Rogerio R. Silva

Rogerio R. Silva
Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi - MPEG | MPEG · Coordenação de Ciências da Terra e Ecologia (CCTE)

PhD

About

85
Publications
22,947
Reads
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1,437
Citations
Introduction
Rogerio R. Silva currently works at the Coordenação de Ciências da Terra e Ecologia (CCTE), Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi - MPEG. Rogerio does research in Ecology, Entomology and Systematics (Taxonomy).
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - present
Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi - MPEG
Position
  • Pesquisador Adjunto III
January 1997 - August 2013
Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo
Position
  • Universidade Cidade de São Paulo

Publications

Publications (85)
Article
Full-text available
Tropical ecosystems are often biodiversity hotspots, and invertebrates represent the main underrepresented component of diversity in large‐scale analyses. This problem is partly related to the scarcity of data widely available to conduct these studies and the lack of systematic organization of knowledge about invertebrates' distributions in biodive...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape changes in tropical environments result in long-lasting and complex changes in biodiversity that involve several biological responses (e.g., loss of species diversity and functional diversity). Both taxonomic and functional diversity might respond differently to land-use change, and this response might also vary depending on several facto...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the long-standing interest in the organization of ant communities across elevational gradients, few studies have incorporated the evolutionary information to understand the historical processes that underlay such patterns. Through the evaluation of phylogenetic α and β-diversity, we analyzed the structure of leaf-litter ant communities alon...
Article
In this study, we compared the richness of ground-dwelling ants among three different sugarcane management systems (with the application of the insecticide fipronil and the addition of vinasse; with fipronil and no vinasse; and with vinasse and no fipronil, i.e., an organic production system) to evaluate whether the feeding/foraging types vary acco...
Article
Full-text available
Ants, an ecologically successful and numerically dominant group of animals, play key ecological roles as soil engineers, predators, nutrient recyclers, and regulators of plant growth and reproduction in most terrestrial ecosystems. Further, ants are widely used as bioindicators of the ecological impact of land use. We gathered information of ant sp...
Article
The ant genus Megalomyrmex Forel, 1885, has 45 valid species and is spread across the entire Neotropical region. Megalomyrmex species have been studied for decades and there are many rich natural history accounts that describe various details, including symbionts and unusual reproductive strategies. Natural history traits such as lifestyle have bee...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite the long-standing interest in the organization of ant communities across elevational gradients, few studies have incorporated the evolutionary information to understand the historical processes that underlay such patterns. Through the evaluation of phylogenetic α and β-diversity, we analyzed the structure of leaf-litter ant communities alon...
Article
Aim Given their high environmental variation over relatively short distances, mountains represent ideal systems for evaluating potential factors shaping diversity gradients. Despite a long-standing interest in ecological gradients, ant diversity patterns and their related mechanisms occurring on mountains are still not well understood. Here, we (i)...
Article
The state of Pará in northern Brazil is located entirely within the Amazon Basin and harbors a great diversity of landscape and vegetation types that support high levels of biodiversity. Here, we provide a comprehensive inventory of ant species and their distribution in Pará. This regional list is based on an extensive review of species records fro...
Article
Amazonian grassland ecosystems are poorly understood, highly threatened, and under-protected. This study combined taxonomic and trait-based diversity approaches to provide the first description of the diversity of the ground-dwelling ant fauna of grasslands in Eastern Amazonia. We surveyed two types of open vegetation habitats: campinarana (unique...
Article
Twigs in leaf litter represent an important nesting resource for ant colonies. Twig diameter strongly influences the occupation of twigs by ants, possibly determining the size of colonies. Given that uncolonized twigs are common in leaf litter, we tested the hypothesis that ant species occupy twigs with a similar size (i.e., resource use overlap)....
Technical Report
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The year 2020 marked the centenary of the birth of the German-Brazilian myrmecologist, Dr. Frei Walter Wolfgang Franz Kempf, O.F.M., (1920-1976), whose remarkable research contributed greatly to the advancement of the taxonomy of Neotropical ants, especially in Brazil. This post is a tribute to mark his centenary and to recognize the relevance of h...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated the effects of changes in habitat structure resulting from conventional logging (CL) and reduced-impact logging (RIL) on the ecomorphological structure of stream fish assemblages in the eastern Brazilian Amazon, investigating (1) which habitat characteristics are influenced by different logging methods, (2) the differences in the ecomo...
Article
In the present study, we analyzed a unique phytophysiognomy in the Amazon region, which is formed by savanna-like vegetation on iron-rich soil (known locally as canga) located within an iron-ore mining region. We used the habitat template theory to test the hypothesis that changes in the physical-chemical properties of streams and the physical stru...
Preprint
Full-text available
Environmental change scenarios caused by low precipitation forecast species loss in tropical regions. We use one year of data from a long-term rainwater exclusion experiment in primary Amazonian rainforest to test whether induced water stress and covarying changes in soil moisture, soil respiration, tree species richness, diversity, size, and total...
Article
Full-text available
Twigs in the litter derived from the fragmentation of tree branches form one microhabitat, where entire colonies of ants, both leaf litter and arboreal species, can be found. The objective was to survey ant species that are presente in both the leaf litter and twigs simultaneously. We describe the nest type, the social structure of the colonies and...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo: Ao longo de mais de 100 anos de história, o acervo do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (MPEG) acumulou uma expressiva quantidade de espécies de formigas coletadas por meio de expedições científicas e por sua atuação como instituição fiel depositária. Organizar, qualificar, estudar e disponibilizar essas informações tornam o acervo uma poderosa...
Article
In tropical forests, twigs are the nesting resources most frequently occupied by ants in the leaf litter. During occupation, this resource may be shared among different arthropods, such as ants or non-ant arthropods, but the mechanisms that promote cohabitation in this context are poorly known. In this study, we examined if twig structure influence...
Article
Full-text available
Pheidole is a genus with wide geographical distribution and diversity, especially in the leaf litter of neotropical forests, where nests are found at the soil-litter interface, in the soil and vegetation, among leaves, seeds, and twigs. Despite the availability of twigs and Pheidole species diversity in the leaf litter, most of this resource is not...
Article
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The state of Maranhão, located in northeastern Brazil, comprises three biomes: Amazonian, Caatinga, and the Cerrado. To date, 99 ant species have been recorded in the literature from the state. In the present work, we provide for the first time a profile of the ant fauna in the state based on data from the historical literature and Brazilian instit...
Article
Full-text available
1. To understand how the semiaquatic bug communities are shaped, it was first verified whether there was a pattern of co-occurrence between species. It was subsequently tested whether the pattern found was related to environmental variables. Lastly, it was verified whether morphological divergence between species was present in the morphological an...
Article
Full-text available
Twig cavities are microhabitats that may be used by different ant species for nesting and colony expansion. However, ants do not colonize all twigs available in the leaf litter, pointing to the existence of environmental or twig-related filters. In this study, we analyzed which environmental and twig attributes affected twig occupation by ants. We...
Article
Full-text available
In the leaf litter, ants have various nesting resources available, such as live or dead trunks, twigs, leaves, fruits and seeds. On the twigs, there are adults and immature individuals, but also the queen and winged. The production of wings requires time and energy from the colony. The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of wing...
Article
Full-text available
Ants often colonize twigs in the leaf litter, but some species use this resource more frequently than others. We analyzed the composition of the community and the diameter of colonized twigs to test if any species had a size preference. Samples were collected in different vegetation habitats (urban parks, eucalyptus plantations and native forests)....
Article
Full-text available
Despite its negative impacts on the environment and biodiversity, tree plantations can contribute to biodiversity conservation in fragmented landscapes, as they harbor many native species. In this study, we investigated the impact of Eucalyptus plantations on the taxonomic and functional diversity of ant communities, comparing ant communities sampl...
Article
Global extinction drivers, including habitat disturbance and climate change, are thought to affect larger species more than smaller species. However, it is unclear if such drivers interact to affect assemblage body size distributions. We asked how these two key global change drivers differentially affect the interspecific size distributions of ants...
Article
Fire is frequently used in the management of pastures in southern Brazil, but its effects on ground-dwelling ant communities in Brazilian subtropical grasslands is still poorly understood. Here, we compared ant species richness and composition between periodically burned and unburned areas in native grasslands of the Atlantic Forest biome. In total...
Article
Full-text available
What forces structure ecological assemblages? A key limitation to general insights about assemblage structure is the availability of data that are collected at a small spatial grain (local assemblages) and a large spatial extent (global coverage). Here, we present published and unpublished data from 51,388 ant abundance and occurrence records of mo...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetation structure and microhabitat availability and diversity affect ant assemblage diversity, growth, and dispersal. In this study, we described assemblages of ants nesting in twigs found in the leaf litter, comparing nest characteristics and ant colony sizes among different vegetation habitats at a regional scale. Twigs were collected in urban...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years the focus in ecology has shifted from species to a greater emphasis on functional traits. In tandem with this shift, a number of trait databases have been developed covering a range of taxa. Here, we introduce the GlobalAnts database. Globally, ants are dominant, diverse and provide a range of ecosystem functions. The database repre...
Preprint
Full-text available
Morphological variation in co-occurring species often is used to infer species assembly rules and other processes structuring ecological assemblages. We compared the morphological structure of ant assemblages in two biogeographic regions along two extensive latitudinal gradients to examine common patterns and unique characteristics of trait distrib...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we document for the first time flight patterns along a 24h time range for an ant assemblage in one of the most diverse ecosystems on Earth, the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Malaise traps were used to analyze the diurnal nuptial flights of a Neotropical ant assemblage during five days. Traps captured 802 individuals, revealing a remarkab...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the external and internal pretarsus structure of the ants Brachyponera sennaarensis (Mayr, 1862) and Daceton armigerum (Latreille, 1802) in relation to their very different climbing ability. B. sennaarensis is a ground-dwelling species that is not able to climb vertical smooth walls. They have a pair of straight pretarsal claws with an a...
Article
Full-text available
Ants can use twigs from fragments of tree branches as a nesting resource. The present study analyzed gatherings of ants in twigs of Albizia niopoides, a Fabaceae native to the Atlantic Forest that is used in landscaping in parks and squares in Brazil. Expeditions were performed in an urban park located in Atlantic Forest areas between February and...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumo As formigas poneromorfas podem repre-sentar cerca de 25% da diversidade local de For-micidae em ambientes tropicais. Em princípio, a teoria ecológica prevê regras de formação de as-sembleias que definem a contribuição relativa de grupos de espécies ao conjunto local de espécies de formigas, sendo que competição e filtros am-bientais são impo...
Article
Full-text available
Myrmelachista is an exclusively Neotropical ant genus. The ants from this genus nest and forage in live or dead trees, but data on its life cycle are relatively scarce. The taxonomy of this genus is considerably complex. The morphological characters of taxonomic importance are not well defined, and combining characteristics from the largest possibl...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the ant fauna of Iguazú National Park (INP), a region of high biodiversity and endemism in northeastern Argentina that includes the southernmost protected area of the Atlantic Forest (AF). Ants were sampled over seven periods from 1998 to 2011 using a variety of techniques. We also surveyed museum collections and the scientific literatu...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the ant fauna of Iguazu National Park (INP), a region of high biodiversity and endemism in northeastern Argentina that includes the southernmost protected area of the Atlantic Forest (AF). Ants were sampled over seven periods from 1998 to 2011 using a variety of techniques. We also surveyed museum collections and the scientific literatu...
Article
AimsClimatic change is expected to rearrange species assemblages and ultimately affect organism-mediated ecosystem processes. We focus on identifying patterns and relationships between common ant species (representing 99% of total ant records) richness and functional diversity; modelling how these patterns may change at local and regional scales in...
Book
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Trata-se do primeiro livro sobre a fauna de formigas de uma região brasileira, contendo ilustrações coloridas detalhadas e informações relevantes de história natural e ecologia de mais de 200 espécies. São fornecidos dados sobre a distribuição geográfica das espécies, os tipos de ambientes onde são encontradas, microhabitats preferenciais, locais d...
Article
Full-text available
Morphological traits, such as size and shape, may reflect a combination of ecological and evolutionary responses by organisms. Ants have been used to evaluate the relationship between the environment and species coexistence and morphology. In the present study, we analyzed the morphology of workers of Gnamptogenys striatula Mayr in different landsc...
Article
The tropical South American termite fauna is less well known than termite faunas in the tropical Ethiopian and Oriental regions, where more collecting and studies on termites have been performed. In this study, we investigated the termites of the Atlantic Forest, one of the most threatened biodiversity hotspots in the world, in regularly spaced sit...
Article
Full-text available
General principles that shape community structure can be described based on a functional trait approach grounded on predictive models; increased attention has been paid to factors accounting for the functional diversity of species assemblages and its association with species richness along environmental gradients. We analyze here the interaction be...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Recent studies illustrate the importance of a functional-trait approach to the development of more quantitative and predictive models to explain community assembly rules. Ant functional diversity will be examined at eastern North American and Neotropical sites along environmental gradients in order to compare the morpho...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a species of the exclusively Neotropical dorylomorph ant genus Leptanilloides (Leptanilloidinae), Leptanilloides atlantica sp. nov., based on workers collected in the Atlantic Forest, São Paulo, south-eastern Brazil. The 11 species of Leptanilloides described are known from relatively high altitudes in western America (from the Andes fo...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed at evaluating the composition of ant fauna that forage below the soil surface of the Atlantic Forest areas in advanced stage of regeneration. Two similar areas regarding the soil's abiotic characteristics were studied; one in the Serra do Mar and the other in the Serra do Itapeti formations, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Twenty sets...
Article
Full-text available
In tropical forests, the leaf-litter stratum exhibits one of the greatest abundances of ant species. This diversity is associated with the variety of available locations for nest building. Ant nests can be found in various microhabitats, including tree trunks and fallen twigs in different stages of decomposition. In this study, we aimed to investig...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods General principles about community structure can be expressed thought functional traits and be used to create predictive models in Ecology. Increased attention has been paid to factors accounting for the functional diversity of species assemblages. We analyze the interaction between leaf-litter ant species richness, fun...
Article
Full-text available
Updated list of ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) recorded in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil, with a discussion of research advances and priorities. A first working list of ant species registered in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil was published recently. Since then, many studies with ants have been conducted in the state. With data...
Article
Full-text available
Large-scale agricultural production in Brazil preferentially occupies plateaus reclaimed from areas originally covered by Cerrado (savanna). Depending on the region, a percentage of the pristine vegetation coverage must be preserved by law, resulting in the creation of fragmented legal Cerrado reserves. The geometry of these relatively small legal...
Article
Full-text available
Secondary forests and exotic tree plantations are expanding across tropical landscapes. However, our current understanding of the value of these human-dominated forest landscapes for invertebrate biodiversity conservation is still very poor. In this paper, we use the leaf-litter ant fauna to assess invertebrate diversity in one commercially managed...
Article
We present a new approach to determine the number and composition of guilds, using the hyperdiverse leaf-litter ant fauna as a model, based on appropriate morphological variables and species co-occurrence null models to describe the complex asemblages of interacting species community structure at the 1-m 2 scale. We obtained 18 linear morphometric...
Article
Full-text available
A new myrmicine ant, Tropidomyrmex elianae gen. n. & sp. n., is described from southeastern and central Brazil, based on workers, ergatoid gynes, males and larvae. Tropidomyrmex workers are relatively small, monomorphic, characterized mainly by the feebly pigmented and extremely thin integument; subfalcate mandibles bearing a single apical tooth; p...
Article
A new myrmicine ant, Tropidomyrmex elianae gen. n. & sp. n., is described from southeastern and central Brazil, based on workers, ergatoid gynes, males and larvae. Tropidomyrmex workers are relatively small, monomorphic, characterized mainly by the feebly pigmented and extremely thin integument; subfalcate mandibles bearing a single apical tooth; p...