Roger Clark

Roger Clark
Rhode Island College | RIC · Department of Sociology

About

35
Publications
3,932
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495
Citations
Citations since 2016
0 Research Items
145 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
The authors provide an account of their department's minimalist and largely reluctant approach to mandatory assessment in the past decade. A decade earlier, the department had gone all out in an experimental assessment effort supported by the Fund for the Improvement of Post-Secondary Education, an effort the department was neither willing nor able...
Article
This paper revisits the observation made by Ward and Grant (Current Perspective in Social Theory 11:117–140, 1991) that there had been a “peculiar eclipsing” of women in sociological theory. It provides longitudinal studies of women’s participation and recognition in three conventional outlets for sociological theorizing: the theory section of the...
Article
Full-text available
We have updated Ferree and Hall’s (1990) study of the way gender and race are constructed through pictures in introductory sociology textbooks. Ferree and Hall looked at 33 textbooks published between 1982 and 1988. We replicated their study by examining 3,085 illustrations in a sample of 27 textbooks, most of which were published between 2002 and...
Article
Larrick (1965) observed that few children's books portrayed Blacks, and Miller (1998) has claimed this observation is particularly germane for Newbery Medal books. Weitzman et al. (1972) pointed out that female characters were practically invisible in picture books produced during the 1960s and that this was especially true for Caldecott Medal and...
Article
Last year these authors addressed an issue in these pages that echoed Linda Nochlin 's (1971) haunting question, "Why have there been no great women artists?" (Clark, Folgo, & Pichette, 2005). That essay examined the question, "Have there now been any great women artists?" through a study of art history textbooks primarily written for college stude...
Article
The authors provide a multicultural feminist analysis of picture books for children by looking at the illustrations and listening carefully to themes of oppression and resistance in 33 picture books that focus on characters that are on the powerless side of some powerless/powerful social dichotomy. The authors find many images that either depict op...
Article
Full-text available
Since the late 1960s, there has been steady, progressive change in the depiction of gender in award-winning picture books for children (e.g., Clark, Almeida, Gurka, & Middleton, 2003). Female characters in Caldecott winners and runners-up have become increasingly visible and gender stereotyping has become decreasingly evident. In this article we co...
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This article addresses the question of why counting has figured so prominently in feminist social science studies of children's literature. It documents the quantitative approach to children's books used by both liberal and radical feminists, gives an account of why this approach has been so popular among feminist social scientists, and outlines so...
Article
The first three-quarters of the semester flew by. We learned about quantitative data analysis and I loved it. I really enjoyed the numerical manipulations and seeing how it all related to people. Everything was there in front of me. Not too much imagination on my part was really needed. Then it all ended. Professor Clark introduced qualitative meth...
Article
Examines possible reasons for the disappearance of social class differences in students' academic achievement by seventh grade at the Community Preparatory School in Rhode Island serving grades 4 through 8. Possible reasons include intensifying commitment to the school, student community service, the move toward single sex math classes, a summer pr...
Article
Some of sociology’s recent internal critics (e.g., Turner and Turner, 1990; Halliday and Janowitz, 1992; Collins, 1986; Gans, 1990; Crane and Small, 1992) suggest that the discipline's diversity of theoretical, methodological and substantive foci leave it in a weakened position for achieving individual and collective ends. Other sociologists (e.g.,...
Article
Full-text available
Much of the existing literature on cross-national differences in retirement wage policy has focused on the inception of programs and the factors leading to their introduction. The explanations may be less adequate in accounting for post-war changes in social security programs. To interpret the evolution of programs in the post-war period, we stress...
Article
This paper examines a version of Paul Amato's (1993) resources and stressore model for children of divorce. Through a survey of 102 adult children of divorce, we operationalize indicators of five concepts that Amato has found to recur in the literature on adjustment of children to divorce: life stress, economic hardship, parental adjustment, interp...
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Feminist social science investigations of children's books over the past 20 years have employed the liberal feminist assumptions that marked the paradigmatic study by Weitzman, Eifler, Hokada, and Ross. The authors illustrate the value of a multicultural feminist approach to children's literature by “listening” to themes of oppression and resistanc...
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We examine two interpretations for an hypothesized relationship between divorce of parents and diminished self-esteem among female college students. The first interpretation suggests that this relationship is due to the increased likelihood of abusive climates in the family of origin of children of divorce; the second, that it is due to the loss of...
Article
The authors mark the twentieth anniversary of the classic study by Weitzman et al., which found considerable gender stereotyping in picture books for preschool children, by replicating and extending their study with an updated sample that includes books by Black illustrators. The authors find evidence that female characters and female relationships...
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This study investigates the differences between the relationship between elderly occupational status and modernization for men and women. Consonant with previous findings, it finds that economic development is associated with relative losses of elderly men in professional and technical occupations. Augmenting those findings, however, it finds an ev...
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This study examines two versions of how economic dependency has affected relative gender positioning in non-core nations’ labor forces since the 1960s. A “new dependency” version asserts that multinational corporate investment in manufacturing has transformed the labor forces of such nations, permitting women unusual access to relatively high-payin...
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This article posits a theoretical connection between multinational corporate (MNC) investment and women's participation in higher education in noncore nations. It suggests that because MNC investment encourages a "breed-and-feed" ideology for women, the prejudicial hiring of men in high-status occupations, and the lack of state regulation of gender...
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Full-text available
This study examines the determinants of spending on social security programs. We draw predictions from industrialism and dependency theories for the explanation of social security programs. The explanations are tested with data on seventy-five nations, representative of core, semipheripheral and peripheral nations. Industrialization variables such...
Article
Using Erikson's and Gilligan's theories of adolescent development, this paper presents a content analysis of the depiction of adolescent development in a sample of Newbery Medal winners and honor books. Some diversity was found among the major characters, but white males were overrepresented. Many of the characters underwent an identity crisis. Som...
Article
This report assesses the impact of culture on women's share of the labor force. Measuring both economic factors and cultural milieu, we found that culture was related not only to levels of women's share of the labor force but, in some instances, to changes in those levels. A secondary finding of the study was that the economic development of a nati...
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This paper identifies three theoretical perspectives on women's relative access to relatively prestigious, influential occupations: a modernization perspective, an economic discrimination perspective, and a dependency/world system perspective. It draws a set of contrasting hypotheses from these perspectives and tests them, through panel regression,...
Article
Treatment data were anlyzed on 134 clients of the Alcohol Counseling and Education Program, Taunton, MA. One hudnred three of these clients were primary users; 31, significant other. Short-term improvements (i.e., improvements that occurred within the treatment period) in four measured attributes-sobriety, emotional status, employment status and fa...
Article
This paper identifies three theoretical perspectives on changing patterns of female criminality: a Durkheimian-Modernization perspective; a Marxian-World System perspective and an Ecological-Opportunity perspective (see Neuman and Berger, 1988). It draws convergent and divergent hypotheses from these perspectives and tests them with data from up to...
Article
Treatment data were collected on 134 clients of the Alcohol Counseling and Education Program, Taunton, Massachusetts: 31 of these clients were collateral clients; 103, primary users. Short-term improvements in the emotional status (i.e., improvements that occurred within the period of treatment) of collateral clients seem dependent upon different t...
Article
This article assesses the impact of the unionization of faculties on the average salary and compensation of faculty members in four-year colleges and universities generally and in public and private institutions separately. A multivariate model that included other institutional characteristics apt to affect the association between unionization and...
Article
Although relatively simple dichotomies of American cities, such as the Sunbelt/Snowbelt and the largecity/small-city distinctions, have been used to explain and predict other facets of urban life, more elaborate typologies, such as those produced by Duncan and others (1960) and by Nelson (1955), have remained wallflowers of urban research. Curiousl...
Article
Biographical data on 197 Nobel Prize winners were used to examine the relationship between birth order and eminence in various fields. Two new findings are presented: eminent scientists appeared to be earlier born than eminent nonscientists, even when family size is controlled, and laureates who won their prizes later in the century appeared to be...

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