Roger Watson

Roger Watson
University of Hull · Faculty of Health and Social Care

BSc PhD FRCP Edin FAAN

About

810
Publications
188,095
Reads
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12,383
Citations
Citations since 2016
169 Research Items
6136 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,000
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,000
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
Western Sydney University
Position
  • Professor of Nursing
Description
  • Adjunct
November 2005 - March 2012
The University of Sheffield
Position
  • Professor of Nursing
October 1998 - April 1999
University College Dublin
Position
  • Professor of Nursing

Publications

Publications (810)
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Rapidly changing demographics worldwide are evidenced by increased life expectancy and the concomitant increase in the ageing population. Longevity has recently became an important issue for the healthcare industry, especially for those working with the ageing population. Social media and popular books suggest ways in which people can stay healthy...
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Aim: To investigate the factor structure of an Italian translation of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index. Background: Italy suffers from high turnover rates, yet validated tools in Italian to study and manage the problem are lacking. The Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index measures aspects of nurses' workin...
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Aims and objective: To test a spaced retrieval intervention using spaced retrieval to alleviate mealtime difficulties in older people with dementia. Design: A single-case study design. Setting: Nursing Homes in North Central England, United Kingdom. Participants: Older people with Alzheimer's disease. Methods: A single-case study using an...
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Aim: To discuss the possible contribution of nurses to the Silver Economy. Background: Older people constitute a growing sector of the population of developed countries and there is increasing interest in the concept of the Silver Economy which is the contribution older people can and do make to the general economies of their communities and cou...
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Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association between nursing care left undone in pediatrics and factors related to nursing staff characteristics and work environment. Methods: The data of the present study were extracted from our RN4CAST@IT-Ped database, a cross-sectional observational study, which included 13 hospitals belonging...
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Background Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is a major health problem in Thailand. Delay in getting treatment is an important factor which may worsen the disease and increase TB transmission. Objective This study aimed to investigate the duration and predictors of patient delay among PTB patients in Northeast Thailand. Methods A cross-sectional study...
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Aim: The present study aimed to adapt the Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia (EdFED) Scale to Turkish. Method: This methodological study was reported using STARD (The STAndards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy). The sample included 200 people with dementia. The data were obtained using the Personal Information Form, the Edinburgh Feedi...
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Dear Editor When people consider Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs), they tend to focus on design issues, which is understandable. RCTs are an essential component of the arsenal of research designs and are the only research design whereby the true relationship between cause and effect can be discerned.
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Objective: The 43-item Stressors in Nursing Students (SINS) scale has been evaluated among nursing students in several countries, including China, Hong Kong, Japan, Pakistan, and Spain. However, the original four-factor structure has not been consistently replicated in all of these populations. The aim of this study was to develop a brief version...
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Introduction: Newly qualified nurses (NQNs) are one group at risk of early exit from the workforce. There is a need to reinforce the 'flaky bridge' (Health Education England [HEE] 2018) and ease 'transition shock' to facilitate NQN retention. Aims: (1) establish the current state of the art in the UK for nurse retention and transition from stude...
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Purpose This study aimed to access the reliability and validity of the Stressors in Nursing Students Scale in the Turkish language (SINS-T). Design and Methods Data were collected after the linguistic and content validity of the instrument. The study included 436 nursing students. Findings The exploratory factor analysis was acceptable, and four...
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Aim to explore how a nutritional intervention that improves the biochemical and functional profile of dysphagic older people impacts on nursing workload and costs for nursing homes. Background Dysphagic institutionalised older people particularly at risk of malnutrition require more intensive support from nursing staff and higher costs for nursing...
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Background Clinical learning environment plays a vital role in nursing clinical education. The Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES+T) scale is a reliable and valid instrument to evaluate the quality of the clinical learning process in international nursing education contexts. Objectives To validate the Chinese versio...
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Herd immunity through vaccination is a key measure to control COVID-19 pandemic. However, vaccine hesitancy remains a public health threat, which is still common among healthcare workers (HCWs). This systematic review aimed to synthesise evidence on HCWs’ attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination and analyse associated factors to provide information f...
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The aim of this chapter is to consider why we age and what the underlying processes are before considering the effects of ageing on the systems of the body. Where possible, the distinction between normal ageing and disease in old age will be considered. Finally, the phenomena of multipathology, frailty and multipharmacology will be considered along...
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Purpose This phase 1 study aimed to develop a Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) educational resource for adolescents (10–19 years) in China, and to test its validity for improving diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy and adherence. Design and methods This phase 1 study was carried out in four phases: preliminary development of the Type 1 diabetes educational re...
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In many of the countries to which we travel for professional purposes, it is inconceivable that anyone in any university nursing department could join the academic staff without a research doctorate. That includes the United States, Australia, China, South‐East Asia and some parts of Europe.
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This chapter aims to share some of the key ethics issues that authors need to consider when writing their papers for publication in a journal. It focuses on how to ensure that the conduct of their research is ethical as well as how a journal, its editors and reviewers manage the detection and decision‐making process involved in unethical writing fo...
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This chapter presents some of the essential features of writing an article for publication, taking into account the barriers that some people feel about writing and how to overcome these. In every list and somewhere near the top in terms of ‘popularity’ are the following: lack of time, lack of ability, not understanding the publishing process, fear...
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Most editors are hired after an application and interview process or invited by publishing companies, both to lead and partly to manage a journal. Generally, they are experienced and well‐published academics with considerable experience in academic publishing gained over many years serving on editorial boards and in other editorial positions. This...
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This chapter covers the essential features of writing an original article for a journal. Being the most common, the original article is the item the readers are most likely to contribute to a journal and the features of it underpin most of the features of writing other types of contributions. These common features are discussed in the context of wr...
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In addition to focusing on publishing a paper using a mode of open access, this chapter considers what the major issues are that have an impact on the present and future use of open access publishing. The cost of subscribing to academic journals is considerable and if articles are published open access then the subscription cost must be compensated...
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This chapter focuses on focuses on the main types of social media that are internationally known and how the readers can use them as a source of disseminating evidence and opinions to inform others. In parallel, also a result of the advent of the internet, the ‘blog’ and other forms of writing have developed such as blogging and writing for Wikiped...
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Aims: The management of cardiovascular patients requires increasingly competent nursing professionals. In Italy, there are no specific postgraduate courses focused on specialist cardiac skills development for nurses. To develop such courses, content incorporating appropriate competencies is required and this study was designed to meet this. To del...
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It is often said that the first casualty of war is the truth. In April 2020, soon after the global pandemic began, we speculated (McCrae & Watson, 2020) that evidence, the concrete basis of truth, may already have been abandoned in governments’ rush to act in the context of public and media alarm. However, we were merely speculating as there was li...
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Aim To undertake a rapid evidence assessment of approaches used to enhance nurse transition and retention for newly qualified nurses and to evaluate the strength of the evidence for specific approaches to nurse transition and retention. Design A rapid evidence assessment was undertaken. Electronic databases were searched, and the full texts of rel...
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Aim: To develop an instrument to investigate knowledge and predictive factors of needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) in nursing students during clinical placements. Design: Instrument development and cross-sectional study for psychometric testing. Methods: A self-administered instrument including demographic data, injury epi- demiology and predi...
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In the midst of the novel coronavirus pandemic—referred to as COVID‐19—there has been much uncertainty. We remain uncertain about its precise origin, its structure and composition, how best to test for it, or for resulting immunity, whether or not exposure leads to immunity, whether or not disposable surgical masks are effective, why men and some e...
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Aim This study aimed to determine nurses’ perceptions of caring activities in nursing. Design A descriptive study design. Methods A Turkish translation of the 25‐item version of the Caring Dimensions Inventory was completed by 260 nurses working in one university hospital. Data were analysed using Mokken scaling. Results Technical aspects of nur...
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Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) are usually explored by asking participants to respond to some statements describing various instances or situations. Currently, we do not know if responses to such questions or statements are random, leading to a total score which is hard to compare between respondents, or in a hierarchical manner w...
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Aims and objectives: To increase the knowledge on fidelity challenges in intervention studies promoting eating independence in residents with cognitive decline living in Nursing Homes (NH). Background: A few studies have documented to date factors affecting fidelity in intervention studies performed in NH settings. Moreover, fidelity issues in i...
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Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) aims to confirm a theoretical model using empirical data and is an element of the broader multivariate technique Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) (Alavi et al., 2020). CFA is commonly used across clinical research (Brown, 2015; Kääriäinen et al., 2011) including the development and psychometric evaluation of me...
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Factor analysis covers a range of multivariate methods used to explain how underlying factors influence a set of observed variables. When research aims to identify these underlying factors, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is used. In contrast, when the aim is to test whether a set of observed variables influences responses in accordance with an e...
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While we cannot legislate for what anyone believes, we can question what they believe. In most cases, what someone believes may be of little consequence; however, when those beliefs have the potential to influence practice and misinform patients, then we may have to take closer look.
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Aim To explore Italian paediatric nurses’ reported burnout and it relationship to their perceptions of safety and adverse events. Design A cross‐sectional study utilizing the RN4CAST@IT‐Ped database using a web based survey design. Methods The RN4CAST@IT‐Ped questionnaire was used to collect data in 2017. This comprised three main components: thr...
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“Wikipedia?” I hear you ask. Perhaps you think Wikipedia is full of false information that anyone can edit and add to at will, without checks and balances. If you do, then I urge you to think again. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Introduction: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma is increasing, although 80-95% of all deaths caused by melanoma can be avoided through protective behaviours. There is evidence that social marketing as an approach in public health can improve health-related behaviours and encourage sun-safe behaviours. Methods: A multicentre survey was conducte...
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The COVID‐19 pandemic presents a severe and acute public health emergency around the world. The event of the pandemic has seen an upsurge in the general public wearing of disposable surgical masks (DSM) and other types of face masks. The World Health Organisation of mask wearing has been widely debated in the press a(WHO) have changed their advice,...
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Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a history of thousands of years in China and is officially sanctioned by the government as a treatment option for Chinese citizens alongside, what we will refer to here as western medicine, which is also very well developed in China. In the west, TCM is becoming increasingly popular with some people who become...
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Causal language often becomes a worrisome for many academic writers as reviewers and editors frequently flag the improper use of causal language in peer review submissions. Language implying cause-effect relationship, when used inappropriately, may mislead readers, especially those with less scientific background. Linguistic choices may shape scien...
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Aim To develop an instrument to investigate knowledge and predictive factors of needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) in nursing students during clinical placements. Design Instrument development and cross‐sectional study for psychometric testing. Methods A self‐administered instrument including demographic data, injury epidemiology and predicti...
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Full-text available
Many of us have been plagued by seeing signatures at the bottom of emails or business cards that appear more like ‘alphabet soup’ (https://online.alvernia.edu/program-resources/nursing-credentials/) than something that is truly informative and/or understandable. There is a plethora of credentials that nurses might earn over the course of their care...
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To explore the influence of the Nursing Home (NH) environment on eating independence while taking into account individual and nursing care factors, was the aim of the study. A secondary analysis was performed based on data collected in a multicentre prospective observational study involving 13 NHs. Residents aged >65 were included (n = 1,027). Depe...
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Background: Addressing eating difficulties among older individuals with dementia living in nursing homes requires evidence-based interventions. However, to date, there is limited evidence of effective interventions designed to maintain and/or increase independent eating. In a field in which evidence is still lacking, a critical analysis of the sta...
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Despite calls for increased investment in nursing, there is a global shortfall of 9 million nurses and midwives needed to deliver and sustain universal health coverage. The Nursing Now campaign run in collaboration with the World Health Organization and the International Council of Nurses has the laudable aim of raising the status and profile of nu...
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Background: The social and the physical features of the nursing home (NH) environment can offer a therapeutic support capable of maximising residents' physical and cognitive functions. A total of 23 instruments evaluating the therapeutic properties of a NH has been documented to date; among them, the most recent and widely used is the Therapeutic...
Preprint
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Aim To undertake a rapid evidence assessment of approaches used to enhance nurse transition and retention for NQNs. Design A rapid evidence assessment. Data sources Electronic databases (CINAHL complete, Academic search premier, Open Grey, ERIC* (Education), Web of Science--Social Science Citation Index and PubMed) Review methods A rapid evidenc...
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I am very grateful to Drs Clifton and Banks for their editorial. With specific reference to the editorial by McCrae and Portes (2019) and the editorial processes involved, reviewer comments were obtained for the initial submission and discussed by two of the editors. The journal manager at Wiley also provided input on the piece. We did not consider...
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We are both editors and we are both involved in providing training in writing for publication in academic journals. We work in different countries, different cultures and even in different languages. However, we find a range of common and frequent questions from our audiences and, among these—many of which are excellent and which we are only too pl...
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Aims and objectives: Review and synthesize research studies on surgical and medical inpatients' perceptions on unmet nursing care needs. Background: Missed nursing care is a growing phenomenon that has been shown to adversely affect care outcomes - mainly in adult medical and surgical care settings. However, to date the aggregated and synthesize...
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Background: This study aims to estimate the direct and indirect effects of the unit environment alongside individual and nursing care variables on eating dependence among residents who are cognitively impaired and living in a nursing home. Method: A multicentre observational study was carried out in 2017: 13 Italian nursing homes were involved i...
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For conducting research, nurses typically use commercial statistical packages. R software is a free, powerful, and flexible alternative, but is less familiar and used less frequently in nursing research. In this paper, we use data from a previous study to demonstrate a few typical steps in exploratory data analysis using R. A step‐by‐step descripti...
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Background: Single studies suggest that nursing students perceive caring as more an instrumental than expressive behaviour and indicate some differences between caring perceptions in junior and senior nursing students. However, there are limited studies investigating caring perceptions in nursing students across multiple cultures. Objective: To...
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The aim of this regionally‐based, retrospective study was to describe the incidence of self‐feeding dependence and predictors among elderly patients admitted from 2008 to 2013 to 105 Italian nursing homes. Data reported in a regional database collected at the time of nursing home admission and every 6 months up to the resident's death were accessed...
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If you think citations don't matter for nursing academics, then don't read on. There seems to be a ‘knee‐jerk’ reaction among our colleagues to almost any mention of citations and this is often expressed as pearls of wisdom such as: ‘citations don't matter’; ‘impact factors of journals don't matter’; and ‘h‐indices don't mean anything. This article...
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Nurses need to know about genetics and most Registered Nurse learns ‘the essentials’ in an undergraduate curriculum. This is to ensure that they understand, for example, genetic sex determination and the genetic basis of some disorders which they may encounter in their patients. Some nurses go on to work in areas where advanced knowledge of genetic...
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Introduction: In Italy, the nursing doctoral programs were established in 2006, and after ten years we though it would be important to understand how nursing research in Italy has developed thanks to its four doctoral schools of nursing. Our research question was: How have the Italian doctoral schools of nursing contributed to the development of n...
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I am often asked: ‘which articles get published in JAN?’ or ‘what kind of articles are you looking for?’ and I find both questions hard to answer. My honest answer to the first question is: ‘those articles that survive the review process and are then accepted by the editors’ and to the second question: ‘those articles that will meet the criteria in...
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Aim The aims of this study were (a) to translate the MOLES index from English to Italian and (ii) to compare the two versions using non‐parametric item response theory. Design An online survey was used to gather data. Methods Forward and back translation was used to prepare the Italian version of the MOLES which was then analysed using the non‐pa...
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The continuation of nursing's systemic problem of bullying and abuse of students and colleagues has been allowed to continue for generations. It is now accepted by many as an inevitable part of the nursing and healthcare landscape. In brief, it is now part of ‘who we are’ as nurses and health professionals. The problem is allegedly too widely ingra...
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Aim To analyse through an exploratory descriptive survey how former and current doctoral students’ publications have contributed to the development of evidence between the establishment of the doctoral schools of nursing in 2006–2015. Design An exploratory descriptive survey. Methods We analysed the papers published in peer‐reviewed journals by t...
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The study aimed to validate the Health Care Provider HIV/AIDS Stigma Scale among medical staff in China. The validation was conducted in four steps from March to December 2017: translation and back-translation; content validity test with six experts; test–retest reliability testing with 63 medical staff with 2 weeks interval; and structural validat...
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Purpose: To evaluate demographics of survival in patients with gastroesophageal cancer so that it informs nursing practice. Method: Data on 2215 patients diagnosed with gastroesophageal cancer who presented to a specialist referral centre between the years 2000 and 2011 were extracted from a Public Health repository. Survival time was calculated...
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We have witnessed a recent proliferation in the UK, Australia and Hong Kong especially of honorary professorships in nursing and the widespread use (and misuse) of honorary and visiting titles. Indeed, in the UK at least, it seems the norm to award honorary or visiting professorships of nursing to a variety of registered nurses who hold strategic l...
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Aim Expand knowledge about the predictive factors of nurses’ intention to leave their job, and consequently to turnover. Background Nurse turnover is costly and negatively influences quality of care. Understanding the association between intention to leave and modifiable features of hospital organization may inform strategies to reduce turnover....
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Want to start a new nursing journal? Please: don't make our hearts sink! In our capacities as editors, as we travel around the world, we are often asked to advise a group ‐ often an academic department or professional body ‐ on setting up a new nursing journal. Indeed, a decision has usually been made to launch already with the assumption that we a...
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Aim: To evaluate the evidence published in systematic reviews on the effectiveness of interventions aimed at alleviating mealtime difficulties in older people with dementia. Background: Older people with dementia gradually lose their self-care abilities as the condition of dementia progresses and this includes the ability to eat independently. The...
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Background: Psychological abuse of older people is difficult to recognise; specifically, nursing home residents have been documented to be at higher risk of psychological abuse during daily care, such as during feeding. Healthcare professionals adopt positive and negative verbal prompts to maintain residents' eating independence; however, negative...
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I am writing this in China and, looking from my hotel room, I can barely see beyond the buildings on the other side of the street. It's pollution; it obscures vision, and exposure has. adverse effects on health. I think ‘pollution’ is an excellent metaphor for what we are currently seeing in academic publishing as a result of the seemingly inexorab...