## About

56

Publications

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1,078

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Introduction

Ronald Meyer Caplan currently works at Predictive Science Inc.. Ronald does research in Computing in Mathematics, Natural Science, Distributed Computing and Parallel Computing. Their most recent publication is 'Regularized Biot-Savart Laws for Modeling Magnetic Flux Ropes.'

Additional affiliations

September 2009 - May 2012

Education

September 2009 - August 2012

September 2005 - May 2007

December 2003 - August 2005

**Ohr Somayach Tanenbaum Educational Center**

Field of study

- Judaic theology and philosophy

## Publications

Publications (56)

We describe, test, and apply a technique to incorporate full-sun, surface flux evolution into an MHD model of the global solar corona. Requiring only maps of the evolving surface flux, our method is similar to that of Lionello et al. (2013), but we introduce two ways to correct the electric field at the lower boundary to mitigate spurious currents....

We present in this Letter the first global comparison between traditional line-tied steady state magnetohydrodynamic models and a new, fully time-dependent thermodynamic magnetohydrodynamic simulation of the global corona. The maps are scaled to the approximate field distributions and magnitudes around solar minimum using the Lockheed Evolving Surf...

To understand the solar evolution and effects of solar eruptive events, the Sun is permanently observed by multiple satellite missions. The optically-thin emission of the solar plasma and the limited number of viewpoints make it challenging to reconstruct the geometry and structure of the solar atmosphere; however, this information is the missing l...

There is growing interest in using standard language constructs for accelerated computing, avoiding the need for (often vendor-specific) external APIs. These constructs hold the potential to be more portable and much more `future-proof'. For Fortran codes, the current focus is on the {\tt do concurrent} (DC) loop. While there have been some success...

Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) light emitted by the Sun impacts satellite operations and communications and affects the habitability of planets. Currently, EUV-observing instruments are constrained to viewing the Sun from its equator (i.e., ecliptic), limiting our ability to forecast EUV emission for other viewpoints (e.g. solar poles), and to generaliz...

The previous three solar cycles have ended in progressively more quiescent conditions, suggesting a continual slide into an ever deeper minimum state. Although the Sun's magnetic field is undoubtedly responsible for this quiescence, it is not clear how changes in its structure and strength modulate the properties of the solar wind. In this study, w...

Solar Energetic Particles (SEP) events are interesting from a scientific perspective as they are the product of a broad set of physical processes from the corona out through the extent of the heliosphere, and provide insight into processes of particle acceleration and transport that are widely applicable in astrophysics. From the operations perspec...

Recently, there has been growing interest in using standard language constructs (e.g. C++’s Parallel Algorithms and Fortran’s do concurrent) for accelerated computing as an alternative to directive-based APIs (e.g. OpenMP and OpenACC). These constructs have the potential to be more portable, and some compilers already (or have plans to) support suc...

Recently, there has been growing interest in using standard language constructs (e.g. C++'s Parallel Algorithms and Fortran's do concurrent) for accelerated computing as an alternative to directive-based APIs (e.g. OpenMP and OpenACC). These constructs have the potential to be more portable, and some compilers already (or have plans to) support suc...

Many scientists use coronal hole (CH) detections to infer open magnetic flux. Detection techniques differ in the areas that they assign as open, and may obtain different values for the open magnetic flux. We characterize the uncertainties of these methods, by applying six different detection methods to deduce the area and open flux of a near-disk c...

The potential field (PF) solution of the solar corona is a vital modeling tool for a wide range of applications, including minimum energy estimates, coronal magnetic field modeling, and empirical solar wind solutions. Given its popularity, it is important to understand how choices made in computing a PF may influence key properties of the solution....

The so-called regularized Biot-Savart laws (RBSLs) provide an efficient and flexible method for modeling pre-eruptive magnetic configurations of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) whose characteristics are constrained by observational images and magnetic-field data. This method allows one to calculate the field of magnetic flux ropes (MFRs) with small c...

Many scientists use coronal hole (CH) detections to infer open magnetic flux. Detection techniques differ in the areas that they assign as open, and may obtain different values for the open magnetic flux. We characterize the uncertainties of these methods, by applying six different detection methods to deduce the area and open flux of a near-disk c...

This work presents results from simulations of the 2000 July 14 ("Bastille Day") solar proton event. We used the Energetic Particle Radiation Environment Model (EPREM) and the CORona-HELiosphere (CORHEL) software suite within the SPE Threat Assessment Tool (STAT) framework to model proton acceleration to GeV energies due to the passage of a CME thr...

The potential field (PF) solution of the solar corona is a vital modeling tool for a wide range of applications, including minimum energy estimates, coronal magnetic field modeling, and empirical solar wind solutions. Given its popularity, it is important to understand how choices made in computing a PF may influence key properties of the solution....

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) is providing an unprecedented view of the Sun's corona as it progressively dips closer into the solar atmosphere with each solar encounter. Each set of observations provides a unique opportunity to test and constrain global models of the solar corona and inner heliosphere and, in turn, use the model results to provide a glo...

Context. Parker Solar Probe (PSP) is providing an unprecedented view of the Sun’s corona as it progressively dips closer into the solar atmosphere with each solar encounter. Each set of observations provides a unique opportunity to test and constrain global models of the solar corona and inner heliosphere and, in turn, use the model results to prov...

This work presents results from simulations of the 14 July 2000 ("Bastille Day") solar proton event. We used the Energetic Particle Radiation Environment Model (EPREM) and the CORona-HELiosphere (CORHEL) software suite within the SPE Threat Assessment Tool (STAT) framework to model proton acceleration to GeV energies due to the passage of a CME thr...

We observed the 2 July 2019 total solar eclipse with a variety of imaging and spectroscopic instruments recording from three sites in mainland Chile: on the centerline at La Higuera, from the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, and from La Serena, as well as from a chartered flight at peak totality in mid-Pacific. Our spectroscopy monitored Fe...

We describe the initial version of the Solar Particle Event (SPE) Threat Assessment Tool or STAT. STAT relies on elements of Corona-Heliosphere (CORHEL) and the Earth-Moon-Mars Radiation Environment Module (EMMREM), and allows users to investigate coronal mass ejection (CME) driven SPEs using coupled magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and focused transport...

GPU accelerators have had a notable impact on high-performance computing across many disciplines. They provide high performance with low cost/power, and therefore have become a primary compute resource on many of the largest supercomputers. Here, we implement multi-GPU acceleration into our Solar MHD code (MAS) using OpenACC in a fully portable, si...

We describe the initial version of the Solar Particle Event (SPE) Threat Assessment Tool or STAT. STAT relies on elements of Corona-Heliosphere (CORHEL) and the Earth-Moon-Mars Radiation Environment Module (EMMREM), and allows users to investigate coronal mass ejection (CME) driven SPEs using coupled magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and focused transport...

NASA's Parker Solar Probe (PSP) spacecraft reached its first perihelion of 35.7 solar radii on 2018 November 5. To aid in mission planning, and in anticipation of the unprecedented measurements to be returned, in late October, we developed a three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) solution for the solar corona and inner heliosphere, driven by t...

NASA's Parker Solar Probe (Parker) spacecraft reached its first perihelion of 35.7 solar radii on November 5th, 2018. To aid in mission planning, and in anticipation of the unprecedented measurements to be returned, in late October, we developed a three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) solution for the solar corona and inner heliosphere, drive...

GPU accelerators have had a notable impact on high-performance computing across many disciplines. They provide high performance with low cost/power, and therefore have become a primary compute resource on many of the largest supercomputers. Here, we implement multi-GPU acceleration into our Solar MHD code (MAS) using OpenACC in a fully portable, si...

The total solar eclipse that occurred on 21 August 2017 across the United States provided an opportunity to test a magnetohydrodynamic model of the solar corona driven by measured magnetic fields. We used a new heating model based on the dissipation of Alfvén waves, and a new energization mechanism to twist the magnetic field in filament channels....

Solar eruptions are the main driver of space-weather disturbances at the Earth. Extreme events are of particular interest, not only because of the scientific challenges they pose, but also because of their possible societal consequences. Here we present a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of the 14 July 2000 Bastille Day eruption, which produced...

Many existing models assume that magnetic flux ropes play a key role in solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). It is therefore important to develop efficient methods for constructing flux-rope configurations constrained by observed magnetic data and the morphology of the pre-eruptive source region. For this purpose, we have derived and imp...

A real-world example of adding OpenACC to a legacy MPI FORTRAN Preconditioned Conjugate Gradient code is described, and timing results for multi-node multi-GPU runs are shown. The code is used to obtain three-dimensional spherical solutions to the Laplace equation. Its application is finding potential field solutions of the solar corona, a useful t...

The heliospheric magnetic field is of pivotal importance in solar and space physics. The field is rooted in the Sun's photosphere, where it has been observed from ground- and space-based observatories for over four decades. Global maps of the solar magnetic field based on full disk magnetograms are commonly used as boundary conditions for coronal a...

We explore the performance and advantages/disadvantages of using unconditionally stable explicit super time-stepping (STS) algorithms versus implicit schemes with Krylov solvers for integrating parabolic operators in thermodynamic MHD models of the solar corona. Specifically, we compare the second-order Runge-Kutta Legendre (RKL2) STS method with t...

We describe the development and application of a time-dependent model of the solar wind. The model is empirically driven, starting from magnetic maps created with the Air Force Data Assimilative Photospheric flux Transport (ADAPT) model at a daily cadence. Potential field solutions are used to model the coronal magnetic field, and an empirical spec...

We describe a time-dependent, thermodynamic, three-dimensional MHD simulation of the July 14, 2000 coronal mass ejection
(CME) and flare. The simulation starts with a background corona developed using an MDI-derived magnetic map for the boundary condition. Flux ropes using the modified Titov-Demoulin (TDm) model are used to energize the pre-event a...

Late on July 23, 2012, the STEREO-A spacecraft encountered a fast forward
shock driven by a coronal mass ejection launched from the Sun earlier that same
day. The estimated travel time of the disturbance ($\sim 20$ hrs), together
with the massive magnetic field strengths measured within the ejecta ($>
100$nT), made it one of the most extreme events...

A method for the automatic mapping of coronal holes (CH) using simultaneous
multi-instrument EUV imaging data is described. Synchronized EUV images from
STEREO/EUVI A\&B 195\AA\ and SDO/AIA 193\AA\ undergo preprocessing steps that
include PSF-deconvolution and the application of data-derived intensity
corrections that account for center-to-limb var...

The dynamics of vortex ring pairs in the homogeneous nonlinear Schr\"odinger
equation is studied. The generation of numerically-exact solutions of traveling
vortex rings is described and their translational velocity compared to revised
analytic approximations. The scattering behavior of co-axial vortex rings with
opposite charge undergoing collisio...

An easy to implement modulus-squared Dirichlet (MSD) bound
ary condition is formulated for numerical simulations of
time-dependent complex partial differential equations in
multidimensional settings.
The MSD boundary condition approximates a constant
modulus-square value of the solution at the boundaries
and is defined as
(dPSI/dt)_b = i Im[...

We present a simple to use, yet powerful code package called NLSEmagic to numerically integrate the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in one, two, and three dimensions. NLSEmagic is a high-order finite-difference code package which utilizes graphic processing unit (GPU) parallel architectures. The codes running on the GPU are many times faster than th...

We present a simple to use, yet powerful code package called NLSEmagic to
numerically integrate the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation in one, two, and
three dimensions. NLSEmagic is a high-order finite-difference code package
which utilizes graphic processing unit (GPU) parallel architectures. The codes
running on the GPU are many times faster than...

We revisit the topic of the existence and azimuthal modulational stability of
solitary vortices (alias vortex solitons) in the two-dimensional (2D)
cubic-quintic nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equation. We develop a semi-analytical
approach, assuming that the vortex soliton is relatively narrow, and thus
splitting the full 2D equation into radial and az...

We numerically study the dynamics and interactions of vortex rings in
the nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE). Single ring dynamics for
both bright and dark vortex rings are explored including their traverse
velocity, stability, and perturbations resulting in quadrupole
oscillations. Multi-ring dynamics of dark vortex rings are investigated,
incl...

We describe and test an easy-to-implement two-step high-order compact (2SHOC)
scheme for the Laplacian operator and its implementation into an explicit
finite-difference scheme for simulating the nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation
(NLSE). Our method relies on a compact `double-differencing' which is shown to
be computationally equivalent to standard...

Linearized numerical stability bounds for solving the nonlinear
time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation (NLSE) using explicit finite-differencing
are shown. The bounds are computed for the fourth-order Runge-Kutta scheme in
time and both second-order and fourth-order central differencing in space.
Results are given for Dirichlet, modulus-squared Diri...

Linearized numerical stability bounds for solving the nonlinear time-dependent Schrödinger equation (NLSE) using explicit finite-differencing are shown. The bounds are computed for the fourth-order Runge–Kutta scheme in time and both second-order and fourth-order central differencing in space. Results are given for Dirichlet, modulus-squared Dirich...

We revisit the topic of the existence and azimuthal modulational stability of solitary vortices (alias vortex solitons) in the two-dimensional (2D) cubic-quintic nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equation. We develop a semi-analytical approach, assuming that the vortex soliton is relatively narrow, and thus splitting the full 2D equation into radial and az...

We study the azimuthal modulational instability of vortices with different topological charges, in the focusing two-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation. The method of studying the stability relies on freezing the radial direction in the Lagrangian functional of the NLS in order to form a quasi-one-dimensional azimuthal equation of moti...

We seek vortex solutions to the Cubic-Quintic Nonlinear Schrodinger Equa- tion both analytically and numerically. Our analytical approach is based on the one- dimensional exact solution of a steady-state prole solution, combined with a variational approach. Our numerical solutions are formed by using our analytical results as an initial guess for a...

We study the existence and azimuthal modulational stability of vortices in the two-dimensional Cubic-Quintic Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation (CQNLS). Our method to find the vortex solutions is to use an asymptotically derived trial function in a variational approach and seeding the resulting ansatz as an initial condition to a numerical nonlinear op...