Romain Melot

Romain Melot
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE) | INRAE · Department of Science for Action and Development

About

53
Publications
6,340
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451
Citations
Citations since 2016
19 Research Items
280 Citations
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
We examined the environmental impacts of farmland management practices (FMPs), considering FMPs as frequent or single actions that change both land use AND use rights (land and property relations). Based on a review of the international literature in both the social and life sciences and using an analytical framework of landscape agronomy, we explo...
Article
Dans les communes rurales et périurbaines, les pressions exercées sur les élus par les propriétaires (en particulier les propriétaires de terres agricoles, exploitants ou non) afin d’obtenir une évolution en leur faveur des zonages et règlements d’urbanisme, sont fréquemment mentionnées par les recherches menées sur les politiques foncières locales...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article a pour objet de présenter le travail réalisé depuis quelques années par une équipe pluridisciplinaire sur la question des conflits d'usage de l'espace et de révéler la méthodologie d'enquête et de collecte de données, ainsi que la structure de la base de données qui en est issue. Dans un premier temps nous procédons à une définition du...
Article
Full-text available
This text aims to present the methodology of study of land-use conflicts performed in recent years by a multidisciplinary team, and to reveal the methods of survey and data collection, as well as the structure of the resulting database. We first define the scope of our study by providing a definition of these conflicts, of their characteristics and...
Article
In French metropolitan areas, urban sprawl is tending to increase outside of the conurbation and its close periurban ring, and to expand to peripheral rural municipalities. In the Paris region, even though the major part of land converted for urbanization is concentrated in periurban areas, this land consumption is accelerating much faster in small...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reviews the recent literature dealing with farmland protection (FP) policies in developed countries from a planning perspective, with a specific focus on the Mediterranean region. It provides coverage of French language papers that may have been omitted in previous reviews. While the Mediterranean is often pointed out as a region with ac...
Article
Full-text available
This introduction brings together the arguments from the texts of the special section « Transformations of Rural Land and Collective Strategies in the Mediterranean : Between Conflicts and Territorial Resilience », and from the literature, with the aim of showing that Mediterranean land tenure and property-rights topics shares similar entries on bo...
Article
Full-text available
Cette introduction rassemble les arguments issus des textes du dossier « Transformations du foncier rural et stratégies collectives en Méditerranée : entre conflits et résilience territoriale », les met en lumière de la littérature, et ce, dans l’objectif de montrer que le foncier méditerranéen partage des entrées analogues de part et d’autre des r...
Article
Urban sprawl is a "regulatory construction' in many rural and periurban areas. If urban scattering remains prevalent in many French municipalities, it is in large part because it is orchestrated through the regulatory measures that elected oicials choose to adopt. The research presented here is based on the analysis of a collection of eightyeight u...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé On a souvent le sentiment diffus d’une montée de la conflictualité liée aux usages de l’espace, laissant à penser que ces conflits occupent un rôle important dans la société française et qu’ils viennent s’immiscer dans les processus de développement en marquant une opposition déclarée à certains projets décidés par l’État, des entreprises ou...
Article
Alors qu’une maîtrise économe de la consommation des espaces agricoles et naturels est une des missions assignées aux documents d’urbanisme et constitue un des défis stratégiques qu’ils doivent relever aux termes des récentes évolutions législatives, les mécanismes de l’urbanisation tels qu’on peut les observer au niveau communal suivent encore trè...
Article
In the wake of the decentralization reforms implemented in France in the early 1980s, the Coast Protection Act (‘loi littoral’) was enacted in 1986 to counterbalance the significant regulatory powers devolved through those reforms to local municipalities in matters of urban planning. The act’s purpose was to contain urban sprawl, especially in here...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Farmland preservation has been a longstanding challenge on the urban fringe. Most Western countries have developed laws and planning instruments, with varying degrees of success. An abundant scientific literature is devoted to the subject, involving planners, economists, geographers and other social sciences. We propose a review of such literature...
Article
On a souvent le sentiment diffus d’une montée de la conflictualité liée aux usages de l’espace, laissant à penser que ces conflits occupent un rôle important dans la société française et qu’ils viennent s’immiscer dans les processus de développement en marquant une opposition déclarée à certains projets décidés par l’État, des entreprises ou des pa...
Article
Full-text available
Les données permettant d’analyser la conflictualité sont peu nombreuses, et souvent lacunaires, pour deux raisons principales : le faible intérêt marqué pour ce domaine jusqu’aux années 2000 et la forme complexe prise par les conflits (tribunaux, médiatisation, violence…), ce qui interdit l’usage d’une seule variable représentative. Le chercheur do...
Article
Full-text available
Les données permettant d’analyser la conflictualité sont peu nombreuses, et souvent lacunaires, pour deux raisons principales : le faible intérêt marqué pour ce domaine jusqu’aux années 2000 et la forme complexe prise par les conflits (tribunaux, médiatisation, violence…), ce qui interdit l’usage d’une seule variable représentative. Le chercheur do...
Article
In the legal framework of the « farm lease act », the French “agricultural rent tribunals” adjudicate disputes between landlords and tenants. Based on a statistical inquiry on about 1500 cases filed during one year in France, the study tries to analyse the nature of legal claims most usually exposed and to understand the logic of actions. We found...
Article
Full-text available
This text aims to present the methodology of study of land-use conflicts performed in recent years by a multidisciplinary team, and to reveal the methods of survey and data collection, as well as the structure of the resulting database. We first define the scope of our study by providing a definition of these conflicts, of their characteristics and...
Article
Étude de 150 régalements d’urbanisme communaux qui montre que l’étalement urbain, officiellement combattu, est en réalité imposé et organisé par les zonages des plans locaux d’urbanisme dont les règlements rendent impossible la construction sur de petits terrains.
Article
L'idée de dédier un dossier spécifique à la dimension "écologisation" des politiques publiques agricoles date du colloque national "Ecologisation des politiques publiques et des pratiques agricoles" qui s'est tenu du 16 au 18 mars 2011, en Avignon - organisé par l'UR d'Ecodéveloppement, Inra-centre de recherche d'Avignon.
Article
Moderate consumption of farmland and rural spaces is part of the objectives and strategic goals local development plans have to deal with, regarding recent changes in French legislation. But urbanization at the local level still follows a divergent path, as empirical observations suggest, far from favoring densification of existing or future build-...
Article
Full-text available
Paris, a farming city? Agricultural productions and land use occupation at stake By examining the relation between the greater Paris Region and its agriculture, this paper sheds light on the questions of food for the city, land occupation and landscapes amenities. Farms occupy nowadays 50 % of the whole surface of the region, but the economic weigh...
Book
La mise en débat de l'étalement urbain : l'État face aux projets des collectivités
Article
Following decentralisation reforms in France, the coastal area protection act (« loi littoral ») was conceived to balance the important powers devoluted to local districts concerning planning law. Its purpose was to contain urban sprawl especially in preserved areas like coastal districts of Corsica. For many corsican local officials, coastal prote...
Article
Introduction au numéro spécial de la revue Economie rurale, 6, 332
Article
L'existence de stratégies judiciaires de la part des groupes d'intérêts environnementalistes est susceptible de jouer un rôle important, non seulement pour éviter des projets dommageables, mais aussi pour susciter de manière préventive de meilleures performances environnementales. L'enquête présentée ici montre cependant que la capacité des riverai...
Article
Decisions taken by local authorities regarding planning law are part of the most litigated ones in the field of space management. The study of administrative litigation is an way of investigating these disputes empirically. The cases often focus on agricultural and natural land plots considered has areas that could be potentially used for urbanizat...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to present the research conducted in recent years by a multidisciplinary team on the questions of land-use conflict, and to reveal the methodology of survey and data collection, as well as the structure of the resulting database. We first define the scope of our study by providing a definition of these conflicts, of their characte...
Article
Changes in planning law in the past three decades have deeply reorganized legal instruments in land management such as land use plans : increasingly diverse policy matters including housing, social cohesion, environmental care, or support of economic activity have had to be taken into account by local governments. These changes have had a great imp...
Article
Full-text available
Gauging the Law : Issues of Statistical Observation for Legal Sociology Sociologists can employ statistical tools to understand the uses of law. While often debated when applied to the sociology of deviance or criminality, these tools are rarely discussed in the sociology of law. Drawing from examples in labor law, we analyze both the recourse to q...
Article
Mediterranean littoral spaces are subjected to a strong pressure (growth of built-up areas) which underlines the issue of conciliation between tourist activities and protection of safeguarded spaces. The present comparative research deals with the political regulation tools used by local elected officials in the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, bot...
Article
Mediterranean littoral spaces are subjected to a strong tourist pressure which underlines the issue of conciliation between growth of built-up areas, on the one hand, and safeguarding of environment and agricultural activities, on the other hand. The tensions generated by these contradictory interests are particularly sensitive in Corsica, because...
Article
Full-text available
On Realism in the Land-Use and Environmental Conflicts: Lessons from an Analysis of Courts Rulings in Three French Territories (Isère, Loire Atlantique, Seine Maritime). Land-use and environmental conflicts reveal the existence of antagonism between individual or collective preferences on space and natural resources allocation to alternative uses....
Article
Full-text available
Conflicts and tensions about land uses in rural and periurban areas. The case of six French geographical zones In order to gain a better knowledge and understanding and to analyse the conflicts that commonly occur in rural and periurban areas, we have, for the last four years, worked on a research programme on land-use and neighbourhood conflicts....
Article
Full-text available
rapport de recherche au programme Environnement, vie, soci�t�s du CNRS - appel d'offres "la gouvernance en question"
Article
Full-text available
L’objectif de cette recherche était de mettre à jour les conditions politiques, juridiques et sociales de l’organisation du contentieux général de la sécurité sociale. Il s’agissait de montrer comment et pourquoi, à l’occasion de la mise en place du plan français de sécurité sociale, le contentieux de la sécurité sociale s’est trouvé placé au sein...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The action research project “BatiMouv” aims to built and experiment three prototypes of modular, removable and transferable buildings : a storage of farm equipments, a cold storage room energetically self-sufficient, a plant processing workshop. These buildings are self-build by farmers. Tutorials of self buildings includings conqtruction plans, video tutorials will be on open access. The project is funded by "Région Occitanie". results on line : https://seminaire.inrae.fr/bati-alim2020/Presentation-des-experimentations
Project
The action research project “BatiAlim” aims to identify key regulatory, technical and social issues and to experiment architectural, technical, organizational solutions for a sustainable management of buildings in local food systems. website : https://seminaire.inrae.fr/bati-alim2020/