Rohitash Chandra

Rohitash Chandra
UNSW Sydney | UNSW · School of Mathematics and Statistics

PhD in Artificial Intelligence
Research in Bayesian deep learning, language models, and applications @UNSW Sydney

About

150
Publications
101,812
Reads
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1,535
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Chandra has a built a program of research encircling methodologies and applications of artificial intelligence; particularly in areas of deep learning, neuro-evolution, Bayesian methods, climate extremes, landscape evolution models, reef modelling and mineral exploration. https://research.unsw.edu.au/people/dr-rohitash-chandra
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
UNSW Sydney
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Research in Machine Learning and Data Science
March 2017 - January 2020
The University of Sydney
Position
  • Fellow
Description
  • Deep Learning, Data Science, Solid Earth and Reef Modelling
February 2016 - January 2017
Nanyang Technological University
Position
  • Research Fellow in Machine Learning
Description
  • Project in Jet Engine Design using Data Science and Machine Learning
Education
March 2009 - February 2012
Victoria University of Wellington
Field of study
  • Computer Science
February 2007 - April 2008
University of Fiji
Field of study
  • Computer Science

Publications

Publications (150)
Article
Full-text available
Porphyry copper (Cu) systems occur along magmatic belts derived in subduction zones. Our current understanding of their formation is restricted to observations from the overriding plate, resulting in a knowledge gap in terms of processes occurring in convergence zones through time. An association between key tectonic processes and the timing and lo...
Article
Full-text available
The decline of the number of newly discovered mineral deposits and increase in demand for different minerals in recent years has led exploration geologists to look for more efficient and innovative methods for processing different data types at each stage of mineral exploration. As a primary step, various features, such as lithological units, alter...
Preprint
Full-text available
A distinct feature of Hindu religious and philosophical text is that they come from a library of texts rather than single source. The Upanishads is known as one of the oldest philosophical texts in the world that forms the foundation of Hindu philosophy. The Bhagavad Gita is core text of Hindu philosophy and is known as a text that summarises the k...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that translations of songs and poems not only break rhythm and rhyming patterns, but can also result in loss of semantic information. The Bhagavad Gita is an ancient Hindu philosophical text originally written in Sanskrit that features a conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna prior to the Mahabharata war. The Bhagavad Gita is...
Article
Full-text available
Social scientists and psychologists take interest in understanding how people express emotions and sentiments when dealing with catastrophic events such as natural disasters, political unrest, and terrorism. The COVID-19 pandemic is a catastrophic event that has raised a number of psychological issues such as depression given abrupt social changes...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ensemble learning has gained success in machine learning with major advantages over other learning methods. Bagging is a prominent ensemble learning method that creates subgroups of data, known as bags, that are trained by individual machine learning methods such as decision trees. Random forest is a prominent example of bagging with additional fea...
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to the rapid evolution of the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) virus, a number of mutations emerged with variants such as Alpha, Gamma, Delta and Omicron which created massive impact to the world economy. Unsupervised machine learning methods have the ability to compresses, characterize and visualises unlabelled data. In this paper, we present a framework...
Article
Full-text available
In the past decade, deep learning models have been applied to bio-sensors used in a body sensor network for prediction. Given recent innovations in this field, the prediction accuracy of novel models needs to be evaluated for bio-signals. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of deep learning models for respiratory rate prediction. We consider...
Preprint
Full-text available
The resource constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP) is an NP-Hard combinatorial optimization problem. The objective of RCPSP is to schedule a set of activities without violating any activity precedence or resource constraints. In recent years researchers have moved away from complex solution methodologies, such as meta heuristics and exact...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrological extremes occupy a large spatial extent, with a temporal sequence, both of which can be influenced by a range of climatological and geographical phenomena. Understanding the key information in the spatial and temporal domain is essential to make accurate forecasts. The capabilities of deep learning methods can be applied in such instanc...
Article
Full-text available
Lithological mapping is a critical aspect of geological mapping that can be useful in studying the mineralization potential of a region and has implications for mineral prospectivity mapping. This is a challenging task if performed manually, particularly in highly remote areas that require a large number of participants and resources. The combinati...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have major impact to health and medical infrastructure, economy, and agriculture. Prominent computational and mathematical models have been unreliable due to the complexity of the spread of infections. Moreover, lack of data collection and reporting makes modelling attempts difficult and unreliable. Hence, we need...
Preprint
Full-text available
Advances in parallel and distributed computing have enabled efficient implementation of the distributed swarm and evolutionary algorithms for complex and computationally expensive models. Evolutionary algorithms provide gradient-free optimisation which is beneficial for models that do not have such information available, for instance, geoscientific...
Preprint
Full-text available
It is well known that translations of songs and poems not only breaks rhythm and rhyming patterns, but also results in loss of semantic information. The Bhagavad Gita is an ancient Hindu philosophical text originally written in Sanskrit that features a conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna prior to the Mahabharata war. The Bhagavad Gita is a...
Article
Full-text available
Class imbalance in a dataset is a major problem for classifiers that results in poor prediction with a high true positive rate (TPR) but a low true negative rate (TNR) for a majority positive training dataset. Generally, the pre-processing technique of oversampling of minority class(es) are used to overcome this deficiency. Our focus is on using th...
Article
Full-text available
Autoencoders gained popularity in the deep learning revolution given their ability to compress data and provide dimensionality reduction. Although prominent deep learning methods have been used to enhance autoencoders, the need to provide robust uncertainty quantification remains a challenge. This has been addressed with variational autoencoders so...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The shortage of outcropping ore deposits and the inefficiency of traditional methods for discovering deep-seated deposits have increased the necessity for developing three-dimensional modeling methods for in-depth exploration. 3DWofE, a Python-based open-source software package, provides the tools required for three-dimensional modeling of conceale...
Article
Full-text available
Neuroevolution is a machine learning method for evolving neural networks parameters and topology with high degree of flexibility that makes them applicable to a wide ranger of architectures. Neuroevolution has been popular in reinforcement learning, and also shown to be promising for deep learning. The major feature of Bayesian optimisation is in r...
Article
Full-text available
Deep learning models, such as convolutional neural networks, have long been applied to image and multi-media tasks, particularly those with structured data. More recently, there has been more attention to unstructured data that can be represented via graphs. These types of data are often found in health and medicine, social networks, and research d...
Article
Full-text available
Social media has played a crucial role in shaping the worldview during election campaigns. It has been used as a medium for political campaigns and a tool for organizing protests; some of which have been peaceful, while others have led to riots. Previous research indicates that understanding user behaviour, particularly in terms of sentiments expre...
Preprint
Full-text available
Class imbalance in a dataset is a major problem for classifiers that results in poor prediction with a high true positive rate (TPR) but a low true negative rate (TNR) for a majority positive training dataset. Generally, the pre-processing technique of oversampling of minority class(es) are used to overcome this deficiency. Our focus is on using th...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, there has been much attention in the use of machine learning methods, particularly deep learning for stock price prediction. A major limitation of conventional deep learning is uncertainty quantification in predictions which affect investor confidence. Bayesian neural networks feature Bayesian inference for providing inference (training)...
Article
Full-text available
Time series prediction with neural networks has been the focus of much research in the past few decades. Given the recent deep learning revolution, there has been much attention in using deep learning models for time series prediction, and hence it is important to evaluate their strengths and weaknesses. In this paper, we present an evaluation stud...
Presentation
Full-text available
The application of Bayesian inference for deep learning remains limited due to the computational requirements of the Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. Recent advances in parallel computing and advanced proposal schemes in sampling, such as incorporating gradients has provided the potential for Bayesian deep learning methods to be implemented...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deep learning models, such as convolutional neural networks, have long been applied to image and multi-media tasks, particularly those with structured data. More recently, there has been more attention to unstructured data that can be represented via graphs. These types of data are often found in health and medicine, social networks, and research d...
Preprint
Full-text available
Autoencoders gained popularity in the deep learning revolution given their ability to compress data and provide dimensionality reduction. Although prominent deep learning methods have been used to enhance autoencoders, the need to provide robust uncertainty quantification remains a challenge. This has been addressed with variational autoencoders so...
Preprint
Full-text available
It is well known that recurrent neural networks (RNNs) faced limitations in learning long-term dependencies that have been addressed by memory structures in long short-term memory (LSTM) networks. Matrix neural networks feature matrix representation which inherently preserves the spatial structure of data and has the potential to provide better mem...
Preprint
Full-text available
Social scientists and psychologists take interest in understanding how people express emotions or sentiments when dealing with catastrophic events such as natural disasters, political unrest, and terrorism. The COVID-19 pandemic is a catastrophic event that has raised a number of psychological issues such as depression given abrupt social changes a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Time series prediction with neural networks have been focus of much research in the past few decades. Given the recent deep learning revolution, there has been much attention in using deep learning models for time series prediction, and hence it is important to evaluate their strengths and weaknesses. In this paper, we present an evaluation study t...
Preprint
Full-text available
As a primary step in mineral exploration, a variety of features are mapped such as lithological units, alteration types, structures, and minerals. These features are extracted to aid decision-making in targeting ore deposits. Different types of remote sensing data including satellite optical and radar, airborne, and drone-based data make it possibl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Air pollution has a wide range of implications on agriculture, economy, road accidents, and health. In this paper, we use novel deep learning methods for short-term (multi-step-ahead) air-quality prediction in selected parts of Delhi, India. Our deep learning methods comprise of long short-term memory (LSTM) network models which also include some r...
Article
Full-text available
Although global circulation models (GCMs) have been used for the reconstruction of precipitation for selected geological time slices, there is a lack of a coherent set of precipitation models for the Mesozoic-Cenozoic period (the last 250 million years). There has been dramatic climate change during this time period capturing a super-continent hoth...
Preprint
Full-text available
We have entered an era of a pandemic that has shaken the world with major impact to medical systems, economics and agriculture. Prominent computational and mathematical models have been unreliable due to the complexity of the spread of infections. Moreover, lack of data collection and reporting makes any such modelling attempts unreliable. Hence we...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional approaches to develop 3D geological models employ a mix of quantitative and qualitative scientific techniques, which do not fully provide quantification of uncertainty in the constructed models and fail to optimally weight geological field observations against constraints from geophysical data. Here, using the Bayesian Obsidian software...
Code
Full-text available
The shortage of outcropping ore deposits and the inefficiency of traditional mineral exploration methods for discovering deep-seated deposits have increased the necessity of developing three-dimensional modeling methods for in-depth exploration. The 3DWofE is a Python-based open-source software package that provides the tools required for three-dim...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the need for robust uncertainty quantification, Bayesian neural learning has gained attention in the era of deep learning and big data. Markov Chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC) methods typically implement Bayesian inference which faces several challenges given a large number of parameters, complex and multimodal posterior distributions, and computati...
Article
Full-text available
Given the challenges in data acquisition and spatial modelling at the detailed exploration stage, it is difficult to develop a prospectivity model, particularly for disseminated ore deposits. Recently, the weights of evidence (WofE) method has demonstrated a high efficiency for modelling such deposits. In this study, we propose a framework for crea...
Article
Full-text available
The complex and computationally expensive nature of landscape evolution models poses significant challenges to the inference and optimization of unknown model parameters. Bayesian inference provides a methodology for estimation and uncertainty quantification of unknown model parameters. In our previous work, we developed parallel tempering Bayeslan...
Article
Full-text available
There are a significant number of image processing methods that have been developed during the past decades for detecting anomalous areas, such as hydrothermal alteration zones, using satellite images. Among these methods, dimensionality reduction or transformation techniques are known to be a robust type of methods, which are helpful, as they redu...
Article
Full-text available
Estimating the impact of environmental processes on vertical reef development in geological time is a very challenging task. pyReef-Core is a deterministic carbonate stratigraphic forward model designed to simulate the key biological and environmental processes that determine vertical reef accretion and assemblage changes in fossil reef drill cores...
Data
https://github.com/intelligent-exploration/3S
Preprint
Full-text available
Given the challenges in data acquisition and modeling at the stage of detailed exploration, developing a prospectivity model particularly for disseminated ore deposits is difficult. Recent work has shown that the weights of evidence-based modeling has good potential for discovering of such deposits. In our approach, the qualitative geological and q...
Article
Full-text available
The extraction of tectonic lineaments from digital satellite data is a fundamental application in remote sensing. The location of tectonic lineaments such as faults and dykes are of interest for a range of applications, particularly because of their association with hydrothermal mineralization. Although a wide range of applications have utilized co...
Article
Full-text available
Although the use of deep learning and neural networks techniques are gaining popularity, there remain a number of challenges when multiple sources of information and data need to be combined. Although transfer learning and data fusion methodologies try to address this challenge, they lack robust uncertainty quantification which is crucial for decis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Badlands is a basin and landscape evolution forward model for simulating the evolution of surface topography, sediment transport and sedimentation at a large range of spatial and time scales. Here we use the Bayesian paradigm to find the best-fit parameters driving basin evolution models using Badlands. Inference in a Bayesian framework is obtained...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chaotic nature of cyclones makes track and wind-intensity prediction a challenging task. The complexity in attaining robust and accurate prediction increases with an increase of the prediction horizon. There is lack of robust uncertainty quantification in models that have been used for cyclone prediction problems. Bayesian inference provide a p...
Article
Full-text available
The rigorous quantification of uncertainty in geophysical inversions is a challenging problem. Inversions are often ill-posed and the likelihood surface may be multi-modal; properties of any single mode become inadequate uncertainty measures, and sampling methods become inefficient for irregular posteriors or high-dimensional parameter spaces. We e...
Article
Bayesian inference provides a rigorous approach for neural learning with knowledge representation via the posterior distribution that accounts for uncertainty quantification. Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods typically implement Bayesian inference by sampling from the posterior distribution. This not only provides point estimates of the weigh...