Roland Marquet

Roland Marquet
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · Architecture et Réactivité de l'ARN

PhD

About

210
Publications
36,320
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
9,142
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2008 - November 2008
Burnet Institute
July 1988 - August 1988
Education
October 1991 - July 1993
University of Liège
Field of study
October 1983 - May 1989
University of Liège
Field of study
  • Biophysics

Publications

Publications (210)
Article
Full-text available
The genome of influenza A virus (IAV) consists of eight unique viral RNA segments. This genome organization allows genetic reassortment between co-infecting IAV strains, whereby new IAVs with altered genome segment compositions emerge. While it is known that reassortment events can create pandemic IAVs, it remains impossible to anticipate reassortm...
Article
Full-text available
Maturation of the HIV-1 viral particles shortly after budding is required for infectivity. During this process, the Pr55Gag precursor undergoes a cascade of proteolytic cleavages, and whilst the structural rearrangements of the viral proteins are well understood, the concomitant maturation of the genomic RNA (gRNA) structure is unexplored, despite...
Article
Full-text available
The HIV-1 Vif protein is essential for viral fitness and pathogenicity. Vif decreases expression of cellular restriction factors APOBEC3G (A3G), A3F, A3D and A3H, which inhibit HIV-1 replication by inducing hypermutation during reverse transcription. Vif counteracts A3G at several levels (transcription, translation, and protein degradation) that al...
Article
Full-text available
A growing number of studies indicate that mRNAs and long ncRNAs can affect protein populations by assembling dynamic ribonucleoprotein (RNP) granules. These phase-separated molecular 'sponges', stabilized by quinary (transient and weak) interactions, control proteins involved in numerous biological functions. Retroviruses such as HIV-1 form by self...
Article
Full-text available
RNA molecules are key players in a variety of biological events, and this is particularly true for viral RNAs. To better understand the replication of those pathogens and try to block them, special attention has been paid to the structure of their RNAs. Methods to probe RNA structures have been developed since the 1960s; even if they have evolved o...
Article
Full-text available
Many recent studies highlight the fundamental importance of viruses. Besides their important role as human and animal pathogens, their beneficial, commensal or harmful functions are poorly understood. By developing and applying tailored bioinformatical tools in important virological models, the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Initiative International Traini...
Article
Full-text available
Retroviral RNA genome (gRNA) harbors cis-acting sequences that facilitate its specific packaging from a pool of other viral and cellular RNAs by binding with high-affinity to the viral Gag protein during virus assembly. However, the molecular intricacies involved during selective gRNA packaging are poorly understood. Binding and footprinting assays...
Article
Full-text available
The ubiquitin–proteasome system plays an important role in the cell under normal physiological conditions but also during viral infections. Indeed, many auxiliary proteins from the (HIV-1) divert this system to its own advantage, notably to induce the degradation of cellular restriction factors. For instance, the HIV-1 viral infectivity factor (Vif...
Article
Full-text available
Protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) play key roles in eukaryotes since they finely regulate numerous mechanisms used to diversify the protein functions and to modulate their signaling networks. Besides, these chemical modifications also take part in the viral hijacking of the host, and also contribute to the cellular response to viral i...
Article
Full-text available
How retroviral Gag proteins recognize the packaging signals (Psi) on their genomic RNA (gRNA) is a key question that we addressed here using Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) as a model system by combining band-shift assays and footprinting experiments. Our data show that Pr78Gag selects gRNA against spliced viral RNA by simultaneously binding to tw...
Article
La réponse immunitaire innée est une réponse non spécifique qui constitue la première ligne de défense en cas d’infection, notamment en permettant l’élimination des pathogènes par phagocytose ou apoptose. Au sein des cellules immunitaires, cette réponse innée se caractérise entre autres par la synthèse de protéines nommées facteurs de restriction d...
Article
The innate immune response is nonspecific and constitutes the first line of defense against infections by pathogens, mainly by enabling their elimination by phagocytosis or apoptosis. In immune cells, this response is characterized, amongst others, by the synthesis of restriction factors, a class of proteins whose role is to inhibit viral replicati...
Article
Full-text available
A distinguishing feature of the Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) packaging signal RNA secondary structure is a single-stranded purine-rich sequence (ssPurines) in close vicinity to a palindromic stem loop (Pal SL) that functions as MPMV dimerization initiation site (DIS). However, unlike other retroviruses, MPMV contains a partially base-paired rep...
Article
ABSTRACT The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Gag precursor specifically selects the unspliced viral genomic RNA (gRNA) from the bulk of cellular and spliced viral RNAs via its nucleocapsid (NC) domain and drives gRNA encapsidation at the plasma membrane (PM). To further identify the determinants governing the intracellular trafficking of Gag-gR...
Article
The HIV-1 Gag precursor specifically selects the unspliced viral genomic RNA (gRNA) from the bulk of cellular and spliced viral RNAs via its nucleocapsid (NC) domain and drives gRNA encapsidation at the plasma membrane (PM). To further identify the determinants governing the intracellular trafficking of Gag-gRNA complexes and their accumulation at...
Preprint
The HIV-1 Gag precursor specifically selects the unspliced viral genomic RNA (gRNA) from the bulk of cellular and spliced viral RNAs via its nucleocapsid (NC) domain and drives gRNA encapsidation at the plasma membrane (PM). To further identify the determinants governing the intracellular trafficking of Gag-gRNA complexes and their accumulation at...
Article
Full-text available
The feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) full-length Pr50Gag precursor is a key player in the assembly of new viral particles. It is also a critical component of the efficient selection and packaging of two copies of genomic RNA (gRNA) into the newly formed virus particles from a wide pool of cellular and spliced viral RNA. To understand the molecul...
Article
Full-text available
The Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) genomic RNA (gRNA) packaging signal is a highly-structured element with several stem-loops held together by two phylogenetically conserved long-range interactions (LRIs) between U5 and gag complementary sequences. These LRIs play a critical role in maintaining the structure of the 5´ end of the MPMV gRNA. Thus,...
Preprint
A growing number of studies indicate that mRNAs and long ncRNAs can affect protein populations by assembling dynamic ribonucleoprotein (RNP) granules. These phase-separated molecular 'sponges', stabilized by quinary (transient and weak) interactions, control proteins involved in numerous biological functions. Retroviruses such as HIV-1 form by self...
Article
RNA molecules are important players in all domains of life and the study of the relationship between their multiple flexible states and the associated biological roles has increased in recent years. For several decades, chemical and enzymatic structural probing experiments have been used to determine RNA structure. During this time, there has been...
Article
Full-text available
MPMV precursor polypeptide Pr78Gag orchestrates assembly and packaging of genomic RNA (gRNA) into virus particles. Therefore, we have expressed recombinant full-length Pr78Gag either with or without His6-tag in bacterial as well as eukaryotic cultures and purified the recombinant protein from soluble fractions of the bacterial cultures. The recombi...
Article
Full-text available
Packaging the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) genomic RNA (gRNA) requires the entire 5ʹ untranslated region (UTR) in conjunction with the first 120 nucleotides of the gag gene. This region includes several palindromic (pal) sequence(s) and stable stem loops (SLs). Among these, stem loop 4 (SL4) adopts a bifurcated structure consisting of three ste...
Article
Full-text available
The mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) Pr77Gag polypeptide is an essential retroviral structural protein without which infectious viral particles cannot be formed. This process requires specific recognition and packaging of dimerized genomic RNA (gRNA) by Gag during virus assembly. Most of the previous work on retroviral assembly has used either the...
Article
The Pr55Gag precursor specifically selects the HIV-1 genomic RNA (gRNA) from an excess of cellular and spliced viral RNAs and drives the virus assembly at the plasma membrane. During these processes, the NC domain of Pr55Gag interacts with the gRNA, while its C-terminal p6 domain binds cellular and viral factors and orchestrates viral particle rele...
Article
Full-text available
Influenza A viruses (IAV) are responsible for recurrent influenza epidemics and occasional devastating pandemics in humans and animals. They belong to the Orthomyxoviridae family and their genome consists of eight (-) sense viral RNA (vRNA) segments of different lengths coding for at least 11 viral proteins. A heterotrimeric polymerase complex is b...
Article
Full-text available
The genome of the retroviruses is a dimer composed by two homologous copies of genomic RNA (gRNA) molecules of positive polarity. The dimerization process allows two gRNA molecules to be non-covalently linked together through intermolecular base-pairing. This step is critical for the viral life cycle and is highly conserved among retroviruses with...
Article
Full-text available
Non-coding RNA regulatory elements are important for viral replication, making them promising targets for therapeutic intervention. However, regulatory RNA is challenging to detect and characterise using classical structure-function assays. Here, we present in cell Mutational Interference Mapping Experiment (in cell MIME) as a way to define RNA reg...
Article
Full-text available
The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) ensures regulation of the protein pool in the cell by ubiquitination of proteins followed by their degradation by the proteasome. It plays a central role in the cell under normal physiological conditions as well as during viral infections. On the one hand, the UPS can be used by the cell to degrade viral protei...
Article
The HIV-1 Pr55Gag precursor specifically selects genomic RNA (gRNA) from a large variety of cellular and spliced viral RNAs (svRNAs), however the molecular mechanisms of this selective recognition remains poorly understood. To gain better understanding of this process, we analyzed the interactions between Pr55Gag and a large panel of viral RNA (vRN...
Article
Full-text available
The essential HIV-1 viral infectivity factor (Vif) allows productive infection of non-permissive cells expressing cytidine deaminases APOBEC3G (A3G) and A3F by decreasing their cellular level, and preventing their incorporation into virions. Unlike the Vif-induced degradation of A3G, the functional role of the inhibition of A3G translation by Vif r...
Article
The HIV-1 Pr55(Gag) precursor specifically selects genomic RNA (gRNA) from a large variety of cellular and spliced viral RNAs (svRNAs), however the molecular mechanisms of this selective recognition remains poorly understood. To gain better understanding of this process, we analyzed the interactions between Pr55(Gag) and a large panel of viral RNA...
Article
Full-text available
HIV-1 replication is a highly regulated process requiring the recruitment of viral and cellular components to the plasma membrane for assembly into infectious particles. This review highlights recent process in understanding the selection of the genomic RNA by the viral Gag precursor protein, and the processes leading its incorporation into viral p...
Article
Full-text available
The influenza A virus genome comprises eight negative-sense viral RNAs (vRNAs) that form individual ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. In order to incorporate a complete set of each of these vRNAs, the virus uses a selective packaging mechanism that facilitates co-packaging of specific gene segments but whose molecular basis is still not fully unde...
Article
Availability and implementation: MIMEAnTo is implemented in C++ using the boost library as well as Qt for the graphical user interface and is distributed under GPL (http://www.gnu.org/licences/gpl). The libraries are statically linked in a stand alone executable and are not required on the system. The plots are generated with gnuplot. Gnuplot-iost...
Article
Full-text available
MPMV has great potential for development as a vector for gene therapy. In this respect, precisely defining the sequences and structural motifs that are important for dimerization and packaging of its genomic RNA (gRNA) are of utmost importance. A distinguishing feature of the MPMV gRNA packaging signal is two phylogenetically conserved long-range i...
Article
RNA regulates many biological processes; however, identifying functional RNA sequences and structures is complex and time-consuming. We introduce a method, mutational interference mapping experiment (MIME), to identify, at single-nucleotide resolution, the primary sequence and secondary structures of an RNA molecule that are crucial for its functio...
Chapter
The primary targets of HIV-1 (T lymphocytes, macrophages and monocytes) are able to limit HIV-1 replication by expressing the restriction factors APOBEC3F and APOBEC3G (A3F/G). These two proteins have cytidine deaminase activity and induce mutations during reverse transcription of the genomic RNA that could be lethal for the virus. A3F/G also inter...
Article
Full-text available
Eukaryotic translation is a complex process composed of three main steps: initiation, elongation and termination. During infections by RNA- and DNA-viruses, the eukaryotic translation machinery is used to assure optimal viral protein synthesis. The human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) uses several non-canonical pathways to translate its own...
Article
Full-text available
Because of their high mutation rates, RNA viruses and retroviruses replicate close to the threshold of viability. Their existence as quasi-species has pioneered the concept of “lethal mutagenesis” that prompted us to synthesize pyrimidine nucleoside analogues with antiviral activity in cell culture consistent with an accumulation of deleterious mut...
Article
Full-text available
Background One of the hallmarks of retroviral life cycle is the efficient and specific packaging of two copies of retroviral gRNA in the form of a non-covalent RNA dimer by the assembling virions. It is becoming increasingly clear that the process of dimerization is closely linked with gRNA packaging, and in some retroviruses, the latter depends on...
Article
Electron microscopy of influenza A virus (IAV) and three-dimensional reconstruction of their interior by electron tomography, combined with genetic, biochemical and virology assays, has revealed that genome packaging of IAVs is a selective process, the molecular mechanisms of which start to be unveiled. The eight genomic viral RNAs (vRNAs) most lik...
Article
Full-text available
During assembly of HIV-1 particles in infected cells, the viral Pr55(Gag) protein (or Gag precursor) must select the viral genomic RNA (gRNA) from a variety of cellular and viral spliced RNAs. However, there is no consensus on how Pr55(Gag) achieves this selection. Here, by using RNA binding and footprinting assays, we demonstrate that the primary...
Article
Influenza A viruses package their segmented RNA genome in a selective manner. Electron tomography, biochemical assays, and replication assays of viruses produced by reverse genetics recently unveiled molecular details of this mechanism, whereby different influenza viral strains form different and unique networks of direct intermolecular RNA-RNA int...
Article
Full-text available
Earlier genetic and structural prediction analyses revealed that the packaging determinants of Mason Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) include two discontinuous core regions at the 5' end of its genomic RNA. RNA secondary structure predictions suggested that these packaging determinants fold into several stem-loops (SLs). To experimentally validate this s...
Data
Full-text available
The HIV-1 viral infectivity factor (Vif) is a small basic protein essential for viral fitness and pathogenicity. Vif allows productive infection in non-permissive cells, including most natural HIV-1 target cells, by counteracting the cellular cytosine deaminases APOBEC3G (A3G) and A3F. Vif is also associated with the viral assembly complex and pack...
Article
Full-text available
Influenza A viruses cause annual influenza epidemics and occasional severe pandemics. Their genome is segmented into eight fragments, which offers evolutionary advantages but complicates genomic packaging. The existence of a selective packaging mechanism, in which one copy of each viral RNA is specifically packaged into each virion, is suspected, b...
Article
Full-text available
During HIV-1 maturation, the step driven by its protease (PR) controling RNA condensation remains poorly documented. Our methodology, mainly inspired by B. M. Alberts’ concept of macromolecular machines, combines biochemical and biophysical approaches with purified components. They provide a clear in vitro demonstration that HIV-1 RNA behaves with...