Romain Lebrun

Romain Lebrun
Thales Group - Unité mixte CNRS/Thales · Unité mixte CNRS/Thales

PhD

About

104
Publications
14,152
Reads
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1,839
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
Thales Group
Position
  • Researcher
July 2017 - December 2019
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Position
  • Fellow
July 2016 - June 2017
University of Cambridge
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
October 2012 - December 2015
October 2011 - September 2012
CentraleSupélec
Field of study
October 2009 - September 2012
Mines Nancy
Field of study

Publications

Publications (104)
Article
Full-text available
We investigate experimentally the synchronization of a vortex based spin transfer oscillator to an external rf current whose frequency is at multiple integers, as well as half integer, of the oscillator frequency. Through a theoretical study of the locking process, we highlight both the crucial role of the symmetries of the spin torques acting on t...
Article
Full-text available
Spin-polarised radio-frequency currents, whose frequency is equal to that of the gyrotropic mode, will cause an excitation of the core of a magnetic vortex confined in a magnetic tunnel junction. When the excitation radius of the vortex core is greater than that of the junction radius, vortex core expulsion is observed, leading to a large change in...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of spin-torque-driven high-frequency magnetization dynamics, allows the potential construction of complex networks of non-linear dynamical nanoscale systems, combining the field of spintronics and the study of non-linear systems. In the few previous demonstrations of synchronization of several spin-torque oscillators, the short-range na...
Article
Full-text available
Spintronics relies on the transport of spins, the intrinsic angular momentum of electrons, as an alternative to the transport of electron charge as in conventional electronics. The long-term goal of spintronics research is to develop spin-based, low-dissipation computing-technology devices. Recently, long-distance transport of a spin current was de...
Article
Full-text available
Antiferromagnetic materials can host spin-waves with polarizations ranging from circular to linear depending on their magnetic anisotropies. Until now, only easy-axis anisotropy antiferromagnets with circularly polarized spin-waves were reported to carry spin-information over long distances of micrometers. In this article, we report long-distance s...
Article
Full-text available
We study magnetotransport in heterostructures composed of the van der Waals antiferromagnet CrPS4 and the heavy metals Pt and Pd. In both types of devices, the transverse resistance (Rxy) signal reveals the spin-flop transition of CrPS4 and a strong anomalous Hall effect at temperatures up to 300 K. While CrPS4/Pt devices allow for easy detection o...
Article
Magnonics addresses the physical properties of spin waves and utilizes them for data processing. Scalability down to atomic dimensions, operation in the GHz-to-THz frequency range, utilization of nonlinear and nonreciprocal phenomena, and compatibility with CMOS are just a few of many advantages offered by magnons. Although magnonics is still prima...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antiferromagnetic materials have been proposed as new types of narrowband THz spintronic devices owing to their ultrafast spin dynamics. Manipulating coherently their spin dynamics, however, remains a key challenge that is envisioned to be accomplished by spin-orbit torques or direct optical excitations. Here, we demonstrate the combined generation...
Article
Full-text available
Nonlinear self-phase modulation is a universal phenomenon responsible, for example, for the formation of propagating dynamic solitons. It has been reported for waves of different physical nature. However its direct experimental observation for spin waves has been challenging. Here we show that exceptionally strong phase modulation can be achieved f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cavity spintronics explores light matter interactions at the interface between spintronic and quantum phenomena. Until now, studies have focused on the hybridization between ferromagnets and cavity photons.In this article, we realize antiferromagnetic cavity-magnon polaritons. The collective spin motion in single hematite crystals ({\alpha}-Fe2O3)...
Article
Spintronic terahertz (THz) emitters based on the inverse spin Hall effect in ferromagnetic/heavy metal (FM/HM) heterostructures have become important sources for THz pulse generation. The design, materials, and control of these interfaces at the nanometer level have become vital to engineer their THz emission properties. In this work, we present st...
Preprint
Spin-to-charge conversion (SCC) involving topological surface states (TSS) is one of the most promising routes for highly efficient spintronic devices for terahertz (THz) emission. Here, the THz generation generally occurs mainly via SCC consisting in efficient dynamical spin injection into spin-locked TSS. In this work, we demonstrate sizable THz...
Preprint
Spintronic terahertz (THz) emitters (STE) based on the inverse spin Hall effect in ferromagnetic/heavy metal (FM/HM) heterostructures have become important sources for THz pulse generation. The design, materials and control of these interfaces at the nanometer level has become vital to engineer their THz emission properties.In this work, we present...
Article
Spin‐to‐charge conversion (SCC) involving topological surface states (TSS) is one of the most promising routes for highly efficient spintronic devices for terahertz (THz) emission. Here, the THz generation generally occurs mainly via SCC consisting in efficient dynamical spin injection into spin‐locked TSS. In this work, sizable THz emission from a...
Article
The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) is at the heart of many modern developments in the research field of spintronics. DMI is known to generate noncollinear magnetic textures, and can take two forms in antiferromagnets: homogeneous or inter-sublattice, leading to small, canted moments and inhomogeneous or intra-sublattice, leading to formati...
Article
Spintronic rf detectors are efficient nanoscale counterparts to conventional semiconductor-based components for energy harvesting and wireless communication at low input power. Here, we report on the optimization of the rectified output dc voltage using magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with strong perpendicular anisotropy of both the polarizing and...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study magneto-transport in heterostructures composed of the van der Waals antiferromagnet CrPS$_{4}$ and the heavy metals Pt and Pd. The transverse resistance (R$_{xy}$) signal reveals the spin-flop transition of CrPS$_{4}$ and a strongly enhanced magnetic ordering temperature (>300 K), which might originate from a strong spin-orbit coupling at...
Preprint
Full-text available
In antiferromagnets, the efficient propagation of spin-waves has until now only been observed in the insulating antiferromagnet hematite, where circularly (or a superposition of pairs of linearly) polarized spin-waves propagate over long distances. Here, we report long-distance spin-transport in the antiferromagnetic orthoferrite YFeO$_3$, where a...
Article
Full-text available
The quanta of magnetic excitations – magnons – are known for their unique ability to undergo Bose-Einstein condensation at room temperature. This fascinating phenomenon reveals itself as a spontaneous formation of a coherent state under the influence of incoherent stimuli. Spin currents have been predicted to offer electronic control of Bose-Einste...
Preprint
Full-text available
The quanta of magnetic excitations - magnons - are known for their unique ability to undergo Bose-Einstein condensation at room temperature. This fascinating phenomenon reveals itself as a spontaneous formation of a macroscopic coherent state under the influence of incoherent stimuli. Spin currents have been predicted to offer electronic control of...
Article
Full-text available
Magnonics is a field of science that addresses the physical properties of spin waves and utilizes them for data processing. Scalability down to atomic dimensions, operations in the GHz-to-THz frequency range, utilization of nonlinear and nonreciprocal phenomena, and compatibility with CMOS are just a few of many advantages offered by magnons. Altho...
Preprint
Full-text available
Magnonics is a field of science that addresses the physical properties of spin waves and utilizes them for data processing. Scalability down to atomic dimensions, operations in the GHz-to-THz frequency range, utilization of nonlinear and nonreciprocal phenomena, and compatibility with CMOS are just a few of many advantages offered by magnons. Altho...
Preprint
Full-text available
Spintronic rf detectors were demonstrated, recently, for energy harvesting and wireless communication at low input power. Here we report on the optimization of the rectified output dc voltage using magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ) with strong perpendicular anisotropy (PMA) of both the polarizing and the free layer. The magnetization of the polarizin...
Preprint
Full-text available
The main limitation in order to exploit spin torque nano-oscillators (STNOs) in various potential applications is their large phase noise. In this work, we demonstrate its efficient reduction by a highly reconfigurable, compact, specifically on-chip designed PLL based on custom integrated circuits. First, we thoroughly study the parameter space of...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study experimentally the propagation of nanosecond spin-wave pulses in microscopic waveguides made of nanometer-thick yttrium iron garnet films. For these studies, we use micro-focus Brillouin light scattering spectroscopy, which provides the possibility to observe propagation of the pulses with high spatial and temporal resolution. We show that...
Article
We study experimentally the propagation of nanosecond spin-wave pulses in microscopic waveguides made of nanometer-thick yttrium iron garnet films. For these studies, we use microfocus Brillouin light-scattering spectroscopy, which provides the possibility to observe propagation of the pulses with high spatial and temporal resolution. We show that,...
Preprint
Full-text available
The emergence of exceptional points (EPs) in the parameter space of a (2D) eigenvalue problem is studied in a general sense in mathematical physics. In coupled systems, it gives rise to unique physical phenomena upon which novel approaches for the development of seminal types of highly sensitive sensors shall leverage their fascinating properties....
Article
Low-power spintronic devices based on the propagation of pure magnonic spin currents in antiferromagnetic insulator materials offer several distinct advantages over ferromagnetic components including higher-frequency magnons and a stability against disturbing external magnetic fields. In this work, we make use of the insulating antiferromagnetic ph...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) is at the heart of many modern developments in the research field of spintronics. DMI is known to generate noncollinear magnetic textures, and can take two forms in antiferromagnets: homogeneous or inter-sublattice, leading to small, canted moments and inhomogeneous or intra-sublattice, leading to formati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Low power spintronic devices based on the propagation of pure magnonic spin currents in antiferromagnetic insulator materials offer several distinct advantages over ferromagnetic components including higher frequency magnons and a stability against disturbing external magnetic fields. In this work, we make use of the insulating antiferromagnetic ph...
Preprint
Multiferroics offer an elegant means to implement voltage-control and on the fly reconfigurability in microscopic, nanoscaled systems based on ferromagnetic materials. These properties are particularly interesting for the field of magnonics, where spin waves are used to perform advanced logical or analogue functions. Recently, the emergence of nano...
Article
We study theoretically and experimentally the spin pumping signals induced by the resonance of canted antiferromagnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and demonstrate that they can generate easily observable inverse spin-Hall voltages. Using a bilayer of hematite/heavy metal as a model system, we measure at room temperature the antiferromagn...
Article
As a candidate material for applications such as magnetic memory, polycrystalline antiferromagnets offer the same robustness to external magnetic fields, THz spin dynamics, and lack of stray fields as their single crystalline counterparts, but without the limitation of epitaxial growth and lattice matched substrates. Here, we first report the detec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Vortex based spin torque nano oscillators (STVOs) can present more complex dynamics than the spin torque induced gyrotropic (G) motion of the vortex core. The respective dynamic modes and the transition between them can be controlled by experimental parameters such as the applied dc current. An interesting behavior is the stochastic transition from...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study theoretically and experimentally the spin pumping signals induced by the resonance of canted antiferromagnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and demonstrate that they can generate easily observable inverse spin-Hall voltages. Using a bilayer of hematite/heavy metal as a model system, we measure at room temperature the antiferromagn...
Preprint
Full-text available
As a candidate material for applications such as magnetic memory, polycrystalline antiferromagnets offer the same robustness to external magnetic fields, THz spin dynamics, and lack of stray field as their single crystalline counterparts, but without the limitation of epitaxial growth and lattice matched substrates. Here, we first report the detect...
Article
The performance of magnetoresistive sensors is today mainly limited by their 1/f low-frequency noise. Here, we study this noise component in vortex-based TMR sensors. We compare the noise level in different magnetization configurations of the device, i.e., vortex state or uniform parallel or antiparallel states. We find that the vortex state is at...
Article
Vortex based spin torque nano oscillators (STVOs) can present more complex dynamics than the spin torque induced gyrotropic (G) motion of the vortex core. The respective dynamic modes and the transition between them can be controlled by experimental parameters such as the applied dc current. An interesting behavior is the stochastic transition from...
Article
TmFeO3 (TFO) is a canted antiferromagnet that undergoes a spin reorientation transition (SRT) with temperature between 82 and 94 K in single crystals. In this temperature region, the Néel vector continuously rotates from the crystallographic c axis (below 82 K) to the a axis (above 94 K). The SRT allows for a temperature control of distinct antifer...
Article
In the present study, we investigate a dynamical mode beyond the gyrotropic (G) motion of a magnetic vortex core in a confined magnetic disk of a nano-pillar spin torque nano-oscillator (STNO). It is characterized by the in-plane circular precession associated with a C-shaped magnetization distribution. We show a transition between G- and C-state m...
Conference Paper
THz spintronics emitters represent today novel sources for broadband emission using nanometer-scaled materials. We present and model the THz spintronic emission based on the spin Hall effect in 3 d metals and on the inverse Rashba-Edelstein effect in the optimized topological insulator Bi 1 -x Sb x .
Preprint
Full-text available
Performance of magnetoresistive sensors is today mainly limited by their 1/f low-frequency noise. Here, we study this noise component in vortex-based TMR sensors. We compare the noise level in different magnetization configurations of the device, i.e vortex state or uniform parallel or antiparallel states. We find that the vortex state is at least...
Article
We report room-temperature long-distance spin transport of magnons in antiferromagnetic thin-film hematite doped with Zn. The additional dopants significantly alter the magnetic anisotropies, resulting in a complex equilibrium spin structure that is capable of efficiently transporting spin angular momentum at room temperature without the need for a...
Preprint
Spintronic structures are extensively investigated for their spin orbit torque properties, required for magnetic commutation functionalities. Current progress in these materials is dependent on the interface engineering for the optimization of spin transmission. Here, we advance the analysis of ultrafast spin-charge conversion phenomena at ferromag...
Article
Spintronic structures are extensively investigated for their spin–orbit torque properties, required for magnetic commutation functionalities. Current progress in these materials is dependent on the interface engineering for the optimization of spin transmission. Here, we advance the analysis of ultrafast spin-charge conversion phenomena at ferromag...
Article
Spintronic structures are extensively investigated for their spin-orbit torque properties, required for magnetic commutation functionalities. Current progress in these materials is dependent on the interface engineering for the optimization of spin transmission. Here, we advance the analysis of ultrafast spin-charge conversion phenomena at ferromag...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report room temperature long-distance spin transport of magnons in antiferromagnetic thin film hematite doped with Zn. The additional dopants significantly alter the magnetic anisotropies, resulting in a complex equilibrium spin structure that is capable of efficiently transporting spin angular momentum at room temperature without the need for a...
Preprint
TmFeO$_3$ (TFO) is a canted antiferromagnet that undergoes a spin reorientation transition (SRT) with temperature between 82 K and 94 K in single crystals. In this temperature region, the N\'eel vector continuously rotates from the crystallographic $c$-axis (below 82 K) to the $a$-axis (above 94 K). The SRT allows for a temperature control of disti...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the present study, we investigate a dynamical mode beyond the gyrotropic (G) motion of a magnetic vortex core in a confined magnetic disk of a nano-pillar spin torque nano oscillator. It is characterized by the in-plane circular precession associated to a C-shaped magnetization distribution. We show a transition between G and C-state mode which...
Article
Reading the magnetic state of antiferromagnetic (AFM) thin films is key for AFM spintronic devices. We investigate the underlying physics behind the spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) of bilayers of platinum and insulating AFM hematite (α−Fe2O3) and find an SMR efficiency of up to 0.1%, comparable to ferromagnetic-based structures. To understand the...
Article
We demonstrate stable and reversible current induced switching of large-area (>100 μm²) antiferromagnetic domains in NiO/Pt by performing concurrent transport and magneto-optical imaging measurements in an adapted Kerr microscope. By correlating the magnetic images of the antiferromagnetic domain changes and magneto-transport signal response in the...
Article
We achieve current-induced switching in collinear insulating antiferromagnetic CoO/Pt, with fourfold in-plane magnetic anisotropy. This is measured electrically by spin Hall magnetoresistance and confirmed by the magnetic field-induced spin-flop transition of the CoO layer. By applying current pulses and magnetic fields, we quantify the efficiency...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antiferromagnetic materials can host spin-waves with polarizations ranging from circular to linear depending on their magnetic anisotropies. Until now, only easy-axis anisotropy antiferromagnets with circularly polarized spin-waves were reported to carry spin-information over long distances of micrometers. In this article, we report long-distance s...
Preprint
Full-text available
We demonstrate stable and reversible current induced switching of large-area ($> 100\;\mu m^2$) antiferromagnetic domains in NiO/Pt by performing concurrent transport and magneto-optical imaging measurements in an adapted Kerr microscope. By correlating the magnetic images of the antiferromagnetic domain changes and magneto-transport signal respons...
Preprint
We achieve current-induced switching in collinear insulating antiferromagnetic CoO/Pt, with fourfold in-plane magnetic anisotropy, measured electrically by spin Hall magnetoresistance. We exploit the reversible spin flop transition in the CoO film, controlled by a magnetic field, to unambiguously evidence the current-induced antiferromagnetic switc...
Article
Full-text available
The full coherent control of hybridized systems such as strongly coupled cavity-magnon states is a crucial step to enable future information processing technologies. Thus, it is particularly interesting to engineer deliberate control mechanisms such as the full control of the coupling strength which can act as a measure for coherent information exc...
Preprint
Reading the magnetic state of antiferromagnetic (AFM) thin films is key for AFM spintronic devices. We investigate the underlying physics behind the spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) of bilayers of platinum and insulating AFM hematite ({\alpha}-Fe2O3) and report a record SMR efficiency of up to ~1%. To understand the SMR field dependence, we analys...
Article
The compensated magnetic order and characteristic, terahertz frequencies of antiferromagnetic materials makes them promising candidates to develop a new class of robust, ultra-fast spintronic devices. The manipulation of antiferromagnetic spin-waves in thin films is anticipated to lead to new exotic phenomena such as spin-superfluidity, requiring a...
Article
We probe the current-induced magnetic switching of insulating antiferromagnet–heavy-metal systems, by electrical spin Hall magnetoresistance measurements and direct imaging, identifying a reversal occurring by domain wall (DW) motion. We observe switching of more than one-third of the antiferromagnetic domains by the application of current pulses....
Article
Exploring new strategies to perform magnon logic is a key requirement for the further development of magnon-based spintronics. In this paper, we realize a three-terminal magnon transport device to study the possibility of manipulating magnonic spin information transfer in a ma