## About

97

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Introduction

Transport of particles by turbulent flows. Lagrangian aspects, turbulent diffusion and modeling. (Particle Tracking Velocimetry, High Speed Vizualization).
Mixing of colloids in the present of salt gradients. Phoretic effects. (Light Induced Fluorescence, Direct Numerical Simulations)
Active systems.

Additional affiliations

September 2006 - present

## Publications

Publications (97)

An experimental Lagrangian study based on particle tracking velocimetry has been completed in an incompressible turbulent round water jet freely spreading into water. The jet is seeded with tracers only through the nozzle: inhomogeneous seeding called nozzle seeding. The Lagrangian flow tagged by these tracers therefore does not contain any contrib...

In this article, we study numerically the dispersion of colloids in a two-dimensional cellular flow in the presence of an imposed mean salt gradient. Owing to the additional scalar, the colloids do not follow exactly the Eulerian flow field, but have a (small) extra-velocity proportional to the salt gradient, $\mathbf{v}_\mathrm{dp}=\alpha\nabla S$...

In this article, we study numerically the dispersion of colloids in a two-dimensional cellular flow in the presence of an imposed mean salt gradient. Owing to the additional scalar, the colloids do not follow exactly the Eulerian flow field, but have a (small) extra-velocity proportional to the salt gradient, $\boldsymbol {v}_{dp}=\alpha \boldsymbo...

An experimental Lagrangian study based on particle tracking velocimetry has been completed in an incompressible turbulent round water jet freely spreading into water. The jet is seeded with tracers only through the nozzle: inhomogeneous seeding called nozzle seeding. The Lagrangian flow tagged by these tracers therefore does not contain any contrib...

We numerically study the dynamics of an ensemble of Marangoni surfers in a two-dimensional and unconfined space. The swimmers are modeled as Gaussian sources of surfactant generating surface tension gradients and are shown to follow the Marangoni flow filtered at their spatial scale in the lubrication regime, an unstable situation leading to sponta...

Topological properties of physical systems play a crucial role in our understanding of nature, yet their experimental determination remains elusive. We show that the mean helicity, a dynamical invariant in ideal flows, quantitatively affects trajectories of fluid elements: the linking number of Lagrangian trajectories depends on the mean helicity....

Topological properties of physical systems play a crucial role in our understanding of nature, yet their experimental determination remains elusive. We show that the mean helicity, a dynamical invariant in ideal flows, quantitatively affects trajectories of fluid elements: the linking number of Lagrangian trajectories depends on the mean helicity....

We investigate the behavior of large particles in a transitional swirling flow in a closed vessel, focusing on both their transport and flow sampling. We conduct a Lagrangian study of slightly buoyant particles, considering three particle diameters, keeping the fluid's density and velocity magnitude constant and varying the Reynolds number by chang...

A Lagrangian experimental study of an axisymmetric turbulent water jet is performed to investigate the highly anisotropic and inhomogeneous flow field. The measurements were conducted within a Lagrangian exploration module, an icosahedron apparatus, to facilitate optical access of three cameras. The stereoscopic particle tracking velocimetry result...

In this experimental study, we report on the mixing properties of interfacial colloidal floaters (glass bubbles) by chemical and hydrodynamical currents generated by self-propelled camphor disks swimming at the air-water interface. Despite reaching a statistically stationary state for the glass bubbles distribution, those floaters always remain onl...

In this experimental study, we report on the mixing properties of interfacial colloidal floaters (glass bubbles) by chemical and hydrodynamical currents generated by self-propelled camphor disks swimming at the air-water interface. Despite reaching a statistically stationary state for the glass bubbles distribution, those floaters always remain onl...

Modelling Lagrangian velocity and acceleration in turbulent flows as infinitely differentiable stochastic processes - Volume 900 - Bianca Viggiano, Jan Friedrich, Romain Volk, Mickael Bourgoin, Raúl Bayoán Cal, Laurent Chevillard

We investigate the sedimentation of initially packed paramagnetic particles in the presence of a homogeneous external magnetic field, in a Hele-Shaw cell filled with water. Although the magnetic susceptibility of the particles is small and the particle-particle-induced magnetic interactions are significantly smaller compared to the gravitational ac...

Active matter, composed of self-propelled entities, forms a wide class of out-of-equilibrium systems that display striking collective behaviors, among which, the so-called active turbulence where spatially and time-disordered flow patterns spontaneously arise in a variety of active systems. De facto, the active turbulence naming suggests a connecti...

This Letter focuses on the dynamics of a liquid jet impacting the surface of a confined, immersed granular bed. Although previous works have considered the erosion process and surface morphology, less attention has been given to the jet hydrodynamics. Based on laboratory experiments, we show that when the liquid jet forms a crater, two situations a...

A vertical turbulent jet is used to trap chiral particles. The particles are maintained in levitation and a stationary rotation regime is observed. The model particles used are composed of a sphere and a helical tail. The rotating performance of the particles is investigated as a function of the length and the twisting of their tails. In addition,...

Active matter, composed of self-propelled entities, forms a wide class of out-of-equilibrium systems that display striking collective behaviors among which the so-called active turbulence where spatially and time disordered flow patterns spontaneously arise in a variety of {active systems}. De facto, the active turbulence naming suggests a connecti...

We study the joint mixing of colloids and salt released together in a stagnation point or in a globally chaotic flow. In the presence of salt inhomogeneities, the mixing time is strongly modified depending on the sign of the diffusiophoretic coefficient $D_{dp}$ . Mixing is delayed when $D_{dp}>0$ (salt-attracting configuration), or faster when $D_...

High-resolution particle imaging techniques have had a large impact in fluid mechanics over the last decades. In this chapter, we concentrate on particle tracking velocimetry in which trajectories of particles are reconstructed from sets of flow visualisation images recorded in high-speed video. We describe some recent advances stemming from our re...

We develop a stochastic model for Lagrangian velocity as it is observed in experimental and numerical fully developed turbulent flows. We define it as the unique statistically stationary solution of a causal dynamics, given by a stochastic differential equation. In comparison to previously proposed stochastic models, the obtained process is infinit...

We study the joint mixing of colloids and salt released together in a stagnation point or in a globally chaotic flow. In the presence of salt inhomogeneities, the mixing time is strongly modified depending on the sign of the diffusiophoretic coefficient $D_\mathrm{dp}$. Mixing is delayed when $D_\mathrm{dp}>0$ (salt-attracting configuration), or fa...

We present experimental Lagrangian measurements of tracer particle acceleration autocorrelation functions in an anisotropic and inhomogeneous flow spanning the typical range of experimentally accessible Reynolds numbers. The large-scale forcing of the flow creates a stagnation point topology where straining motion governs the anisotropic velocity a...

We investigate the sedimentation of initially packed paramagnetic particles in presence of a homogeneous external magnetic field, in a Hele-Shaw cell filled with water. Although the magnetic susceptibility of the particles is small and the particle-particle induced magnetic interactions are significantly smaller compared to the gravitational accele...

Experimental data measured with a 3d Shadow-Particle Tracking Velocimetry (S-PTV) setup in fully developed turbulence () is presented. The underlying flow is of the von Kármán type and as other similar flows, its mean flow is bistable, the two states having the topology of a stagnation point with one contracting and two dilating directions. Tracer...

We present a study of preferential concentration with Voronoï diagrams of finite size solid particles in a von Kármán flow. This flow is an interesting case of strongly inhomogeneous turbulence with high . We investigate preferential concentration of PMMA particles with density kg/m and diameter for . We conclusively find that particles form cluste...

This article describes a stereoscopic multi-camera calibration method that does not require any optical model. It is based on a measure of the light propagation within the measurement volume only instead of modeling its entire path up to the sensors. The calibration uses simple plane by plane transformations which allow us to directly link pixel co...

A particle-laden homogeneous isotropic turbulent flow is studied experimentally to understand the role of collective effects (e.g. particle–particle aerodynamic interactions caused by local particle accumulation) on the settling velocity of inertial particles (Stokes number: $0.3 ). Conditional averaging of the particle vertical velocity on the loc...

We study analytically the joint dispersion of Gaussian patches of salt and colloids in linear flows, and how salt gradients accelerate or delay colloid spreading by diffusiophoretic effects. Because these flows have constant gradients in space, the problem can be solved almost entirely for any set of parameters, leading to predictions of how the mi...

We use a Shadow Particle Tracking Velocimetry technique (S-PTV) with collimated light to investigate the dynamics of a turbulent von Kármán (VK) flow in water. Such a PTV technique permits easy calibration since the apparent particle positions on the images do not depend on the camera-particle distance and tracking of small objects (100 μm particle...

Phoresis, the drift of particles induced by scalar gradients in a flow, can result in an effective compressibility, bringing together or repelling particles from each other. Here, we ask whether this effect can affect the transport of particles in a turbulent flow. To this end, we study how the dispersion of a cloud of phoretic particles is modifie...

The position of floating spheres trapped within an immersed turbulent water jet is investigated. Using the self-similarity properties of the jet velocity profile, the equilibrium problem is formulated in a rescaled space where the sphere is static and deformable. This approach is found to be related to a problem of elastic reconfiguration where ela...

In this article, we investigate the production and dissipation of turbulence in a region where the mean flow topology presents a stagnation point. Our goal is to understand the generation of anisotropic fluctuations and their influence on production, dissipation, and transport of turbulent kinetic energy. In order to investigate the local turbulent...

This article describes the planning, set-up, turbulence characterization and analysis of measurements of a passive grid turbulence experiment that was carried out in the S1MA wind-tunnel from ONERA in Modane, in the context of the ESWIRP European project. This experiment aims at a detailed investigation of the statistical properties of turbulent fl...

We present a method to improve the accuracy of velocity measurements for fluid flow or particles immersed in it, based on a multi-time-step approach that allows for cancellation of noise in the velocity measurements. Improved velocity statistics, a critical element in turbulent flow measurements, can be computed from the combination of the velocity...

This article describes a method for calculating moments and correlation functions of signal derivatives, which were rid of experimental noise without the use of filtering operations. The method is based on the computation of the ensemble-average of different time (or spatial) increments of the signal. The hypotheses are that the noise is white and...

Diffusiophoresis, a ubiquitous phenomenon that induces particle transport whenever solute concentration gradients are present, was recently observed in the context of microsystems and shown to strongly impact colloidal transport (patterning and mixing) at such scales. In the present work, we show experimentally that this nanoscale mechanism can ind...

The settling of heavy spherical particles in a column of quiescent fluid is investigated. The performed experiments cover a range of Galileo numbers ($110 \leq \text{Ga} \leq 310$) for a fixed density ratio of $\Gamma = \rho_p/\rho_f = 2.5$. In this regime the particles are known (M. Jenny, J. Du\v{s}ek and G. Bouchet, Journal of Fluid Mechanics 50...

This article describes two independent developments aimed at improving the Particle Tracking Method for measurements of flow or particle velocities. First, a stereoscopic multicamera calibration method that does not require any optical model is described and evaluated. We show that this new calibration method gives better results than the most comm...

We investigate the response of large inertial particle to turbulent
fluctuations in a inhomogeneous and anisotropic flow. We conduct a Lagrangian
study using particles both heavier and lighter than the surrounding fluid, and
whose diameters are comparable to the flow integral scale. Both velocity and
acceleration correlation functions are analyzed...

The long time dynamics of large particles trapped in two inhomogeneous
turbulent shear flows is studied experimentally. Both flows present a common
feature, a shear region that separates two colliding circulations, but with
different spatial symmetries and temporal behaviors. Because large particles
are less and less sensitive to flow fluctuations...

Diffusiophoresis, a ubiquitous phenomenon which induces particle transport
whenever solute gradients are present, was recently put forward in the context
of microsystems and shown to strongly impact colloidal transport (from
patterning to mixing) at such scales. In the present work, we show
experimentally that this nanoscale-rooted mechanism can ac...

This chapter reviews some of the most recent advances in metrology relevant to investigate such complex flows in model laboratory experiments. It focuses on high-resolution techniques which give access to the hierarchy of multiple spatial and temporal scales involved in this type of highly turbulent flows. Lagrangian metrology has become one of the...

We study numerically joint mixing of salt and colloids by a chaotic velocity
field $\mathbf{V}$, and how salt inhomogeneities accelerate or delay colloid
mixing by inducing a velocity drift $\mathbf{V}_{\rm dp}$ between colloids and
fluid particles as proposed in recent experiments \cite{Deseigne2013}. We
demonstrate that because the drift velocity...

We analyze time series stemming from experiments and direct numerical
simulations of hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. Simulations are
done in periodic boxes, but with a volumetric forcing chosen to mimic the
geometry of the flow in the experiments, the von K\'arm\'an swirling flow
between two counter-rotating impellers. Parameters i...

We investigate the dynamics of very large particles freely advected in a
turbulent von Karman flow. Contrary to other experiments for which the particle
dynamics is generally studied near the geometrical center of the flow, we track
the particles in the whole experiment volume. We observe a strong influence of
the mean structure of the flow that ge...

We study the melting dynamics of large ice balls in a turbulent von Karman
flow at very high Reynolds number. Using an optical shadowgraphy setup, we
record the time evolution of particle sizes. We study the heat transfer as a
function of the particle scale Reynolds number for three cases: fixed ice balls
melting in a region of strong turbulence wi...

We investigate the preferential concentration of particles which are
neutrally buoyant but with a diameter significantly larger than the dissipation
scale of the carrier flow. Such particles are known not to behave as flow
tracers (Qureshi et al., Phys. Re. Lett. 2007) but whether they do cluster or
not remains an open question. For this purpose, w...

Accessing and characterizing a flow impose a number of constraints on the
employed measurement techniques; in particular optical methods require
transparent fluids and windows in the vessel. Whereas one can adapt apparatus,
fluid and methods in the lab to these constraints, this is hardly possible for
industrial mixers. We present in this article a...

We present in this article a novel Lagrangian measurement technique: an
instrumented particle which continuously transmits the force/acceleration
acting on it as it is advected in a flow. We develop signal processing methods
to extract information on the flow from the acceleration signal transmitted by
the particle. Notably, we are able to characte...

We investigate experimentally the spatial distributions of heavy and
neutrally buoyant particles of finite size in a fully turbulent flow. As their
Stokes number (i.e. ratio of the particle viscous relaxation time to a typical
flow time scale) is close to 1, one may expect both classes of particles to
aggregate in specific flow regions. This is not...

The translation and rotation of a large, neutrally buoyant, particle, freely advected by a turbulent flow is determined experimentally. We observe that, both, the orientation the angular velocity with respect to the trajectory and the translational acceleration conditioned on the spinning velocity provides evidence of a lift force, F-lift proportio...

The motion of a large, neutrally buoyant, particle, freely advected by a
turbulent flow is determined experimentally. We demonstrate that both the
translational and angular accelerations exhibit very wide probability
distributions, a manifestation of intermittency. The orientation of the angular
velocity with respect to the trajectory, as well as t...

We study the 6-dimensional dynamics -- position and orientation -- of a large
sphere advected by a turbulent flow. The movement of the sphere is recorded
with 2 high-speed cameras. Its orientation is tracked using a novel, efficient
algorithm; it is based on the identification of possible orientation
`candidates' at each time step, with the dynamic...

We study the dynamics of neutrally buoyant particles with diameters varying in the range [1, 45] in Kolmogorov scale units (η) and Reynolds numbers based on Taylor scale (Reλ) between 590 and 1050. One component of the particle velocity is measured using an extended laser Doppler velocimetry at the centre of a von Kármán flow, and acceleration is d...

We study by means of an Eulerian-Lagrangian model the statistical properties
of velocity and acceleration of a neutrally-buoyant finite-sized particle in a
turbulent flow statistically homogeneous and isotropic. The particle equation
of motion, beside added mass and steady Stokes drag, keeps into account the
unsteady Stokes drag force - known as Ba...

We present an apparatus that generates statistically homogeneous and isotropic turbulence with a mean flow that is less than 10% of the fluctuating velocity in a volume of the size of the integral length scale. The apparatus is shaped as an icosahedron where at each of the 12 vertices the flow is driven by independently controlled propellers. By ad...

A synthetic fluid dynamo built in the spirit of the Bullard device (Bullard, The stability of a homopolar dynamo, Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. 1955, 51, 744) is investigated. It is a two-step dynamo in which one process stems from the fluid turbulence, while the other part is achieved by a linear amplification of currents in external coils (Bourgoin et a...

Statistical properties of the temporal distribution of polarity reversals of the geomagnetic field are commonly assumed to be a realization of a renewal Poisson process with a variable rate. However, it has been recently shown that the polarity reversals strongly depart from a local Poisson statistics, because of temporal clustering. Such clusterin...

We report the first experimental observation of a bistable dynamo regime. A turbulent flow of liquid sodium is generated between two disks in the von ar an geometry (VKS experiment). When one disk is kept at rest, bistability is observed between a stationary and an oscillatory magnetic field. The stationary and oscillatory branches occur in the vic...