Roberto Sindaco

Roberto Sindaco
IPLA - Istituto per le Piante da Legno e l'Ambiente, Torino, Italy · Biodiversity, Forestry, Landscape planning

BSc

About

204
Publications
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Introduction
I love travel, wildlife and photography, and I'm lucky to be able to share these passions with my loved ones and my friends. As for my scientific papers, they are the result of research undertaken primarily to satisfy my personal curiosity, and published in the hope that they may be of interest to other scholars, and that they can contribute to the conservation of nature.

Publications

Publications (204)
Article
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The butterflies of the environmental landscapes of Piedmont (NW-Italy). The results of 10 years of monitoring of butterflies, conducted in about thirty places located in the main agricultural landscapes of Piedmont, are summarized. Overall, 76 species of the approximately 120 occurring in the lowland and low-hill areas of Piedmont have been recorde...
Article
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Analyses of biogeographical patterns and macroecology of islands require large datasets reporting the occurrence of species. The Mediterranean region is a biodiversity hotspot, which hosts a large number of reptile species and has been the focus of many studies. Nevertheless, comprehensive inventories describing the features and biodiversity of the...
Article
Dmanisi (Georgia) is one of the oldest Early Paleolithic sites discovered out of Africa. In addition, it is the best site to understand the first Homo deme out of Africa and the first hominin occupation of Central to Western Eurasia. It has produced more than 40 hominin remains, including several very informative skulls, found in direct association...
Article
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A heated debate on whether a new species should be described without a physical specimen, i.e., by designating a photographed specimen to serve as a holotype, has been ongoing for a long time. Herewith, without nomenclatural actions, a new species of the Batrachidein pygmy grasshoppers belonging to the genus Scaria Bolívar, 1887 is identified from...
Article
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This paper represents an update of the list of Italian amphibians and reptiles published 15 years ago by Razzetti et al. (2006) and of the checklist published in 1993 by the late Benedetto Lanza. At present, the Italian herpetofauna includes 100 species (41 amphibians and 60 reptiles) and an amphibian taxon of hybrid origin. Seven species and one s...
Conference Paper
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Il progetto atlante S.H.I. è nato nel 1993 e ha portato alla pubblicazione dell’Atlante degli Anfibi e dei rettili d’Italia nel 2006. A partire dal 2013 sono state adottati strumenti di citizen science per incrementare la raccolta dati distributivi. La nuova banca dati contiene ora 240.000 segnalazioni georeferenziate direttamente sul campo, spesso...
Article
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The butterflies of the Valli di Lanzo and the adjoining mountains (Piedmont, NW Italy). The butterflies of the Valli di Lanzo are poorly known, with less than 40 species documented by the literature, even though the Valli di Lanzo are located near Turin and are a traditional destination for summer vacation and excursionism in the Alps. The present...
Article
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The butterflies of the Site of Community Importance (SCI) IT1180030 “Calanchi di Rigoroso, Sottovalle e Carrosio” (Piedmont, NW Italy). The Site of Community Importance (SCI) “Calanchi di Rigoroso, Sottovalle e Carrosio” (code: IT1180030) is a recently designated Rete Natura 2000 site, which has no published data of Lepidoptera Papilionoidea. There...
Article
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Aim Deserts are generally perceived as areas of low diversity, and hence receive little attention from researchers and conservationists. Squamates are the dominant group of vertebrates in arid regions, and as such represent an ideal model to study biodiversity patterns in these areas. We examine spatial patterns of diversity, evolutionary history a...
Article
Genetic diversity is not always congruent with phenotypic heterogeneity, resulting in cryptic species complexes which cause a great struggle for scientists trying to define ‘species’ and describe relationships among taxa. Anatololacerta is a lizard genus distributed in southern and western Anatolia and some neighboring Aegean islands. Three morphos...
Conference Paper
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The study presents the results of a survey on the distribution and ecology of newts (Triturus carnifex and Lissotriton vulgaris) in Umbria, to assess their conservation status. Almost all the investigated reproductive habitats are man-made, and most of them have been realized in the last 40 years. T. carnifex and L. vulgaris are surprisingly the mo...
Conference Paper
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The herpetofauna of six Natura 2000 Sites of the Valle d'Aosta was investigated during the two-year period 2016-2017 on behalf to the Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta. The present paper describes the essential features of such monitoring, which updated the knowledge on the herpetofauna of the study areas. The results achieved constitutes the referenc...
Article
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The island of Lefkada is a popular and easily accessible tourist destination; nevertheless, there is no comprehensive checklist of its interesting herpetofauna. Indeed, most records are old, scattered in different papers, and lacking precise locality data. In order to summarize the knowledge on the herpetofauna of the island, we critically reviewed...
Article
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The Socotra Archipelago is a unique hotspot of biodiversity, particularly for terrestrial reptiles (28 endemic out of 31 native species) whose ecology is known only in general terms. We describe the ecological preference and the daily activity of 21 species of terrestrial reptiles, geckos, lizards, skinks, snakes and chameleon, from the largest isl...
Article
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The genus Lucanus in Piedmont. Lucanus tetraodon is recorded for the first time in Piedmont, on the basis of a project of citizen science. The considerable amount of data collected in the years 2015-2018 has also made it possible to update knowledge on Lucanus cervus, a species included in the Annex II of the Habitats Directive.
Article
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The Orthoptera of Biella region (Piedmont, north-western Italy) (Insecta, Orthoptera). The first comprehensive description of the Orthoptera fauna of the Biella province, in the northern part of Piedmont (north-western Italy), is provided. The bulk of the data for this paper are the historical specimens belonging to the Natural History Civic Museum...
Article
Climate change affects species and biological systems in several ways and is documented to be responsible of species distribution shifts. Odonata are reported to respond quickly to climate change, and in last years several Mediterranean species have expanded their range northwards in Europe. In this note, we report the first records of reproductive...
Article
Worm lizards, or amphisbaenians, of the genus Blanus are found in various countries around the Mediterranean Sea. In addition to four extinct species, seven extant taxa are currently recognized. Here, we present the first comparative analysis of the cranial osteology of Blanus including all extant species. The results of this analysis show a homoge...
Article
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A recent paper has suggested that NA2RE, the New Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles of Europe, does not provide a reliable basis for ecological niche modelling studies due to errors flagging introductions and missing data for the native range of the pond turtle genus Emys. We point out that the original NA2RE paper already acknowledged that it was no...
Article
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Geckos are one of the most species‐rich, abundant, and widely distributed of all Squamata lineages and present several characteristics that have made them favorite model organisms for biogeographical, ecological, physiological, and evolutionary studies. One of the key aspects of any comparative study is to have a robust, comprehensive phylogeny, an...
Article
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Mesalina are small diurnal lacertid lizards inhabiting arid areas from North Africa to northwestern India. Previous phylogenetic studies have shown the existence of several species complexes within the genus, some of them with high levels of undiscovered diversity. In the present study, we carry out an integrative systematic revision of the Mesalin...
Article
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Dragonflies of European concern in Piedmont (NW Italy): the current state of knowledge. The state of knowledge on the dragonflies and damselflies of European concern in Piedmont is updated. With the exception of Coenagrion mercuriale, for the remaining four species included in the annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC, current data...
Article
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Butterflies and moths of European concern in Piedmont (NW Italy): current state of knowledge. The aim of this work was to update the state of knowledge on the Lepidoptera of European concern in the Piedmont Region, NW Italy. Recent data collected during the last decade (2008-2017) were available for all species included in the annexa II and IV of t...
Article
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Within the Project “Animal Biodiversity Monitoring in the Alpine Environment” the Orthoptera fauna has been studied in a three year period (2013-2015). The first check-list of the protected area, with ecological and biogeographical notes, is presented. We found 40 species (16 Ensifera, 24 Caelifera), corresponding to 11% of the Italian Orthoptera f...
Article
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The analysis of biogeographical structure and patterns of endemism are central topics of biogeography, but require exhaustive distribution data. A lack of accurate broad-scale information on the distribution of reptiles has so far limited the analyses of biogeographical structure. Here we analysed the distribution of reptiles within the broad-sense...
Article
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In the present work, we use an exceptional database including 5,359 records of 101 species of Oman’s terrestrial reptiles together with spatial tools to infer the spatial patterns of species richness and endemicity, to infer the habitat preference of each species and to better define conservation priorities, with especial focus on the effectiveness...
Article
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de Gargantua, and the SCZ Pont d'Ael and Grand Bruson-Cly. The study allowed updating of the knowledge of the herpetofauna in the investigated sites. More than 1070 presence data of 8 native species of reptiles, four of amphibians and an allochthonous terrapin were recorded. For reptiles, the most noteworthy findings were the first quantitative dat...
Article
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p>In the version of this Article originally published, grant no. 2015/20215-7 for C.N. was omitted from the Acknowledgements section. This has now been corrected in all versions of the Article.</p
Article
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This paper presents the results of a research on the butterflies of Stelvio National Park, carried out by the authors between 2013 and 2015 within the “Animal biodiversity monitoring in the alpine environment” project. In the study area 144 species are represented, corresponding to 49,66% of the Italian butterfly fauna, many of which are of conserv...
Article
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Aim: Small geographic ranges make species especially prone to extinction from anthropogenic disturbances or natural stochastic events. We assemble and analyse a comprehensive dataset of all the world's lizard species and identify the species with the smallest ranges—those known only from their type localities. We compare them to wide-ranging specie...
Article
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The distributions of amphibians, birds and mammals have underpinned global and local conservation priorities, and have been fundamental to our understanding of the determinants of global biodiversity. In contrast, the global distributions of reptiles, representing a third of terrestrial vertebrate diversity, have been unavailable. This prevented th...
Article
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In this Article originally published, owing to a technical error, the author ‘Laurent Chirio’ was mistakenly designated as a corresponding author in the HTML version, the PDF was correct. This error has now been corrected in the HTML version. Further, in Supplementary Table 3, the authors misspelt the surname of ‘Danny Meirte’; this file has now be...
Article
Lizards are ancestrally diurnal, and most of them remain so. Nocturnality is common among lizards, but the environmental factors associated with lizard nocturnal activity are still unknown. Here, we contrasted the ambient temperature and productivity hypotheses, where we predicted that cold temperatures will pose a stonger limit to nocturnal specie...
Article
Measuring population changes and trends is essential to identify threatened species, and is requested by several environmental regulations (e.g. European Habitat Directive). However, obtaining this information for small and cryptic animals is challenging, and requires complex, broad-scale monitoring schemes. How should we allocate the limited resou...
Conference Paper
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Sympecma paedisca è una specie sibero-europea presente in Italia con popolazioni isolate. Recentemente è stata classificata nella Lista Rossa Italiana IUCN come In Pericolo Critico (CR), per via di una supposta riduzione del numero e della consistenza numerica delle popolazioni. Le conoscenze sulla presenza di S. paedisca in Piemonte vengono da noi...
Chapter
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Guidelines for monitoring of Italian Amphibians and Reptiles are provided.
Article
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Most forest habitats, as defined and listed for their nature conservation importance in the Habitats Directive of the European Union and in the Bern Convention, result from centuries of human intervention. This paper explores the scope for, and the attitudes towards coppicing in Natura 2000 sites in some of the EU28 countries where coppice was hist...
Article
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Few DNA barcoding studies of squamate reptiles have been conducted. Due to the significance of the Socotra Archipelago (a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site and a biodiversity hotspot) and the conservation interest of its reptile fauna (94% endemics), we performed the most comprehensive DNA barcoding study on an island group to date to test its app...
Data
Species maps showing the localities and phylogenetic relationships of all Socotran reptiles. A total of 380 specimens of included in this study. White dots represent bibliographic and new distribution records, and green stars sampled specimens. Black dots on trees indicate posterior probability values ≥ 0.95, and values next to the nodes Maximum Li...
Data
Maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree for all reptiles of the Socotra Archipelago. Phylogenetic relationships based on COI gene. Bootstrap values >70% are shown next to the nodes. (DOCX)
Data
Neighbour-Joining tree for all reptiles of the Socotra Archipelago. Bootstrap values ≥70% are shown next to the nodes. See Material and Methods for further details. (DOCX)
Data
Details of the samples. Taxonomic information and number of COI sequences amplified (N) of endemic and introduced reptile (*) species present (•) in the Socotra Archipelago. Question mark (?) stands for unchecked bibliographic records following recent work [27]. (DOCX)
Data
Details and amplification conditions of COI primers used in this study. (DOCX)
Data
Consensus Barcode sequences of the 31 reptiles species of Socotra. (DOCX)
Conference Paper
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Le popolazioni di Ardeidi nidificanti nella zona di coltivazione intensiva del riso in Italia nord occidentale, dopo un notevole aumento nel periodo 1985-95, dal 2005, piuttosto che stabilizzarsi, mostrano per molte specie una costante flessione. Questa diminuzione potrebbe essere imputabile al cambiamento dei metodi colturali che ha interessato le...
Chapter
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Riassunto. A partire dagli anni '80 sono stati pubblicati numerosi atlanti erpetologici locali (regionali, provinciali) basati quasi sempre su un reticolo di 10×10 km, ma solo nel 2006, con la pubblicazione dell'atlante degli anfibi e dei rettili d'Italia, sono state ottenute carte di distribuzione sufficientemente attendibili e rappresentative del...
Article
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The present paper is the seventh report on the zoological knowledge of Piedmont and Aosta Valley administrative regions. Here we report records that update the known distribution, the altitudinal limits and the phenological data of amphibians and reptiles. In this issue we also complete the updating (started in the previous report) of distribution...
Article
Acanthodactylus is a widespread lacertid genus occurring from the Iberian Peninsula and western North Africa to western India including the Middle East, Cyprus, and the Arabian Peninsula. The genus is in dire need of a taxonomic revision, and the phylogenetic relationships amongst and within its species remain unclear. In particular, the taxonomy a...
Conference Paper
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Status and distribution of Amphibians and Reptiles of the " Parco Naturale delle Capanne di Marcarolo " (Piedmont – AL) are presented. Surveys has been carried out, especially on Amphibians, in the years 2013-2014, supplemented by mostly unpublished earlier data. Most widespread species are Salamandra salamandra, Ichthyosaura alpestris, Bufo bufo a...
Article
Acanthodactylus is a widespread lacertid genus occurring from the Iberian Peninsula and western North Africa to western India including the Middle East, Cyprus, and the Arabian Peninsula. The genus is in dire need of a taxonomic revision, and the phylogenetic relationships amongst and within its species remain unclear. In particular, the taxonomy a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
DNA barcoding is based on the idea of using a short genetic sequence from a standard marker (cytochrome c oxidase 1 gene, COI) for species identification. It has the advantage of facilitating species identification and accelerating discovery of candidate/cryptic species in a largely reliably and cost‐efficient way, with many implications in conserv...