Roger W. Harris

Roger W. Harris
University Malaysia Sarawak · Institute of Social Informatics and Technological Innovation (ISITI)

PhD Information Systems

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53
Publications
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810
Citations

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
We examine the concept of cultural resilience among the eastern Penan community of Long Lamai in the Malaysian state of Sarawak on the island of Borneo. Long Lamai is in the Heart of Borneo, a global conservation priority region that contains some of the planet’s most biologically diverse equatorial rainforest habitats. The Penan have undergone sig...
Article
Full-text available
Visual charting is a technique for improving communication between and among participants while improving the productivity of meetings. The process of drawing visual charts brings participants closer together by involving everyone in recording the proceedings of the meeting. The use of visual aids clarifies and simplifies communication and is there...
Article
Full-text available
Research can improve development policies and practices and funders increasingly require evidence of such socioeconomic impact from their investments. This article questions whether information and communication technologies for development (ICT4D) research conforms to the requirements for achieving socioeconomic impact. We report on a literature r...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter highlights the near absence of research into the nonacademic impact of ICT4D research within the ICT4D literature. It draws on studies in international development to review the literature on the impact of research on development policy and practice and reflects on the implications for ICT4D research. Noting the cultural and profession...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bario Community Radio went on air in October 2011. Its intended public is the Kelabit people who are living within the 25-kilometer radius from the broadcast facility located at e-Bario telecentre. The station is administered by a manager who also serves as the broadcast journalist and radio announcer. He is assisted by two other broadcasters. The...
Article
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The global digital divide threatens to exclude millions of people from the potential benefits of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), especially computers and the Internet. Many of these people live in rural, isolated and remote places of developing countries and are unlikely to be able to afford the cost of owning their own computers...
Article
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There are divergent views concerning the efficacy of pro-poor community-based tourism as a tool for community development. Although theoretical perspectives give rise to optimism, the evidence leaves some doubt. There is merit therefore in paying attention to the facilitating conditions under which such tourism can bring about desirable development...
Article
The e-Bario project, which began in 1998, has provided modern Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to a remote and isolated village in the Kelabit Highlands of northern Sarawak, one of the Malaysian states on the island of Borneo (Harris et al, 2001). The project continues to evolve as the community finds new ways to use computers and...
Article
Full-text available
The global digital divide threatens to deprive millions of people of the benefits that are attainable from having access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). Most of these people live in rural parts of developing countries and they are unlikely ever to own their own computers. However, international aid agencies, governments and NG...
Chapter
This chapter highlights an initiative by a group of researchers2 from Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) to connect villagers in the remote and isolated village of Bario to Information Communication Technologies (ICTs), which include computers, telephones, the Internet, and VSATs. This project has eased the information flow in and out of Bario, a...
Article
Full-text available
Malaysia has embraced Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as key enablers of national development for achieving fully developed status by 2020. As well as helping to drive the economy forward, ICTs are now being targeted as tools for reducing socio-economic disparities of previously under-served sections of society, thereby bridging t...
Article
Indigenous people are good for national tourism development in Asia because they present an exotic image that helps to differentiate countries from each other. However, tourism is far from being good for indigenous people as they are often excluded from the revenues that tourism generates and are subjected to the environmental degradation and cultu...
Chapter
Indigenous peoples are good for national tourism development in Asia because they present an exotic image that helps to differentiate countries from each other. However, tourism is far from being good for indigenous peoples, as they are often excluded from the revenues that tourism generates and are subjected to the environmental degradation and cu...
Article
Western China is a vast area of just over four million square kilometers traditionally associated with the historic Silk Road connecting traders, manufacturers, and consumers in Europe and Asia. But for the past few hundred years, the Silk Road has largely been forgotten. Today, however, China's opening to the outside world and general trend toward...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The extent to which people living in developing countries have access to scholarly literature has historically been severely constrained. The constraints in part are created and enforced by academic publishers, primarily for reasons of finance, and in part are a result of the digital divide: the glaring inequality of access to the Internet that per...
Chapter
This chapter highlights an initiative by a group of researchers2 from Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) to connect villagers in the remote and isolated village of Bario to Information Communication Technologies (ICTs), which include computers, telephones, the Internet, and VSATs. This project has eased the information flow in and out of Bario, a...
Article
Full-text available
Two rural ICT telecentre projects are under way in Nepal. One small-scale project focuses on a few communities participating in a social mobilisation programme and has the aim of deepening the socio-economic impact of the programme. The other is a national pilot project involving around 15 communities with the aim of eventually rolling out to a nat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Silk Road was an important trade route between Europe and Asia a thousand years ago. It connected locations in Central and Eastern Europe with those scattered around West, Central and Eastern Asia. In more recent times, it has been neglected commercially, with the development of other ports and routes. In this paper, the potential rejuvenation...
Article
Full-text available
The Silk Road was a historical trade route that was most active in the 7th-9th centuries. The old Silk Road is little more than history now, but the cities and countries spread out across the old networks have not entirely disappeared. Contemplating a new Silk Road oriented around electronic commerce invokes a paradigm shift in terms of the societa...
Article
The telecentre movement is gaining momentum in the developing world as governments and donor agencies turn their attention to the digital divide. Telecentres are seen as community resources that offer access to information and communication technologies for inducing development among marginalised populations with little hope of otherwise participat...
Chapter
Information systems (IS) are implemented within a social context consisting of economic, political, cultural and behavioural factors which differ greatly between societies and countries. Failure to take account of such differences can inhibit adoption of information technology (IT) and increase the risks of failure for system implementations. Devel...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes an action-research pilot project to provide opportunities for the remote Kelabit community in the Malaysian state of Sarawak, on the island of Borneo, to use information and communication technologies (ICTs) for sustainable human development. The project aims to establish a telecentre as a place for the community to use ICTs....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to determine the awareness and usage of information technology (IT) in a rural community of Bario, Sarawak. The respondents of the study were 140 heads of households in Bario. A descriptive survey methodology was used to obtain data from the respondents. The findings showed that the majority of the respondents have heard ab...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Remarkable and rapid developments in communication and computing technologies in recent years offer exciting avenues for rural communities to move into the information age. Nonetheless, it is important to view rural communities not merely as passive consumers of information and knowledge, but also as contributors. As such, the focus is not on the t...
Conference Paper
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Community Informatics is an emerging discipline concerned with the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) by communities, as opposed to their use by organisations and individuals. The spread of the Internet has brought ICTs to large numbers of people who have never used them before, particularly where community-based telecentres h...
Conference Paper
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The Malaysian government’s tenacious efforts to establish the Multimedia Supercorridor (MSC) and the Smart School as one of its flagship applications has raised a growing concern for those who may be sidelined from the Information Technology (IT) bandwagon, i.e. marginalised populations living in telecommunication-deprived rural areas. This paper r...
Article
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this paper we first introduce the leapfrogging concept, before examining the challenges that arise when its implementation is considered. We then reflect on the training that is required if leapfrogging is to succeed and on the social context within which leapfrogging lies. A wide spectrum of examples from around the world is presented to illustrat...
Article
This article analyses the last decade of research into the causal factors of end-user computing (EUC) success. The last ten years of EUC research are characterised within an analysis of 16 studies, which demonstrates the variety of influences that researchers have postulated to contribute towards EUC success. Three distinct schools of thought are d...
Chapter
Information systems (IS) are implemented within a social context consisting of economic, political, cultural and behavioural factors which differ greatly between societies and countries. Failure to take account of such differences can inhibit adoption of information technology (IT) and increase the risks of failure for system implementations. Devel...
Article
Success with End-User Computing (EUC) is dependent on the voluntary behaviour of individuals, which is regulated by their attitudes. Even where proven opportunities exist for beneficial deployment of EUC, adverse attitudes can inhibit use. Structural equation modelling was used to analyse survey data relating to the processes by which individuals f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Our efforts to increase the deployment of IT among the less advantaged sections of society are sometimes hampered by a variety of inter-related forces. The purpose of this paper is to identify some positive steps that can help cultivate a research discipline for the subject of ITDC. Some of the issues we address are: (1) Can ITDC be conceived as a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
form only given. Presents the introduction to the minitrack on "Information Technology In Developing Countries."
Article
Information systems (IS) are implemented within a social context consisting of economic, political, cultural and behavioural factors which differ greatly between societies and countries. Failure to take account of such differences can inhibit adoption of information technology (IT) and increase the risks of failure for system implementations. Devel...
Conference Paper
Information systems (ISs) are implemented within a social context made up of economic, political, cultural and behavioural factors which differ greatly between societies. Failure to account for such differences can inhibit information technology (IT) adoption. The social contexts of developing countries differ from each other and from those of deve...
Article
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) carries considerable potential for enhancing education. However, despite growing use, universities have been slow to extend IT beyond the automation of administrative functions and the enhancement of teaching tasks. Failure to reshape core teaching and learning functions results in under utilization of IT. One cause is t...
Article
Bibliography: leaves 220-239. CityU Call Number: QA76.9.E53 H37 1997 Thesis (Ph.D.)--City University of Hong Kong, 1997 viii, 262 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. The rapid growth of End-User Computing (EUC) since the 1980s has dramatically altered the work methods of professional staff such as planners, educators and managers, who can now improve their performa...
Article
‘Information ranks with other major development resources: human, natural and financial resources.’ So opens a World Bank discussion paper on IT and economic development (Hanna, 1991). The author continues: ‘Information technology has far-reaching consequences for all types of industries and services and for the competitive position of developing c...
Conference Paper
This paper describes the development and ztse within Hong Kong Polytechnic of a simple plantzing methodology for annlysing the working practices and procedzrres of its 2,000 or so compziterzrsing statwith the aim of targeting the strategic technologies that ztser support services shoztld concentrate on. Tlze methodology represents an implementation...
Article
Full-text available
Tourism is growing fastest in developing countries, where it is a major component of most economies. Community-based tourism (CBT) fosters local development in poorer rural areas. Information and Communication Technologies are being deployed within poor communities in developing countries to promote local development. This paper describes an initia...
Article
A telecentre is a public place where people can access computers and the Internet to gather information, create, learn, and communicate with others. In Malaysia, following a period of extensive piloting, telecentres are being rolled out to around 750 locations nationwide. Evaluating the impact of telecentres is not straightforward as they are a for...
Article
At the IFIP 9.4 Business Meeting on 19 th February 1998 in Bangkok, it was agreed that the group would prepare position papers on important projects involving the use of IT in developing countries. The intention is to form teams that will record the history of such projects, to analyse local efforts to use new technologies for development purposes,...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The research aims to explore and promote the roles that indigenous communities play in achieving the environmental protection targeted by SDG#13 and the prevention of biodiversity loss targeted by SDG#15.
Project
To explore the ways in which ICTs may bring socioeconomic benefits to remote and rural communities in the Highlands of Central Borneo