Robin Augustine Kachiramattom

Robin Augustine Kachiramattom
Uppsala University | UU · Department of Engineering Sciences

PhD

About

140
Publications
18,187
Reads
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804
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2011 - present
Uppsala University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2010 - September 2011
Université de Rennes 1
Position
  • Researcher
July 2009 - December 2009
University of Paris-Est
Position
  • Engineer

Publications

Publications (140)
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a conformal absorber metasurface has been designed and used for reducing the specific absorption rate (SAR) of an implantable antenna. SAR reduction of implantable antennas is one of the significant design aspects to be considered for their use in modern-day healthcare applications. The introduction of the absorber metasurface restri...
Preprint
Full-text available
Precise data acquisition, characterization, and finding the relationship between permittivity variations of human skin with degree of burns is critically important because It further helps in the development of excellent sensor devices for diagnostics and treatment of patients suffering from burns and scalds. This work is also a part of the Europea...
Article
Full-text available
The European "Senseburn" project aims to develop a smart, portable, non-invasive microwave early effective diagnostic tool to assess the depth(d) and degree of burn. The objective of the work is to design and develop a convenient non-invasive microwave sensor for the analysis of the burn degree on burnt human skin. The flexible and biocompatible mi...
Article
Full-text available
We developed a handheld, side-by-side transmission-based probe for interrogating tissue to diagnose sarcopenia—a condition largely characterized by muscle loss and replacement by fat. While commercial microwave reflection-based probes exist, they can only be used in a lab for a variety of applications. The penetration depth of these probes is only...
Conference Paper
Though fat channel communication has advantages over earlier intra-body communication (IBC) technologies based on galvanic or capacitive coupling, the development of a protocol stack on top of fat channel communication is still at its infancy. In this paper, we consider Krentz’s denial-of-sleep-resilient multi-channel medium access control (MAC) la...
Article
In this study, a novel method for producing direct reduced iron (DRI) powders based on microwave-assisted self-reduction of core–shell composite pellets composed of blast furnace (BF) dust and hazardous electric arc furnace (EAF) dust followed by magnetic separation was reported. The proper core–shell structure of the composite pellets was designed...
Preprint
A developed six-port reflectometry (SPR) system was integrated to measure the relative permittivity of tumor and normal breast tissue for medical diagnostic purpose. In order to obtain an accurate and precise measurement, the calibration process was done to the SPR using the well-known three-standard technique. Next, the studied dielectric probe wa...
Conference Paper
We have developed a planar probe for measuring dielectric properties. It exploits modern circuit board fabrication technologies that effectively construct a quasi-coaxial structure running perpendicular to the board. The feed line is a printed coplanar waveguide which comes in from the side on the top plane. The opening to the bottom behaves exactl...
Article
Full-text available
Microwave-based sensing for tissue analysis is recently gaining interest due to advantages such as non-ionizing radiation and non-invasiveness. We have developed a set of transmission sensors for microwave-based real-time sensing to quantify muscle mass and quality. In connection, we verified the sensors by 3D simulations, tested them in a laborato...
Article
Full-text available
A multi-purpose dual Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) antenna system for 5G mobile systems is presented in this paper. The proposed antenna consists of two sets of MIMO antennas on a single board. The 8-port MIMO antenna, placed on the board, is working over 3.5 GHz (3.4 GHz-3.6 GHz) 5G band with dimensions 150 mm × 70 mm. The 4-port MIMO syst...
Article
Full-text available
Background : The diagnosis of ARVC remains complex requiring both imaging and electrocardiographic (ECG) techniques. The purpose was therefore to investigate whether QRS dispersion assessed by body surface mapping (BSM) could be used to detect early signs of ARVC, particularly in gene carriers. Methods : ARVC patients, gene carriers without a hist...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, the design of an efficient wireless power transfer (WPT) system using antenna-based topology for the applications in wearable devices is presented. To implement the wearable WPT system, a simple circular patch antenna is initially designed on a flexible felt substrate by placing over a three-layer human tissue model to utilize as a...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, the design of an efficient wireless power transfer (WPT) system using antenna-based topology for the applications in wearable devices is presented. To implement the wearable WPT system, a simple circular patch antenna is initially designed on a flexible felt substrate by placing over a three-layer human tissue model to utilize as a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents numerical modeling and experimental validation of the signal path loss at the 5.8 GHz Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) band, performed in the context of fat-intrabody communication (fat-IBC), a novel intrabody communication platform using the body-omnipresent fat tissue as the key wave-guiding medium. Such work extends...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a metamaterial (MTM)‐based high‐gain compact‐wearable antenna for 2.45 GHz industrial, scientific and medical radio band application has been proposed. To achieve the flexibility of the antenna, textile material felt fabric has been chosen as the substrate of the antenna as well as MTM. An omega (Ω) like structure has been taken as M...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents gain enhancement methodology for a dual-ring slot antenna using a frequency selective surface (FSS) as reflector. The FSS structure is formed with liquid metal placed inside the microfluidic channels created on the surface of the polydimethylsiloxane. Non-toxic liquid metal galinstain has been used to ensure biocompatibility....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates the design of directional branch-line coupler using constant width multiple sections of series and open microstrip line stubs. This device is operating at the center frequency of 2.45 GHz. The designed coupler is having good performance for the frequency band 2�3 GHz. The proposed design is compared with a typical branch lin...
Article
Full-text available
A soft and highly directive, proximity-coupled split-ring resonator fabricated with a liquid alloy, copper and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is presented. The same was designed for sensing osteogenesis of calvarial bone. As dielectric properties of bone grafts in ossifying calvarial defects should change during the osteogenesis process, devices like...
Thesis
Full-text available
In the last two decades, a significant development in the field of medical technology occurred worldwide. This development is characterized by the materialization of various body implants and worn devices, that is devices attached to the body. These devices assist doctors and paramedical staff in effectively monitoring the patient’s health and help...
Thesis
Full-text available
In recent years, the use of microwave techniques for medical diagnostics has experienced impressive developments. It has demonstrated excellent competencies in various modalities such as using non-ionizing electromagnetic waves, providing non-invasive diagnoses, and having the ability to penetrate human tissues within the GHz range. However, due to...
Article
This study applied microwave energy for rapid self-reduction of electric arc furnace (EAF) dust-biochar composite briquettes to produce powdered direct reduced iron (DRI), based on the good electromagnetic response of EAF dust-biochar composite briquettes. The reduction experimental results showed that the iron-bearing components in the dust were r...
Article
Full-text available
The microwave sensing technique is a possible and attractive alternative modality to standard X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography methods for medical diagnostic applications. This technique is beneficial since it uses non-ionizing radiation and that can be potentially used for the microwave healthcare system. The main purpos...
Presentation
Full-text available
On the 22nd and 23rd of October 2019, SINTEC project partecipated at the European Commission workshop on “Smart Bioelectronic and Wearable Systems” at the DG Connect in Brussels (Belgium). The workshop presented breakthroughs and innovations in smart bioelectronics and flexible & wearable systems – two important areas of the Key Digital Technologi...
Article
Full-text available
The potential offered by intra-body communication (IBC) over the past few years has resulted in a spike of interest for the topic, specifically for medical applications. Fat-IBC is subsequently a novel alternative technique that utilizes fat tissue as a communication channel. This work aimed to identify such transmission medium and its performance...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a software package based on the C++ language for accurate computation of material properties of a stratified media using an open ended coaxial probe (OECP). Since OECP is one of the most commonly used sensors for evaluation of materials today, the program developed can be customized for real time nondestructive evaluation of m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bone defects due to different diseases and trauma represent a significant health problem. For the follow up on the healing process a sensor which measures the bone mineral density has been developed in the form of a sensitive split-ring microwave resonator. However, it is not only important to follow up of the healing process but also to find ways...
Conference Paper
This study aims to investigate the reliability of intra-body microwave propagation through the fat tissue in presence of blood vessels. Here, we consider three types of blood vessels with different sizes. We investigate the impact of the number of blood vessels and their alignment on the transmission of microwave signals through the fat channel. In...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate the use of fat tissue as a communication channel between in-body, implanted devices at R-band frequencies (1.7–2.6 GHz). The proposed fat channel is based on an anatomical model of the human body. We propose a novel probe that is optimized to efficiently radiate the R-band frequencies into the fat tissue. We use our pr...
Article
The Co0.33Ni0.33Mn0.33Fe2O4/graphene nanocomposite for electromagnetic wave absorption was successfully synthesized from metal chlorides solutions and graphite powder by a simple and rapid microwave-assisted polyol method via anchoring the Co0.33Ni0.33Mn0.33Fe2O4 nanoparticles on the layered graphene sheets. The Fe³⁺, Co²⁺, Ni²⁺ and Mn²⁺ ions in th...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate the use of fat tissue as a communication channel between in-body, implanted devices at R-band frequencies (1.7–2.6 GHz). The proposed fat channel is based on an anatomical model of the human body. We propose a novel probe that is optimized to efficiently radiate the R-band frequencies into the fat tissue. We use our pr...
Conference Paper
Microwave based biomedical sensors can monitor the changes in the dielectric parameters of materials it interacts with. In the physiological realm, there are many dynamics happening during stages such as, bedridden, medical rehabilitation and physical training. The dynamics involve the change in tissue mass and its construct, which will make variat...