# Robin SteinigewegUniversität Osnabrück | UOS · Theoretical Physics and Computaional Physics

Robin Steinigeweg

PhD

## About

63

Publications

2,244

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1,815

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Introduction

Robin Steinigeweg currently works at the Physics Department of the University Osnabrück.

Additional affiliations

August 2020 - present

October 2015 - August 2020

September 2012 - October 2015

**Technical University Braunschweig**

Position

- Lecturer

Description

- Mathematical Methods in Physics I (2015/2016), Visualization I+II (2014/2015), Visualization II (2014), Modern Physics (2014), Visualization I (2013/2014), Modern Physics (2013), Mathematical Methods in Physics I (2012/2013)

Education

June 2005 - August 2008

October 2000 - April 2005

## Publications

Publications (63)

The eigenstate thermalization hypothesis explains the emergence of the thermodynamic equilibrium in isolated quantum many-body systems by assuming a particular structure of the observable's matrix elements in the energy eigenbasis. Schematically, it postulates that off-diagonal matrix elements are random numbers and the observables can be described...

Understanding how the dynamics of a given quantum system with many degrees of freedom is altered by the presence of a generic perturbation is a notoriously difficult question. Recent works predict that, in the overwhelming majority of cases, the unperturbed dynamics is just damped by a simple function, e.g., exponentially as expected from Fermi's g...

We present a comprehensive comparison of spin and energy dynamics in quantum and classical spin models on different geometries, ranging from one-dimensional chains, over quasi-one-dimensional ladders, to two-dimensional square lattices. Focusing on dynamics at formally infinite temperature, we particularly consider the autocorrelation functions of...

Over the last decade impressive progress has been made in the theoretical understanding of transport properties of clean, one-dimensional quantum lattice systems. Many physically relevant models in one dimension are Bethe-ansatz integrable, including the anisotropic spin-1/2 Heisenberg (also called the spin-1/2 XXZ chain) and the Fermi-Hubbard mode...

Using numerical exact diagonalization, we study matrix elements of a local spin operator in the eigenbasis of two different nonintegrable quantum spin chains. Our emphasis is on the question to what extent local operators can be represented as random matrices and, in particular, to what extent matrix elements can be considered as uncorrelated. As a...

The presence of flat bands is a source of localization in lattice systems. While flat bands are often unstable with respect to interactions between the particles, they can persist in certain cases. We consider a diamond ladder with transverse hopping that possesses such stable flat bands and show that many-body localization appears in the presence...

We study quantum quenches in the transverse-field Ising model defined on different lattice geometries such as chains, two- and three-leg ladders, and two-dimensional square lattices. Starting from fully polarized initial states, we consider the dynamics of the transverse and the longitudinal magnetization for quenches to weak, strong, and critical...

We consider two mutually interacting fermionic particle species on a one-dimensional lattice and study how the mass ratio η between the two species affects the (equilibration) dynamics of the particles. Focusing on the regime of strong interactions and high temperatures, two well-studied points of reference are given by (i) the case of equal masses...

Loosely speaking, the concept of quantum typicality refers to the fact that a single pure state can imitate the full statistical ensemble. This fact has given rise to a rather simple but remarkably useful numerical approach to simulate the dynamics of quantum many-body systems, called dynamical quantum typicality (DQT). In this paper, we give a bri...

According to the concept of typicality, an ensemble average can be accurately approximated by an expectation value with respect to a single pure state drawn at random from a high-dimensional Hilbert space. This random-vector approximation, or trace estimator, provides a powerful approach to, e.g., thermodynamic quantities for systems with large Hil...

Typicality of the orthogonal dynamics (TOD) is established as a generic feature of temporal relaxation processes in isolated many-body quantum systems. The basic idea in the simplest case is that the transient non-equilibrium behavior is mainly governed by the component of the time-evolved system state parallel to the initial state, while the ortho...

The real-time dynamics of equal-site correlation functions is studied for one-dimensional spin models with quenched disorder. Focusing on infinite temperature, we present a comparison between the dynamics of models with different quantum numbers S=1/2,1,3/2, as well as of chains consisting of classical spins. Based on this comparison as well as by...

We study trace estimators for equilibrium thermodynamic observables that rely on the idea of typicality and derivatives thereof such as the finite-temperature Lanczos method (FTLM). As numerical examples quantum spin systems are studied. Our initial aim was to identify pathological examples or circumstances, such as strong frustration or unusual de...

We study spin transport in the one-dimensional anisotropic S = 1 Heisenberg model. Particular emphasis is given to dynamics at infinite temperature, where current autocorrelations and spatio-temporal correlation functions are obtained by means of an efficient pure-state approach based on the concept of typicality. Our comprehensive numerical analys...

Given a quantum many-body system and the expectation-value dynamics of some operator, we study how this reference dynamics is altered due to a perturbation of the system's Hamiltonian. Based on projection operator techniques, we unveil that if the perturbation exhibits a random-matrix structure in the eigenbasis of the unperturbed Hamiltonian, then...

The eigenstate thermalization hypothesis (ETH) and the theory of linear response (LRT) are celebrated cornerstones of our understanding of the physics of many-body quantum systems out of equilibrium. While the ETH provides a generic mechanism of thermalization for states arbitrarily far from equilibrium, LRT extends the successful concepts of stati...

We consider a realistic nonequilibrium protocol, where a quantum system in thermal equilibrium is suddenly subjected to an external force. Due to this force, the system is driven out of equilibrium and the expectation values of certain observables acquire a dependence on time. Eventually, upon switching off the external force, the system unitarily...

The dynamics of magnetization and energy densities are studied in the two-leg spin-1/2 ladder. Using an efficient pure-state approach based on the concept of typicality, we calculate spatio-temporal correlation functions for large systems with up to 40 lattice sites. In addition, two subsequent Fourier transforms from real to momentum space as well...

We demonstrate that numerical linked cluster expansions (NLCE) yield a powerful approach to calculate time-dependent correlation functions for quantum many-body systems in one dimension. As a paradigmatic example, we study the dynamics of the spin current in the spin-1/2 XXZ chain for different values of anisotropy, as well as in the presence of an...

Linear response theory (LRT) is one of the main approaches to the dynamics of quantum many-body systems. However, this approach has limitations and requires, e.g., that the initial state is (i) mixed and (ii) close to equilibrium. In this paper, we discuss these limitations and study the nonequilibrium dynamics for a certain class of properly prepa...

We study the real-time dynamics of local occupation numbers in a one-dimensional model of spinless fermions with a random on-site potential for a certain class of initial states. The latter are thermal (mixed or pure) states of the model in the presence of an additional static force but become nonequilibrium states after a sudden removal of this st...

For a class of typical states, the real-time and real-space dynamics of non-equilibrium density profiles has been recently studied for integrable models, i.e. the spin-1/2 XXZ chain [PRB 95, 035155 (2017)] and the Fermi-Hubbard chain [PRE 96, 020105 (2017)]. It has been found that the non-equilibrium dynamics agrees with linear response theory. Mor...

We consider all pure or mixed states of a quantum many-body system which exhibit the same, arbitrary but fixed measurement outcome statistics for several commuting observables. Taking those states as initial conditions, which are then propagated by the pertinent Schrödinger or von Neumann equation up to some later time point, and invoking a few add...

We comment on: E. Iyoda, K. Kaneko, and T. Sagawa, "Fluctuation Theorem for Many-Body Pure Quantum States", Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 100601 (2017).

We consider closed quantum systems (into which baths may be integrated) that are driven, i.e., subject to time-dependent Hamiltonians. Our point of departure is the assumption that, if systems start in microcanonical states at some initial energies, the resulting probability distributions of work may be largely independent of the specific initial e...

We study the real-time and real-space dynamics of charge in the one-dimensional Hubbard model in the limit of high temperatures. To this end, we prepare pure initial states with sharply peaked density profiles and calculate the time evolution of these nonequilibrium states, by using numerical forward-propagation approaches to chains as long as 20 s...

We investigate real-space localization in the few-particle regime of the XXZ spin-$1/2$ chain with a random magnetic field. Our investigation focuses on the time evolution of the spatial variance of non-equilibrium densities, as resulting for a specific class of initial states, namely, pure product states of domain-wall type. Varying the strength o...

The real-time broadening of density profiles starting from non-equilibrium states is at the center of transport in condensed-matter systems and dynamics in ultracold atomic gases. Initial profiles close to equilibrium are expected to evolve according to linear response, e.g., as given by the current correlator evaluated exactly at equilibrium. Sign...

We study the frequency dependence of the optical conductivity $\text{Re} \, \sigma(\omega)$ of the Heisenberg spin-$1/2$ chain in the thermal and near the transition to the many-body localized phase induced by the strength of a random $z$-directed magnetic field. Using the method of dynamical quantum typicality, we calculate the real-time dynamics...

Since the first suggestion of the Jarzynski equality many derivations of this equality have been presented in both, the classical and the quantum context. While the approaches and settings greatly differ from one to another, they all appear to rely on the initial state being a thermal Gibbs state. Here, we present an investigation of work distribut...

We investigate the Heisenberg-Kitaev chain in order to uncover the interplay
between two qualitatively different integrable points in the physics of heat
transport in one-dimensional spin liquids. Based on linear response theory and
analytical as well as numerical approaches, we explore several directions in
parameter space including exchange-coupl...

We investigate the heat conductivity $\kappa$ of the Heisenberg spin-1/2
ladder at finite temperature covering the entire range of inter-chain coupling
$J_\perp$, by using several numerical methods and perturbation theory within
the framework of linear response. We unveil that a perturbative prediction
$\kappa \propto J_\perp^{-2}$, based on simple...

We study the charge conductivity of the one-dimensional repulsive Hubbard
model at finite temperature using the method of dynamical quantum typicality,
focusing at half filling. This numerical approach allows us to obtain current
autocorrelation functions from systems with as many as 18 sites, way beyond the
range of standard exact diagonalization....

We use the concept of typicality to study the real-time dynamics of spin and energy currents in spin-1/2 models in one dimension and at nonzero temperatures. These chains are the integrable XXZ chain and a nonintegrable modification due to the presence of a staggered magnetic field oriented in z direction. In the framework of linear response theory...

We study the finite temperature, low energy, long wave-length spectrum of the dynamic structure factor of the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain in the presence of exchange anisotropy and external magnetic fields. Using imaginary-time quantum Monte-Carlo we extract parameters, relevant to characterize a renormalized Luttinger liquid. For s...

We study the validity of the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis (ETH) and
its role for the occurrence of initial-state independent (ISI) equilibration in
closed quantum many-body systems. Using the concept of dynamical typicality, we
present an extensive numerical analysis of energy exchange in integrable and
nonintegrable spin-1/2 systems of lar...

We study the dynamics of spin currents in the XX spin-1/2 ladder at finite temperature. Within the framework of linear response theory, we numerically calculate autocorrelation functions for quantum systems larger than what is accessible with exact diagonalization using the concept of dynamical quantum typicality. We show that spin Drude weights va...

In the ongoing discussion on thermalization in closed quantum many-body systems, the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis has recently been proposed as a universal concept and has attracted considerable attention. So far this concept is, as the name states, hypothetical. The majority of attempts to overcome this hypothetical character are based on...

We consider sequences of measurements implemented by positive operator valued measures (POVMs). Starting from the assumption that these sequences may be described as consistent and Markovian, even and especially for closed quantum systems, we identify properties of the equilibrium state that coincide with the properties of typical pure quantum stat...

We demonstrate that the concept of quantum typicality allows for significant progress in the study of real-time spin dynamics and transport in quantum magnets. To this end, we present a numerical analysis of the spin-current autocorrelation function of the antiferromagnetic and anisotropic spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain as inferred from propagating only...

The Burnett coefficient B is investigated for transport in one-dimensional quantum many-body systems. Extensive numerical computations in spin-1/2 chains suggest a linear growth with time, B(t)∼t, for nonintegrable chains exhibiting diffusive transport. For integrable spin chains in the metallic regime, on the other hand, we find a cubic growth wit...

The thermalization phenomenon and many-body quantum statistical properties are studied on the example of several observables in isolated spin-chain systems, both integrable and generic nonintegrable. While diagonal matrix elements for nonintegrable models comply with the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis, the integrable systems show evident devi...

We study the finite-temperature dynamical spin susceptibility of the
one-dimensional (generalized) anisotropic Heisenberg model within the
hydrodynamic regime of small wave vectors and frequencies. Numerical results
are analyzed using the memory function formalism with the central quantity
being the spin-current decay rate gamma(q,omega). It is sho...

We study the finite-momentum spin dynamics in the one-dimensional XXZ spin
chain within the Ising-type regime at high temperatures using density
autocorrelations within linear response theory and real-time propagation of
nonequilibrium densities. While for the nonintegrable model results are well
consistent with normal diffusion, the finite-size in...

The transport of magnetization is analyzed for the classical Heisenberg chain
at and especially above the isotropic point. To this end, the Hamiltonian
equations of motion are solved numerically for initial states realizing
harmonic-like magnetization profiles of small amplitude and with random phases.
Above the isotropic point, the resulting dynam...

We investigate the role of momentum for the transport of magnetization in the spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain above the isotropic point at finite temperature and momentum. Using numerical and analytical approaches, we analyze the autocorrelations of density and current and observe a finite region of the Brillouin zone with diffusive dynamics below a cuto...

The decay of current autocorrelation functions is investigated for quantum systems featuring strong interactions. Here the term "interaction" refers to that part of the Hamiltonian causing the (major) decay of the current. On the time scale before the (first) zero crossing of the current, its relaxation is shown to be well described by a suitable p...

We address the coherence of the dynamics of spin-currents with components transverse to an external magnetic field for the spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain. We study current autocorrelations at finite temperatures and the real-time dynamics of currents at zero temperature. Besides a coherent Larmor oscillation, we find an additional collective oscillation...

Single-particle transport in disordered potentials is investigated at scales below the localization length. The dynamics at those scales is concretely analyzed for the three-dimensional Anderson model with Gaussian on-site disorder. This analysis particularly includes the dependence of characteristic transport quantities on the amount of disorder a...

Spin transport in the anisotropic Heisenberg chain is typically investigated theoretically with respect to the finiteness of transport coefficients only. Assuming their finiteness at high temperatures, we develop a concrete quantitative picture of the diffusion constant/(dc-)conductivity as a function of both the anisotropy parameter Δ and the spin...

We aim at deriving an equation of motion for specific sums of momentum mode occupation numbers from models for electrons in periodic lattices experiencing elastic scattering, electron-phonon scattering, or electron-electron scattering. These sums correspond to "grains" in momentum space. This equation of motion is supposed to involve only a moderat...

We investigate a single particle on a 3-dimensional, cubic lattice with a random on-site potential (3D Anderson model). We concretely address the question whether or not the dynamics of the particle is in full accord with the diffusion equation. Our approach is based on the time-convolutionless (TCL) projection operator technique and allows for a d...

We investigate transport in several translationally invariant spin-1/2 chains in the limit of high temperatures. We concretely consider spin transport in the anisotropic Heisenberg chain, the pure Heisenberg chain within an alternating field, and energy transport in an Ising chain which is exposed to a tilted field. Our approach is essentially base...

We consider the increase of the spatial variance of some inhomogeneous, non-equilibrium density (particles, energy, etc.) in a periodic quantum system of condensed-matter type. This is done for a certain class of initial quantum states which is supported by static linear response and typicality arguments. We directly relate the broadening to some c...

We investigate the transport of a single excitation through a chain of weakly coupled subunits. At both ends the chain is exposed to baths which are incorporated by means of a master equation in Lindblad form. This master equation is solved by the use of stochastic unraveling in order to obtain excitation profile and current in the steady state. Co...

We discuss the time-convolutionless (TCL) projection operator approach to transport in closed quantum systems. The projection
onto local densities of quantities such as energy, magnetization, particle number, etc.yields the reduced dynamics of the
respective quantities in terms of a systematic perturbation expansion. In particular, the lowest order...

We investigate certain classes of integrable classical or quantum spin systems. The first class is characterized by the recursively defined property $P$ saying that the spin system consists of a single spin or can be decomposed into two uniformly coupled or disjoint subsystems with property $P$. For these systems the time evolution can be explicite...

We investigate the occurrence of exponential relaxation in a certain class of closed, finite systems on the basis of a time-convolutionless projection operator expansion for a specific class of initial states with vanishing inhomogeneity. It turns out that exponential behavior is to be expected only if the leading order predicts the standard separa...

The time-convolutionless (TCL) projection operator technique allows a systematic analysis of the dynamical properties of open
quantum systems. Unfortunately, using the standard projector to investigate the decay to equilibrium fails to describe the
dynamics of a small system coupled to a finite environment correctly.
However, a recently introduced...

The transport of excitation probabilities amongst weakly coupled subunits is investigated for a class of finite quantum systems. It is demonstrated that the dynamical behavior of the transported quantity depends on the considered length scale; e.g., the introduced distinction between diffusive and ballistic transport appears to be a scale-dependent...

We investigate the transport of energy, magnetization, etc. in
several finite one-dimensional (1D) quantum systems only by solving
the corresponding time-dependent Schrödinger equation. We
explicitly renounce any other transport analysis technique.
Varying model parameters we find a sharp transition from non-normal
to normal transport and a transit...

We suggest a numerical integration procedure for solving the equations of motion of certain classical spin systems which preserves the underlying symplectic structure of the phase space. Such symplectic integrators have been successfully utilized for other Hamiltonian systems, e.g., for molecular dynamics or non-linear wave equations. Our procedure...

The Kubo formula describes a current as a response to an external field.
In the case of heat conduction there is no such external field. We
analyze why and to what extent it is nevertheless justified to describe
heat conduction in modular quantum systems by the Kubo formula. We call
systems “modular” that may be described as consisting of
weakly co...