Romain Simenel

Romain Simenel
Institute of Research for Development | IRD · Societies Department

Phd

About

53
Publications
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352
Citations

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean forests are found in the Mediterranean basin, California, the South African Cape Province, South and southwestern Australia and parts of Central Chile. They represent 1.8 % of the world forest areas of which the vast majority is found in the Mediterranean basin, where historical and paleogeographic episodes, long-term human influence...
Article
À partir de plusieurs exemples ethnographiques du sud-ouest marocain, le propos de cet article est de restituer la part de l'enfant dans son apprentissage de l'apiculture, notamment lors de l'étape de l'essaimage et dans la relation aux abeilles solitaires. Ceci permet de mieux comprendre comment la vocation d'apiculteur émerge d'une transmission c...
Article
De l’abeille solitaire à l’abeille sociale. Inventivité des enfants et apprentissage de l’apiculture (sud-ouest du Maroc). À partir de plusieurs exemples ethnographiques du sud-ouest marocain, le propos de cet article est de restituer la part de l’enfant dans son apprentissage de l’apiculture, notamment lors de l’étape de l’essaimage et dans la rel...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing on the representations and uses that rural communities and forest management services in Morocco entertain about the cairn, a rocky mound used as a marker, this article discusses the way in which the naturalist ontology of forest management codes contrasts with the local analogic ontology regarding the status given to the boundary between c...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean forests are found in the Mediterranean basin, California, the South African Cape Province, South and southwestern Australia and parts of Central Chile. They represent 1.8 % of the world forest areas of which the vast majority is found in the Mediterranean basin, where historical and paleogeographic episodes, long-term human influence...
Article
Full-text available
Is transgression a basic feature of the category “youth” in Morocco? How does the relationship with religion—in this case Islam—contribute to the distinction between social age categories? To what extent is the relationship with God different according to whether one is a “youth” or a “man of honour”? Discredited and even rejected by Islam, celibac...
Article
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Full text (online) here: http://ethnoecologie.revues.org/2229 or (pdf) here: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01175523 — This paper brings together three case studies on the interrelationships amongst people, pollination processes and pollinators (notably honeybees). In the palm groves of Saharan oases, the milieu and varieties of palm trees...
Article
Full-text available
By searching to redefine the domestication of bees from more holistic practices, the purpose of this article is to examine how beekeepers of South West Morocco (From Essaouira to Tan Tan) incorporate ideologically and technically yellow saharian bees in their territory. In south Morocco, beekeeping is a result of the co-evolution between the Berber...
Article
En cherchant à requalifier la domestication des abeilles à partir de pratiques plus holistes et plus ancrées dans le territoire, le propos de cet article est d'interroger la manière dont les apiculteurs du Sud-Ouest marocain (D'Essaouira à Tan Tan) intègrent idéologiquement et techniquement les abeilles jaunes sahariennes dans leur monde. Les savoi...
Article
Full-text available
Dans la montagne marocaine, les relations entre forestiers et paysans sont principalement analysées en termes d’opposition : entre une approche réglementaire et administrative d’une part, des stratégies paysannes et communautaires de résistance, d’autre part. Cette lecture bipolaire s’avère insuffisante pour appréhender la question forestière dans...
Article
Full-text available
Au Maroc, l'autochtonie est aujourd’hui une notion utilisée sous des sens variables par des acteurs différents en des termes identitaires et d'enracinement territorial. Depuis quelques années, on relève dans des discours émanant de l'Etat, de milieux associatifs militants ou encore des ONG œuvrant dans les domaines du développement, un regain d’int...
Article
This paper deals with the notion of indigenous identity in Morocco. We are questioning the indigenous category as it is unsuitable for Berbers groups in Morocco. After explaining the denial of autochthony from Berbers rural communities, we are then looking into the emerging forms of ethnic identity amongst the Berbers in the light of French colonia...
Article
Full-text available
Patrimony and resilience appear today as key concepts for understanding the dynamics of systems confronted with natural hazards. Nevertheless, the theoretical comparison between these concepts drawn from different epistemic approaches is lacking. Our aim is to interrelate resilience and patrimony concepts on the basis of a real example: the Agdal,...
Article
Full-text available
« Forêt domestique », « forêt rurale », « forêt paysanne », « forêt anthropique »_ les qualificatifs foisonnent pour désigner des écosystèmes considérés jusqu'à peu comme naturels et caractérisés aujourd'hui par l'histoire de leurs relations positives avec l'homme. Mais encore faut-il savoir de quelle histoire parle-t-on. Pour les forêts d'arganier...
Article
Full-text available
On the basis of two case studies in rural Morocco, one in a mountainous area of the Central High Atlas and the other in the argan tree area of the southwest Atlantic coast, we show how local Berber populations have actively shaped their forest areas through endogenous management systems at different scales: 1) at the individual tree level by differ...
Book
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"And what if the border was the center of the territory? And what if the origin was not a first event but a repeated and thus upcoming event? These are all issues brought up when a foreigner arrives at the border of a Berber tribe in southern Morocco, the Ait Baamran, largely composed of exiles from the four corners of the Maghreb and beyond. The f...
Article
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A l’heure où la notion de patrimoine connaît un succès croissant auprès des institutions nationales et internationales, inspirant nombre de politiques publiques, il nous semble opportun de nous interroger sur la signification de cette notion pour les sociétés rurales marocaines. Il ne s’agira pas ici de rechercher dans les cultures locales une noti...
Article
Unmaking and remaking the origins of a stranger: when the ethnographer is taken for an outcast. In the region of Ait Ba’amran, land of exile, the origins of a stranger seeking to settle are subjected to an evolving treatment that reflects his integration into the group. Whether he is Jewish, Christian or Muslim, a wanted criminal, political refugee...
Article
Full-text available
Patrimony and resilience appear today as key concepts for understanding the dynamics of systems confronted with natural hazards. Nevertheless, the theoretical comparison between these concepts drawn from different epistemic approaches is lacking. Our aim is to interrelate resilience and patrimony concepts on the basis of a real example: the Agdal,...
Article
Full-text available
Argan : the oil which hide the domestic forest Highly prized by the “grand cuisine chef ” or as a luxury cosmetic product, Moroccan argan oil is put forward through marketing as a women-made product, from a forest tree under management practices that relate essentially to sylviculture. Its production has given way to a sudden interest by a diversit...
Article
Full-text available
In the Moroccan Berber rural environment, forests play an important role in sustaining people's livelihoods. They provide diversified products, such as timber, firewood, handicraft, fodder foliage and fruit, and have critical production, conservation, safety or cosmogony functions. Local populations have established endogenous management systems in...

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Projects (4)
Project
https://www.dim1health.com/en/supported-projects/du-savoir-sur-les-animaux-au-savoir-des-animaux-coproduire-des-connaissances-pour-une-meilleure-prevention-des-crises-sanitaires/