Roger G Pertwee

Roger G Pertwee
University of Aberdeen | ABDN · Institute of Medical Sciences

MA D.Phil DSc

About

332
Publications
61,755
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40,255
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 1974 - October 2014
University of Aberdeen
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (332)
Article
Full-text available
Δ ⁹ -Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ ⁹ -THC) inhibits tics in individuals with Tourette syndrome (TS). Δ ⁹ -THC has similar affinities for CB 1 /CB 2 cannabinoid receptors. However, the effect of HU-308, a selective CB 2 receptor agonist, on repetitive behaviors has not been investigated. The effects of 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine (DOI)-induced motor-l...
Article
Full-text available
The endocannabinoid system consists mainly of 2-arachidonoylglycerol and anandamide, as well as cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) and type 2 (CB2). Based on previous studies, we hypothesized that a circulating peptide previously identified as Osteogenic Growth Peptide (OGP) maintains a bone-protective CB2 tone. We tested OGP activity in mouse model...
Article
Full-text available
1,8-naphthyridine-3-carboxamide structures were previously identified as a promising scaffold from which to obtain CB2R agonists with anticancer and anti-inflammatory activity. This work describes the synthesis and functional characterization of new 1,8-naphthyridin-2(1H)-one-3-carboxamides with high affinity and selectivity for CB2R. The new compo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cannabidiol (CBD), the non-psychotropic compound from Cannabis sativa, shows positive results on controlling several health disturbances; however, comparable data regarding additional chemical from C. sativa, such as cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), is scarce due to its instability. To address this limitation, a stable CBDA analogue, CBDA meth...
Article
The development of cannabinoid receptor type-1 (CB1R) modulators has been implicated in multiple pathophysiological events ranging from memory deficits to neurodegenerative disorders among others, even if their central psychiatric side effects such as depression, anxiety, and suicidal tendencies, have limited their clinical use. Thus, the identific...
Article
Full-text available
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2021/22 is the fifth in this series of biennial publications. The Concise Guide provides concise overviews, mostly in tabular format, of the key properties of nearly 1900 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to the open access knowledgebase source of drug targe...
Article
Allosteric modulators of cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) show translational promise over orthosteric ligands due to their potential to elicit therapeutic benefit without cannabimimetic side effects. The prototypic 2-phenylindole CB1R allosteric modulator, GAT211 (1), demonstrates preclinical efficacy in various disease models. The limited systematic...
Article
Introduction: Nausea and vomiting are the most distressing symptoms reported by oncology patients undergoing anticancer treatment. With the currently available treatments, vomiting and especially nausea remain problematic, highlighting the need for alternative treatments. Discussion: Here we review in vitro and in vivo evidence for the effectivenes...
Article
We apply the magic methyl effect to improve the potency/efficacy of GAT211, the prototypic 2-phenylindole-based cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB1R) agonist-positive allosteric modulator (ago-PAM). Introducing a methyl group at the α-position of nitro group generated two diastereomers, the greater potency and efficacy of erythro, (±)-9 vs threo, (±)-...
Article
We previously reported the 2-oxopyridine-3-carboxamide derivative EC21a as the first small synthetic CB2R positive allosteric modulator which displayed antinociceptive activity in vivo in an experimental mouse model of neuropathic pain. Herein, we extended the structure-activity relationships of EC21a through structural modifications regarding the...
Article
Background: Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychotropic constituent of Cannabis sativa, has shown therapeutic promises by modulating several pathological conditions, including pain, epilepsy autism, among others. However, the molecular mechanism of action of CBD remains unknown and recent data suggest the engagement on CBD´s effects of nuclear elements,...
Article
Allosteric modulation of the CB1Rs could represent an alternative strategy for the treatment of diseases in which these receptors are involved, without the undesirable effects associated with their orthosteric stimulation. PSNCBAM-1 is a reference diaryl urea derivative that positively affects the binding affinity of orthosteric ligands (PAM) and n...
Article
Focusing on the importance of the free phenolic hydroxyl moiety, a family of 23 alkylresorcinol-based compounds were developed and evaluated for their cannabinoid receptor binding properties. The non-symmetrical hexylresorcinol derivative 29 turned out to be a CB2-selective competitive antagonist/inverse agonist endowed with good potency. Both the...
Article
Cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) allosteric ligands hold far-reaching therapeutic promise. We report application of fluoro- and nitrogen-walk approaches to enhance the drug-like properties of GAT211, a prototype CB1R allosteric agonist-positive allosteric modulator (ago-PAM). Several analogs exhibited improved functional potency (cAMP, arrestin2), me...
Article
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2019/20 is the fourth in this series of biennial publications. The Concise Guide provides concise overviews of the key properties of nearly 1800 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to the open access knowledgebase source of drug targets and their ligands (www....
Article
Full-text available
In addition to its known actions as a non-selective cyclooxygenase (COX) 1 and 2 inhibitor, we hypothesized that indomethacin can act as an allosteric modulator of the type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1R) because of its shared structural features with the known allosteric modulators of CB1R. Indomethacin enhanced the binding of [3H]CP55940 to hCB1R a...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabinoid receptor‐1 (CB1) represents a potential drug target against conditions that include obesity and substance abuse. However, drug trials targeting CB1 (encoded by the CNR1 gene) have been compromised by differences in patient response. Towards addressing the hypothesis that genetic changes within the regulatory regions controlling CNR1 exp...
Article
The anticancer effects of the omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), EPA and DHA may be due, at least in part, to conversion to their respective endocannabinoid derivatives, eicosapentaenoyl-ethanolamine (EPEA) and docosahexaenoyl-ethanolamine (DHEA). Here, the effects of EPEA and DHEA and their parent compounds, EPA and DHA, on b...
Article
Cannabinoid receptors (nomenclature as agreed by the NC-IUPHAR Subcommittee on Cannabinoid Receptors [107]) are activated by endogenous ligands that include N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide), N-homo-γ-linolenoylethanolamine, N-docosatetra-7,10,13,16-enoylethanolamine and 2-arachidonoylglycerol. Potency determinations of endogenous agonists at...
Article
Full-text available
Roger Pertwee speaks to Jennifer Straiton, Assistant Editor, at the BNA 2019 Festival of Neuroscience (14–17 April, Dublin, Ireland), where he gave a talk titled ‘Pharmacological actions and potential novel therapeutic uses of certain plant and synthetic cannabinoids’. Roger Pertwee is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Aberdeen (Scotland,...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Both types of cannabinoid receptors - CB1 and CB2 - regulate brain functions relating to addictive drug-induced reward and relapse. CB1 receptor antagonists and CB2 receptor agonists have anti-addiction efficacy, in animal models, against a broad range of addictive drugs. Δ9 -Tetrahydrocannabivarin (Δ9 -THCV) - a cannabis c...
Article
Full-text available
The cannabinoid-1 receptor (CB1) plays a critical role in a number of biological processes including nutrient intake, addiction and anxiety-related behaviour. Numerous studies have shown that expression of the gene encoding CB1 (CNR1) is highly dynamic with changes in the tissue specific expression of CNR1 associated with brain homeostasis and dise...
Article
About half of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients develop debilitating central neuropathic pain (CNP), with no effective treatments. Thus, effective, safe, and novel therapies are needed urgently. Previously, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was reported to confer neuroprotection in preclinical SCI models. However, its therapeutic potential on SCI-CNP rema...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cannabinoid receptor-1 (CB1) represents a potential drug target against conditions that include obesity and substance abuse. However, drug trials targeting CB1 (encoded by the CNR1 gene) have been compromised by differences in patient response. Towards addressing the hypothesis that genetic and epigenetic changes within the regulatory regions contr...
Article
The direct activation of cannabinoid receptors (CBRs) results in several beneficial effects, therefore numerous CB1R and CB2R ligands have been developed and tested in vitro and in vivo, but none of them reached an advanced stage of clinical development due to several side effects in particular on the CNS. Medicinal chemistry approaches are now eng...
Article
Photopharmacology The human cannabinoid receptor type 2 plays a central role in the immune system. In article no. 1700032 Michael Decker and co‐workers report the development of photochromic affinity switches based on a drugable benzimidazole core through azologization and computational studies. Structureactivity relationships (SARs) lead to compou...
Article
The hCB2R plays an important in the immune system and is centrally expressed in microglia. The hCB2R activated by agonists hold great therapeutic potential, e.g., in neuroinflammation. It is currently not yet elucidated how pathophysiological processes are mediated by the hCB2R. Here, photochromic affinity switches based on a drugable benzimidazole...
Article
Background and purpose: To compare the abilities of cannabidiolic acid methyl ester (HU-580) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) to enhance 5-HT1A receptor activation in vitro and to produce 5-HT1A -mediated reductions of nausea and anxiety in vivo. Experimental approach: We investigated the effects of HU-580 and CBDA on (i) activation by 8-hydroxy-2-...
Data
Figure S1 Biological conformations of the arachidonic acid chain. (A, B) “C” type conformations of the polyene chain from diverse biological targets from X‐ray. This suggested that conformational restriction of (C) anandamide would be useful approach to generate novel molecules as in (D) VSN16. This has structural similarities with (E) N‐arachidono...
Article
Purpose: Orthosteric cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) activation leads to decreases in intraocular pressure (IOP). However, use of orthosteric CB1 agonists chronically has several disadvantages, limiting their usefulness as clinically relevant drugs. Allosteric modulators interact with topographically distinct sites to orthosteric ligands and may be u...
Article
Background & purpose: The initial aim was to generate cannabinoid agents that control spasticity, occurring as a consequence of multiple sclerosis, whilst avoiding the sedative, side-effect-potential associated with cannabis. (R,Z)-3-(6-(dimethylamino)-6-oxohex-1-enyl)-N-(1-hydroxypropan-2-yl)benzamide (VSN16R) was synthesized as an anandamide (en...
Article
Full-text available
Background Activation of cannabinoid CB1 receptors suppresses pathological pain but also produces unwanted central side effects. We hypothesized that a positive allosteric modulator (PAM) of CB1 signaling would suppress inflammatory and neuropathic pain without producing cannabimimetic effects or physical dependence. We also asked whether a CB1-PAM...
Chapter
The plant Cannabis sativa has been widely used by humans over many centuries as a source of fibre, for medicinal purposes, for religious ceremonies and as a recreational drug. Since the discovery of its main psychoactive ingredient, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), significant progress has been made towards the understanding (1) of the in vitro and i...
Article
We report the synthesis of terminally fluorinated HU-210 and HU-211 analogues (HU-210F and HU-211F, respectively) and their biological evaluation as ligands of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) and N-methyl d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). [(18)F]-labelled HU-210F was radiosynthesised from the bromo-substituted precursor. In vitro assays showed that...
Article
The cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) is one of the most widely expressed metabotropic G protein-coupled receptors in brain, and its participation in various (patho)physiological processes has made CB1R activation a viable therapeutic modality. Adverse psychotropic effects limit the clinical utility of CB1R orthosteric agonists and have promoted the se...
Article
Full-text available
Methyl trichloroacetimidate (1.90 mL, 15.4 mmol, 1.1 equivalent [eq]) was added dropwise to a cooled solution of 4-chloro-o-phenylenediamine (2.00 g; 14.0 mmol, 1 eq.) in glacial acetic acid (25 mL). At the end of the addition, the dark reaction mixture was kept at room temperature for 1 h. Afterward, water (20 mL) was added to facilitate the produ...
Chapter
The cyclic AMP assay is a functional assay that is commonly used to determine the pharmacological behavior (agonists, antagonists, inverse agonists) of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligands. Here, we describe the cyclic AMP assay that is carried out with commercially available non-radioligand ready-to-use kits and Chinese hamster ovarian (CHO)...
Chapter
Displacement binding assays are nonfunctional assays mostly used with the aim of determining whether a certain compound (plant-derived or synthetic) is able to bind to a specific receptor with high affinity. Here, we describe the displacement binding assay that is carried out with a radioligand and CHO (Chinese Hamster Ovarian) cells stably transfe...
Research
Full-text available
The brain endocannabinoid system is a potential target for the treatment of psychiatric and metabolic conditions. Here, a novel CB 1 receptor antagonist (ABD459) was synthesized and assayed for pharmacological efficacy in vitro and for modulation of food consumption, vigilance staging and cortical electroencephalography in the mouse. ABD459 com...
Article
One of the most abundant G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) in brain, the cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) is a tractable therapeutic target for treating diverse psychobehavioral and somatic disorders. Adverse on-target effects associated with small-molecule CB1R orthosteric agonists and inverse agonists/antagonists have plagued their translational p...
Article
Full-text available
Undesirable side effects associated with orthosteric agonists/antagonists of cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R), a tractable target for treating several pathologies affecting humans, have greatly limited their translational potential. Recent discovery of CB1R negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) has renewed interest in CB1R by offering a potentially sa...
Data
Coefficient of variation (CV) and coefficient of error of the mean (CE) for stereological assessment of TH-positive neurons in the substantia nigra.
Data
Coefficient of variation (CV) and coefficient of error of the mean (CE) for stereological assessment of TH-positive neurons in the substantia nigra.
Data
Coefficient of variation (CV) and coefficient of error of the mean (CE) for stereological assessment of TH-positive neurons in the substantia nigra.
Article
The endocannabinoid system consists of G protein-coupled cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors, of endogenous compounds known as endocannabinoids that can target these receptors, of enzymes that catalyse endocannabinoid biosynthesis and metabolism, and of processes responsible for the cellular uptake of some endocannabinoids. This review presents in vi...
Article
Full-text available
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common chronic neurodegenerative disorder, usually of idiopathic origin. Symptoms including tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity and postural instability are caused by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal region of the brain. Symptomatic therapies are available but no treatment slows or prevents...
Article
Starting from 3-bromo benzaldehyde, an eleven step synthesis of the substrate (I) is described which is further transformed to the title compounds.
Article
Full-text available
Activation of the CB2 receptor is apparently an endogenous protective mechanism. Thus, it restrains inflammation and protects the skeleton against age-related bone loss. However, the endogenous cannabinoids, as well as Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, the main plant psychoactive constituent, activate both cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. HU-308 was am...
Article
Structural modification of the potent conformationally constrained tricyclic pyrazole CB1 ligand NESS0327 was achieved by replacing: (1) the chlorine substituent on the tricycle with a 3-fluoropropyl chain, and (2) the pyrazole 3-{[(piperidino)amino]carbonyl} substituent with a 4-substituted 1,2,3-triazole group obtained by click chemistry from an...
Conference Paper
Professor Roger Pertwee will review the state of cannabinoid pharmacology from receptors and ligands to behavioural effects, by describing recently discovered actions of plant-derived cannabinoids that have revealed promising novel clinical uses of one or other of these cannabinoids for the improved treatment of several serious disorders that affec...
Book
There is currently considerable interest in the development of medicines that would enhance endocannabinoid-induced "autoprotection", for example through inhibition of endocannabinoid metabolizing enzymes or cellular uptake processes or that would oppose endocannabinoid-induced "autoimpairment". This volume describes the physiology, pathophysiology...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: This study aimed to address the questions of whether Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) can (i) enhance activation of 5-HT1 A receptors in vitro and (ii) induce any apparent 5-HT₁A receptor-mediated antipsychotic effects in vivo. Experimental approach: In vitro studies investigated the effect of THCV on targeting by 8-hyd...
Article
Full-text available
The brain endocannabinoid system is a potential target for the treatment of psychiatric and metabolic conditions. Here, a novel CB1 receptor antagonist (ABD459) was synthesized and assayed for pharmacological efficacy in vitro and for modulation of food consumption, vigilance staging and cortical electroencephalography in the mouse. ABD459 complete...
Article
Full-text available
Isolation and structure elucidation of most of the major cannabinoid constituents - including Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC), which is the principal psychoactive molecule in Cannabis sativa - was achieved in the 1960s and 1970s. It was followed by the identification of two cannabinoid receptors in the 1980s and the early 1990s and by the iden...
Article
Full-text available
Based on evidence that the therapeutic properties of Cannabis preparations are not solely dependent on the presence of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), pharmacological studies have been recently carried out with other plant cannabinoids (phytocannabinoids), particularly cannabidiol (CBD) and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV). Results from some of thes...
Article
Several allosteric modulators (AMs) of the CB1 receptor have been characterized in vitro, including Org27569, which enhances CB1-specific binding of [H]CP55,940, but behaves as an insurmountable CB1-receptor antagonist in several biochemical assays. Although a growing body of research has investigated the molecular actions of this unusual AM, it is...
Article
The endocannabinoid system consists of cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors, of endogenous agonists for these receptors known as 'endocannabinoids', and of processes responsible for endocannabinoid biosynthesis, cellular uptake and metabolism. There is strong evidence first, that this system up-regulates in certain disorders as indicated by an increas...
Article
The broad presence of CB1 receptors in the basal ganglia, mainly in GABA- or glutamate-containing neurons, as well as the presence of TRPV1 receptors in dopaminergic neurons and the identification of CB2 receptors in some neuronal subpopulations within the basal ganglia, explain the powerful motor effects exerted by those cannabinoids that can acti...
Article
Epilepsy is the most prevalent neurological disease and is characterised by recurrent seizures. Here we investigate: (i) the anticonvulsant profiles of cannabis-derived botanical drug substances (BDS) rich in cannabidivarin (CBDV) and containing cannabidiol (CBD) in acute in vivo seizure models and (ii) the binding of CBDV BDSs and their components...
Article
Although cannabinoid CB2 receptor ligands have been widely characterized in recombinant systems in vitro, little pharmacological characterization has been performed in tissues natively expressing CB2 receptors. The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacology of CB2 receptor ligands in tissue natively expressing CB2 receptors (human, rat and m...