Roger Almvik

Roger Almvik
St. Olavs Hospital · Centre for research and education in forensic psychiatry

Dr.Philos

About

45
Publications
58,277
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1,309
Citations
Introduction
Roger Almvik currently works at the Centre for research and education in forensic psychiatry, St. Olavs Hospital. Roger does research in Psychiatry and Forensic Science.
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - December 2007
January 2003 - present
Norwegian University of Technology- and Science
January 2002 - present
The Kings College
Education
March 2003 - March 2008
August 1983 - June 1986
Namdal University College of Nursing
Field of study
  • Nursing

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
The Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) is a 20-item structured professional judgment instrument for assessing dynamic risk in mental health services. Much of the START research literature examines the relationship between Strengths and Vulnerabilities sub-scale total scores and various adverse outcomes including violence. This a...
Article
Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an education program, risk assessment checklist and preventive protocol on violence against emergency department nurses. Methods: The design was a quasi-experimental before and after study of a group. A hospital emergency department’s nurses participated in a workshop in which they were...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The psychometric instruments developed for short-term prediction of violence in psychiatric inpatients do not include variables assessing sleep. Disturbances in sleep may precede aggression in this setting. We investigated whether adding information on sleep improved the predictive properties of the Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC). Meth...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study was conducted for the purpose of adapting the Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC) for Turkish patients and testing its validity and reliability in measuring and predicting the risk of violence psychiatric in patients. Design and Methods The BVC and the Overt Aggression Scale (OAS) were used in the study. The BVC was distributed to 1...
Article
Evaluations of associations between sleep at night and aggressive behaviour in Psychiatric Intensive Care Units (PICU) are lacking. The aims were to explore if sleep duration or night-to-night variations in sleep duration correlated with aggressive behaviour and aggressive incidents the next day and through the whole admission. Fifty consecutive pa...
Poster
Full-text available
Both professionals and family members are involved in compulsory admission under Norwegian mental health legislation but their perspectives on how the law should be implemented may be different. This study sought to compare the opinions of various professional groups and the family members who are involved in this process to enhance understanding a...
Article
Introduction Previous research illustrated that the laws regulating involuntary placement and treatment of persons with mental health problems are very diverse across countries: procedures for involuntary commitment and stakeholders involved in the initiation and decision making vary across countries; most laws include criteria of danger/risk, whic...
Article
Full-text available
Health care workers are often exposed to violence and aggression in psychiatric settings. Short-term risk assessments, such as the Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC), are strong predictors of such aggression and may enable staff to take preventive measures against aggression. This study evaluated whether the routine use of the BVC could reduce the fre...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The use of mechanical restraint (MR) is controversial, and large differences regarding the use of MR are often found among countries. In an earlier study, we observed that MR was used twice as frequently in Denmark than Norway. Aims: To examine how presumed MR preventive factors of non-medical origin may explain the differing number...
Article
PurposeTo examine how potential mechanical restraint preventive factors in hospitals are associated with the frequency of mechanical restraint episodes. Design and Methods This study employed a retrospective association design, and linear regression was used to assess the associations. FindingsThree mechanical restraint preventive factors were sign...
Article
Full-text available
In making progress to the number of recidivist offenders, different service agencies established a cooperative aiming to offer more complete service. Contact groups consisting of police officers, prison officers and local community social workers collaborated on a magnitude of targets. A survey was conducted to study the social networks, educationa...
Data
"What is your opinion about the prison health services?". A user satisfaction questionnaire concerning prison inmates' opinion about the prison health services.
Article
Full-text available
Prisoners are associated with high health care needs compared with the general population. This study aims to investigate prisoners' use of health service. A cross-sectional study of 29 prisons in central and southern parts of Norway. A questionnaire was distributed to 1, 454 prisoners (90% response rate). Multilevel analyses were employed to analy...
Article
Full-text available
Our objective was to describe and analyze the implementation process of the Short Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability in a forensic high secure unit in Norway. A stepwise implementation procedure was used and an educational package on practical use of the START in the clinic was developed. A questionnaire about START was given to the staff at...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
See: http://www.oudconsultancy.nl/Resources/Proceedings_7th_Violence_in_Clinical_Psychiatry_2011.pdf
Article
Full-text available
Short- to medium-term risk assessment in psychiatric hospitals is a topic of clinical relevance that deserves attention from the research community. In this paper, the Short Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability, or START (Webster, Martin, Brink, Nicholls, & Middleton, 2004), a new structured instrument for judgment of dynamic risk and treatment...
Article
The main aim of the study was to describe whether staff training and lectures on milieu therapy to nursing staff can change the treatment environment, as perceived by the patients, in a desirable direction. The study was approved by the Regional Ethics Committee for Medical Research. To measure the patients' perceptions of the treatment environment...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, one focus group and five individual semi-structured interviews were conducted to investigate nursing staff's ways of using exercise as part of the routine treatment for patients with severe mental illness (SMI). The study also explored the patients' experiences and views of the exercise program given in this secure hospital. The orga...
Article
Many studies have related performance on neuropsychological tests to forensic aspects of behavior. Use of neuropsychological tests has to a large extent focused on subject performance. Interest is rarely focused on qualitative aspects of the solution process. In the present study 82 prisoners completed a computerized neuropsychological test battery...
Article
Full-text available
Assessment of living skills and violence risk in forensic psychiatric patients is a priority for clinicians. Suitably fine-grained instruments are rare. The goal of this study was to compare a norm-based psychometric assessment battery (the Behavioural Status [BEST] Index) with known valid instruments. Parallel cohort studies were undertaken in fou...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Assessment of living skills and violence risk in forensic psychiatric patients is a priority for clinicians. Suitably fine-grained instruments are rare. Aim: We cross-validate a norm-based psychometric assessment battery (the Behavioral Status Index [BEST-Index]) against known valid instruments. Method: Parallel cohort studies were unde...
Article
The Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC) assesses confusion, irritability, boisterousness, verbal threats, physical threats and attacks on objects as either present or absent. It is hypothesised that an individual displaying two or more of these behaviours is more likely to be violent in the next twenty-four hour period. This study aims to test the vali...
Article
To explore the frequency and nature of violent incidents in psychogeriatric wards and nursing homes in terms of type and severity of incidents, what provoked the incidents, and what kind of measure was needed to stop the aggression. Aggressive behaviour of the study group was monitored using the Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revised (SOAS-R( i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Aggression and violence are studied in a variety of disciplines. However, it is difficult to study human aggression directly, because it occurs sporadically and people often have reasons for not acknowledging or reporting it. This methodologi-cal complexity is probably reflected in the fact that each scientific discipline has its own level of analy...
Article
Research on the prevalence and causes of in-patient aggression has been hindered by the use of different methods for measuring aggression. Since Palmstierna and Wistedt presented the Staff Observation Aggression Scale (SOAS) in 1987, this data collection method has been used in various studies, which may make comparisons more useful. Studies with S...
Article
Full-text available
The Norwegian Brøset-Violence-Checklist (BVC) is one of the few instruments that is suitable for short-term prediction of violence of psychiatric inpatients by nursing staff in routine care. The instrument assesses the presence or absence of six behaviours or states frequently observed before a violent incident. We conducted a study to elucidate wh...
Article
Full-text available
The Brøset violence checklist (BVC) is a short-term violence prediction instrument assessing confusion, irritability, boisterousness, verbal threats, physical threats and attacks on objects as either present or absent. The aim of this paper is to describe the evolution and usefulness of the BVC. This paper reviews studies on the BVC and discusses i...
Article
Over the last decade there has been considerable growth in the role that psychiatric nurses play in providing care for the mentally disordered offender (MDO). Yet there has been little written about this specialty from a global perspective. Examination of the literature illustrates a large body of research and development programmes reporting the d...
Article
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has long been recognized in children, and for many the disorder persists into adulthood. There is a growing concern that the adults with ADHD who have the least favorable outcome, are among those who end up in prison. The aim of this study was to assess childhood ADHD and its persistence into adulthoo...
Article
Full-text available
The Broset Violence Checklist (BVC) assesses confusion, irritability, boisterousness, verbal threats, physical threats, and attacks on objects as either present or absent. It is hypothesized that an individual displaying two or more of these behaviors is more likely to be violent in the next 24-hour period. All 109 consecutive referrals to four psy...
Article
Full-text available
The topic of violent incidents and its importance to inpatient psychiatric nursing practice is well recognised in the academic literature. However the awareness and profile of the issue in different European countries is highly variable. In this paper five European countries are compared: Italy, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK. Contextua...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports early analysis of the Broset Violence Checklist. An instrument aiming to assist in the process of the prediction of violence from mentally ill in-patients. Early results appear promising and directions for future research using the instrument are suggested.
Article
The Brese: Violence Checklist (BVC) and the prediction of inpatient violence: Some preliminary results R Almvik Psych Nurse, Research Fellow, RSU Breset, Trondheim, Norway P Woods RMN, Dip HeRes, ENB 870, Lecturer in Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Manchester, England This article reports on the preliminary results from research currently...

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