Robin G Brumfield

Robin G Brumfield
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey | Rutgers · Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics

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101
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Publications

Publications (101)
Article
In 2019, the US ornamental horticulture industry had a farm gate crop value of roughly $17 billion, contributed $348 billion in total output to the nation's economy, and created 2.32 million employment opportunities. However, as the industry matures and reaches a slow‐growing stage, interfirm rivalry may appear among grower firms for marketing chan...
Article
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Water availability, quality, and management, particularly under climate change constraints and fierce competition for water resources, are challenging the sustainability of intensively irrigated nursery crops. We created an online tool to estimate costs and benefits of a water recycling investment at a commercial nursery, given data on the operatio...
Conference Paper
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A group of educators from Turkey, the USA, Spain, Germany, and Malta to conduct “Empowering Women Farmers with Agricultural Business Management Training�EMWOFA” Project which was funded by Turkish National Agency under an EU Erasmus+ KA2 Vocational Education Strategic Partnership. EMWOFA aimed to educate both extension educators and women farmer...
Article
This study is a continuation of the series of summaries by the Green Industry Research Consortium examining the regional trade flows in the U.S. nursery industry. This detailed analysis of green industry regional trade flows in eight U.S. regions compares 2018 data with those of the 2008 and 2013 national survey estimates of origin and destination...
Conference Paper
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Women have been a critical part of farms across the U.S.A.-and around the globe-for centuries. From historic homesteaders to managing small organic vegetable farms, women have been the cornerstone of America's agriculture. The 2012 United States Census of Agriculture reported that nearly 1 million women work on US farms. That is nearly a third of t...
Article
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The recent increased market demand for locally grown produce is generating interest in the application of techniques developed for controlled environment agriculture (CEA) to urban agriculture (UA). Controlled environments have great potential to revolutionize urban food systems, as they offer unique opportunities for year-round production, optimiz...
Article
Greenhouse growers find themselves under increasing pressure to respond to consumer preferences to use environmentally sustainable practices and materials while maintaining profitable operations. These consumer preferences reflect a mounting awareness of the environmental issues, such as climate change and their associated social costs. Ideally, su...
Article
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Annie's Project is a widely known risk management program emphasizing five areas of risk and creating support networks for women in agriculture. Designed as an 18-hr course delivered through a series of face-to-face classes, it can be adapted to meet the learning needs and time constraints of the target audience and instructors. This article descri...
Conference Paper
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Abstract: - Suzanne’s Project is a 28-hour program, which began in the Antalya province of Turkey in 2011 to empower small-scale women farmers to manage their farms as a business by training them in computer literacy, technical production topics, and farm business management. A survey 1.5 years after the workshop ended found that all of the women f...
Conference Paper
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Abstract: Farming is the principal economic activity in most rural areas of the EU where about half of the population lives. Without farming there would be little to keep many communities alive and hold them together. Woman farmers are a risky group because they generally do not have formal vocational education, they are less educated than men and...
Article
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Abstract. The aim of this study was to identify existing gender roles in greenhouse vegetable production in the Antalya Province of Turkey. For this purpose, we conducted face-to-face interviews with the owners of 50 vegetable-producing greenhouses to understand the dominant household structures, activity profiles, information sources, training nee...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Farming is the principal economic activity in most rural areas of the EU. About half of the population of the EU lives in rural areas. Without farming there would be little to keep many communities alive and hold them together. If farming were to disappear, in many areas there would be a problem of land abandonment. Therefore, EU’s Common Agricultu...
Article
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In 2011, Drs. Robin Brumfield and Burhan Özkan, co-founded Suzanne's Project in Turkey to empower Turkish women by providing them with the necessary tools and resources to scale and sustain profitable agricultural businesses. Forty-five percent of Turkey's female work-force are farmers who serve a vital role in the region's economic advancement tow...
Article
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Turkey has a crucial share of the world market for fresh fruit and vegetables, exporting fresh fruit at a value of 2.393 million dollars in 2014. Antalya province has a significant share of the production and exports of fresh fruit and vegetables in Turkey, with a majority of the fresh fruit and vegetables produced in the province being oriented to...
Article
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Management of agricultural irrigation water is extremely important as fresh water resources are being depleted on a global scale. In anticipation of regulatory restrictions, several greenhouse and nursery operations in New Jersey have implemented systems that disinfect and recycle their irrigation water. This study compared the disinfection methods...
Article
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Using Turkish monthly data from 2003 to 2013, the short-term and long-term effects of the real income of foreign countries, and the relative price and uncertainty of the real exchange rate on Turkey's real agricultural export income were analysed using the Johansen co-integration method and the error correction model. The real exchange rate of unce...
Article
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As high-input systems, plant production facilities for liner and container plants use large quantities of water, fertilizers, chemical pesticides, plastics, and labor. The use of renewable and biodegradable inputs for growing aesthetically pleasing and healthy plants could potentially improve the economic, environmental, and social sustainability o...
Presentation
Full-text available
Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Northeast Region of the American Society for Horticultural Science, Newark, DE. HortScience 50(9) (Supplement) https://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.ashs.org/resource/resmgr/Files/HS-Sept_2015-Conference_Supp.pdf pp. S127
Conference Paper
Turkey has a crucial share of the world market for fresh fruit and vegetables, exporting fresh fruit at a value of 2.393 million dollars in 2014. Antalya province has a significant share of the production and exports of fresh fruit and vegetables in Turkey, with a majority of the fresh fruit and vegetables produced in the province being oriented to...
Article
Full-text available
The Turkish economy has been facing account deficit problems in recent years and tourism revenues play an important role in financing this deficit. Tourism revenues are affected by exchange rate volatility and the effects of exchange rate volatility on tourism revenues need to be researched. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of ex...
Conference Paper
Management of irrigation water is extremely important as fresh water continues to be depleted on a global scale and pollution is a big issue. In anticipation of regulatory restrictions, several businesses in New Jersey have implemented systems that disinfect and recycle their irrigation water. A cost analysis of this investment was performed at fiv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While biocontainers (i.e., biodegradable, plant-based containers) are marketed as being more sustainable than conventional plastic pots, little scientific literature exists to substantiate these claims. Life cycle assessment (LCA) serves as a holistic accounting of all the material/energy inputs and waste/pollution outflows associated with a given...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Plant production facilities for perennial plug and container plants are high input systems using large quantities of water, fertilizers, chemical pesticides, plastics, and labor. The use of renewable and biodegradable inputs while growing an aesthetically pleasing and healthy plant will improve the economic, environmental, and social sustainability...
Conference Paper
In May 2013, Akdeniz University partnered with Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey to offer Empowering Turkish Women Farmers, a summer International Service Learning Program through the Rutgers Study Abroad Program. This Study Abroad program expanded on Suzanne’s Project, a pre-existing partnership between Rutgers University and Akdeniz Uni...
Chapter
The focus of this chapter is towards the changing extension climate surrounding the horticultural industry and the implications for horticultural extension now and into the future. Extension as a function and a practice is being redefined in many countries alongside changes in the institutional arrangements for extension, changing funding models an...
Conference Paper
Summary In May 2013, Akdeniz University partnered with Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey to offer Empowering Turkish Women Farmers, a summer International Service Learning Programs through the Rutgers Study Abroad Program. This Study Abroad program expanded on Suzanne’s Project, a pre-existing partnership between Rutgers University and A...
Article
This study assessed the material and energy inputs required to produce a Petunia × hybrida plant from initial propagation to delivery at a regional distribution center. Impacts were expressed in terms of their contribution to the carbon footprint or global warming potential (GWP) of a single finished plant in a ≈10-cm diameter container. Beyond thi...
Conference Paper
It is a little known fact that the majority of women in agriculture do not have business plans. When women farmers were surveyed in New Jersey, only 2 out of 137 farm women had current business plans for their agricultural enterprises. Whether they are partners or sole proprietors, it is evident that women need to be more aware of the importance of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to identify existing gender roles in greenhouse vegetable production in Turkey. For this purpose, we conducted face-to-face interviews with the owners of 50 vegetable-producing greenhouses to understand the average household structures, activity profiles, information sources, training needs, access to resources, control ov...
Conference Paper
While biocontainers (i.e., biodegradable, plant-based containers) are marketed as being more sustainable than conventional plastic pots, little scientific literature exists to substantiate these claims. Past research has instead shown that adoption of plant-derived containers under current greenhouse production practices often leads to greater use...
Conference Paper
The mission of two Rutgers led projects is to empower women who own horticultural businesses by giving them several sessions of business management training with a focus on developing a business plan throughout the training. Annie’s Project New Jersey is based on a nationally-acclaimed educational program dedicated to strengthening women's roles in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Two Rutgers University led projects, one local, the other international, recognize and develop the managerial and technical capacities of women farmers. Annie’s Project in New Jersey, USA is an educational program to strengthen women's roles in the ever-evolving agricultural sector. Suzanne’s Project in partnership with Akdeniz University was adapt...
Conference Paper
With the current and future needs for clean, renewable energy, numerous crop plants, often referred to as biomass energy crops, have received significant attention. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) and other warm season perennial native grasses are among those being considered by the U.S. Department of Energy, United States Department of Agriculture...
Conference Paper
Annie’s Project began in 2003 in the mid-west as a program for farm and ranch women addressing risk management. The six-session, eighteen hour course has no standard curricula and is tailored to local needs. Most states that have developed Annie’s projects focused on agronomic crops. New Jersey is the second most densely populated state in the U.S....
Article
The environmental horticulture industry (sometimes referred to as the “green industry”) is usually divided into nursery and floriculture crops. The green industry in the northeastern United States is an important component of agricultural production, with over $2 billion in farm cash receipts, equating to 22.4% of all farm cash receipts in the nort...
Article
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Many farmers are approaching retirement age and need to take advantage of critical planning years preceding this transition. Farm families often differ from other workers. Many are emotionally attached to their primary investment (farmland), and they don't expect to retire (i.e., stop farming) as much as reduce work hours or the scope of their oper...
Article
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Organic farming has developed very rapidly in all European countries since the beginning of 1990s. In Turkey it showed significant increase in recent years. Worldwide, the global market was valued at 23 billion dollars. In the European Union, the most important advisory agencies for organic farming are implemented by private units (38.4%), farmers'...
Article
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All over the world, one of the main purposes of extension is to increase the level of living standards of the rural family through non-formal education. Extension has a very crucial role to play in sustainable development and organic agriculture. For that reason, extension activity is implemented by different institutions. Extension systems worldwi...
Conference Paper
How do producers make money with shrinking margins, rising costs, and demanding customers? Which crops are making money, and which ones are losing money? A simple cost accounting program distributed by Rutgers University Cooperative Extension enables producers to determine the profitability of greenhouse crops. The newest version calculates costs o...
Article
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Significance to Industry: In 2003, the average greenhouse in New Jersey spent 5.3% of sales on heating fuel (Brumfield, 2007) and had profits of 9.4% of sales. Up until the middle of 2008, crude oil prices continued to rise and reached a high of $147 per barrel. Fuel oil used to heat greenhouses almost tripled in price, but has since come down to l...
Conference Paper
The greenhouse and nursery industry in the Northeast is an important component of agricultural production with over $3.4 billion in farm cash receipts, equating to 20.4% of all farm cash receipts across the country. It is the number one agricultural commodity in 5 Northeastern states. Competition in the green industry has become fierce. The recent...
Article
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Nursery production contributed $18.1 billion to the U.S. economy in 2002 and created nearly two million jobs. A U.S. Department of Agriculture multistate research committee on economics and marketing has conducted The National Nursery Survey four times at 5-year intervals (1988, 1993, 1998, and 2003) to help fill the void of publicly available info...
Article
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Field–grown cut flower production, in general, is a low–overhead business. This is both good news and bad news. Good—because it doesn't require a lot of capital to get started in this business. Bad—because competition can develop rapidly, sometimes from marginal producers for whom profitability is a low priority. Thus, it is important for producers...
Article
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In the past decade, organic production has become a growing segment of the healthy food market. Organic farming is expanding gradually in many countries, and consumption of organic products is gaining a huge importance in the developed countries, such as the U.S., countries in the European Union (EU), Canada, and Japan. The increase of domestic mar...
Article
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Describes the general model and current status of the Turkish agricultural information system and the roles of research and extension agencies. Concludes that, while Turkey has many agricultural and related organisations that have made considerable contributions to agricultural development within the country, there is no effective communication bet...
Article
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. Turkish cut-flower exports grew from about $100,000 in 1985 to $11 million in 1995 (not adjusted for inflation). Since this is a growing industry in Turkey, we wanted to examine the production structure and main problems of export-oriented contract growers. We surveyed 33 cut-flower export growers and 30 contract growers between May and July 1997...
Article
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The greenhouse, nursery, and sod (GNS) sector in the United States accounted for $10 billion in gross sales or 5% of gross farm receipts, in 1998. Despite its significant economic contributions, the sector receives little attention from policymakers. Part of the problem lies in the absence of empirical economic analysis that addresses the impact of...
Article
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Today's farmers need current and accurate farm management information. The Internet, and specifically the World Wide Web (web), is a powerful tool to efficiently and effectively deliver this information. Rutgers Cooperative Extension developed a web site to host agricultural production budgets for three cropping systems (conventional, integrated cr...
Article
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Production costs have been analyzed in several studies using such normative approaches as budgeting and mathematical programming, and positive approaches as estimation of production, cost, or profit functions. This study used budgeting methods to analyze the costs and benefits of adopting integrated crop management (ICM) or organic methods versus c...
Article
Since World War U, U. S. agriculture has reduced production costs by substituting petrochemicals for labor, often resulting in overuse of agricultural chemicals. Among the adverse results of chemical overuse are increases in certain pests, groundwater and surface water contamination, and surface water run-off. There is a growing perception that con...
Article
Since World War II, U.S. agriculture has reduced production costs by substituting petrochemicals for labor. Adverse impacts from chemical intensive agriculture include increased pest levels, groundwater and surface water contamination, soil erosion, and concerns about harmful levels of pesticide residues. Sustainable farming programs such as integr...
Article
Since World War II, U.S. agriculture has reduced production costs by substituting petrochemicals for labor, often resulting in overuse of agricultural chemicals. Among the adverse results of chemical overuse are increases in certain pests, groundwater and surface water contamination, and surface water run-off. There is a growing perception that con...
Article
Full-text available
Thirty cut flower businesses were surveyed in 1997 to examine the production structure and main problems of export-oriented contract growing in Turkey. The survey was conducted in Antalya province, which is the center of export-oriented cut flower production in Turkey. The results of the research provided insight into how Turkish cut flower-contrac...
Article
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A 1995 study of 22 Australian nurseries 1) developed a profile of production, management, and profitability; 2) compared their performance to relevant U.S. benchmarks; and 3) identified trends and potential areas of improvement in the management of Australian nursery enterprises. The study confirmed that Australian nurseries incur high labor costs...
Article
We surveyed 22 Australian nurseries in 1995 to: 1) develop a profile of Australian nurseries from a production, management, and profitability perspective; 2) compare the data to relevant U.S. benchmarks; and 3) identify trends and potential areas of improvement in the management of Australian nursery enterprises. The study confirmed that Australian...
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An in-the-trenches researcher/coordinator viewpoint of a northeast regional LISA grant funded from 1989-93 is presented. The specifics of the logistics of coordinating a multi-state grant in a fledgling granting program is emphasized, as well as the evolution of the content and focus of the research directions for the grant Evaluation of Alternativ...
Article
A review of the last decade of U.S. agricultural history affirms that dramatic changes have occurred in horticulture. It seems evident that changes will continue into the next century and will involve issues of marketing, international trade, production, environmental protection, information systems, education, and governmental policies. Agricultur...
Article
As funding for state and governmental agencies continues to decline, extension agencies need to look for other methods of delivering programs to their constituents. Extension is the perfect medium to spearhead a multi-agency collaborative effort in building a coalition of people and resources to serve its constituents in a cost effective and effici...
Article
The Northeastern United States ornamental industry experienced rapid growth in the 1960s through the 1980s. New Jersey led the region in terms of ornamental industry growth rate. During the 1989-93 recession when disposable income, real estate construction, and housing starts fell, ornamental demand fell sharply and industry growth was curtailed. F...
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Information on price variability and revenue generating potential of peppers is important to farmers to guide farm production and marketing decisions. These decisions are made in an environment of scarce resources and uncertainty. The results of this study reveal that various pepper commodities which generated significant revenues displayed moderat...
Article
This study compared the costs of producing vine-ripened tomatoes using the short-staked system versus the unstaked system using plastic mulch and drip irrigation. The short-staked system required $871 more per ha in initial investment and $0.28 per box in additional costs. However, this method provides higher economic benefits than the unstaked sys...
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This study evaluates the economic feasibility of establishing a packing house for the New Jersey Tomato Council Cooperative Association. Several scenarios were evaluated using a comprehensive firm-level, dynamic, stochastic, multiple-year, capital-budgeting computer model. Results indicate that the packing house would have difficulty sustaining its...
Article
The development of New Zealand's economy was based largely on exports to England. With the formation of the EEC, New Zealand was forced to find other markets and concentrate on a wider variety of export commodities. Marketing boards for specific products with monopoly power have been at the center of agricultural and horticultural exports in New Ze...
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This paper presents the results of surveys of fresh tomato consumers conducted in 1990 in four New Jersey produce venues: a supermarket, a farmers' market, an at-the-farm store, and two roadside stands. The surveys were conducted through face-to-face interviews. Consumers' preferences, purchasing patterns, attitudes and demographics were examined....