Romain J G Clément

Romain J G Clément
New York University | NYU · Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Dr.

About

19
Publications
4,441
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
576
Citations
Introduction
Romain J G Clément currently works at the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, New York University. Romain does research in Evolutionary Biology, Ecology and Zoology. His most recent publication is 'Guppies occupy consistent positions in social networks: Mechanisms and consequences.'
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - present
New York University
Position
  • PhD Student
October 2009 - April 2016
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Position
  • PhD Student
October 2009 - April 2016
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
Zebrafish ( Danio rerio ) have recently emerged as a valuable laboratory species in the field of behavioral pharmacology, where they afford rapid and precise high-throughput drug screening. Although the behavioral repertoire of this species manifests along three-dimensional (3D), most of the efforts in behavioral pharmacology rely on two-dimensiona...
Article
Zebrafish are becoming a species of choice in psychopharmacology, laying a promising path to refined pharmacological manipulations and high-throughput behavioral phenotyping. The field of robotics has the potential to accelerate progress along this path, by offering unprecedented means for the design and development of accurate and reliable experim...
Article
Full-text available
Social learning is ubiquitous across the animal kingdom, where animals learn from group members about predators, foraging strategies, and so on. Despite its prevalence and adaptive benefits, our understanding of social learning is far from complete. Here, we study observational learning in zebrafish, a popular animal model in neuroscience. Toward f...
Article
One commonly used method to preserve individual identity in the study of social behavior of zebrafish is through silicone-based visible implant elastomers (VIEs), which represent a safe and durable tagging procedure. While the effects of VIE tagging on welfare and general health have been addressed in detail, whether this procedure influences socia...
Article
The social network approach has focused increasing attention on the complex web of relationships found in animal groups and populations. As such, network analysis has been used frequently to identify the role that particular individuals play in their social interactions and this approach has led to the question of whether, and in what context, indi...
Article
Full-text available
Collective cognition has received much attention in recent years but most of the empirical work has focused on comparing individuals and groups within single populations, thereby not addressing evolutionary origins of collective cognition. Here, we investigated collective cognition in multiple populations that are subject to different levels of pre...
Thesis
Das Zusammenleben in Gruppen ist im Tierreich ein weit verbreitetes Phänomen. Einer der Vorteile des Gruppenlebens könnte die sogenannte „Schwarmintelligenz“ sein, das heißt die Fähigkeit von Gruppen kognitive Probleme zu lösen, die die Problemlösekompetenz einzelner Individuen übersteigt. In der vorliegenden Dissertation untersuchte ich, ob die Gr...
Article
A major advantage of group living is increased decision accuracy. In animal groups information is often transmitted via movement. For example, an individual quickly moving away from its group may indicate approaching predators. However, individuals also make mistakes which can initiate information cascades. How responsive should individuals then be...
Article
Full-text available
Social network analysis (SNA) has become a widespread tool for the study of animal social organization. However despite this broad applicability, SNA is currently limited by both an overly strong focus on pattern analysis as well as a lack of dynamic interaction models. Here we use a dynamic modeling approach that can capture the responses of socia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Robotic fish that dynamically interact with live fish shoals dramatically augment the toolset of behavioral biologists. We have developed a system of biomimetic fish for the investigation of collective behavior in Guppies and similarly small fish. This contribution presents full implementation details of the system and promising experimental result...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main challenges in the study of social networks in vertebrates is to close the gap between group patterns and dynamics. Usually scan samples or transect data are recorded to provide information about social patterns of animals, but these techniques themselves do not shed much light on the underlying dynamics of such groups. Here we show...
Data
Frequency distributions of (a) the lengths of contact with a particular nearest neighbour, (b) the lengths of social contact, and (c) the lengths of being alone in the observed data (grey diamonds) and in a simulation of the very simple model that uses unconditional probabilities p(i) and p(x) of being social and of being alone, respectively
Article
Full-text available
Group-living is widespread among animals and one of the major advantages of group-living is the ability of groups to solve cognitive problems that exceed individual ability. Humans also make use of collective cognition and have simultaneously developed a highly complex language to exchange information. Here we investigated collective cognition of h...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Biomimetic robots can be used to analyze social behavior through active interference with live animals. We have developed a swarm of robotic fish that enables us to examine collective behaviors in fish shoals. The system uses small wheeled robots, moving under a water tank. The robots are coupled to a fish replica inside the tank using neodymium ma...
Conference Paper
Through interactions with live animals biomimetic robots can be used to analyze social behaviors. We have developed a robotic fish enabling us to examine complex interactions in fish shoals. The system uses small wheeled robots under a water tank. The robots are coupled to a fish replica inside the tank using neodymium magnets. The fish integrate a...
Article
Full-text available
Collective animal behaviour has attracted much attention recently, but cause-and-effect within interaction sequences has often been difficult to establish. To tackle this problem, we constructed a robotic fish (‘Robofish’) with which three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) interact. Robofish is a computer-controlled replica sticklebac...
Data
Video of a Robofish experiment (plan view) in the test tank (width × length × depth 86 × 81 × 5 cm). Before the start of the trial, we placed ten three-spined sticklebacks and a robotic fish: ‘Robofish’, in the enclosed refuge (upper right corner of the tank on the video), and left them for 2 min. At the start of the trial (and after 2.5 s on the v...

Network

Cited By