostile behaviors, its use has not been identified in the Brazilian context, and adaptation studies have not yet been carried out in th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding tourist behaviour during and after major tourism crises is essential to help destinations recover. The COVID-19 pandemic, a period of uncertainty and risk, makes it relevant to assess factors that influence travel intentions. There has been little research on tourist behaviour during health crises and, in particular, on perceived heal...
Article
Psychological research on the relationship between corruption and belief in a just world (BJW) is lacking and often reports conflicting results. The present study sought to advance this line of research by examining the mediating role of perceptions of punishment in the relationship between corruption and BJW across countries with different corrupt...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this research, we investigate the effect of group identity, amount of money, and type of action on engagement in corrupt behavior. We conducted a 2 x 2 x 2 experiment in which participants responded to scenarios where they stated how likely they were to engage in corruption. In these scenarios, group identity (ingroup or outgroup), the amount of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Conspiracy theories tend to thrive in moments of crises because they provide simple answers that assist individuals in coping with threats, making the world more understandable. The COVID-19 pandemic is such a crisis and is boosted by the political turmoil related to politicization of the pandemic in some countries. To assess the role of political...
Article
Corruption is a global problem. Despite the importance of this theme, a shortage of theoretical models in both psychology and related areas that favor its understanding and investigation is noted. Due to this scarcity of theoretical models, in addition to the need to systematize studies on the topic, this theoretical article aims to describe the An...
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Social distancing is one of the most effective measures to prevent coronavirus from rapidly spreading. Our analysis investigates the role of some variables (political partisanship, income, professional status, social norms, and uncertainty avoidance) in intentions of not complying with social distancing measures, which can lead to higher infection...
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As ciências cognitiva e comportamental têm produzido, nas últimas décadas, conhecimento relevante na compreensão de porque o pensamento científico é pouco desenvolvido pela população em geral e por grupos profissionais específicos. A compreensão e aspectos centrais do pensamento científico, aliada a estratégias para mitigar os vieses cognitivos que...
Article
Research on scientific integrity is growing in psychology, and questionable research practices (QRPs) have received more attention due to its harmful effect on science. By replicating the procedures of previous research, the present study aimed at describing the use of QRPs among Brazilian psychological researchers and to make an international comp...
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The interplay between explicit and implicit attitudes toward affirmative action (AA) policies is relevant to applied psychology. Its comprehension helps to improve our capacity to evaluate support for such policies. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which students’ race, political opinion of affirmative action, and prejudice...
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Culture-specific behaviour strategies provide an interesting window into individual differences research, producing a richer conceptualization of personality descriptions. Our aim is to describe the personality dimensions linked to a core socio-cultural behaviour pattern in Brazil: jeitinho. To reach this goal we conducted four studies. Our first s...
Data
Supplemental material. All scales and items. Items of Personal Jeitinho Scale (PJS) are in Portuguese and English. All other scales are only in Portuguese. (DOCX)
Preprint
Self-regulation has been investigated on the past decades in many fields, and even though contributions have enlightened the understanding of a vast array of behaviors, the development of general explanatory models hardly reaches a consensus. Even relatively consensual theories like ego depletion have been recently questioned, and researchers are s...
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The peer review system is a core tenet of scientific publishing, and has been studied throughout the years. Recent discussions on judgment and evaluation biases have highlighted the importance of priming effects on those processes. We have conducted two experiments with evaluation tasks (a scientific article evaluation, with professors and PhD stud...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings, with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance, to examine variation in effect magnitudes across samples and settings. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples that comprised 15,305 participants from 36 countries and territories....
Preprint
Full-text available
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance to examine variation in effect magnitudes across sample and setting. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples and 15,305 total participants from 36 countries and territories. Using co...
Article
We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings, with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance, to examine variation in effect magnitudes across samples and settings. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples that comprised 15,305 participants from 36 countries and territories....
Article
Full-text available
Resumo Teorias clássicas sobre consistência cognitiva recentemente têm sido exploradas enquanto processos não apenas intraindividuais, mas influenciados por aspectos grupais. Tendo em vista a tendência humana ao enaltecimento pessoal e grupal e a teoria unificada de cognição social implícita, informações negativas a respeito do endogrupo têm potenc...
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Resumo Julgamentos morais fazem parte do cotidiano das pessoas e processos cognitivos são utilizados como base para a formulação de um julgamento moral. Este trabalho tem como objetivo mensurar o efeito covariante da atitude prévia em relação a um tema moral na relação entre a sobrecarga cognitiva e o julgamento de um cenário moral. O Experimento 1...
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RESUMO O Modelo da Discriminação Justificada postula que o uso de justificativas exerce um importante papel na compreensão da discriminação. No presente estudo, testamos o MDJ no contexto da discriminação a estudantes que ingressaram na universidade por cotas raciais. Participaram do estudo 182 estudantes universitários, em sua maioria mulheres, qu...
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In the past few years, several studies addressed the relation between game content and prosocial behavior. Although several evidences were found, the relation between those variables is not fully understood. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of different roles played on prosocial behavior. In experiment 1, participants played eithe...
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The present research investigated the process of victim blaming in the context of intergroup relations through the just world hypothesis. In two studies we tested the influence of the victim's social category in the relationship between explicit and implicit beliefs in a just world (BJW) and victim blaming. In Study 1, 102 participants answered the...
Article
Full-text available
The present research investigated the process of victim blaming in the context of intergroup relations through the just world hypothesis. In two studies we tested the influence of the victim's social category in the relationship between explicit and implicit beliefs in a just world (BJW) and victim blaming. In Study 1, 102 participants answered the...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the present research was to investigate if individual differences in empathy and personal distress were stable predictors of compassionate emotions and whether these emotions, in turn, mediate the effect of attribution on prosocial propensity. We formulated four hypotheses to be tested concerning direct and indirect effects between the...
Article
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Resumo As crenças no mundo justo (CMJ) têm permitido a compreensão de uma série de fenômenos sociais, o que tem levado ao desenvolvimento de medidas para sua mensuração. O presente artigo tem como objetivo apresentar evidências de validade de uma versão adaptada da Escala Pessoal de CMJ (CMJ-P). 146 participantes, em sua maioria mulheres (69%), com...
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The study aimed to evaluate evidences of the validity of the Moral Foundations Questionnaire in a version adapted to Portuguese, considering five foundations for moral judgment: harm/care, fairness/reciprocity, ingroup/loyalty, authority/respect and purity/sanctity. 532 people were involved in this study throughout all of its phases. The procedures...
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Often, the career counseling process focuses on the conscious and explicit aspects of the evaluated people. The aim of this study was to develop a measure of implicit attitude towards areas of psychology and test its psychometric strength in order to provide tools to support career counseling. Two studies were conducted in different samples. It was...
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Human beings have a fundamental need to belong to groups. That need has a dispositional dimension, as individuals differ on how strong is their motivation to search social connections and how much they value being accepted by others. The Need to Belong Scale (NTBS) is an instrument elaborated to measure such individual dimension of the need to belo...
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We investigated whether Reggae preferences are associated with similar values across cultures compared with its culture of origin—Jamaica. Remote acculturation predicts that Reggae listeners across countries will share similar cultural values with Reggae listeners in Jamaica regardless of their cultural or geographical distance from the Caribbean i...
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Digital games now occupy more space in people's lives. Since the popularization of personal computers, game consoles and portable devices more people spend more time exposed to a greater variety of games. Researchers in various fields have been studying the consequences of this phenomenon. Digital games are commonly associated with a range of antis...
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Resumo Os jogos digitais vêm ocupando um espaço maior na vida das pessoas. Com a popularização de compu-tadores pessoais, consoles de videogame e artefatos portáteis, uma quantidade maior de pessoas passa mais tempo exposta a diferentes jogos e diversas áreas do conhecimento estudam quais consequências estão associadas a este fenômeno. Além disso,...
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In different cultures, people use the concept of weight to refer to important matters. Recent studies in grounded cognition suggested that experiences of weight affect unrelated judgments of importance in metaphor-congruent ways. Theories in grounded cognition and prime-to-behavior effects state that sensations of weight activate concepts of import...
Article
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Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar as características psicométricas da escala "Estratégias para Aplicação no Trabalho do Aprendido em Treinamento" por meio da teoria de resposta ao item. Com um banco de dados secundário composto por 1241 participantes, foram calibrados dezoito itens, por meio do uso do modelo de resposta gradual. Dez itens per...
Article
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The present research aimed to develop and produce evidence of the validity of an Implicit Association Test (IAT) for BJW. Two studies were developed to achieve this objective. Study 1 tested the convergent validity of a preliminary version of an IAT with an explicit measure (Global Belief in Just World Scale). The sample consisted of 119 participan...
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We examine what situational cues may influence corruption intentions of individuals in a high corruption context. We primed Brazilian participants with images related to corruption, but with different behavioral connotations (either images suggesting political corruption or images of a Malandro, a powerless antihero who blurs moral boundaries by br...
Article
The effect of attribution of responsibility on the intention to help is a well-studied effect. The Weiner model of attribution-emotion-help is the main theoretical development to describe the structural relation between these variables. Some research results have suggested that culture influences the relation between model variables. Collectivists...
Article
While direct replications such as the “Many Labs” project are extremely valuable in testing the reliability of published findings across laboratories, they reflect the common reliance in psychology on single vignettes or stimuli, which limits the scope of the conclusions that can be reached. New experimental tools and statistical techniques make it...
Data
Full-text available
This dataset is from the Many Labs Replication Project [1] in which 13 effects were replicated across 36 samples and over 6,000 participants. Data from the replications are included, along with demographic variables about the participants and contextual information about the environment in which the replication was conducted. Data were collected in...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo do estudo de delineamento experimental intersujeitos foi analisar as relações entre gerenciamento de impressões de candidatos a emprego e a decisão de contratação pelo entrevistador. Apresentou-se uma descrição de entrevista de cargo de nível médio, incluindo respostas de cinco supostos candidatos, cada um deles fazendo uso de uma das es...
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The perception process that occurs between interviewers and applicants has been largely analyzed in the literature. The aim of this study is to analyze the occurrence of confirmation bias in selection interviews, as well as interviewers' confidence in their evaluation of applicants. Confirmation bias refers to a tendency that interviewers have to c...
Article
Full-text available
Although replication is a central tenet of science, direct replications are rare in psychology. This research tested variation in the replicability of 13 classic and contemporary effects across 36 independent samples totaling 6,344 participants. In the aggregate, 10 effects replicated consistently. One effect – imagined contact reducing prejudice –...
Article
Full-text available
The interest of personality and social psychology for the enduring disposition to act prosocially resulted in the development of instruments capable of measuring such "goodness". The aim of the present study was to translate into Portuguese, adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Prosocial Personality Battery, an instrument developed...
Article
Full-text available
Although replication is a central tenet of science, direct replications are rare in psychology. This research tested variation in the replicability of thirteen classic and contemporary effects across 36 independent samples totaling 6,344 participants. In the aggregate, ten effects replicated consistently. One effect – imagined contact reducing prej...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluation of training programs has received special research attention. Testing a training effectiveness model with the trainee´s characteristics and work environment factors as predictors is the goal of the present study. A survey with 652 ex-trainees in a banking institution was conducted. The results show a model with a good fit. Effect sizes o...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluation of training programs has received special research attention. Testing a training effectiveness model with the trainee's characteristics and work environment factors as predictors is the goal of the present study. A survey with 652 ex-trainees in a banking institution was conducted. The results show a model with a good fit. Effect sizes o...
Article
Full-text available
Kindness is a kind of prosocial behavior with important implications in people's everyday life. Manipulations based on priming, a process by which recent sensory experiences automatically create perceptual and behavioral readiness, could considerably influence the readiness for acting kindly. The present study has the aim of investigating the moder...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluation of training programs has received special research attention. Testing a training effectiveness model with the trainee's characteristics and work environment factors as predictors is the goal of the present study. A survey with 652 ex-trainees in a banking institution was conducted. The results show a model with a good fit. Effect sizes o...
Data
The current research aimed at adapting, developing and validating Brazilian scales related to body image norms for both genders. In study 1, SATAQ revealed a problematic two-factor structure. Study 2 focused on the development of Male and Female Body Image Scales. Both scales revealed a two-factor structure, comprising the factors "general internal...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo O objetivo principal deste estudo foi adaptar, desenvolver e validar escalas brasileiras de normatização da aparência corporal para homens e mulheres. No Estudo 1 a escala SATAQ revelou uma estrutura bifatorial problemática. O Estudo 2 traz o desenvolvimento da EFIC/EMIC (Escala Feminina/Masculina de Normatização Corporal). Ambas apresentara...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo principal deste estudo foi adaptar, desenvolver e validar escalas brasileiras de normatização da aparência corporal para homens e mulheres. No Estudo 1 a escala SATAQ revelou uma estrutura bifatorial problemática. O Estudo 2 traz o desenvolvimento da EFIC/EMIC (Escala Feminina/Masculina de Normatização Corporal). Ambas apresentaram uma e...
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Full-text available
Two studies explore the structure and psychological makeup of jeitinho, a Brazilian indigenous construct associated with problem-solving strategies in strong hierarchies. Study 1 used a scenario approach with nonstudent participants and demonstrated that jeitinho can be described by a three-dimensional structure: corruption, creativity, and social...
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Understanding the reasons why people begin and continue to volunteer can contribute to the recruitment of new volunteers and to the retention of those that already engaged, by bringing the individual goals of potential volunteers closer to the requirements and benefits associated with the existing work opportunities. This study aims to adapt and va...
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Prosocial behavior emotions are influenced by how events are interpreted. Studies have shown that the attribution of incontrolabitily to one's behavior is associated with the production of sympathy emotions. This theoretical assertion has been corroborated with experimental scenarios. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of variations of the sce...
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Taxonomies are an important scientific activity for classifying phenomena. This paper describes the construction and validation of a taxonomy for training, development and education (TD&E) events in organizations. It may facilitate management and evaluation of TD&E in organizations. The taxonomy was developed with five classification dimensions: in...
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Brazilian jeitinho is a social influence strategy that is widely regarded as a component of Brazilian culture. This study aims to systematize the way Brazilians conceptualize jeitinho, seeking to identify behaviors that are seen as exemplars. In study one, 17 participants were interviewed and content analyses pointed to seven themes: sympathy, harm...
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Two mock trial studies had the purpose of evaluate the effect of defendant criminal antecedents and the debate order over the juror deliberation. On the first study a factorial design of 2 (debate order) X 2 (defendant antecedent) was conducted and 123 students watched a video mock trial. The results show a sample tendency to find the defendant gui...
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Civility is a prosocial behavior regulated by tacit social norms. However, few studies have investigated the factors determining civility in urban contexts. The purpose of this paper was to test the influence of gender, pedestrian density, and social categorization on civility. Three field experiments simulated everyday social situations. Results s...
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Dois estudos experimentais de tribunal simulado tiveram como objetivo avaliar o efeito do antecedente criminal do réu e da ordem de apresentação das teses de acusação e defesa na deliberação de jurados. No primeiro foi realizado um delineamento fatorial 2 (ordem das teses) X 2 (perfil do réu) do qual participaram 123 estudantes, que assistiram a um...
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O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver e validar um instrumento de satisfação corporal situacional numa amostra de estudantes universitários brasileiros. A escala inclui itens de avaliação de partes e do corpo como um todo. Análises fatoriais exploratórias revelaram uma estrutura com quatro fatores; "partes inferiores" (α=0,72), "satisfação e músc...
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The aim of this study was the development and validation of a situational body satisfaction scale in a Brazilian college student sample. The scale includes 28 items ranging from parts to overall body evaluation. Four factors emerged from the exploratory factor analysis of the items. They were named "lower parts" (α=.72), "muscle and satisfaction",...
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Os valores do trabalho são os princípios que guiam a vida do indivíduo no trabalho. No Brasil, uma escala que já foi amplamente utilizada em pesquisas é a Escala de Valores relativos ao Trabalho (EVT). O objetivo do primeiro estudo foi realizar o teste confirmatório da estrutura empírica da escala. Uma amostra de 790 profissionais respondeu ao inst...