Romain Mensan

Romain Mensan

MS

About

80
Publications
34,668
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551
Citations
Citations since 2017
38 Research Items
350 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Introduction
I'm a geo-archaeologist specialist in field operations management (excavation, survey) , expert in stratigraphy and geoarchaeological analysis. The geoarchaeological approach of the ancient population allows to apprehend the human-environment interaction and, to highlight the landscape and climatic evolutions that have conditioned the conservation of the archaeological levels. fields : southwest of France, Africa

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Full-text available
We report here on the 2007 discovery, in perfect archaeological context, of part of the engraved and ocre-stained undersurface of the collapsed rockshelter ceiling from Abri Castanet, Dordogne, France. The decorated surface of the 1.5-t roof-collapse block was in direct contact with the exposed archaeological surface onto which it fell. Because the...
Article
Full-text available
Research conducted along the Bulbula River (Ziway–Shala basin, Main Ethiopian Rift) has yielded archaeological assemblages that document various phases of the Upper Pleistocene and the early Holocene. The oldest period documented is dated to ∼34–33,000 Cal BP (DW1), and the second is dated to the Pleistocene/Holocene transition, between 14,000 and...
Article
The relative scarcity of ancient Arabian rock reliefs has been a significant barrier to understanding the development, function and socio-cultural context of such art. The recently discovered 'Camel Site' in northern Arabia depicts, for the first time, life-sized camelids and equids carved in low- and high-relief. Analysis and stylistic comparison...
Book
Full-text available
Lieu de pèlerinage pour les chrétiens d’Éthiopie, le site de Lalibela est mondialement connu pour son complexe d’églises taillées dans une roche de couleur rouge sous le niveau du sol. Perchés à 2 500 mètres d’altitude sur les hauts plateaux de l’Éthiopie septentrionale, les monuments se répartissent en trois groupes dans lesquels s’enchevêtrent ég...
Article
Full-text available
The site of Lalibela is the result of Tertiary volcanic activity which led to the formation of a vast outcrop of basaltic slag from which churches were carved. This reddish rock which is particularly suitable for carving, is extremely interactive with water. It was beneficial for the impressive excavation phases, but is now problematic for conserva...
Article
Full-text available
This study concerns the eleven monolithic churches in Lalibela, in northeastern Ethiopia, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and currently the main pilgrimage site in Ethiopia. In 2019, on the initiative of Prime Minister, the French authorities proposed their support in the management on the site of the churches. To do so, the French Development Agency...
Article
The monolithic churches of Lalibela are commonly regarded as evidence for the shift of the Christian kingdom of Ethiopia from Aksum to the Ethiopian Highlands during the thirteenth century AD. Recent research, however, has shown that the rock-cut churches were not created ex nihilo. New archaeological evidence has emerged for an earlier, local trog...
Article
Imiter, mine d’argent de l’Anti-Atlas marocain encore en activité, possède des vestiges archéologiques de travaux miniers et métallurgiques. L’étude de textes anciens et d’artefacts a permis de la rapprocher de la mine d’argent de Todgha connue à l’époque médiévale (El Ajlaoui 1994). Entre 2011 et 2014, une équipe pluridisciplinaire (historien, géo...
Conference Paper
French South-West, especially the Dordogne region, is one of the richest European area of Palaeolithic sites, whether for human dwelling (including epony-mous and very famous sites like La Madeleine) as for Upper Palaeolithic rock art (of which Lascaux cave, Rouffignac cave, Font-de-Gaume cave, etc.). Those two categories are testimony of organizat...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the methods and results regarding the radiocarbon (AMS) dating of the site of Régismont-le-Haut. This site is one of the very few well-preserved Aurignacian open-air sites in southern France. It is also one of the only Aurignacian sites in France and Europe, more generally, to have conserved evident features, including many in...
Article
Régismont-le-Haut, an Aurignacian open-air campsite, provides an occasion to investigate aspects of Aurignacian site variability that are rarely broached: (1) the relatively poorly known area connecting the Aquitaine and Mediterranean Basins, and (2) the high-resolution spatial organization of an Early Upper Palaeolithic campsite. While more diffic...
Article
This article presents some findings from the French-Moroccan archaeological mission to Siğilmāsa. Given the poor preservation and visibility of the archaeological remains, which makes their interpretation particularly difficult, we first proposed a geomorphological study of the site. This was then completed by geoarchaeological test pits in order t...
Article
We can trace the beginnings of our knowledge of early Upper Paleolithic (Aurignacian) use of fire to the pioneering 1910-1911 excavations at Abri Blanchard undertaken by Louis Didon and Marcel Castanet. At Blanchard, the excavators recognized and described fire structures that correspond in many ways to features excavated more recently in Western a...
Article
The rich record of Aurignacian graphic arts from sites in the Vézère Valley of SW France holds a key place in our understanding of systems of representation in the European Early Upper Paleolithic. One of the main sites yielding representational objects is Abri Cellier, which has long been on the short-list of major art-bearing sites attributed to...
Poster
Full-text available
Archaeological research and experimental work at the Aurignacian open-air site of Régismont-le-Haut (Southern France) has provided remarkable insight into prehistoric fireplace operation, use, and taphonomy. To date, 30 archaeological fireplaces (or fire-related structures) have been uncovered and our ongoing research focuses on deciphering their o...
Article
Full-text available
In the excitement of the widely publicized new finds of Aurignacian art from Chauvet, from the Swabian Jura and from as far afield as Pestera Coliboaia in Romania, it has almost been forgotten that a rich corpus of Aurignacian wall painting, engraving and bas-relief sculpture had been recognized and studied before World War I in the Vézère Valley o...
Article
Full-text available
Across a broad area delimited in the west by the Ziz Wadi and the east by the modern city of Rissani, satellite and aerial photos enable the identification of wall ruins commonly attributed to the ancient city of Sijilmâsa. The typological study of these pisé or rammed earth walls by a French-Moroccan team differentiates several wall segments and d...
Article
This article presents the methods employed at the site of Lalibela, Ethiopia during the 2009, 2010, 2011 and part of the 2012 campaigns, as well as the first results obtained. This site consists of a group of rock-cut churches attributed to the sovereign of the same name, King Lalibela, who we know to have reigned in the late 12th century and in th...
Article
Full-text available
En 1910, M. Castanet sous la direction de L. Didon entamait les fouilles de l’abri Blanchard (Sergeac, Dordogne). Deux niveaux archéologiques séparés par une couche stérile seront individualisés et attribués à l’Aurignacien moyen sensu H. Breuil (soit Aurignacien I à pointe à base fendue). L’abri Blanchard fait partie des deux ou trois sites ayant...
Article
Full-text available
The onset of the Early Upper Palaeolithic is represented by few open air camp-sites in southern France. Most of the archaeological record is documented by sequences of occupations in rock shelters or at the base of rocky cliffs. These contexts offer favorable conditions for the preservation of organic materials, but the areas excavated are small, l...
Article
Full-text available
Régismont-le-Haut (Poilhes, Hérault, France) est une des rares stations de plein air du début du Paléolithique supérieur connues à ce jour dans le Sud de la France et présentant des conditions tapho-nomiques ayant permis la conservation d’aménagements et d’aires d’activité bien circonscrites. Ce campement aurignacien est implanté dans deux dépressi...
Presentation
Full-text available
The Upper Paleolithic (ca. 40-10 Ka BP) of Western Europe coincides with the emergence of what are often termed "fully modern" human cultures in a glacial environment (Late Pleistocene, Weichselian glaciation). During this period the increasing structuration of living-spaces, as well as favorable preservational contexts, allows for the investigatio...
Article
https://docplayer.fr/49451550-Sijilmasa-cite-ideale-site-insaisissable-ou-comment-une-ville-echappe-a-ses-fouilleurs-e-e-n-20.html
Poster
Full-text available
En contexte archéologique, la présence de matières organiques d’origine anthropique offre la possibilité de documenter des registres d’activités inaccessibles par les outils plus habituels de l’archéologie (culture matérielle, organisation de l’espace, etc.). Nous présentons ici les travaux en cours sur deux sites préhistoriques de plein air : Régi...
Article
Full-text available
Prehistory of the Central Main Ethiopian Rift (Ziway-Shala basin): Establishing the Late Stone Age sequence in Eastern Africa – Supported by the CFEE, ARCCH, MAEE, INRAP and the laboratory TRACES, this project, "Late Stone Age sequence in Ethiopia", is devoted to the collection of new data on the late prehistory of the Horn of Africa. To answer to...
Article
Full-text available
The project "Late Stone Age sequence in Ethiopia" is devoted to the collection of new data on the late prehistory of the Horn of Africa. The Ziway-Shala basin, in the Main Ethiopian Rift was selected for various reasons. Firstly, it is an ideal area to investigate whether and to what degree humans adapted to such lacustrine landscapes. In particula...
Article
Full-text available
Soutenue par le CFEE, le ARCCH, le MAEE, l’INRAP et le laboratoire TRACES, la mission «Late Stone Age sequence in Ethiopia » est dediee a la reunion de nouvelles donnees sur la prehistoire recente de la Corne de l’Afrique. Afin de repondre a cet objectif, plusieurs campagnes de terrain se sont deroulees depuis 2007 dans la region des lacs Ziway, Ab...
Poster
Full-text available
The purpose of this presentation is to expound results of a Master 2 dissertation (Lejay, 2012). This work was organized around the examination of micromorphological samples from the archaeological site of Régismont-le-Haut (Poilhes, Hérault, France) and focuses particularly on its fireplaces. The main objectives of this study were to underline mec...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we report on the discovery in 2007, in perfect archaeological context, of part of the engraved and ocre-stained undersurface of the rockshelter ceiling from Abri Castanet, Commune de Sergeac, Dordogne. The engraved/painted undersurface of the massive roof-collapse block, weighing more than a ton, was in direct contact with the surface of the...
Article
Full-text available
The rock-cut churches of Ethiopia have long intrigued visitors and historians – and have frustrated archaeologists seeking their sequence of construction. Do they belong to one grand ceremonial monastic plan, or a long-lived ritual centre, continually refashioned over time? Since the churches are cut into live rock, the conventional signals of arch...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’exceptionnelle découverte, dans d’excellentes conditions, d’un fragment de voûte ornée sur le site aurignacien ancien de l’abri Castanet (Sergeac, Dordogne) est ici présentée. Une réflexion pluridisciplinaire destinée à l’étude et à la contextualisation, du bloc comme de l’ensemble des témoignages archéologiques aurignaciens trouvés dans le vallo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Diffusion et exploitation d'un traceur lithologique au cours du Paléolithique supérieur dans le sud de la France : l'exemple du type Chalosse Summary The authors propose a petroarchaeological approach to understanding the exploitation of the environment and its resources by prehistoric groups. Petroarchaeology broadly defined includes the geologica...
Article
in Bilan scientifique. Région Languedoc-Roussillon 2009
Article
Full-text available
Le gisement de Brassempouy est localisé au sud du département des Landes (France), à deux kilomètres du village de Brassempouy et à quarante kilomètres au sud-ouest de Mont-de-Marsan, en Chalosse. Il comprend plusieurs cavités (grotte du Pape, grotte des Hyènes, galerie Dubalen, galerie du Mégacéros) qui appartiennent à un réseau karstique complexe...