Ronald B Bucinell

Ronald B Bucinell
Union College · Mechanical Engineering

Doctor of Philosophy

About

160
Publications
83,865
Reads
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2,577
Citations
Citations since 2016
68 Research Items
1805 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
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Introduction
My research interests include experimental characterization, modeling, and design of advanced materials. My work is applicable to aerospace, automotive, infrastructure, offshore drilling, and biomedica engineeringl. My most current focus is the development and use of sustainable materials.
Additional affiliations
July 1993 - February 2020
Union College
Position
  • Faculty Member
Description
  • Past Chairman of the Union College Faculty Executive Committee; past Chairman of the Department of Mechanical Engineering; past Thomas J. Watson, Sr. & Emma Watson Day Associate Professorship
January 1992 - September 1993
Temple University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Taught graduate class on instrumentation
December 1989 - March 2020
Innotech International, LLC
Position
  • Founding Partner
Description
  • Specializes in the design and characterization of advanced materials for commercial and military applications and supports attornies with forensic investigative services.
Education
September 1983 - April 1987
Drexel University
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics
September 1981 - June 1983
Drexel University
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics
September 1978 - June 1981
Rochester Institute of Technology
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering

Publications

Publications (160)
Article
Full-text available
Graphene oxide (GO) membranes, which form from the lamination of GO sheets, attract much attention due to their unique nanochannels. There is much interest in controlling the nanochannel structures and improving the aqueous stability of GO membranes so they can be effectively used in separation and filtration applications. This study employed a sim...
Article
A graphene oxide (GO) membrane can be used in structural dielectric capacitors and planar micro-supercapacitors as a dielectric separator material due to its excellent through-plane and in-plane dielectric properties. The ability to tailor the dielectric properties of the GO membrane is crucial for dielectric applications. We believe this to be the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Interest in biocomposites is growing worldwide as companies that manufacture high-performance products seek out more sustainable material options. Although there is significant research on biocomposite material options and processing found in the literature from at least the last two decades, there are few experimentally based case studies publishe...
Conference Paper
The SUCCESS-LEADERS (Leading Educational and Academic Directions to Enhance Retention in STEM) project aims to develop, refine and implement practices that will advance understanding of the factors affecting retention and career pathways of low-income, at-risk populations. The production of academically talented, energetic STEM students with divers...
Article
Mycelium is a biopolymer that has the potential to be a sustainable replacement for petroleum based foams in some engineering applications. During a recent study, with the objectives to first relate the effects of growing conditions on material properties and second to develop a model to predict the bulk behavior of mycelium, it was found that a va...
Conference Paper
To become a more competitive alternative to synthetic fibers, the variability of natural bast fiber material properties must be understood. Standardizing the relationship between these fibers and their associated material properties will broaden the range of applications to include more technical industries. Initial tensile testing showed variabili...
Article
Full-text available
Polymer nanocomposites have improved mechanical, optical and thermal properties compared to traditional thermoplastics. To study the impact of grafted brush–matrix interactions on the mechanical properties of nanoparticle filled polymers, uniaxial tensile testing with digital image correlation (DIC) was done on polystyrene (PS) grafted SiO2 in low...
Article
Full-text available
A new approach to manufacture biocomposite sandwich structure is introduced with all materials naturally derived, including jute, flax and cellulose textile as reinforcement skin; mycelium-bound agricultural waste as lightweight cores; and a soy-based bioresin as a matrix. This new material could be used to replace many of the plastic products that...
Article
Full-text available
This work investigates the mechanical behavior of mycelium composites reinforced with biodegradable agro-waste particles. In the composite, the mycelium acts as a supportive matrix which binds reinforcing particles within its filamentous network structure. The compressive behavior of mycelium composites is investigated using an integrated experimen...
Article
A new approach to manufacture biocomposite sandwich structure is introduced with all materials naturally derived, including jute, flax and cellulose textile as reinforcement skin; mycelium-bound agricultural waste as lightweight cores; and a soy-based bioresin as a matrix. This new material could be used to replace many of the plastic products that...
Article
Mycelium, the root structure of fungi, grows naturally as a biodegradable filamentous material. This unique material has highly heterogeneous microstructure with pronounced spatial variability in density and exhibits strongly non-linear mechanical behavior. In this work we explore the material response in compression, under cyclic deformation, and...
Article
Full-text available
Fungal based biopolymer matrix composites with lignocellulosic agricultural waste as the filler are a viable alternative for some applications of synthetic polymers. This research provides insight into the impact of the processing method and composition of agriwaste/fungal biopolymer composites on structure and mechanical properties. The impact of...
Article
Full-text available
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
Article
In this paper, the capabilities of Specialized Elastomeric Tooling for Resin Infusion, a low-cost and low-energy autoclaving alternative for consolidating and curing resin-infused thermoset composite parts, are expanded to biobased composites. Specifically, multiple flat laminate parts (10-ply stack of woven cellulose fiber with a high bio-content,...
Article
Full-text available
We study a unique biomaterial developed from fungal mycelium, the vegetative part and the root structure of fungi. Mycelium has a filamentous network structure with mechanics largely controlled by filament elasticity and branching, and network density. We report the morphological and mechanical characterization of mycelium through an integrated exp...
Article
Full-text available
The man has always wanted to be able to fly. The dream or although it has achieved, has not been reached yet fully. The fuse of the flight today is much higher than in the past, but is not yet complete. Although they have carried out the steps in the increase of the safety of a ship in flight, there are still many steps to do. For our passengers, b...
Article
In this study, the theoretical principles necessary to determine the exact magnitude of a moving electron, depending on the speed of movement, will be exposed. The equations are specifically discussed to determine the radius R of the moving electron, which refers to the electron movement velocity v and the resting mass m0. The mechanical moment of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes an application of industrial robots that gain ground mainly in the aerospace industry. It is a TTT manipulator whose task is to automatically position the end-effector, in this case a complex sensor system and a eddy-current probe in the position set by the software application for testing by non-destructive ultrasound control...
Article
Abstract: Lockheed Martin is a company aerospace global American, defense, security and advanced technologies with interests in the world. Has been formed by the merger of Lockheed with Martin Marietta in March 1995. Has its head office in Bethesda, Maryland, in the area of Washington DC. Lockheed Martin has 126,000 employees in the entire world. M...
Article
Full-text available
The gears are today the most widespread and most frequently used mechanical transmissions, all over the world. They must be the factory on an industrial scale, everywhere and have a variety of uses, being extremely important for both the heavy machines of industrial buildings, as well as for domestic appliances, electronics, etc. meet the excessive...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an original method for the determination of the yield of the gearbox, gears forces, gearbox and power. It analyzes the influence of certain parameters which affects the efficiency of the gearbox. Also an original method for the determination of the yield of the drive shafts oriented on the basis of the ratio of contact is present...
Article
Full-text available
Internal combustion engines in line (regardless of whether the work in four-stroke engines and two-stroke engines Otto cycle engines, diesel and Lenoir) are, in general, the most used. Their problem of balancing is extremely important for their operation is correct. There are two possible types of balancing: Static and dynamic balance. The total st...
Article
Full-text available
A non‐traditional approach to manufacturing biocomposite sandwich structures is introduced where all materials are naturally derived including natural fiber textile (jute, hemp and cellulose) as skin; mycelium‐bound agricultural waste as core; and a bioresin as matrix. This paper focuses 2 on issues related to three specific steps of the seven‐step...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an original method to determine the general dynamics of rotating cam and lifting, customized to flat-plate mechanism. First, the dynamic cinematic is presented. Then the Lagrange equation is resolved and with an original dynamic model with a degree of freedom with variable internal damping the dynamic analysis of two models is th...
Article
Many techniques used to measure the deformation of biological tissue are inadequate for measuring deformations of hearts in vivo. Bull Frogs (Rana Catesbeiana) were double-pithed and dissected to expose the amphibian heart for the measurements conducted in this study. White titanium dioxide powder and black charcoal were applied to the surface of t...
Article
Full-text available
Today, Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tears are one of the most prevalent knee injuries, with the occurrence of ACL tears increasing drastically from approximately 80 000 in 2000 to 150 000 in 2011. Although there are many factors that contribute to an ACL tear occurring, certain environmental factors could contribute to the dramatic increase ove...
Article
The knee is one of the most frequently injured joints in the body, between 100 000 and 400 000 Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries occur in the United States each year. This investigation explores the impact of wipe-or spray-on sneaker products used to increase traction between shoes and hardwood courts on the loading of the ACL. Specifically...
Article
Full-text available
First time the corresponding author has studied these problems of motors in V, in the framework of some contracts made with the research collective of UPB and “Autobuzul” plant, in years 1980-1986. In the first phase, have been studied the vibrations and noises of an engine in V, their transmissibility from the engine to the chassis and the cab dri...
Article
Full-text available
Forging manipulators have become more prevalent in the industry of today. They are used to manipulate objects to be forged. The most common forging manipulators move on a railway to have a better precision and stability. Heavy payload forging manipulators systems are normally characterized by a large load output and a large capacitive load input as...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an algorithm to set the parameters of the dynamics of the classic mechanism the main of internal combustion. It shows the distribution of the forces (on the main mechanism of the engine) on engines with internal combustion. With these strong points and together with speeds of kinematic couplings shall be determined when the outpu...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents an original method to determine the speeds and accelerations to structures MP R-3 The structure of the 3R (space) are known (required) rotation speeds of the triggers and must be determined speeds and accelerations of the endeffector M. Starting from the positions of direct kinematic system MP R-3deriving these system of relat...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents and treats (in an original way) the specific elements of the structures of robotic solid mobile anthropomorphic type. Are " placed on the wallpaper " , the geometry and kinematics of the anthropomorphic robotic solid systems, in an original vision of the authors. One presents the inverse kinematics of anthropomorphic systems, wi...
Article
Full-text available
A spacecraft propulsion is any method used to accelerate spacecraft and artificial satellites. There are several different methods, each with advantages and disadvantages, spacecraft propulsion being an active area of research. However, most current spacecraft are propelled by forcing a gas exits through the rear of the vehicle at high speed throug...
Article
Full-text available
Speaking about a new engine ionic means to speak about a new aircraft. The paper presents in a short time the actual engines ion chambers (called the ion thrusters) and other new ionic motors proposed by the authors. The engine (ionic propulsion unit of ions, that accelerates the positive ions through a potential difference) is approximately ten ti...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a method of the original type in order to determine the effectiveness of a mechanism camshaft and adept. The originality of this method consists of eliminating the friction. In this research analyzes the four types of side camshaft: 1. Camshaft rotary switch and the motherboard translated adept; 2. The mechanism with the camshaft...
Article
Forging manipulators have become more prevalent in the industry of today. They are used to manipulate objects to be forged. The most common forging manipulators move on a railway to have a better precision and stability. Heavy payload forging manipulators systems are normally characterized by a large load output and a large capacitive load input as...
Article
Patient specific implants are becoming viable treatment options in some orthopaedic applications through advances in additive manufacturing and 3D printing techniques. One potential application is for treatment of segmental bone defects, particularly in patients suffering from bone cancer. Current treatment options are: Amputation, megaprosthesis,...
Article
A stochastic model is used to predict the growth of delamination in graphite/epoxy laminates subjected to variable amplitude cyclic loading. The advantage of this model is that both the mean and variance associated with the growth of delamination are predicted. Understanding and predicting the variability associated with the delamination growth pro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new approach to manufacturing biocomposite sandwich structures is introduced. Materials used in the biocomposite are natural textile reinforcement, mycelium-bound agricultural waste as core, and bioresin. This paper focuses on three specific steps of the manufacturing process: filling pre-stamped textile shells with core mixture; allowing the cor...
Patent
Method and devices for rapidly fabricating monolithic aerogels, including aerogels containing chemical sensing agents, are disclosed. The method involves providing a gel precursor solution or a pre-formed gel in a sealed vessel with the gel or gel precursor at least partially filling the internal volume of the vessel and the sealed vessel being pos...
Article
The masticatory loading regime of lateral transverse bending (wishboning) is hypothesized to be instrumental in the evolution of symphyseal form among primates. The biomechanics of wishboning have largely been inferred by assuming that the mandible behaves as a curved beam under this load; however, the characterization of stress and strain in the a...
Patent
Method and devices for rapidly fabricating monolithic aerogels, including aerogels containing chemical sensing agents, are disclosed. The method involves providing a gel precursor solution or a pre-formed gel in a sealed vessel with the gel or gel precursor at least partially filling the internal volume of the vessel and the sealed vessel being pos...