Rodrigo De Balbin-Behrmann

Rodrigo De Balbin-Behrmann
University of Alcalá | UAH · HISTORIA Y FILOSOFIA

dr.Professor of Prehistory

About

279
Publications
127,107
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3,677
Citations
Citations since 2016
91 Research Items
2280 Citations
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Introduction
PALAOLITHIC AND POSPAEOLITHIC ART UPPER PALAEOLITHIC NEOLITHIC AND MEGALITHISM PHOTOGRAPHY,PHOTOGRAMMETRY, ANALYSIS OF COLORANTS, C14, RAMAN,TECHNIQUES AND STYLES IN PREHISTORIC ART PALAEOLITHIC CAVES AND ITS ART, MEGALITHS AND ITS DECORATIONS,POSTPALAEOLITHIC ART

Publications

Publications (279)
Article
Full-text available
This project aimed to provide scientific knowledge about the earliest symbolic representations on European megaliths. We were able to demonstrate the role of painted decorations on the European Atlantic façade, providing some direct dates on pigments, as well as characterising a large stone phase prior to the construction of ancient Iberian megalit...
Poster
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Desde el Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Huéscar y el Área de Prehistoria de la Universidad de Alcalá, se organiza el ciclo de conferencias “La Piedra del Letrero de Huéscar en su contexto”. El acto se llevará a cabo en Huéscar el sábado 2 de julio del 2022. El objetivo principal de la reunión es contextualizar histórica y geográficamente las pinturas rupe...
Article
Full-text available
The documentation of Palaeolithic art in the open air, together with direct dates for parietal art and the study of territories marked by the last hunter groups in southern Europe, supports new interpretations of Palaeolithic art and its continuity in the early Holocene. We provide updated information about the graphic representations in that time...
Article
Full-text available
The dolmen of Guadalperal (Spain) became well known in 2019 when the waters of the reservoir in which it had long been submerged became so depleted as to leave it above water and highly visible. This gave rise to great media and social polemic. In this study, we deal with the ‘recovery’ of the dolmen using digital techniques, including a strategy o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Reused stelae and menhirs confirm previous roles and reinforce the interest of analysing the monument’s biography through each slab’s history. These sequences offer two very interesting options for interpretation in Galicia. Firstly, the mentioned archaeological evidences, the pre-existing structures found beneath the tumulus, are an indication of...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Archaeology of the Postglaciar Rock Art has taken off in more recent times than Palaeolithic Rock Art Archaeology due to determining aspects not too much away from certain degree of “fusion” on the technique, morphology and significant consideration of the Holocene art, regarding the great “art of the caves”. Fit different “materialities” (incl...
Article
El amplio y variado registro de sitios decorados postglaciares en la Península Ibérica ha tenido su reflejo en la Declaración de Patrimonio de la Humanidad del Arte Rupestre del Arco Mediterráneo. Este texto reflexiona, a partir del caso de estudio levantino, sobre la potencialidad de otros ámbitos geográficos y contextuales del rico patrimonio grá...
Chapter
Full-text available
A small set of representations of engraved animals is studied, associated with series of paired lines painted in two colors. It is located in a deep area of the cave, away from the two most common entrances during the Upper Paleolithic to La Pasiega. The association of motifs, the technical and formal features of the animal figures (four aurochs,...
Article
Siega Verde was the third open-air rock art site to be discovered in the Iberian Peninsula, even before Côa and the controversy that followed that discovery. Its practicable size and the study carried out without any publicity allowed the analysis of a new reality that would change the interpretation of Palaeolithic art. From the start of the resea...
Chapter
Megalithism is currently understood in a wide sense that includes diverse structures of large stones as part of a shared way of understanding monumentality. In this way, megalithic art is found in funerary structures, as motifs on mobile objects and also as symbols on stones outside the tombs but marking their territory. Here, we shall focus on meg...
Book
Full-text available
Contents 1. Introduction: depiction of weapons and tools in rock art as ambivalent symbols in time and space Ana M.S. Bettencourt, Manuel Santos-Estévez, Hugo Aluai Sampaio Part 1. The Iconographic Approach 2. The picturing of weapons, tools and other objects at Australian stencilled and painted rock art sites 9 Patricia Dobrez 3. Weapons, tools,...
Article
Full-text available
The study of adornments found in the necropolis at Valle de las Higueras (Huecas, Toledo) has determined the morphotypology and mineral composition of one quadrangular pendant and 341 stone beads. Most of the beads are short (length ≤ 5 mm), but within this regularity series can be differentiated that might be the result of standardised fabrication...
Chapter
A brief reflection on some points that have produced the most outstanding advances in the reading of Palaeolithic Art frames the discovery of open-air Palaeolithic art in Iberia as an important trigger.
Article
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A conserved painting removed from a Neolithic collective grave in Marne, France, provided an opportunity for radiocarbon dating to place Les Ronces Hypogeum 21 (Villevenard) into the chronology of that region. Chemical analysis with direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and gas chromat...
Chapter
Full-text available
Our research on Megalithic Art in the Iberian Peninsula covers questions related to the role of human figures in domestic and funerary contexts of megalithism. In this paper we intend to analyse the graphic and ideological course manifested by the representation of armed figures in northern Iberia. The emergence of metal weapons does not imply a dr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumen La interpretación tradicional del Neolítico en las zonas interiores venía definida por su marginalidad demográ-fica y su relación exclusiva con grupos ganaderos muy poco sedentarios. Las especiales características de conservación de dos de los yacimientos más interiores en los que hemos inter-venido recientemente, el dolmen de Azután y el t...
Article
Full-text available
Solo recientemente la investigación del fenómeno megalítico ibérico ha comenzado a beneficiarse de la ampliación del potencial técnico y científico de la arqueología moderna. Todavía son muy pocos los megalitos ibéricos para los que se han realizado investigaciones científicas de alta resolución, capaces de aportar datos detallados sobre su diseño,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Classic models on population dynamics in inland Iberia during Marine Isotope Stage 2 have depicted this area, dominated by the Spanish plateau, as nearly unpopulated until Magdalenian times. In recent years, some researchers have questioned these models, mainly based on new field data. Preliminary evidence coming from the Peña Capón rock shelter ha...
Article
Full-text available
Extremadura this paper attempts to decode the megalithic graphic expressions on a broader scale,using as indicators the analysis of graphic elements, the association between themes, techniques, their location within the monument, and the study of the actual monuments. This discussion takes as a point of departure the notion that megalithic art is a...
Article
Full-text available
Only recently the investigation of the Iberian megalithic phenomenon has begun to benefit from the expansion of the technical and scientific potential of modern archeology. There are still very few Iberian megaliths for which high-resolution scientific research has been carried out, capable of providing detailed data on its design, uses and biograp...
Book
Full-text available
El dolmen de Soto es uno de los mayores monumentos megalíticos de Europa. Fue publicado por H. Obermaier en 1924 y casi cien años después, este volumen presenta la primera documentación gráfica sobre sus soportes, incluyendo análisis de pigmentos y dataciones del contexto arqueológico interno y externo del sepulcro. Su arquitectura es el resultado...
Chapter
Full-text available
Vestiges of prehistoric paintings in the Dolmen of Soto (Trigueros, Huelva, Spain) have been studied by Raman microscopy and SEM/EDX techniques. The pigment used have been identified. The presence of amorphous carbon have been used to date these decorations using plasma oxidation technique to achieve radiocarbon data.
Article
The recording of megalithic art on menhirs in Western Iberia used to be performed through direct tracing. The use of photographic techniques represented an important advance in the interpretation of some of the most important prehistoric sites in this wide region, and also in the structuring of archaeological narratives. With the development of pho...
Article
Full-text available
We present an updated synthesis on the archaeological context of the graphic expressions found at the Tito Bustillo Cave. The integrative study of industrial, spatial and topographic evidence, together with rock and mobile graphic expressions, enable us to propose a complex and hierarchized model of human settlement in the cave during the Middle-Up...
Article
Full-text available
Three pictographs from the Tito Bustillo cave have been studied by Raman microspectrosco-py, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electronic mi-croscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. All the samples can be associated with the oldest cave decoration phases. Haematite of two gra...
Chapter
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El descubrimiento y documentación arqueológica de la necrópolis de Valle de las Higueras, en el río Guadarrama y, por tanto, en la zona clásica de Ciempozuelos, abrió una lectura muy diferente de los datos clásicos del yacimiento epónimo. La descripción de Riaño (Riaño et al., 1894) aludía a esqueletos de distintos sexos y edades, además de a estru...
Article
Full-text available
Few places in Europe concentrate as many stone stelae as the area between the Tagus and the Douro. Archaeology has shown the ample possibilities for metal mining, the modern region of Castelo Branco being the epicentre in the area. From the first discoveries of such unique objects as the São Martinho stelae to the current record, the variety and di...
Chapter
Full-text available
The documentation of paint accompanying the engraved decorations in dolmens in the Iberian Peninsula has en-abled the development of a tested methodology. Its appli-cation to engraved dolmens in Brittany and to materials and architecture in the Orkney Islands has determined the range and variability in the depictions at megalithic sites in Atlantic...
Article
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ARPI. Arqueología y Prehistoria del Interior peninsular 06–2017 49EL MACIZO DE ARDINES: UN ESPACIO HUMANIZADO DURANTE ELPALEOLÍTICO SUPERIORTHE ARDINES MASSIF: A HUMANIZED SPACE THROUGHOUT THE UPPER PALAEOLITHICJosé Javier Alcolea-González (1)Rodrigo de Balbín-Behrmann (1)Resumen:Presentamos una síntesis actualizada de la realidad arqueológica de l...
Article
El estudio de dos tumbas campaniformes de la provincia de Toledo se establece como punto de partida para valorar el conjunto de los enterramientos peninsulares de mujeres y la existencia de comportamientos identificativos de sexo. La mujer forma parte de los enterramientos campaniformes y toda la variedad de construcciones, asociaciones y rituales...
Chapter
Pigment vestiges on the three decorated pebbles from the excavation of Parque Darwin (Madrid), level 8470 ± 70 BP have been identified by Micro Raman Spectroscopy. Haematite and amorphous carbon were used as pigments. Microscopic contamination spots with ε-copper-phthalocyanine blue, have been detected. The analysis of the pigments used, together w...
Article
Full-text available
Slimak et al. challenge the reliability of our oldest (>65,000 years) U-Th dates on carbonates associated with cave paintings in Spain. They cite a supposed lack of parietal art for the 25,000 years following this date, along with potential methodological issues relating to open-system behavior and corrections to detrital or source water 230Th.We s...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ciempozuelos pottery forms the most representative and widespread group of incised ware in southern Europe. The styles accompanying it are variations of greater or lesser importance that developed at the same time as the graphic codes themselves, funerary sites and settlements. Its material definition, closely associated with funerary deposits, has...
Article
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Provenancing exotic raw materials and reconstructing the nature and routes of exchange is a major concern of prehistoric archaeology. Amber has long been recognised as a key commodity of prehistoric exchange networks in Europe. However, most science-based studies so far have been localised and based on few samples, hence making it difficult to obse...
Article
Due to the effects of fire on bones, macroscopic observations of burned human remains are often insufficient to completely characterize an individual (age and sex determination). Herein we explore microstructure of bone fragments recovered in a funerary urn from the 1st millennium BC at Lagunita I archaeological site (Cáceres, Spain) in an attempt...
Article
Full-text available
The background of this paper is the biographical relationship between the Menga dolmen and La Peña de los Enamorados mountain (a conspicuous and highly-recognisable natural formation), both part of the Antequera megalithic landscape. Our main aim is to provide a high-resolution characterisation of the Matacabras rock art shelter, located on the nor...
Chapter
Full-text available
The study of the Menga and Viera megalithic orthostats has led to the discovery of reused steles and fragments. This has been achieved through specific protocols, focusing on analysing engravings and paintings. The new evidence about the study of the installation, re-installation and insertion of the stones at these two sites situate the Antequeran...
Article
Full-text available
Neandertal cave art It has been suggested that Neandertals, as well as modern humans, may have painted caves. Hoffmann et al. used uranium-thorium dating of carbonate crusts to show that cave paintings from three different sites in Spain must be older than 64,000 years. These paintings are the oldest dated cave paintings in the world. Importantly,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumen: En este trabajo presentamos los resultados del estudio preliminar del conjunto de 'arte megalítico' y plástica encontrados en el tholos de Montelirio. Por su conservación inusualmente buena, y por los originales elementos que lo integran, este conjunto conforma una colección única. En primer lugar se describen tales elementos, entre los qu...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture frst reached the Iberian Peninsula around 5700 BCE. However, little is known about the genetic structure and changes of prehistoric populations in diferent geographic areas of Iberia. In our study, we focus on the maternal genetic makeup of the Neolithic (~ 5500–3000 BCE), Chalcolithic (~ 3000–2200 BCE) and Early Bronze Age (~ 2200–1500...
Article
Full-text available
Establecemos por costumbre una diferencia funcional entre lo cotidiano y lo religioso en el comportamiento de la humanidad paleolítica, y eso no es más que un artificio actualista. Distinguimos ambas formas que son parte de un solo comportamiento humano, como expresión de una conducta con variantes. Intentamos aquí reflexionar sobre la ausencia de...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and objectives: Although the Iberian Peninsula is a key area for understanding the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and the demise of the Neandertals, valuable evidence for these debates remains scarce and problematic in its interior regions. Sparse data supporting a late Neandertal persistence in the Iberian interior have been...
Data
Supporting tables on micromorphology and archeozoology and taphonomy. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: En este trabajo presentamos los resultados del estudio preliminar del conjunto de 'arte megalítico' y plástica encontrados en el tholos de Montelirio. Por su conservación inusualmente buena, y por los originales elementos que lo integran, este conjunto conforma una colección única. En primer lugar se describen tales elementos, entre los qu...