Robin J Wilson

Robin J Wilson
McMaster University | McMaster · Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences

Ph.D., ABPP

About

76
Publications
108,935
Reads
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1,926
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2005 - January 2013
Humber College
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 1997 - August 2005
Correctional Service of Canada
Position
  • Chief Psychologist
Education
September 1991 - January 1996
University of Toronto
Field of study
  • Applied Cognitive Science
June 1990 - May 1991
University of Toronto
Field of study
  • Counselling Psychology
September 1989 - June 1991
George Brown College
Field of study
  • Human Services Counselling

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
Contemporary data from the United States show that rates of sexual offending and reoffending have been in steady decline for decades. Nonetheless, nonprofessionals continue to view sexual violence as a community safety issue fraught with risk and uncertainty. The past 30 years have been witness to considerable research and practice in the assessmen...
Article
This chapter focuses on the community dynamic risk management of individuals convicted of sexual offenses. It surveys public perceptions of sexual violence, because how citizens feel about their safety often drives political and legislative agendas. The chapter critically reviews the most common outcomes of those legislative agendas—measures instit...
Article
This chapter focuses on responsive treatment options for male adults who have sexually offended. It begins with commentary regarding the processes of getting men into treatment and having them stay there, which includes consideration of what types of therapists are most likely to succeed, under what circumstances. The chapter reviews the processes...
Chapter
As recently as 30 years ago, assessments of sexual offender reoffense potential were offered by “experts” relying on clinical judgments fraught with subjectivity. In the wake of damning research showing that such ratings were often no better than chance in predicting outcome, mechanical processes were developed to increase objectivity, known as act...
Chapter
In spite of credible evidence to the contrary, a perspective remains that sexual violence remains a problem out of control. The past 30 years have seen advances in the assessment, treatment, and risk management of sex offenders, and government-reported rates of reoffending are at all-time lows. Central to these gains is the idea that interventions...
Chapter
Not all people who engage in sexual violence do so for the same reasons. It appears that some people do so as a consequence of significant social and personal dysfunction, leading to decreased general and sexual self-regulation including poor interpersonal boundaries. There are, however, some people who engage in sexually offensive behavior because...
Chapter
Ask yourself: How many people are there in your daily life who are not paid to be there? Now ask yourself, " How successful am I as a person, lover, spouse (maybe), a parent, a friend, or a member of an extended family? " These two questions are almost inextricably related, right? The fi rst you may recognize as a question similar to one found in m...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Restorative justice (RJ) encompasses a range of processes, programs, practices, and policies as well as a philosophical perspective that offers a new approach to addressing the problem of sexual and gender-based misconduct on college campuses. A restorative approach is responsive to individual incidents of misconduct as well as to the broader cultu...
Article
Full-text available
Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the "Content") contained in the publications on our platform. However, Taylor & Francis, our...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Professionals providing treatment, supervision, and management to adult persons who have sexually offended recognize the unique needs of those individuals who have concomitant intellectual disabilities and problematic sexual behaviors (IDPSB). Problematic sexual behaviors are defined in this context as sexually offensive conduct that places either...
Chapter
There are few, if any, communities anywhere in the world that are unconcerned about the potential for renewed harm posed by people who have engaged in sexual abuse. A quick glance at any newspaper will confirm that this topic inspires a lot of strongly emotional rhetoric. Indeed, people who have engaged in sexual abuse appear to be one of the very...
Chapter
Providing evidence-based interventions to persons who have sexually offended can be a challenging enterprise at the best of times. Any difficulties encountered are exacerbated further when clients presenting for treatment demonstrate significant treatment-interfering factors (e.g., problem-solving skills deficits, impulsivity, lack of motivation, n...
Article
Full-text available
The actions and consequences of sexual offenders continue to be a topic of great discussion among researchers, clinicians, policymakers, and the community-at-large. Much of this discussion has centered on how offenders should be managed once released to the community. Legislatures have been quick to enact statutes identifying and limiting the commu...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes the first 10 years of the implementation of Circles of Support and Accountability (Circles) in the management of sexual offenders in South-East England by Circles South East (CSE). The Circles of 71 core members are reviewed in detail, with reference to demographic data, offense and sentencing histories, risk assessment data,...
Article
Full-text available
There is little consistency in policies concerning incentives for offenders to participate in research. With nonoffenders, incen-tives are routine; in contrast, many jurisdictions and granting agencies prohibit offenders from receiving any external benefits. The reasons for this prohibition are unclear. Consequently, the authors reviewed the ethica...
Article
Full-text available
At its most fundamental structural level, treatment for people who sexually offend has inherently paradoxical elements. These involve questions about efficacy, the balance of community safety and client autonomy and responsibility for meaningful change. These elements can create further forms of paradoxical and double-bind communication within the...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual offender civil commitment (SOCC) continues to be a popular means of managing risk to the community in many U.S. jurisdictions. Most SOCC states report few releases, due in large part to the reluctance of the courts to release sexually violent persons/predators (SVPs). Contemporary risk prediction methods require suitable comparison groups, i...
Chapter
Full-text available
In an effort to protect citizens from sexual assault, many jurisdictions have instituted measures such as public notification, involuntary commitment, electronic tracking, and intensive supervision. Many of these measures are based on restricting offenders’ activities or making the public aware of their whereabouts. Over thirty states in the United...
Article
Full-text available
One hundred thirty child sexual abusers were diagnosed using each of following four methods: (a) phallometric testing, (b) strict application of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text revision [DSM-IV-TR]) criteria, (c) Rapid Risk Assessment of Sex Offender Recidivism (RRASOR) scores, and (d) "expert" diagnoses rendere...
Article
Full-text available
Measuring risk to recidivate in populations of sexual offenders has always been a contentious and complicated process. Whereas predictions of reoffense risk were once offered by clinicians using "unstructured clinical judgment," the research literature has clearly shown that the accuracy of such methods often fails to meet even chance levels. Conse...
Article
Full-text available
Discussion continues as to how best to assess risk for sexual reoffense. The Static-99/Static-99R is currently the most commonly used actuarial measure of sexual offense risk potential. Its prolific use in sexual offender civil commitment proceedings, which are highly contentious in and of themselves, has generated healthy debate as to its relative...
Article
Full-text available
The true nature of the roles played by denial and minimization in both sexual offender treatment and recidivism continue to vex researchers and practitioners. Some limited research exists regarding the role that denial might play in certain subgroups of offend-ers; however, meta-analytic findings suggest that neither construct assists in predicting...
Chapter
Full-text available
􀀗􀂊􀂇The Risk/Needs/Responsivity model has proliferated throughout correctional treatment and has also greatly influenced programming for persons who have sexually offended. The Responsivity Principle decrees that effective interventions will attend to client-based concerns and idiosyncrasies; particularly, regarding such variables as cognitive abili...
Chapter
Full-text available
Originally an ad hoc response to a difficult scenario in which a high-risk sexual offender was released to an angry community, the Circles of Support & Accountability (COSA) model has grown significantly from its humble Canadian Mennonite beginnings. Now, some 16 years later, projects are established throughout Canada, and fledgling projects have s...
Article
Full-text available
Circles of Support & Accountability (COSA) started 15 years ago in Ontario, Canada, as an alternate means of social support to high-risk sexual offenders released at the end of their sentences without any community supervision. The pilot project in South-Central Ontario has since assisted almost 200 offenders. Projects based on this model are now i...
Article
Full-text available
The effective risk management of sexual offenders is arguably one of the most contentious social issues of our day. The community is justifiably outraged by what it perceives to be a failure of correctional and mental health practitioners to demonstrate that rehabilitative and supervisory methods promote public safety. Those who treat offenders and...
Article
Full-text available
Ce rapport est également disponible en français. Pour en obtenir un exemplaire, veuillez vous adresser à la Direction de la recherche, Service correctionnel du Canada, 340, avenue Laurier Ouest, Ottawa (Ontario) K1A 0P9.
Article
Full-text available
Political and community focus on crime and deviance has grown exponentially over the past quarter century. Similarly, it appears that scientific inquiry into these matters has also increased; however, there seems to be something of a disconnect between these two camps. Some Western governments are well known for their "get tough on crime" agendas,...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual offenders are unwelcome in virtually every community. The mere thought that such a person might possibly move to one's community inflames negative public sentiment beyond seemingly every other contemporary social issue. Until recently, some released sexual offenders in Florida were living under bridges. Now, they have been evicted from even...
Article
Full-text available
This study represents an examination of recidivism rates associated with the pilot project of Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) in South-Central Ontario, Canada. A group of 60 high-risk sexual offenders involved in COSA after having been released at the end of their sentence were matched to a group of 60 high-risk sexual offenders who ha...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents evaluation data from the Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) pilot project in South-Central Ontario, Canada – specifically regarding the effect that COSA has had on the community and those personally involved in the project. Results suggest that the COSA initiative has had a profound effect on all stakeholders: offender...
Technical Report
Full-text available
More than 12 years ago, a group of concerned citizens formed a community-based support group for a recently-released, high-risk sexual offender. This community action was later formalized as Circles of Support & Accountability (COSA), a project stewarded by the Mennonite Central Committee of Ontario and sponsored in part by the Correctional Service...
Article
The release to the community of a sexual offender is frequently accompanied by intense coverage in the news media. Too often, the type of coverage these releases receive serves only to force many offenders into hiding or out of one community and into another. Forced to move to another community, the scapegoating process starts all over again. It is...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment experiences have been regarded as significant by researchers and clinicians attempting to explain the etiology of sexual offending. Although initial studies have revealed some promising evidence, there are a number of theoretical and methodological problems with this preliminary body of work. While addressing these limitations, the goal...
Article
Full-text available
Many believe that offenders are involved in criminal activities because they make poor decisions. Accordingly, problem-solving skills programmes have been delivered to literally thousands of offenders on both sides of the Atlantic. In ‘Evaluating evidence for the effectiveness of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Programme’ (Wilkinson 2005), the aut...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The latter part of the 20th Century was witness to considerable renewed interest in restorative approaches to crime and offender management. Ironically, professional interest in restoration increased as the public’s cries for more punitive measures rang out loud and clear. Politically, such measures as detention, specialized peace bonds, registries...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in motivational levels occurring during various stages of treatment (institutional and community) were measured among 101 federally sentenced sexual offenders in the Ontario region. Motivation was conceptualized as a dynamic process that can be construed from behavioral referents and more global evaluations of internal features/readiness/ps...
Article
Full-text available
As many jurisdictions move towards more retributive measures as a means to address public discontent with crime, a parallel movement has developed in regard to restorative justice. This article presents three restorative initiatives currently in use in Canada. Each initiative addresses offender behavior and community engagement at a different point...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of cognitive–behavioral interventions was assessed for 28 low–moderate risk and 20 high-risk sexual offenders on conditional release to the Greater Toronto Area. Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS—T. Hogue, 1994) for sexual offenders was used to rate clinical and motivational elements of treatment taken from reports written at pretreatment, po...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of cognitive-behavioral interventions was assessed for 28 low-moderate risk and 20 high-risk sexual offenders on conditional release to the Greater Toronto Area. Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS—T. Hogue, 1994) for sexual offenders was used to rate clinical and motivational elements of treatment taken from reports written at pretreatment, po...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the increasing difficulties faced in community-based management of sexual offenders in Canada. Those of-fenders at particularly high-risk to re-offend (e.g., sadistic rapists and se-rial child molesters) often receive indeterminate sentences, and are rarely released to the community prior to death or incapacitating illness. How...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes a community-based sexual offender management protocol combining parole supervision and relapse prevention treatment. Outcome data are presented regarding the community-based maintenance of 107 sexual offenders released to the Central Ontario District (Toronto) over an eight year period. Overall rates of 21.0% for general reof...
Article
Full-text available
The tendency of some sexual offenders against children to display an exaggerated cognitive and emotional affiliation with childhood has been labeled emotional congruence by Finkelhor (1984) and as overidentification with childhood by others. This study consisted of an evaluation of emotional congruence in 194 men—homosexual and heterosexual pedophi...
Article
Full-text available
Breathing and finger pulse rates were investigated as potential indicators of faking in a phallometric test procedure. Forty-nine heterosexual male university students with no admitted or documented history of sexual deviance were divided into two groups and administered a standard phallometric test for age and gender preference according to the fo...
Article
Full-text available
An assessment is presented that examines a number of prominent factors from the professional literature describing the background and clinical characteristics of paraphilic individuals and sex offenders. The factors include sexual history and preference, substance abuse, mental illness, personality and defensiveness, history of violence, neuropsych...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive group counselling was employed with two populations of sexual offenders against children, one in a psychiatric setting, the other in a correctional institution. Both groups were assessed pre- and post-treatment using a psychometric package, which included the Sexual Myths (SM) subscale of the Sexual Knowledge and Attitude Test (SKAT), the...
Article
The transitions between multiple caregivers, and to sleep, were observed in a male toddler of separated parents. Transitions between five caregivers were rated on a five‐point Likert‐type scale as to affect displayed by the toddler. An analogous scale was used to rate the toddler's affect at the time he was going to bed. Results indicate that trans...
Article
Full-text available
A hypothetical connection between gender identity disorder and courtship disorder was investigated in 274 heterosexual male patients of the following types: nontransvestic fetishists for female attire; transvestic fetishists; patients with gender identity disorder of adolescence and adulthood, nontranssexual type; and transsexuals. Of these patient...
Article
Full-text available
Previous investigations have indicated that the ratio of sex offenders against female children vs. offenders against male children is approximately 2:1, while the ratio of gynephiles to androphiles among the general population is approximately 20:1. The present study investigated whether the etiology of preferred partner sex among pedophiles is rel...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research and clinical impression indicate two possible predictors of gynephilic preference among offenders against female children: (1) the occurrence of the offense within a father‐daughter (or stepdaughter) relationship, and (2) victimization of only one child. Validation of these putative predictors was by phallometric test results of a...
Article
Full-text available
The specificity and sensitivity of the phallometric test of an erotic preference for minors (V. Quinsey et al; see record 1975-21378-001) was assessed. The specificity was determined to be 96.9% if using a group of sex offenders against female adults and 80.6% if using a group of paid volunteers. Test results of 27 sex offenders against at least 2...
Article
Full-text available
Biological and stepfathers who committed incestuous acts on their daughters were compared on sexual history and preference and on personality, using the Phallometric Test of Erotic Preference (Freund & Blanchard, 1989), the Clarke Sex History Questionnaire (Langevin, et al, 1990), and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). The case...
Article
Full-text available
The rationale for dividing the clinical spectrum of DSM-III-R male heterosexual gender identity disorder into three types was examined. The DSM-III-R category of fetishism for female attire, was included in the analysis. There were 266 male participants divided into three groups: 172 fetishists for female attire or gender identity patients, 52 andr...
Article
Five groups of males were compared on penile volume changes elicited from viewing short movie strips and slides of nude children and adults of both genders. Subject groups were sex offenders against adult females, volunteer controls who erotically preferred adult females, volunteer controls who erotically preferred adult males, heterosexual pedophi...
Article
Full-text available
Biological and stepfathers who committed incestuous acts on their daughters were compared on sexual history and preference and on personality, using the Phallometric Test of Erotic Preference (Freund & Blanchard, 1989), the Clarke Sex History Questionnaire (Langevin, et al, 1990), and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). The case...
Article
Full-text available
The rationale for dividing the clinical spectrum of DSM-III-R male heterosexual gender identity disorder into three types was examined. The DSM-III-R category of fetishism for female attire, was included in the analysis. There were 266 male participants divided into three groups: 172 fetishists for female attire or gender identity patients, 52 andr...
Article
Full-text available
The courtship disorder hypothesis maintains that voyeurism, exhibitionism, toucheurism‐frotteurism, and the preferential rape pattern are expressions of the same disorder (courtship disorder). Earlier studies had shown that with the exception of the preferential rape pattern these paraphilias co‐occur to a reasonably high degree. The present study...
Article
Full-text available
The reliability of the notion that pedophilia is caused by sexual abuse in childhood was explored by examining retrospective self-reports of 344 males. Included in the study were 77 heterosexual pedophiles, 54 homosexual pedophiles, 51 nonpedophilic sex offenders against children, 36 sex offenders against physically mature females, 75 heterosexual...
Article
Full-text available
Heterosexual and homosexual males who erotically preferred physically mature partners were compared with respect to the erotic impact of the nonpreferred age groups (of the preferred gender) and the nonpreferred gender. Erotic impact was assessed by phallometric test of erotic gender and age preferences. This measures penile volume changes during t...
Article
Full-text available
Self-reports about patterns of sexual behavior among voyeurs and exhibitionists were examined. Some of their reported experiences were compared with those of other sex offenders and community controls. Four hundred and thirty-seven patients, 92 university student controls and 35 controls with a lower educational level were examined. The self-report...
Article
Full-text available
Self-reports about patterns of sexual behavior among voyeurs and exhibitionists were examined. Some of their reported experiences were compared with those of other sex offenders and community controls. Four hundred and thirty-seven patients, 92 university student controls and 35 controls with a lower educational level were examined. The self-report...
Article
The first part of the study tested the validity of the conjecture that three particular patterns, occurring in phallometric results, are signs of feigning. In all three cases the outcome supported this conjecture. Part Two showed that feigning a spurious preference for sex (gender) of partner is more difficult than feigning a spurious preference in...
Article
Male sex offenders against minors were grouped according to age and sex of victims, and according to whether they had offended against one or more than one minor. Cases of incest or courtship disorder were not included in the study. Among offenders against female children, the number of one-case offenders was substantially larger than that of multi...
Article
Full-text available
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Toronto, 1996. Includes bibliographical references (p. 118-127). Photocopy. s

Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
A good lives oriented exercise book. Not a curriculum in and of itself, but a collection of activities aimed at helping clients better understand each GLM life goal. Written in collaboration with staff of Peel Behavioural Services in Mississauga, ON, Canada.