Ron Handels

Ron Handels
Maastricht University | UM · MHeNS School for Mental Health and Neuroscience

PhD

About

79
Publications
11,219
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Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
Background Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome from the perspective of patients and their caregivers, in both dementia and pre-dementia stages. Yet, little is known about the long-term changes in QoL over time. We aimed to compare the trajectories of QoL between amyloid-positive and amyloid-negative SCD or MCI patients and to evaluate QoL...
Article
Background: The association between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and care costs in people at risk for cognitive decline is not well understood. Studying this association could reveal the potential benefits of increasing HRQoL and reducing care costs by improving cognition. Objective: In this exploratory data analysis we investigated th...
Article
Background: Disease modifying treatments (DMTs) currently under development for Alzheimer's disease, have the potential to prevent or postpone institutionalization and more expensive care and might delay institutionalization of persons with dementia. Objective: The current study estimates costs of living in a nursing home for persons with dement...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The aim of this study was to estimate the potential cost-effectiveness of the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) program. Methods: A life-time Markov model with societal perspective, simulating a cohort of people at risk of dementia reflecting usual care and the FINGER progr...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing global prevalence of dementia demands concrete actions that are aimed strategically at optimizing processes that drive clinical innovation. The first step in this direction requires outlining hurdles in the transition from research to practice. The different parties needed to support translational processes have communication mismatc...
Article
Importance: One characteristic histopathological event in Alzheimer disease (AD) is cerebral amyloid aggregation, which can be detected by biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and on positron emission tomography (PET) scans. Prevalence estimates of amyloid pathology are important for health care planning and clinical trial design. Objective:...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: A timely diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in an early stage of dementia is important to support timely access to treatment, advice, and care. The aim of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of [18F]flutemetamol PET in addition to the usual diagnostic workup for the diagnosis of AD in a memory clinic population with...
Article
Introduction: The impact of amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) imaging on patient health outcomes for individuals with dementia is unknown. In the present study, we explored the association between diagnostic outcome and clinician's level of certainty with quality of life (QoL) after [18F]flutemetamol PET results were disclosed in young on...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: A timely diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) in an early stage of dementia is important to support timely access to treatment, advice, and care. The aim of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of [18F]flutemetamol PET in addition to the usual diagnostic workup for the diagnosis of AD in a memory clinic population with...
Article
We investigated the effect of a multidomain lifestyle intervention on the risk of dementia estimated using the validated CAIDE risk score (post-hoc analysis). The Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) is a 2-year randomized controlled trial among 1,260 at-risk older adults (60–77 years). Differ...
Article
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Introduction Profiles of high risk for future dementia are well understood and are likely to concern mostly those in low-income and middle-income countries and people at greater disadvantage in high-income countries. Approximately 30%–40% of dementia cases have been estimated to be attributed to modifiable risk factors, including hypertension, smok...
Article
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Introduction Researchers, policy-makers and healthcare professionals often stress the importance of an early dementia diagnosis. Empirical evidence, however, is scarce leading to a lack of consensus on the necessity of diagnosing dementia early. We emphasise the need for a ‘timely’ diagnosis, that is, one that occurs at the right moment for a perso...
Article
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Purpose The Quality of Life Alzheimer’s Disease Scale (QoL-AD) is commonly used to assess disease specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as rated by patients and their carers. For cost-effectiveness analyses, utilities based on the EQ-5D are often required. We report a new mapping algorithm to obtain EQ-5D indices when only QoL-AD data are...
Article
Background The capability concept became a recognized approach to the measurement of quality of life. The ICECAP-O for older people aims to measure capabilities and has recently been used in people with dementia (self-rating) and informal carers (substituted judgement). However, linguistic validation studies have so far been lacking. Methods A cro...
Article
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Purpose: Informal care constitutes an important part of the total care for people with dementia. Therefore, the impact of the syndrome on their caregivers as well as that of health and social care services for people with dementia should be considered. This study investigated the convergent and clinical validity of the CarerQol instrument, which me...
Article
About half of the care for dementia is provided informally by family carers. Evidence on the hours of informal care by dementia symptoms of cognition, function and behavior is important to estimate the long‐term health‐economic effects beyond the common trial periods; especially as such evidence is not available from claims registries. We aim to es...
Article
The rising prevalence of dementia will largely occur in low‐ and middle‐income countries. Up to 30% of all dementia cases may be attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors. Therefore, lifestyle interventions targeting these risk factors can potentially prevent or delay the onset of dementia. Mobile Health (mHealth) may be a suitable way to...
Article
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Background Obtaining reliable estimates of the health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) of people with predementia Alzheimer’s disease [AD] (preclinical or prodromal AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia is essential for economic evaluations of related health interventions. Aims To provide an overview of which quality of life instrument...
Article
Objectives This exploratory study aimed at investigating profiles of care needs in people with mild to moderate dementia and examined variables associated with these profiles. Design A longitudinal international cohort study. Setting and Participants The baseline data of 447 community-dwelling dyads of people with dementia and their caregivers fr...
Research
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Informal and formal care - older people living in ordinary recidence, Sweden 2001-2015.
Article
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Background: A long-term horizon is necessary when the socioeconomic consequences and the potential effects of interventions in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are estimated. Objectives: To illustrate the potential societal costs of AD across the disease continuum and to illustrate the potential cost-effectiveness of a hypothetical intervention with dis...
Article
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Introduction: Loss to follow-up in dementia studies is common and related to cognition, which worsens over time. We aimed to (1) describe dropout and missing cognitive data in the Swedish dementia registry, SveDem; (2) identify factors associated with dropout; and (3) estimate propensity scores and use them to adjust for dropout. Methods: Longit...
Article
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Objectives To estimate (1) the duration of no formal care, home care, and institutional care after dementia diagnosis, and (2) the effect of age, sex, living situation, dementia medication, migration background, and income on this dementia care duration. Design Longitudinal retrospective study using routinely recorded general practice electronic h...
Article
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Purpose The pressure on healthcare budgets remains high, partially due to the ageing population. Economic evaluation can be a helpful tool to inform resource allocation in publicly financed systems. Such evaluations frequently use health-related outcome measures. However, in areas such as care of older people, improving health outcomes is not neces...
Article
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Objectives: In the current study, the Anderson model is used to determine equitable access to dementia care in Europe. Predisposing, enabling, and need variables were investigated to find out whether there is equitable access to dementia-specific formal care services. Results can identify which specific factors should be a target to improve access...
Article
Introduction: We develop a framework to model disease progression across Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to assess the cost-effectiveness of future disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to AD. Methods: Using data from the US National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center, we apply survival analysis to esti...
Article
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Introduction: We estimated the age-specific duration of the preclinical, prodromal, and dementia stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the influence of sex, setting, apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype, and cerebrospinal fluid tau on disease duration. Methods: We performed multistate modeling in a combined sample of 6 cohorts (n = 3268) with death...
Article
Objectives: Previously developed dementia caregiver profiles defined by caregiver age and burden, have been associated with caregiver quality of life, depression and perseverance time. The current aim was to investigate whether these caregiver profiles could predict subsequent service use. In addition, non-personal (e.g. meals on wheels) and suppor...
Article
Background: Access to formal care is not always timely and a better understanding on the impact of untimely access is needed. Objective: To examine, from a societal perspective, the impact of untimely access to formal care in terms of total costs and quality of life over one year in community dwelling people with dementia. Methods: Within the...
Article
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Background: With 10.5 million people with dementia in Europe and $301 billion associated costs, governments face challenges organizing access to care. Objective: To examine the costs related to formal and informal care use and quality of life for people with dementia in eight European countries, and explore the association with unmet needs. Met...
Article
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Introduction: Dementia is one of the greatest health challenges the world will face in the coming decades, as it is one of the principal causes of disability and dependency among older people. Economic modelling is used widely across many health conditions to inform decisions on health and social care policy and practice. The aim of this literatur...
Article
Background Anxiety disorders occur in up to 35% of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a negative effect on motor symptoms and quality of life. To date, no clinical trials specifically targeting anxiety in PD patients have been published. Objective to describe the rationale and methodology of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) that ai...
Article
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Introduction Dementia is the fastest growing major cause of disability globally and may have a profound impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of both the patient with dementia and those who care for them. This review aims to systematically identify and synthesise the measurements of HRQoL for people with, and their caregivers across...
Article
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Introduction Dementia is the fastest growing major cause of disability globally with a mounting social and financial impact for patients and their families but also to health and social care systems. This review aims to systematically synthesise evidence on the utilisation of resources and costs incurred by patients and their caregivers and by heal...
Article
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In the 12 years since the publication of the first Consensus Paper of the WFSBP on biomarkers of neurodegenerative dementias, enormous advancement has taken place in the field, and the Task Force takes now the opportunity to extend and update the original paper. New concepts of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and the conceptual interactions between AD and...
Article
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Objective: The Actifcare (Access to timely formal care) study investigated needs of people with dementia and their families during the phase in which formal care is being considered, and examined whether higher need levels are related to lower quality of life (QOL). Method: From eight European countries 451 people with dementia and their carers par...
Article
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Background: Diagnostic research criteria for Alzheimer's disease support the use of biomarkers in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to improve the accuracy of the prognosis regarding progression to dementia for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the potential incremental cost-effectiveness r...
Article
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Objective: We aimed to review health-economic evaluations of (hypothetical) intervention programmes for the primary prevention of dementia, and highlight challenges and provide recommendations for future research to estimate its cost-effectiveness. Methods: We searched the databases PubMed, MODEM, CEA and NHS for publications on the cost-consequenc...
Article
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Background: We aimed to determine the added value of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to clinical and imaging tests to predict progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to any type of dementia. Methods: The risk of progression to dementia was estimated using two logistic regression models based on 250 MCI participants: the first included standar...
Article
Objectives: To identify caregiver profiles of persons with mild to moderate dementia and to investigate differences between identified caregiver profiles, using baseline data of the international prospective cohort study Actifcare. Methods: A latent class analysis was used to discover different caregiver profiles based on disease related charact...
Conference Paper
Poster presentation: [Abstracts of the International Congress of the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society: Discovering New Ways in the World of Geriatrics; Lisbon, Portugal, 5-7 Oct 2016] URL: http://eugms2016-abstracts.elsevierdigitaledition.com/#64
Article
Background: Neuropsychological testing has long been embedded in daily clinical practice at memory clinics but the added value of a complete neuropsychological assessment (NPA) to standard clinical evaluation is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the added diagnostic and prognostic value of NPA to clinical evaluation only in memory clinic patients....
Article
Full-text available
This article presents recommendations, based on the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation method, for the clinical application of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid-β1–42, tau, and phosphorylated tau in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with dementia. The recommendations were developed by a multidisciplinary working...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents recommendations, based on the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation method, for the clinical application of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid-β1–42, tau, and phosphorylated tau in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The recommendations were developed by a mu...
Article
Full-text available
Background Previous findings indicate that people with dementia and their informal carers experience difficulties accessing and using formal care services due to a mismatch between needs and service use. This mismatch causes overall dissatisfaction and is a waste of the scarce financial care resources. This article presents the background and metho...
Article
Objectives: Understanding which persons most likely use particular combinations of service types is important as this could lead to a better understanding of care pathways. The aim of this study is to identify combinations of service use within a sample of community-dwelling people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia and identify fac...
Article
Background: Limited information is available on short-term prognosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in addition to routine diagnostic workup. Objective: This study aims to investigate the added prognostic value of AD CSF biomarkers. Methods: In a prospective cohort study, clinical experts predicted cognitiv...
Conference Paper
oral presentation S20.03; symposium S20: Access to timely formal care - the Actifcare project; chairs: F. Verhey, M. de Vugt
Article
The study aimed to determine the room for improvement of a perfect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker and the societal incremental net monetary benefit of CSF in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) assuming a hypothetical disease-modifying Alzheimer's disease (AD) treatment. A decision model compared current practice to a perfect biomark...
Article
Full-text available
Background In the absence of a gold standard, a panel of experts can be invited to assign a reference diagnosis for use in research. Available literature offers limited guidance on assembling and working with an expert panel for this purpose. We aimed to develop a protocol for an expert panel consensus diagnosis and evaluated its applicability in a...
Article
The socio-economic impact of Alzheimer′s disease (AD) and other dementias is enormous, and the potential economic challenges ahead are clear given the projected future numbers of individuals with these conditions. Because of the high prevalence and cost of dementia, it is very important to assess any intervention from a cost-effectiveness viewpoint...