Robin Kowalski

Robin Kowalski
Clemson University | CU · Department of Psychology

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79
Publications
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Publications

Publications (79)
Article
In this article, we review research examining cyberbullying via social media among youth and adults and the relationship such behavior has with well-being. We report on several possible predictors of cyberbullying via social media, including indiscreet posting, time spent on social media, and personality traits. We also highlight possible negative...
Article
Existing research on cyberbullying has primarily focused on adolescents in cross‐sectional survey studies, with less research focusing on college students or employed adults over longer periods of time. To extend this literature, the current study examined new predictors and outcomes of cyberbullying perpetration (CP) and victimization (CV) among c...
Article
Full-text available
A serious information gap exists between current practices to address threats of violence in pre-K-12 school settings in the USA and research on school climate and best practices in violence prevention. This article explores the nature and extent of gun violence on American school campuses and examines responses by school administrators and policym...
Article
Despite the research attention that has been paid to the public and self-stigma of mental illness, much less attention has been given to stigma and physical disabilities, particularly compared with psychological disabilities. Participants were 243 workers on Amazon’s Mechanical Turk, an online crowd-sourcing tool, who completed measures of public s...
Article
Cyberbullying has received increasing attention in recent years. However, the majority of this research has focused on children in middle school and on neurotypical youth, to the omission of people with disabilities. The current study, however, examines cyberbullying as it occurs among college students with and without disabilities. Two hundred fiv...
Chapter
Bullying among youth is a relatively widespread problem as estimates at the number of youth affected in the USA suggest that nearly 14.6 million youth may experience traditional bullying and 6.2 million may experience cyberbullying as either a victim or perpetrator. Traditional bullying and cyberbullying share many features in common, and research...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cyberbullying refers to bullying that occurs through the Internet or text messaging. Understanding the nature of cyberbullying and its implications has become an important issue in society. In an attempt to assist with intervention and prevention efforts, the development of computational systems for detecting acts of cyberbullying has become a comm...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies suggest the loss of a loved one is a common experience among college students. This paper draws from 2 independent but complementary studies to (a) update statistics regarding the scale of student grieving, (b) characterize the short and long term consequences of loss among college students, and (c) identify factors that deter grie...
Article
Recent years have witnessed a surge of research on cyberbullying. In this article, three studies examined prevalence rates of cyberbullying among college-age students, venues through which cyberbullying occurs, with a particular focus on social media, and perceptions of cyberbullying as a function of features of the target (e.g., peer, celebrity, g...
Article
ABSTRACT This study investigated predictors of within-gender secret telling. Eighty-eight participants were exposed to either a 'positive' or a 'negative' secret about another individual. Just under 20% of participants told the secret. Conscientiousness, secret condition, empathy, and the conscientiousness by secret condition interaction had effect...
Article
The present study was designed to investigate the relationships among mindfulness, happiness, and the expression of pet peeves. Previous research has established a positive correlation between happiness and mindfulness, but, to date, no research has examined how each of these variables is related to complaining in the form of pet peeves. Four hundr...
Conference Paper
Background: In the first national study examining bullying in the United States post Columbine, Nansel and her colleagues (2001) found that 17% of middle- and high-school students experience moderate to frequent victimization. Until recently, bullying research has predominantly focused on neurotypical students in general education settings; however...
Article
Full-text available
Although the Internet has transformed the way our world operates, it has also served as a venue for cyberbullying, a serious form of misbehavior among youth. With many of today's youth experiencing acts of cyberbullying, a growing body of literature has begun to document the prevalence, predictors, and outcomes of this behavior, but the literature...
Article
Full-text available
To examine the relationship between children's and adolescents' experiences with cyberbullying and traditional bullying and psychological health, physical health, and academic performance. Nine hundred thirty-one students in grades 6 through 12 completed an anonymous survey examining their experiences with cyberbullying and traditional bullying. Al...
Article
Full-text available
Existing research on workplace incivility has demonstrated an association with a host of negative outcomes, including increased burnout, turnover intentions, and physical symptoms. With the rise in Internet communication over the last decade, interpersonal mistreatment has spilled over to the Internet, but little is known about the impact of incivi...
Article
Considerable research has been done on childhood bullying, including its antecedents and consequences. Yet, with all of the attention on bullying, particularly school bullying, sibling bullying has been vastly overlooked. Sibling bullying is a type of violence prevalent in the lives of most children, but little is known about the phenomenon. The pu...
Article
Whereas the topic of cyberbullying has received increased attention in recent years, the focus of much of this research has been on the victims and perpetrators of cyberbullying, with significantly less attention being given to the role of bystanders in cyberbullying scenarios. Thus, this chapter presents a review of the theoretical work related to...
Article
Although traditional bullying and cyberbullying share features in common, they differ in important ways. For example, cyberbullying is often characterized by perceived anonymity and can occur any time of the day or night. Conversely, perpetrators of traditional bullying are known to the victim, and most traditional bullying occurs at school. Yet, s...
Article
The current study was designed to extend the interpersonal deviance literature into the online domain by examining the incidence and impact of supervisor cyber incivility and neuroticism on employee outcomes at work. Conservation of Resources (COR) theory was used as the guiding framework because cyber incivility is thought to deplete energetic res...
Article
Although media and research accounts of cyber bullying suggest this misbehavior is localized primarily among middle school students, and that its frequency decreases with age, this chapter presents empirical data showing that cyber bullying occurs with considerable frequency among college students across multiple domains of life, specifically schoo...
Article
Cyber Bullying: Bullying in the Digital Age provides the most current and essential information on the nature and prevalence of this epidemic. Examining the latest research, the authors have utilized vital studies involving over 3,500 middle school students, online research projects and the use of social network sites, and data from focus groups of...
Article
Cyber bullying or electronic bullying refers to bullying that occurs through the Internet or cellular phones. With the rise of technology, researchers have shown a keen interest in the topic of cyber bullying. However, that interest has not extended to individuals with special needs. To address this gap in the literature, the current study examined...
Chapter
Is Cyber Bullying a Problem for Schools?What Can School Personnel Do to Prevent Cyber Bullying?Guide to Social Networking Sites for EducatorsWhat Can School Personnel Do to Intervene Effectively in Cyber Bullying Incidents?Summary
Chapter
State Laws and Their Relevance to Cyber BullyingLitigationSchool Policies Related to Cyber BullyingConclusions Notes
Chapter
What We Know and What We QuestionHow Can We Use This Information to Prevent Cyber Bullying?How Can We Use this Information to Intervene in Cyber Bullying?Where Do We Go from Here?Note
Article
Electronic communications technologies are affording children and adolescents new means of bullying one another. Referred to as electronic bullying, cyberbullying, or online social cruelty, this phenomenon includes bullying through e-mail, instant messaging, in a chat room, on a website, or through digital messages or images sent to a cell phone. T...
Article
The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of the impact of cyber bullying on students and the possible need for prevention messages targeting students, educators, and parents. A total of 148 middle and high school students were interviewed during focus groups held at two middle and two high schools in a public school district. The fo...
Article
College students (N = 298, 54% female) described a time when they acted courageously, then rated their courageous action on each of 24 Values in Action (VIA) strengths (Peterson & Seligman, 20047. Peterson , C and Seligman , MEP . 2004 . Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. , New York : Oxford University Press . View all...
Article
How courageous is an action? Perhaps it depends on the comparison group, with crucial differences between general courage, or actions that would be courageous for anyone, and personal courage, or actions that are courageous only for the particular actor. To explore these possible distinctions, 250 undergraduates (151 female) wrote about a time they...
Article
The incidence of cervical cancer has decreased over 70% in the last several decades due in large part to the Papanicolaou (Pap) test. Despite the acknowledged efficacy of this test, however, many women do not receive cervical screening. The present study investigated the contributions of individual differences in concerns with self-presentation and...
Article
Fifty years ago, the first successful kidney transplantation was performed. Since then significant advances in transplantation have been made. Unfortunately, the number of people needing transplants far surpasses the number willing to donate. The literature addresses a plethora of variables influencing whether individuals will become donors themsel...
Article
Fifty years ago, the first successful kidney transplantation was performed. Since then significant advances in transplantation have been made. Unfortunately, the number of people needing transplants far surpasses the number willing to donate. The literature addresses a plethora of variables influencing whether individuals will become donors themsel...
Article
Full-text available
All psychotherapists engage in self-disclosure with their clients. At times it may be deliberate or nondeliberate, verbal or nonverbal, and avoidable or unavoidable. Yet, modern-day Internet technologies have redefined the meaning and applications of self-disclosure and transparency in psychotherapy. Consumers of mental health services can easily a...
Article
In spite of the frequency with which people tease and are teased by others, until recently surprisingly little research attention has been devoted to the phenomenon of teasing, and existing research has been plagued by conceptual disparities and relatively atheoretical formulations of teasing. To address these problems, a social interactionist mode...
Article
People do a lot of mean and nasty things to one another. Collectively, these behaviors are referred to as aversive interpersonal behaviors. To examine the structural elements of different aversive interpersonal behaviors and individual differences in perceptions of those behaviors, 96 male and 149 female students each wrote a victim narrative and a...
Article
Full-text available
Media commentators have suggested that recent school shootings were precipitated by social rejection, but no empirical research has examined this claim. Case studies were conducted of 15 school shootings between 1995 and 2001 to examine the possible role of social rejection in school violence. Acute or chronic rejection—in the form of ostracism, bu...
Article
Everyone has teased, nagged, betrayed, or lied to another person. Likewise, everyone has been the unfortunate object of such unpleasant behaviors. In this intriguing book, social psychologist Robin M. Kowalski examines the intricacies of six annoying interpersonal behaviors: complaining, teasing, breaches of propriety, worry and reassurance-seeking...
Article
Recent years have seen a surge of interest in the positive psychology movement. The emphasis of positive psychology is on human virtue rather than on human vice, on human strength rather than human frailty. In an effort to focus on what is good about human nature, however, the positive psychology movement has neglected to examine the redeeming feat...
Article
Examines the understudied phenomenon of teasing. After conceptualizing what constitutes teasing, the authors examine the victims and perpetrators of teasing, the functions that teasing serves, and the consequences of teasing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
Article
Examines the dark side of relating, an inevitable part of interacting with others. How is it that we need others so much, indeed rely on them for our survival and well-being, yet often find it so difficult to maintain satisfying relationships? How can the loved one who raises your spirits by leaving flowers for you one day be the same individual wh...
Article
In a study examining the effects of a social stigma on impression management concerns, 28 menstruating and 30 nonmenstruating women were interviewed by a male confederate who either was or was not aware of their menstrual condition. Relative to menstruating women who thought the interviewer was unaware of their menstrual condition, menstruating wom...
Article
The increasing diversity of college students has necessitated increased attention to multiculturalism in content courses. Although few people would question the merits of incorporating issues of diversity within content courses, the means of doing so remain open to debate. In this article, I examine not only the reasons for infusing issues of diver...
Article
Teasing is an interpersonal behavior that some people perceive to be fun and a matter of joking around and that other people view as cruel and a means of hurting someone’s feelings. These perspectives might reflect the views of perpetrators and victims, respectively. To examine this, 72 male and female participants wrote two narratives, one in whic...
Article
Full-text available
This article evaluates current research and theory on stalking as a form of male violence against women. The integrative contextual developmental model (White & Kowalski, 1998) suggests that stalking, as legally defined, is best understood as a multiply determined form of violence, with variables identifiable at several levels, the sociocultural, i...
Article
Educational campaigns designed to facilitate preventive health behaviors have fallen short by ignoring the cognitive processes involved in undertaking such behaviors. Participants low and high in protection motivation (PM) read a persuasive communication that, based on the Elaboration Likelihood Model of persuasion (Petty & Cacioppo, 1986a, 1986b),...
Article
Many psychologists would agree that most emotional and behavioral problems are essentially social and interpersonal problems. Not only are psychological difficulties typically caused or maintained by interpersonal processes, but also problems typically manifest themselves in the course of personal relationships. Many emotional and behavioral proble...
Chapter
The chapter describes the single and multifactor theories that have been used to explain male violence against women. Early evolutionary theories argued that male violence was rooted in genetics and biology due to natural selection pressure. It was also argued that rape, in particular, was a reproductive strategy. Social learning theories focus on...
Article
Full-text available
Two experiments were conducted to examine the moderating effects of depression and trait self-esteem on reactions to social exclusion. Participants received information indicating that they had been included in or excluded from a laboratory group and that their inclusion or exclusion was based either on the other group members' preferences or on a...
Article
This study investigated the moderating effects of perceived prepubertal social support on the relationship between prepubertal childhood physical abuse and child abuse potential as well as on the relationship between a childhood history of abuse and conflict and depth in adult relationships. Three hundred and sixty-nine undergraduate men and women...
Article
Although everyone complains at least occasionally, surprisingly little research attention has been devoted to the topic of complaining. In this review, complaints are defined as expressions of dissatisfaction, whether subjectively experienced or not, for the purpose of venting emotions or achieving intrapsychic goals, interpersonal goals, or both....
Article
Traditionally, researchers have analyzed mixed factorial designs by dichotomizing the continuous variable and performing a factorial analysis of variance. Several problems surround the use of this approach, prompting many statisticians to recommend using moderated multiple regression as an alternative. This article presents the case for moderated m...
Article
Readers interested in learning about the richness, diversity, and applications of social psychology will find Smith and Mackie's Social Psychology (see record 1994-98163-000 ) both meaningful and engaging. The authors have used an accessible style of writing to relate the content of social psychology in a manner that both students and instructors w...
Article
One of the most pervasive and undisputed gender stereotypes is that men are more aggressive than women. However, this stereotype has, until recently, led researchers to conclude that women are nonaggressive and, therefore, to ignore the topic of female aggression as a distinct phenomenon. The basis of the myth, factors supporting its maintenance, a...
Article
Two experiments examined the extent to which individual differences in collective identity orientation moderate perceptions of the United States following national success and failure. Participants classified as low or high on both personal and collective identity orientations read fictitious news stories desaibing actions by the United States in r...
Article
This article presents data regarding the validity and reliability of the Interaction Anxiousness Scale (IAS; Leary 1983c), a self-report measure of dispositional social anxiety. The IAS demonstrates high test-retest and internal reliability. Correlations with measures relevant to social and general anxiety document its convergent and discriminant v...
Article
Although research over the past decade has consistently shown that men impute more sexual meaning to behaviors than women, recent studies have suggested that this effect is qualified by attitudinal variables, such as attitudes toward women. Certain dispositional variables, such as social anxiety, also seem relevant in affecting men's and women's pe...
Article
Research has found that men impute more sexual meaning to others' behavior than do women. However, little research has examined the possibility that men and women share perceptions of the sexual connotativeness of certain behaviors but diverge in their perceptions of other behaviors. In Study 1, 162 male and 186 female undergraduates, predominantly...
Article
Through the exchange of nonverbal and verbal behaviors, a man and a woman on a date negotiate situated identities. However, a woman's nonverbal and verbal behaviors may reflect an identity discrepant from the one she intended to project, leading to miscommunication between men and women regarding the woman's desire for sexual activity. In Experimen...
Article
Examines the causes for the increased level of outward adornments of patriotic fervor in the US upon the successful completion of Operation Desert Storm. It is suggested that patriotic gestures often reflect a case of basking in reflected glory, a situation in which individuals publicly display their affiliation with successful others even when the...
Article
Two experiments examined the use of strategic self-presentation as a means of avoiding an aversive event, as well as the effects of such self-presentations on the presenter's subsequent self-evaluation. The studies employed a job simulation paradigm in which subjects were led to believe that the more or less well-adjusted of two workers would perfo...
Article
Impression management, the process by which people control the impressions others form of them, plays an important role in interpersonal behavior. This article presents a 2-component model within which the literature regarding impression management is reviewed. This model conceptualizes impression management as being composed of 2 discrete processe...
Article
Impression management, the process by which people control the impressions others form of them, plays an important role in interpersonal behavior. This article presents a 2-component model within which the literature regarding impression management is reviewed. This model conceptualizes impression management as being composed of 2 discrete processe...
Article
Two experiments examined the degree to which socially anxious people's interpersonal concerns reflect doubts about their personal self-presentational efficacy versus a generalized belief that people tend to evaluate others unfavorably. In the first study, subjects imagined how another person would evaluate them after a brief glance, after a 5-min c...
Article
This experiment tested the hypothesis that people's social difficulties in an initial interaction are lowered by instructions to `find out as much as you can about the other person. " Sixty-four pairs of strangers interacted after one of them had been told to learn as much as possible about the other person or had not received information-seeking i...
Article
Focuses on male intimate aggression/violence directed toward females. Single and multifactor theories that have been used to explain male violence against women are described. An integrative contextual developmental perspective is provided to organize information about violence against women. This model provides a metatheoretical framework within...
Article
This chapter provides a look at the relationship between social and clinical psychology, at the notable successes of bridging the fields as well as at the impediments that hinder the integrated kind of psychology that would serve the discipline and the public best. An appreciation of the relationship that currently exists between social and clinica...
Article
Women are victimized by strangers, acquaintances, friends, and relatives, in-cluding fathers, brothers, and husbands. The aggression can be nonintimate (i.e., robbery, burglary, aggravated assault, forcible rape, and murder), as well as in-timate [i.e., child abuse, incest, courtship violence, acquaintance rape (includes forcible rape), battering,...
Article
La presente obra tiene como primer objetivo alertar a los padres de familia y a las personas involucradas con la educación de jóvenes y adolescentes, sobre el creciente problema del hostigamiento vía Internet. Con base en más de 3 mil entrevistas a alumnos de la educación media en Estados Unidos, a padres de familia y maestros, se describe cómo fun...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 1990. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 134-142).

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