Rodrigo Temp Müller

Rodrigo Temp Müller
Universidade Federal de Santa Maria · Department of Biology

PhD

About

73
Publications
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961
Citations
Citations since 2017
59 Research Items
925 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
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Triassic cynodonts from South America are key taxa in the investigation of the emergence of mammalian characters. One of the most iconic species from the Carnian is Prozostrodon brasiliensis, found in Late Triassic strata from southern Brazil. This non-mammaliaform cynodont represents the earliest-diverging member of Prozostrodontia, a clade that e...
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The origin of the air sac system present in birds has been an enigma for decades. Skeletal pneumaticity related to an air sac system is present in both derived non-avian dinosaurs and pterosaurs. But the question remained open whether this was a shared trait present in the common avemetatarsalian ancestor. We analyzed three taxa from the Late Trias...
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Characterized by an elongated snout, proterochampsids are carnivorous non-archosaur archosauriforms. The clade is endemic to South America and its fossil record extends from the early Carnian to the late Carnian/early Norian. Nesting close to Archosauria, it is a key clade for understanding the origin and evolution of archosaurian traits. Unfortuna...
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Discoveries from South America have increased our knowledge on the early evolutionary history of sauropodomorph dinosaurs. The dietary shift from faunivorous to herbivorous creatures and the increasing body size are both widely documented in the fossil record. Conversely, the initial evolution of the elongated neck is poorly known. It is one of the...
Article
Dinosaur footprints often occur in Late TriassicEarly Jurassic continental sedimentary rocks. While many such tracks can readily be associated with the kinds of dinosaurs that made them, the makers of some footprints have been controversial. Large tridactyl (three-toed) footprints of the ichnogenus Eubrontes are thought by most paleontologists to h...
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The origin and evolutionary relationships of ornithischian dinosaurs are topics that have undergone a series of substantial revisions. At present there are several competing hypotheses concerning the relationship between Ornithischia and the other principal clades of Dinosauria. Some hypotheses have posited a tree topology within Dinosauria that im...
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The Triassic deposits of South America are key to understand the early radiation of Dinosauromorpha. Though the fossil record of the group is relatively abundant in Carnian- and Norian-aged strata from Argentina and Brazil, Middle Triassic dinosauromorphs are scarce, at least in the Brazilian record. In this contribution, we describe a set of fossi...
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Faxinalipterus minimus was originally described as a purported pterosaur from the Late Triassic (early Norian) Caturrita Formation of southern Brazil. Its holotype comprises fragmentary postcranial elements, whereas a partial maxilla was referred to the species. The assignment of Faxinalipterus minimus to Pterosauria has been questioned by some stu...
Chapter
Carnian (Late Triassic) deposits of South America provide the oldest unequivocal dinosaur records worldwide, most of which has been assigned to the sauropodomorph lineage. This includes Eoraptor lunensis, Panphagia protos, and Chromogisaurus novasi, from the Ischigualasto Formation, Argentina, and Saturnalia tupiniquim, Pampadromaeus barberenai, Bu...
Article
Whereas the oldest dinosaur skeletons have been excavated from mid to late Carnian beds of South America, its close relatives occur in Anisian to early Carnian deposits from Argentina, Tanzania and Zambia. These close relative forms are key taxa regarding the investigation of macroevolution of dinosauromorphs. Early dinosaurs are well-documented fr...
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Whereas sauropod dinosaurs from the Jurassic and Cretaceous Periods were the largest land animals that ever lived, some of their early relatives evolved relatively large bodies during the Triassic Period. The evolutionary pathways followed by the earliest sauropodomorphs towards the acquisition of massive bodies are poorly understood. However, new...
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Exquisite discoveries and new interpretations regarding an enigmatic group of cursorial avemetatarsalians led to a new phylogenetic hypothesis regarding pterosaur affinities. Previously thought to be dinosaur precursors, lagerpetids are now considered to be the closest relatives to pterosaurs. This new hypothesis sheds light on a new explorable fie...
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The anterolateral scar is a raised and generally rounded ossification on the anterolateral face of the femoral head of certain archosaurs, located anterior to the ‘greater trochanter’ and posterior to the femoral head. The presence and shape of this structure in early dinosaurs is still poorly understood. In the present study, the shape and variati...
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The notarium is a rigid bony structure, which resulted from the fusion of thoracic vertebrae of some pterosaurs and birds. It is high variable, ranging from two to six fused thoracic vertebrae. In this study, we reviewed and analyzed approximately 270 specimens of neornithine birds (representing 80% of the living orders) and some fossils in order t...
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Owenettids are small procolophonoids that survived beyond the Permo-Triassic boundary. The fossil record of owenettids range from the upper Permian to the Middle Triassic. These records come from South Africa, Madagascar, Tanzania, Germany, and Brazil. Despite its conservative anatomy, some species depict some peculiar traits, such as Candelaria ba...
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Irajatherium hernandezi is a poorly known non‐mammaliaform cynodont from the Late Triassic of southern Brazil. A new specimen of this cynodont was found in recent fieldwork to the type‐locality, the Linha São Luiz site (Candelária Sequence), providing new insights into the anatomy of this mammalian forerunner. The new specimen comprises a partial s...
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The study of sensorial systems of extinct animals provides clues on their biology and behaviour. Olfaction is an important sensory modality, which is used in a range of tasks, such as foraging, reproduction, predator avoidance and social interaction. The olfactory acuity of dinosaurs has been investigated through quantitative approaches. However, t...
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Triassic beds from Argentina and Brazil provide the most relevant fossil record of early dinosauriforms in terms of numerical abundance and taxonomic diversity. This record currently represents the best source to understand the origin and early evolutionary radiation of dinosaurs. In the present paper we offer an updated review focused on the avail...
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Traversodontidae is a group of Triassic herbivorous/omnivorous cynodonts that represents the most diversified lineage within Cynognathia. In southern Brazil, a rich fossil record of late Middle/mid-Late Triassic cynodonts has been documented, with Exaeretodon riograndensis Abdala, Barberena, and Dornelles, 2002 and Siriusgnathus niemeyerorum Pavana...
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Upper Triassic (Carnian) strata from the Candelária Sequence of southern Brazil bear the oldest records of dinosaurs worldwide. In consequence, investigation of the specimens yielded by these fossiliferous units is crucial for a more comprehensive knowledge regarding the origin, early diversification and radiation of dinosaurs. Herein we reassess a...
Article
Dicynodonts represent a speciose clade of non-mammalian synapsids that lived from the middle Permian to the Late Triassic, exhibiting a Pangaean distribution. The South American Norian fossil record is represented by two species: Jachaleria colorata from Argentina and J. candelariensis from Brazil. The Brazilian specimens come from a relatively sma...
Article
The early evolution of theropod dinosaurs is poorly understood. Whereas sauropodomorphs are well-known from the oldest dinosaur bearing outcrops, the record of theropods is fragmentary and ambiguous. The Triassic deposits from Brazil yielded some of the oldest dinosaurs worldwide. These dinosaurs came from two distinct Assemblage Zones (AZ): the Hy...
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The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the sacral vertebrae analyzed in "Sacral co-ossification in dinosaurs: The oldest record of fused sacral vertebrae in Dinosauria and the diversity of sacral co-ossification patterns in the group".
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The fusion of the sacrum occurs in the major dinosaur lineages, i.e. ornithischians, theropods, and sauropodomorphs, but it is unclear if this trait is a common ancestral condition, or if it evolved independently in each lineage, or even how or if it is related to ontogeny. In addition, the order in which the different structures of the sacrum are...
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Our knowledge on the anatomy of the first dinosaurs (Late Triassic, 235–205 Ma) has drastically increased in the last years, mainly due to several new findings of exceptionally well-preserved specimens. Nevertheless, some structures such as the neurocranium and its associated structures (brain, labyrinth, cranial nerves, and vasculature) remain poo...
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The Janner site (Upper Triassic of Southern Brazil) has been intensely explored, yielding constant new findings in recent years. Among these some fragmentary dinosaur specimens still not published were sampled. In this contribution, we describe these specimens, which represent five individuals, in order to increase our understanding on the anatomy...
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The notarium is the structure formed by fusion of the dorsal vertebrae which occurred independently in pterosaurs and birds. This ankylosis usually involves two to six elements and in many cases, also includes the last cervical vertebra. Fusion can occur in different degrees, uniting the vertebral centra, the neural spines, the transverse processes...
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The morphology of the ankle is a crucial topic towards our understanding of the evolutionary history of Archosauria. The morphology of these bones is directly correlated with posture, and subsequently this provides an important phylogenetic signal. The astragalar anatomy is widely adopted in phylogenetic studies of dinosaurs, however, this bone is...
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Whereas ornithischian dinosaurs are well known from Jurassic and Cretaceous deposits, deciphering the origin and early evolution of the group remains one of the hardest challenges for palaeontologists. So far, there are no unequivocal records of ornithischians from Triassic beds. Here, we present an alternative evolutionary hypothesis that suggests...
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A new fossiliferous site from the Pinheiros-Chiniquá Sequence (Santa Maria Supersequence) with typical tetrapod components of the Dinodontosaurus Assemblage Zone (AZ) is here described. The new site is included in the Faxinal do Soturno Structural Block. The fossil content is characterized by cranial and postcranial material of rauisuchian archosau...
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Embora o grupo dos dinossauros sauropodomorfos seja amplamente conhecido em virtude dos gigantescos saurópodes, sua origem ainda é pouco compreendida em virtude da escassez de esqueletos completos ou datações precisas. Entretanto, novos achados e datações realizadas em rochas Triássicas do Brasil têm trazido à tona informações valiosas no que tange...
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Ornithosuchidae is one of the most enigmatic clades of Triassic pseudosuchians. The group is composed by three carnivorous species that were excavated from Upper Triassic beds of Scotland and Argentina. We describe the first ornithosuchid from the Upper Triassic sediments of Brazil and explore its phylogenetic affinities and implications for the ev...
Article
Traversodontidae is a less inclusive clade of cynognathian cynodonts that lived during the Triassic. Recently, a traversodontid from the southern Brazilian Triassic beds was described – Siriusgnathus niemeyerorum – based upon specimens found exclusively in its type-locality. No absolute age or index fossils have been reported for this locality, whi...
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Several new sauropodomorphs have been described in recent years, including the unaysaurid sauropodomorph Macrocollum itaquii (Late Triassic, Brazil). This study presents a detailed description of the craniomandibular anatomy of M. itaquii based on the holotype, a paratype and a newly referred specimen. A phylogenetic analysis using an updated datas...
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The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models of the skull, brain and inner ear endocast analyzed in "Gnathovorax cabreirai: a new early dinosaur and the origin and initial radiation of predatory dinosaurs". Model IDs Description M3#442 3D model of the skull M3#443 3D model of the braincase M3#444 Endocast of brain, inner ear, and cranial nerves Ta...
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Predatory dinosaurs were an important ecological component of terrestrial Mesozoic ecosystems. Though theropod dinosaurs carried this role during the Jurassic and Cretaceous Periods (and probably the post-Carnian portion of the Triassic), it is difficult to depict the Carnian scenario, due to the scarcity of fossils. Until now, knowledge on the ear...
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Saturnalia tupiniquim is a sauropodomorph dinosaur from the Late Triassic (Carnian-c. 233 Ma) Santa Maria Formation of Brazil. Due to its phylogenetic position and age, it is important for studies focusing on the early evolution of both dinosaurs and sauropodomorphs. The osteology of Saturnalia has been described in a series of papers, but its cran...
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Discoveries in Carnian-aged rocks are establishing a rich and diverse dinosaurian fauna at the so-called 'dawn of the age of dinosaurs' in the Late triassic of Western Gondwana. Accordingly, Brazilian strata from the Candelária Sequence have contributed extensively to this trend. here, we present a new dinosaurian specimen (CAPPA/UFSM 0200) from th...
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The controversial dinosauriform Teyuwasu barberenai Kischlat, 1999 (Fig. 1B) is based on a right femur (BSPG AS XXV 53) and tibia (BSPG AS XXV 54), formerly referred to the pseudosuchian ‘Hoplitosuchus raui’ (= Hoplitosaurus raui) Huene, 1938 (see also Huene, 1942). This material comes from a classic Late Triassic (Carnian) locality in southern Bra...
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Several new early sauropodomorphs have been described from Carnian South American strata that include the oldest unambiguous dinosaurs worldwide. Hence, these findings suggest a high diversity in the origin of the group. Here we offer three hypotheses based in novel data that can explain this diversity at the first branches of the long evolutionary...
Article
Late Triassic deposits from south Pangea (Argentina and Brazil) bear the oldest (so far) and most informative unequivocal records of dinosaurs worldwide. Herein we describe a new lagerpetid dinosauromorph from a classic dinosaur-bearing locality (Cerro da Alemoa site) from the Candelária Sequence (Santa Maria Formation), southern Brazil, and report...
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In the present contribution, we aim to present the osteology of ‘ULBRA-PVT-281’, which comprises the best-preserved skeleton of Prestosuchus chiniquensis ever found. ULBRA-PVT-281 combines the morphology of two classic specimens referred to P. chiniquensis, UFRGS-PV-0156-T and UFRGSPV- 0152-T, reunited in a single operational taxonomic unit (OTU) i...
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The rise of sauropodomorphs is still poorly understood due to the scarcity of well-preserved fossils in early Norian rocks. Here, we present an association of complete and exceptionally well-preserved dinosaur skeletons that helps fill that gap. They represent a new species, which is recovered as a member of a clade solely composed of Gondwanan Tri...
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The discovery and study of bonebeds can provide unique information on the biology of extinct animals. Here we interpret the taphonomic history of a monotypic bonebed composed by several individuals attributable to the dicynodont Dinodontosaurus sp. collected in a classic locality from the Dinodontosaurus Assemblage Zone (Middle Triassic of Brazil)....
Article
A new Upper Triassic fossiliferous outcrop, the Niemeyer Site, from the Santa Maria Supersequence (Paraná Basin, Southern Brazil) is reported. The lithology found in this locality is consistent with that found in the Candelária Sequence. The high prevalence of traversodontid cynodonts in this site is particularly notable, with collected specimens m...
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Ecteniniidae comprises an endemic radiation of carnivore probainognathian cynodonts from the Late Triassic of South America. Three taxa have been included in this clade: Ecteninion lunensis Martínez et al., 1996 and Diegocanis elegans Martínez et al., 2013 from Argentina, and Trucidocynodon riograndensis Oliveira et al., 2010 from Brazil. Herein, a...
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An exceptional new specimen (CAPPA/UFSM 0035) of Buriolestes schultzi was discovered during recent fieldwork at the type locality of the taxon, which is Carnian in age (Late Triassic). This early sauropodomorph is peculiar owing to its faunivorous feeding habits, unusual amongst the members of this large omnivorous/herbivorous clade. The specimen i...
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Despite representing a key-taxon in dinosauromorph phylogeny, Lagerpertidae is one of the most obscure and enigmatic branches from the stem that leads to the dinosaurs. Recent new findings have greatly increased our knowledge about lagerpetids, but no phylogenetic analysis has so far included all known members of this group. Here, we present the mo...
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A recently published study [1] reassessed the phylogenetic relationships of Chilesaurus diegosuarezi, proposing its affinities to ornithischians rather than theropods as previously suggested [2]. However, we observed that the results presented by Baron & Barrett [1] could not be replicated using the same dataset and parameters provided by the autho...
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Recently, a new completely unorthodox phylogenetic hypothesis regarding both early dinosaurian taxa and major less inclusive groups has been suggested. Immediately after, several new datasets have been produced, resulting in interesting ways to test affinities of distinct taxa. Accordingly, we here aim to access the affinities of the enigmatic Chil...
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Only recently, new ontogenetic series of early dinosaurs and related groups have been described. Here, we present an isolated immature dinosauriform femur from the Late Triassic of southern Brazil and investigate its influence on character polarization. Because the specimen shares a number of synapomorphies with Pampadromaeus barberenai, herein we p...
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The axial skeleton is proportionally underrepresented in the fossil record of early dinosaurs, when compared to other skeletal parts (e.g., pelvic girdle and hindlimb). For instance, the axis is poorly known in early dinosaurs, which precludes a better understanding of this important anatomical structure. Therefore, the present contribution fills a...
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The lagerpetid Dromomeron romeri and the theropod Tawa hallae are two dinosauromorphs from the Norian (Upper Triassic) of the Chinle Formation, situated in New Mexico, USA. However, a recent study suggests the inclusion of the holotype of D. romeri (GR 218) and paratype (GR 155) and referred (GR 235) specimens of T. hallae in an ontogenetic series...
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Dinosauromorpha includes dinosaurs and other much less diverse dinosaur precursors of Triassic age, such as lagerpetids [1]. Joint occurrences of these taxa with dinosaurs are rare but more common during the latest part of that period (Norian-Rhaetian, 228-201 million years ago [mya]) [2, 3]. In contrast, the new lagerpetid and saurischian dinosaur...
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Many authors have discussed the subnarial foramen in Archosauriformes. Here presence among Archosauriformes, shape, and position of this structure is reported and its phylogenetic importance is investigated. Based on distribution and the phylogenetic tree, it probably arose independently in Erythrosuchus, Herrerasaurus, and Paracrocodylomorpha. In...
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A new Permian temnospondyl from South America is described and considered to represent a new species – Konzhukovia sangabrielensis sp. nov. – of the genus Konzhukovia previously recorded exclusively from Russia. It consists of the anterior half and partial right side of the skull roof and palate. A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis was performed...
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The Wachholz site (Caturrita Formation, Late Triassic), in Agudo, Rio Grande do Sul (RS), southern Brazil, has yielded several sauropodomorphs. This includes CAPPA/UFSM 0002, described here based on associated elements from the basalmost portion of the site. The specimen possesses a set of traits shared with typical ‘prosauropods’: a concave caudal...
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New postcranial remains of Massetognathus ochagaviae are described based on a new specimen collected at the Dinodontosaurus Assemblage Zone from the Middle Triassic of Southern Brazil. Several isolated teeth collected together with the postcranial skeleton allowed a taxonomic assignation of the specimen to M. ochagaviae. Its postcranial morphology...
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Femora of the holotype and only previously known specimen of the early sauropodomorph Pampadromaeus barberenai are incomplete and fractured. Here, we describe a new complete femur assigned to Pampadromaeus barberenai, quarried from the same outcrop of original type specimen: 'Janner' site, (Carnian of the Paraná Basin). It shares with the holotype...
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Dinosauriformes includes the most recent common ancestor of Marasuchus lilloensis and Dinosauria, and all taxa stemming from it (Novas, 1992). The origin of this group and its diversification have been the subject of extensive studies in recent years (Langer et al., 2010; Langer et al., 2013), especially because it includes the dinosaur lineage, on...