Romain Weikmans

Romain Weikmans
Finnish Institute of International Affairs

PhD in Environmental Sciences and Management

About

76
Publications
24,854
Reads
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704
Citations
Citations since 2017
47 Research Items
666 Citations
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Introduction
I am Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs and Adjunct Professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) / Free University of Brussels. My main research interests center on international climate governance, climate finance and climate change adaptation.
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
Wageningen University & Research
Position
  • Researcher
January 2020 - present
Sciences Po Paris
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • "The global politics of financing low-carbon and climate-resilient development" (24h)
September 2019 - present
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • "Questions de politiques environnementales dans les pays du Sud" (36h)
Education
September 2011 - August 2015
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Field of study
  • Environmental Sciences & Management
September 2010 - January 2011
University of Lausanne
Field of study
  • Environmental Management
September 2009 - June 2010
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain
Field of study
  • International Relations and Conflicts Analysis

Publications

Publications (76)
Book
Full-text available
L'adaptation émerge aujourd'hui comme une dimension incontournable de la réponse au changement climatique. Complémentaire à l'indispensable réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre, ses enjeux restent cependant largement méconnus. À quels risques les sociétés humaines et les écosystèmes vont-ils être confrontés ? Dans quelle mesure l'adaptat...
Article
This article presents the findings of a re-evaluation of all 5,200 aid projects that OECD donors reported for 2012 as “climate change adaptation”-related, based on the “Rio marker” classification system. The findings confirm those from the academic and grey literature that the absence of independent quality control makes the adaptation Rio marker d...
Article
Full-text available
The sources and governance of climate finance have been widely debated since the 2009 climate change summit in Copenhagen, when rich countries promised to provide US$ 30 billion in additional climate finance by 2012 and to mobilize US$ 100 billion a year by 2020 to address the mitigation and adaptation needs of developing countries. Have developed...
Article
How will the Paris Agreement drive countries to address climate change? One expectation of the Agreement is that transparency will stimulate countries to increase the ambition of their pledges by revealing information on Parties’ climate efforts. To this end, the Agreement introduced a new ‘enhanced transparency framework’ (ETF) to report and revie...
Article
Full-text available
How much finance should be provided to support climate change adaptation and by whom? How should it be allocated, and on what basis? Over the years, various actors have expressed different normative expectations on climate finance. Which of these expectations are being met and which are not; why, and with what consequences? Have new norms and rules...
Article
Central to climate justice is the question of who will pay for the mitigation and adaptation efforts needed as the climate crisis worsens, particularly in countries that bear little responsibility for global greenhouse gas emissions. Climate finance is a complex set of mechanisms intended to address this concern. World-systems theory has long under...
Article
Wealthy countries failed to meet their US$100 billion climate finance pledge, and research now suggests that they may be further away from their goal than previously thought. Machine coding of finance projects may help settle the debate and could be part of a more rigorous tracking system.
Article
Full-text available
Formal deliberations for the new collective quantified goal on climate finance began at COP26 in Glasgow. This Perspectives article aims to inform this process by discussing the potential size and nature of is post-2025 target. We argue that the climate finance system around the current target to mobilise US$100 billion per year to support developi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Reporting and review arrangements are often portrayed as vital for keeping countries informed about each other’s climate intentions and actions. They are set in order to enhance accountability and mutual trust, ultimately securing more ambitious climate actions. This Briefing Paper provides an updated analysis of state engagement with the recent r...
Article
Full-text available
Based on a systematic review of journal articles, books and book chapters, and policy papers, we evaluate possible sources of finance for addressing loss and damage from slow onset climate events in developing countries. We find that most publications explore insurance schemes which are not appropriate for most slow onset events. From this, we dete...
Article
Full-text available
The crucial importance of science and technology and its accurate peer reviewed dissemination, has once again been demonstrated during the current pandemic. Thus the COVID-19 pandemic together with the inevitable energy transition required by climate change, lead us to consider the issue of scientific and technical communication, both for the writt...
Article
Full-text available
Transparency is increasingly central to multilateral climate governance. In this article, we undertake one of the first systematic assessments of the nature and extent of compliance with transparency requirements under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Extensive resources are now being devoted to setting up nationa...
Article
Full-text available
The 2009 pledge to mobilize US$100 billion a year by 2020 in climate finance to developing nations was not specific on what types of funding could count. Indeterminacy and questionable claims make it impossible to know if developed nations have delivered; as 2020 passes, opportunity exists to address these failures in a new pledge.
Chapter
Full-text available
This section considers the main channels of adaptation finance and how they have evolved over time. Our understanding of the status of adaptation finance flows is heavily constrained by data availability. For the reasons detailed in annex 2 [online], tracked adaptation finance represents only a partial estimate of current flows. Some international...
Article
Full-text available
To resolve arguments over what funding actually flows from developed to developing nations, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change needs to draw up a definition of what constitutes climate finance.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Are we doing enough to address climate change? Are countries living up to their promises? Are some doing better than they pledged? Transparency is key for answering these questions. This ecbi Pocket Guide traces the evolution of transparency arrangements under the UNFCCC right up to the transparency framework under the Paris Agreement. It addresses...
Article
Full-text available
Si la pollution de l’air est avant tout un problème de pollution locale, elle a aussi d’importantes dimensions internationales. Plusieurs de ces dimensions sont explorées dans cet article.
Article
Full-text available
Les pays du Nord se sont engagés à verser 100 milliards par an à ceux du Sud pour les aider à faire face au changement climatique. Mais la comptabilité de cette aide présente de sérieuses lacunes.
Article
Full-text available
Montée du niveau de la mer à la côte, inondations dans la vallée de l’Ourthe, sécheresses en Wallonie, vagues de chaleur intense à Bruxelles : dans l’esprit de beaucoup, telles sont les manifestations du changement climatique dans notre pays. Les effets néfastes du changement climatique ne sont cependant pas seulement le résultat de ces perturbatio...
Article
Full-text available
https://theconversation.com/changement-climatique-entre-adaptation-et-attenuation-il-ne-faut-pas-choisir-102285 Que faire face à la hausse des températures ? Donner la priorité à l’atténuation ou à l’adaptation ? Cette question est revenue au premier plan après un été particulièrement désastreux sur le plan climatique dans plusieurs pays de l’hém...
Article
We develop and apply a new theoretical framework for assessing the transformative capability of transparency in environmental governance. Our framework suggests that as norms related to transparency are recognized and translated into accountability mechanisms, and as these mechanisms are complied with, effects cascade and substantially influence th...
Article
Full-text available
Les promesses de transferts financiers Nord-Sud jouent un rôle important dans les négociations internationales établies autour du climat. En particulier, la question de l’adaptation au changement climatique des pays en développement fait l’objet d’une mobilisation financière internationale tout à fait remarquable. Cet article vise à mettre en évide...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Le présent document (Livrable 3) synthétise les travaux menés par les consultants dans le but d'élaborer une approche pour l'intégration des changements climatiques (ICC), sans perdre de vue la biodiversité et les services écosystémiques, dans les politiques, plans et programmes (PPP) agricoles et forestiers de Côte d'Ivoire.Afin d'élaborer une app...
Article
Full-text available
After years of arguments by developing countries for recognition of loss and damage (beyond their ability to adapt to climate impacts), a full article of the 2015 Paris Agreement was devoted to the issue. International mechanisms to address loss and damage are receiving increased attention, particularly given the intensification of climate impacts...
Technical Report
Full-text available
L'étude porte sur le vaste secteur constitué de l'agriculture, la foresterie, l'élevage et la pêche, qui est par excellence le secteur gestionnaire des services écosystémiques. Le diagnostic part d'une description du contexte et des problèmes du secteur étudié, y compris les problèmes liés au changements climatiques. Il présente ensuite une évaluat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Are we doing enough to address climate change? Are countries living up to their promises? Are some doing better than they pledged? Transparency is key for answering these questions. This ecbi Pocket Guide traces the evolution of transparency arrangements under the UNFCCC right up to the transparency framework under the Paris Agreement. It addresses...
Article
Cet article propose une clé de lecture du « devoir » et des formes d’intervention de la communauté internationale face à des situations de hauts niveaux de risque climatique vécues par un certain nombre de pays en développement. Il s’avère ainsi que la mobilisation internationale récente autour de l’aide à l’adaptation répond à un glissement du dia...
Chapter
Full-text available
Within the context of international negotiations on climate change, the question of adaptation continues to be addressed primarily from the angle of North-South financial transfers. High expectations have been expressed on the subject, including by observers from the academic world. For some researchers, nothing less than the "global (re)distributi...
Chapter
Full-text available
How much climate finance has each developing country received? As basic as this question may seem, we currently do not have any satisfactory answers to it. This is a problem for several reasons. In addition to eroding trust in international negotiations on climate change, the current lack of data means that it is impossible to meaningfully identify...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Governing adaptation finance is critical to effective adaptation action, but it can be difficult to encourage and assess improvements in governance. This new approach piloted successfully in Bangladesh and the Maldives is developed around governance standards and uses a context-specific approach for assessing adaptation finance governance. Multi-st...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dans les négociations internationales portant sur le changement climatique, la question de l’adaptation reste principalement abordée sous l’angle de transferts financiers Nord-Sud. De grandes attentes ont été exprimées en la matière, y compris par des observateurs du monde académique. Pour certains chercheurs, ce n’est ainsi rien de moins que le «...
Article
The devotion of a full article in the Paris Agreement to loss and damage was a major breakthrough for the world’s most vulnerable nations seeing to gain support for climate impacts beyond what can be adapted to. But how will loss and damage be paid for, and who will pay it? Will ethics be part of this decision? Here we ask what are the possible mea...
Working Paper
Full-text available
Are we doing enough to address climate change? Are countries living up to their promises? Are some doing better than they pledged? Transparency is key for answering these questions. This ecbi Pocket Guide traces the evolution of transparency arrangements under the UNFCCC right up to the transparency framework under the Paris Agreement. It addresses...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The allocation of funds is a core dispute in the scholarly and grey/policy literatures on the governance of climate adaptation finance, particularly on whether funds should be prioritized on the basis of how vulnerable recipient countries are, or the efficiency of their governments. We conducted a systematic review of 706 studies published in the a...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article examine les justifications morales conduisant les pays développés à fournir aux pays en développement des moyens financiers visant leur adaptation au changement climatique. Nous examinons en particulier les conceptions correctives et distributives de la justice dans la Convention-cadre des Nations unies sur les changements climatiques (...
Article
Full-text available
The Paris Agreement commits nations in Article 2(1) to “Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.” However there is an absence of internationally agreed accounting rules that would permit overall assessments of progress to this goal and any meaningful comparisons of perfor...
Research
Full-text available
In this policy brief we try to understand whether or not the blurry image of climate finance received can be explained by the lack of compliance of developing country Parties toward transparency requirements agreed under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). We show that the lack of compliance is not the only reason fo...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation briefly summarises the main findings of the 2016 Adaptation Finance Transparency Gap Report.
Book
Full-text available
Climate finance is at the core of the UNFCCC efforts to help the world adequately adapt to climate change, and is absolutely critical to developing countries’ abilities to prepare and protect themselves from climate change impacts. Transparency in the reporting of climate finance is crucial for building and maintaining trust among nations if the in...
Article
Full-text available
Des promesses de transferts financiers considérables au bénéfice des pays en développement avaient été esquissées par la 15e Conférence des Parties (ou COP – Conference of the Parties en anglais – CdP en français), à la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques (CCNUCC), tenue à Copenhague en 2009. Deux engagements chiffrés...
Article
Full-text available
La question de la distribution interétatique des ressources financières prévues en soutien à l’adaptation des pays en développement sous la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques (CCNUCC) a fortement attiré l’attention tant dans les débats académiques que dans les négociations politiques internationales. Quels sont les p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Quel est le rôle de l’aide au développement dans le financement international de l’adaptation ? Le présent chapitre propose un examen de cette question en trois temps. Un aperçu des contestations normatives relatives à la nature des transferts financiers Nord-Sud visant l’adaptation au changement climatique et à ses relations avec l’aide est d’abor...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Submission by Brown University’s Climate and Development Lab on behalf of AdaptationWatch to the UNFCCC Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on the development of modalities for the accounting of financial resources provided and mobilized through public interventions in accordance with Article 9, paragraph 7, of the Paris Agreeme...
Article
Full-text available
Pledges by developed countries to help poorer ones deal with climate impacts and move toward low-carbon development pathways have been crucial to advance the UN climate change negotiations in the run up to the landmark Paris Agreement of December 2015. Yet sharply competing claims on the fulfilment of past climate finance promises threatened one mo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Depuis plus de trente ans, l’économie mondiale est façonnée par une tendance de fond : la mondialisation, commerciale et financière. Ce numéro hors-série de « Problèmes économiques » fait le point sur l’ensemble des transformations qui ont l’accompagnée et donne les clefs pour comprendre les rouages complexes de l’économie mondiale. La libéralisat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La compréhension des caractéristiques des projets et programmes soutenus par le financement international de l’adaptation au changement climatique dans les pays en développement reste à ce jour fortement limitée. Une analyse des activités financées par le Fonds d’adaptation du Protocole de Kyoto – largement considéré comme un « laboratoire » des ef...
Article
Full-text available
Diverses études ont récemment estimé le coût de l’adaptation des pays en développement ; leurs résultats sont fréquemment cités tant dans la littérature académique qu’institutionnelle et jouent un rôle très important dans les négociations climatiques internationales puisqu’ils représentent la seule base objective de discussion. À ce jour, les évalu...

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Projects

Projects (11)
Project
To research climate justice, especially for small island developing states.
Archived project
This project, conducted within AdaptationWatch, leaded by the Climate and Development Lab of Brown University and the Stockholm Environment Institute, has the goal to understand the adaptation governance settings to implement the transparency mechanism of the Paris Agreement and the principle of mutual accountability of the Paris Agenda on Aid Efectiveness.