Ronald Pelot

Ronald Pelot
Dalhousie University | Dal · Department of Industrial Engineering

Professor

About

97
Publications
19,196
Reads
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936
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 1994 - present
Dalhousie University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (97)
Article
Natural and man-made disasters can disrupt road networks. The post-disaster period is usually divided into short and long-term response phases. In the short-term phase, blocked roads can jeopardize emergency operations such as search-and-rescue, evacuation of victims, and the distribution of emergency supplies. The detritus may pose an environmenta...
Article
Full-text available
Natural disasters such as earthquakes can severely impact road networks. Depending on the disaster intensity and the size of the affected area, the network may be divided into multiple disconnected parts. In a disaster response context, decision-makers need to determine the roads that should be unblocked to facilitate relief activities such as sear...
Article
In the Salish Sea, a body of water spanning British Columbia, Canada, and Washington State, USA, increasing vessel traffic has the potential to cause many direct and indirect impacts on an endangered population of cetaceans; Southern Resident Killer Whales (SRKW) (Orcinus orca). This study uses satellite Automatic Identification System (AIS) data t...
Chapter
Full-text available
The opening Arctic means not only expanding shipping but also expanding fisheries. On an industry basis, fishing is one of the most hazardous industries in the world, even more hazardous than shipping. Both sectors are vulnerable to the effects of weather and require travelling significant distances into and through a range of environments and chan...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the 1980s the Canadian Coast Guard has maintained a database of maritime search and rescue (SAR) incidents involving response assets and personnel. This information is stored in a national database known as the Search and Rescue Program Information Management System (SISAR). SISAR contains a spatiotemporal record for all serious incidents tha...
Chapter
Full-text available
The diminishing extent of sea ice in Arctic areas brings opportunities for increased shipping activities in the Canadian Arctic. However, it also causes concerns, e.g., related to environmental pollution to vulnerable areas and impacts on ecosystems at local, regional, and global scales, which can further impact human health. Increased shipping act...
Book
Full-text available
This open access book is a result of the Dalhousie-led research project Safe Navigation and Environment Protection, supported by a grant from the Ocean Frontier Institute’s the Canada First Research Excellent Fund (CFREF). The book focuses on Arctic shipping and investigates how ocean change and anthropogenic impacts affect our understanding of ris...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This discussion paper contains background information, including a definition of Low-Impact Shipping Corridors, an overview of Arctic shipping trends, potential Corridors models, Nunavut community members’ perspectives about the Corridors, and an introduction to the proposed Canadian Arctic Shipping and Transportation Network (CASTnet). It also out...
Article
In 2016, the world shipping fleet grew by 3.5%. Even if the annual growth rate remains at its lowest since 2013, the global situation is still in overcapacity (UNCTAD 2016). Ninety percent of global trade, by volume, is done by sea. Monitoring this fleet helps with vessel navigation, informing to help avoid critical situations such as collisions, a...
Chapter
Vessels planning a passage in the Canadian Arctic face many risks, most notably from ice, extreme weather, remoteness, and uncharted or poorly charted bathymetry. For ship operators who view the Arctic as a relatively untouched area of opportunity, the desire to operate vessels in the Arctic brings new challenges and risks. This study introduces th...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a mathematical multi-objective model to optimize the location-allocation of maritime search and rescue (SAR) vessels with regard to several criteria, including primary and backup coverage and mean access time. Atlantic Canada serves as the area of the study and the Canadian Coast Guard has provided the necessary datasets and inf...
Poster
Full-text available
An accounting of the current status and progress to date within the MEOPAR-exactEarth-Dalhousie initiative to enable the use of Satellite AIS data as a research data resource.
Article
In this paper, a multi-criteria analysis is performed on the location of Maritime Search and Rescue resources. Two well-known standard location models (the maximal covering location problem and p-median problem) are modified and applied in accordance with our problem characteristics. The study considers several distinct response vessel types with d...
Article
The Canadian Coast Guard is in charge of search and rescue missions off the east coast of Canada. It accomplishes this task with a number of different vessels. In order to determine the best possible type of equipment and the optimal locations of the Coast Guard vessels, we formulate an integer optimization problem that minimizes the access time re...
Conference Paper
This paper presents results of the Canadian-German research project PASSAGES (Protection and Advanced Surveillance System for the Arctic: Green, Efficient, Secure)1 on an advanced surveillance system for safety and security of maritime operations in Arctic areas. The motivation for a surveillance system of the Northwest Passage is the projected gro...
Article
Extreme weather factors, a key aspect of the commercial fishing operating environment, can present danger to fish harvesters and fishing vessels. The extreme environmental conditions in Atlantic Canada, most often associated with the passage of extratropical cyclones and icy waters, can be characterized using wind speed, precipitation, air and sea...
Article
Full-text available
Weather factors are an intrinsic part of the fishing environment. Changes in weather patterns due to climate change may affect the fishing environment and fishing safety. This article proposes a general framework to quantify fishing incident risks in the future due to changes in weather conditions. This framework first builds relationships between...
Article
Full-text available
Fishing is one of the most dangerous occupations in the world. Numerous research studies have been carried out to improve fishing safety from many different perspectives. Several of these studies focused on the relationship between environmental factors, climate change effects, and fishing safety. This paper aims to suggest a knowledge mobilization...
Article
Fishing is one of the most dangerous occupations in the world. In addition to the high risk of fatality, fish harvesters are also at risk of a wide range of non-fatal injuries during their work at sea. Weather factors are an intrinsic part of fish harvesters’ operating environment and they consider the most dangerous situations at sea to be associa...
Article
Full-text available
Maritime traffic volume in the Arctic is growing for several reasons: climate change is resulting in less ice in extent, duration, and thickness; economic drivers are inducing growth in resource extraction traffic, community size (affecting resupply) and adventure tourism. This dynamic situation, coupled with harsh weather, variable operating condi...
Chapter
The location-allocation problem serves to deploy assets effectively to respond to a known or estimated geographically distributed demand for service, including providing emergency services. At first glance, the rescue vessel location problem in the Search and Rescue (SAR) domain is similar to the emergency vehicle location problem such as for ambul...
Article
Full-text available
PASSAGES has created a database by collecting and cross-referencing contextual information and interacting with potential users of such a system (government agencies, shipping companies, communities etc.). Exploring the Canadian stakeholder network is a necessary part of understanding how operations are planned for and conducted. The sources of thi...
Article
Climate change is one of the most serious threats facing humankind. Mitigating climate change will require a suite of actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a new technology aimed at mitigating climate change by capturing and storing carbon dioxide, typically in deep geological reservoirs. CCS has risks char...
Article
Multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) has been applied to various energy problems to incorporate a variety of qualitative and quantitative criteria, usually spanning environmental, social, engineering, and economic fields. MCDA and associated methods such as life-cycle assessments and cost-benefit analysis can also include risk analysis to address...
Article
Illegal discharge of waste oil from ships is a major source of mortality for seabirds globally. Using linear and log-linear regression, we explored the relationship between detection rates of marine oily discharges and surveillance effort at different time scales, based on data collected in the Canadian Pacific Ocean by the National Aerial Surveill...
Article
IntroductionThe primary objective of this research was to explore the use of an interactive whiteboard as an Emergency Response Focus Board (ERFB) for offshore emergency response teams (ERT) during a training and assessment process.Methods Thirty-seven participants completed simulation testing in a randomized study design with two visual display co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of the model is to determine what factors help distinguish between countries that are the origin of a piracy outbreak versus those that are not. By establishing factors that help determine this distinction, policy-makers and analysts can pay special attention to states where factors point to an outbreak of piracy.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Article
This paper will explore how traffic data is used in quantitatively modeling the risk of oil spills, and how a new vessel tracking system, LRIT, can augment this capability. Starting January 1, 2009 the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) made the Long-Range Identification and Tracking System (LRIT) a mandatory requirement...
Article
Management of the coastal zone for the purposes of conservation and sustainability is a well-described concept in the literature. This paper describes the importance of modelling various forms of maritime traffic as an intrinsic element of this process. Effective use of GIS in this context implies extensive data acquisition and cleaning, vessel pat...
Article
Ship-source oil spills are a threat to the marine environment and coastal communities. Efficient response to the spill can control and minimize the negative consequences associated with this type of pollution. Since the effectiveness of the response is dependent upon the type and distribution of response resources, it is important to allocate resou...
Article
There is a long history of studying the relationship between weather and maritime activities. This article analyzes the link between relative incident rate (RIR) and general weather factors within certain gridded areas and time periods. The study area, which encompasses a broad extent of Atlantic Canadian waters, includes fishing incidents recorded...
Article
In this study, fishing vessel activities and incidents that occurred within Canadian Atlantic Waters are mapped and examined using Kernel density technique that is used as the advance hot spot technique. This technique precisely identifies location, spatial extent and intensity of incidents hot spots. Recent studies have shown that geospatial infor...
Chapter
Management of the coastal zone for the purposes of conservation and sustainability is a well-described concept in the literature. This paper describes the importance of modelling various forms of maritime traffic as an intrinsic element of this process. Effective use of GIS in this context implies extensive data acquisition and cleaning, vessel pat...
Article
This paper examines the use of exploratory spatial analysis for identifying hotspots of shipping-based oil pollution in the Pacific Region of Canada's Exclusive Economic Zone. It makes use of data collected from fiscal years 1997/1998 to 2005/2006 by the National Aerial Surveillance Program, the primary tool for monitoring and enforcing the provisi...
Article
Full-text available
Fifteen years after the global adoption of Sustainable Development (SD), a very narrow range of metrics with little direct relation to SD continues to dominate development policy at the international level. A concern is that these measures of development promote a vision that neglects environmental sustainability or worse invokes a vision of develo...
Article
Spatial pattern analysis of recreational boating has become increasingly important because of the growing popularity of recreational boating activity and the magnitude of its associated risks. The nature of recreational boating movements provides useful input for risk analyses. However, there are no known pattern analyses which explore the differen...
Chapter
Maritime traffic analysis is growing in importance for many reasons: risk management, accident prevention and response planning. Since most decisions are location-sensitive, one important consideration in maritime traffic analysis involves maritime risk analysis, including spatial analysis to identify hot spots. Hot spots areas are concentrations o...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the fact that it has been well over a decade since Agenda 21 first called for sustainable development indicators, there is no consensus regarding the best approach to the design and use of SDI models. It is important, therefore, to question the effectiveness of SDIs in an effort to continue advancing sustainability.This paper addresses one...
Article
In order to recognize patterns of recreational boating, three different types (canoes, kayaks and sailboats) of recreational boats’ trajectories were collected by GPS in Halifax, NS. Since the fact that not every GPS point represents useful features, classic line simplification algorithms are adapted to dedensify the original GPS trajectory and ret...
Article
This paper investigates the performance of a spatio-spectral template on Ikonos imagery to automatically detect small recreational boats. The spatio-spectral template is employed which is then enhanced through use of a weighted Euclidean distance metric adapted from the Mahalanobis distance metric. The purpose is to assist the Canadian Coast Guard...
Article
Studying recreational boating movements may prove useful for a variety of applications, such as exposure measures for risk analysis or coastal security. In order to analyze recreational boating trajectories'spatial patterns from GPS points, a crucial part involves effectively dedensifying each trajectory such that important movement features are re...
Article
Given the need for mapping and analysis of maritime traffic, coupled with the increased availability of data, improved GIS packages, and spatial analysis tools, maritime risk analysis is becoming an increasingly powerful and useful tool for supporting a wide range of decisions for monitoring, managing, and mitigating maritime shipping risks.
Article
Commercial fishing is an inherently risky industry, and the safety of the people and property involved is always a concern of maritime administrations. The purpose of this study is to determine whether certain weather factors affect the severity of fishing incidents. The study area encompasses a broad extent of Atlantic Canadian waters, using fishi...
Conference Paper
The cruise ship industry has undergone significant expansion throughout the world resulting in an increase in cruise ship traffic in Canadian waters and competition between ports for ship visitations. This has raised a number of concerns, one of which is responding to an incident and the risks that are associated with it. An investigation was initi...
Conference Paper
The cruise ship industry has undergone significant expansion throughout the world resulting in an increase in cruise ship traffic in Canadian waters and competition between ports for ship visitations. This has raised a number of concerns, one of which is responding to an incident and the risks that are associated with it. An investigation was initi...
Article
There are many applications for small target detection in engineering: topographic mapping, infrastructure inventories, and pre-engineering design. Near shore marine applications include: mapping breakwaters, piers, navigation structures, pilings, and vessel traffic patterns. The application driving this research is the development of a surveillanc...
Article
Full-text available
Biomechanical assessment tools provide designers with quick feedback on design and human comfort tolerances of backpacks.
Article
Full-text available
The Defence Research and Development Canada--Toronto managed a collaborative team of designers, biomechanists, ergonomists and military stakeholders in the development of a new personal load carriage (LC) system for the Canadian Forces. Ergonomics design principles using objective measurement tools and user-centred feedback from soldiers were consi...
Article
Full-text available
For application to military and civilian needs, Defence Research and Development Canada--Toronto contracted Queen's University, Kingston to develop a suite of biomechanical assessment and analytical tools to supplement human-based load carriage system assessment methods. This suite of tools permitted efficient objective evaluation of biomechanical...
Article
Rescuing operators of small recreational vessels is a constant resource drain on the limited operating budget of the Canadian Coast Guard. As a result, a new and innovative application of small target surveillance techniques is being developed at the Department of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, UNB, Canada. This work is being done in support of...
Article
Full-text available
Recreational boating activities represent one of the highest risk populations in the marine environment. Moreover, there is a trend of increased risk exposure by recreational boaters such as those who undertake adventure tourism, sport fishing/hunting, and personal watercraft (PWC) activities. When trying to plan search and rescue activities, there...
Article
Full-text available
Satellite imagery of dynamic environments can only yield precise ground object positional information if temporally accurate ground truthing occurs. Thus, detailed knowledge of satellite overpass characteristics permits ground truthing activities to coincide with imagery acquisition, and also ensures that the deployment of such resources is done in...
Article
A two-dimensional biomechanical model of a backpack has been developed which incorporates the primary forces at the shoulder and waistbelt contact points. The model had been validated using instrumented manikins in laboratory experiments. The computer-based formulation allows the user to specify parameters for certain pack features, such as pack ma...
Article
Full-text available
Standardized objective measurements for the evaluation of load carriage include the development of a load carriage simulator, a stiffness tester, and a suspension system characteristics tester. In addition, human-based methods have been developed by which the performance of load carriage systems undergoing evaluation in standardized military activi...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of contributions by biomechanical testing to the design of the final Canadian Clothe the Soldier (CTS) load carriage (LC) system. The Load Carriage Simulator and Compliance tester were used during design of the CTS system for evaluation of: three fragmentation vests seven Tactical Vests and three...
Article
Full-text available
This project attempted to determine the physiological and biomechanical effects of varying the centre of gravity of a load in a backpack in a short duration activity. Experienced soldiers (n=22) carried a 36.0 kg modified US Army ALICE backpack on a treadmill at 5.6 km/h for 15 minutes at 0% elevation. The subjects carried the load in three locatio...
Article
This study investigated the physiological responses and performances for 20 fire fighters when completing simulated forcible entry tests. The purpose was to establish the validity of using a tire striking test and to examine the effects of varying the test parameters. The tests consisted of striking a reinforced structure and a weighted truck tire...